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E RR A T A.
p. 11, 1. 23, read to me it. p. 13, 1. 3. read he loved.
Of these, Five are Vowels.
A. E. I. O. U.
The Others are Consonants.. Note. K. X. Y. are not Letters of the Italian Tongue ; except the Letter X in Xantho, a Man's Name, to distinguish it from Santo, holy. Also the Letters J and V Confonant; though sometimes used, are not reckoned in the Italian Alphabet.
Of the Pronunciation of the VOWELS. I. A, is founded broad like aw in English, as,
Panc, Bread, say, Pawne. II. E, is pronounced like the English e, when by
itself. III. 1, is pronounced like ee in English, as,
minimo the least, say, meínimo. IV. O, has two different cunds.
1. The Letter O sounds open, that is, strong and clear, as in the English words dore, store; and this is the most general use of this Letter, except in words that corresp.nd with the following Rules, when O is pronounced close, more soft, or like U
in turret, ftumle. 2. O is close, that is, sounded more soft when accented, in words ending in ore, ora, ore, oro, 0,f?; as, oratióne prayer, qual-hóra sometimes, Signore Sir, csdói o those, amoróo amorous.
O is pronounced close before 1, m, n, r; as, cólmo topfull, pronounce culma; pónta a point, say punta ; Róma Reme, say Ruma : Also, before gn the o is close ; as, Bologna Bologne, fay Bolunnia. 0, after i and u, sounds open or strong ; as, chioma a head of hair, cuóre a heart, say cháma, córe. Except from this last Rule duo, tuo, suo, virtuofo ; in which words the u is pronounced as double 00, by reason the u and o make two syllables, du-o, tu-o, &c.
V. U, Vowel, is pronounced like On in English;
as, Lúna the moon, read Lóona : Note that, u before another Vowel, beginning a word, becomes a Consonant, and is pronounced as in Englis; as, vostro yours, vitio vice, &c. Uu, between Vowels, is pronounced as a single Ul; as, auvenire to happen, say avenire.
Of the CONSONANTS.
'HE Consonants that differ most from the
English Pronunciation, are C. G. Z. to thcfe may be added H. S.T.
C. C, before the Vowels a, o, u, is pronounced like
K in English ; as, casa a house, say kafa ; collo a neck, fay kollo ; cura care, say kura.
Also, C, when double, or before the letter b,
is pronounced strong ; as, vacca a cow, say
vakka ; Spéechi looking-glasses, say spekky. C, before e and i, founds like che, chi, as in
the Englis words, Cherry, Children; as, céna a fupper, fay chéna ; Cesare Cesar, say Chefare ;
città a citty, fay chittà. Cr, before e and i, the first is pronounced like
unto T softly; as, accento an accent, fay atchento; bracchio an arm, fay bratchio.
G. G, before the Vowels a, o, u, is pronounced as
in English. G, before the Vowelse or i, is pronounced
like the English Consonant j ; as, género a fonin-law, fay jenero ; gelo frost, fay jelo. If comes between either of these Vowels, it is pronounced as if d was before it; as, vigilante
watchful, fay vidgilánte. Gg, before e or i, the first g is pronounced as d, and the latter as g; as, oggeto an object,
say adgetto ; hoggi to-day, say odgi. G, before l, sounds also like t; as, figlio a lon,
fay fillio : Except in these words, Inglese, negligenza, negletto, globo, conglutinare, in which
words g sounds like as in English G, before n, is founded like another n, and the
sound of the letter i follows after the last n; as, agnallo a lamb, say anniello ; regno a kingdom, say rennia.