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hang’da man for the getting a hundred bastards, Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality he would have paid for the nursing a thousand: Can censure 'scape; back-wounding calumny He had some feeling of the sport; he knew the The whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong, service, and that instructed him to mercy. Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue?
Duke. I never heard the absent duke much But who comes here? detected* for women; he was not inclined that
Enter Escalus, Provost, BawD, und Officers. Lucio. O, Sir, you are deceived.
Escal. Go, away with her to prison. Duke. "Tis not possible.
Baud. Good my lord, be good to me; your Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your beg- honour is accounted a mercitul man: good my gar of fifty;—and his use was, to put a ducat lord. in her clack-dish: the duke had crotchets in Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still him: He would be drunk too; that let me in- forfeite in the same kind? This would make form you.
mercy swear, and play the tyrant. Duke. You do him wrong, surely.
Prov. A bawd of eleven years continuance, Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his: A shy may it please your honour. fellow was the duke: and, I believe, I know Baud. My lord, this is one Lucio's informathe cause of his withdrawing.
tion against me: mistress Kate Keep-down Dukt. What, I pr’ythee, might be the cause? was with child by him in the duke's time, he
Lucio. No,-pardon ;-'is a secret must be promised her marriage; his child is a year and lock'd within the teeth and the lips : but this I a quarter old, come Philip and Jacob: I have can let you understand, --The greater filet of kept it myself; and see how he goes about to the subject held the duke to be wise.
abuse me. Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much li
Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweigh. cence:-let him be called before us.--Away ing: fellow,
with her to prison: Go to; no more words. Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or (E.reunt Bawd and Officers.) Provost, my bromistaking; the very stream of his life, and the iher Angelo will not be alter'd, Claudio must business be hath helmed,must, upon a war die to-morrow: let him be furnished with diranted need, give him a better proclamation. vines, and have all charitable preparation: if Let him be but testimonied in his own bringings my brother wrought by my pity, it should not forth, and he shall appear to the envious, a be so with him. scholar, a statesman, and a soldier: Therefore, Pror. So please yon, this friar hath been with you speak unskilfully; or, if your knowledge him, and advised him for the entertainment of be more, it is much darken'd in your malice. death.
Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. Escal. Good even, good father.
Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, Duke. Bliss and goodness on you! and knowledge with dearer love.
Escul. Of whence are you? Lucio. Come, Sir, I know what I know. Duke. Not of this country, though my chance Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you
is now know not what you speak. But, if ever the To use it for my time: I am a brother duke return, (as our prayers are he may,) let Of gracious order, late come from the see, me desire you to make your answer before him: In special business from his holiness. Jf it be honest you have spoke, you have cou- Escal. What news abroad i'the world? rage to maintain it: I am bound to call upon Duke. None, but that there is so great a fever you; and, I pray you, your name?
on goodness, that the dissolution of it must Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known cure it: novelty is only in request; and it is as to the duke.
dangerous to be aged in any kind of course, as Duke. He shall know you better, Sir, if I it is virtuous to be constant in any undertaking. may live to report you.
There is scarce truth enough alive, to make Lucio. I fear you not.
societies secure; but security enough, to make Duke. O, you hope the duke will return no fellowships accurs'd: much upon this riddle more; or you imagine me tuo unhurtful an op- runs the wisdom of the world. This news is posite. But, indeed, I can do you little harm: | old enough, yet it is every day's news. I pray you'll forswear this again.
you, Sir, of what disposition was the duke? Lacio. I'll be hang'ä first: thou art deceived Escal. One, that, above all other strifes, conin me, friar. But no more of this: Canst thou tended especially to know himself. iell, if Claudio die to-morrow, or no?
Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? Duke. Why should he die, Sir?
Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun- than merry at any thing which profess’d to make dish. I would, the duke, we talk of, were him rejoice: a gentleman of all temperance. return'd again: this ungenitur's agent will But leave we him to his events, with a prayer unpeople the province with continency; spar- they may prove prosperous; and let me desire rows must not build in his house-eaves, because to know how you find Claudio prepared. I am they are lecherous. The duke yet would have made to understand, that you have lent him dark deeds darkly answer'd; he would never visitation. bring them to light: would he were return'd! Duke. He professes to have received no Marry, this Claudio is condemn’d for untruss- sinister measure from his judge, but most wiling. Farewell, good friar; I pr’ythee, pray lingly humbles himself to the determination of for me. The duke, I say to thee again, would justice: yet had he framed to himself, by the cat mutton on Fridays. He's now past it; instruction of his frailty, many deceiving propat, and I say to thee, he would mouth with a mises of life; which I, by my good leisure, bezgar, though she smelt brown bread and have discredited to him, and now he is resolvedt Itilic: say, that I said so. Farewell. "[Erit. to die. Suspected.
+ The majority of his subjects. Escal. You have paid the heavens your func: Inroosiderate.
Guided. ll Opponent. 1 llave a wench.
tion, and the prisoner the very debt of your forbearance a little ; may be, I will call upon
Isab. He hath a garden circummur'd* with
brick, of his proceeding, it shall become him well; Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; wherein, if he chance to fail, he hath sentenced And to that vineyard is a pianchedt gate, himself.
That makes his opening with this bigger key: Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner: Fare This other doth command a little door,
Which from the vineyard to the garden leads; Duke. Peace be with you!
There have I made my promise to call on him, [Exeunt Escalus and Provost. Upon the heavy middle of the night. He, who the sword of heaven will bear,
Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find Should be as holy as severe;
this Pattern in himself to know,
Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't; Grace to stand, and virtue go;
With whispering and most guilty diligence, More nor less to others paying,
In action all of precept, he did show me Than by self-offences weighing,
The way twice o'er. Shame to him, whose cruel striking
Duke. Are there no other tokens Kills for faults of his own liking!
Between you 'greed, concerning her obseryTwice treble shame on Angelo,
ance ? To weed my vice, and let his grow!
Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark; O, what may man within him hide,
And that l' have possess’d: him, my most stay Though angel on the outward side!
Can be but brief: for I have made him know, How may likeness,* mader in crimes,
I have a servant comes with me along, Making practice or the times,
That stays upon me; whose persuasion is, Draw with idle spiders' strings
I come about my brother. Most pond'rous and substantial things!
Duke. "Tis well borne up. Craft against vice I must apply:
I have not yet made known to Mariana With Angelo to-night shall lie
A word of this :-What, ho! within! come His old betrothed, but despis’d;.
forth! So disguise shall, by the disguis'd, Pay with falsehood false exacting,
I pray you, be acquainted with this maid;
She comes to do you good.
Isab. I do desire the like. SCENE 1.- A Room in MARIANA's House.
Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I reMARIANA discovered sitting; u Boy singing.
spect you? SONG.
Mari. Good triar, I know you do; and have
found it. Take, oh take those lips away,
Duke. Take then this your companion by the
hand, And those eyes, the breuk of day,
Who hath a story ready for your ear:
I shall attend your leisure; but make haste;
The vaporous night approaches. Seals of love, but seuľd in rain,
Mari. Will't please you walk aside ?
[ Exeunt MARIANA and IsabelLA. seal'd in rain.
Duke. O place and greatness, millions of Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee quick away;
Are struck upon thee! volumes of report Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice
Run with these false and most contrarious
Make thee the father of their idle dream,
And rack thee in their fancies !-Welcome!
Re-enter MARIANA and IsabelLA.
If you advise it.
(father, Duke. ”Tis good : though music oft hath such
Duke. It is not my consent, a charm, To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm. But my entreaty tov.
Isab. Little bave you to say, I pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired for me here to-day? much upon this time have I Remember now my brother.
When you depart from him, but, soft and low, promis'd here to meet.
Muri, Fear me not. Mari. You have not been inquired after: I have sat here all day.
Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at
He is your husband on a pre-contráct: (all:
To bring you thus togetier, 'tis no sin;
+ Planked, wooden.
Waits, * Arpearance.
+ Trained. Blogulsities, inquinas.
Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go; Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio: Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe'st to sow.
[Ereunt Clown und ABHORSOX. (Exeunt. One has my pity; not a jot the other,
Being a murderer, though he were my brother. SCENE 11.- A Room in the Prison.
Enter CLAUDIO. Enter Provost and Clown. Pror. Come hither, sirrah : Can you cut off "Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow
Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, forthy death: à man's head?
Thou must be made immortal. Where's BarClo. If the man be a bachelor, Sir, I can:
nardine? bat if he be a married man, he 'is his wife's Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless head, and I can never cut off a woman's head.
labour Prot. Come, Sir, leave me your snatches, and when it lies starkly* in the traveller's bones: yield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning He will not wake. are to die Claudio and Barnardine: Here is in
Prov. Who can do good on him? our prison a common executioner, who in his Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what office lacks a helper: if you will take it on you
(Knocking within. to assist him, it shall redeem you from your Heaven give your spirits conifort! gyvest if not, you shall have your full time
[Exit CLAUDIO. of imprisonment, and your deliverance with an By and by :unpited whipping; for you have been a noto- I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve, rious bawd.
For the most gentle Claudio.-Welcome, father. Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out of mind; but yet I will be content to be a
Enter Duke. lawful hangman. I would be glad to receive
Duke. The best and wholesoinest spirits of some instruction from my fellow-partner.
the night Pror. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Abhor. Envelope you, good Provost! Who call’d here son, there?
of late? Enter ABHORSON.
Prov. None, since the curfew rung.
Duke. Not Isabel ? Abhor. Do you call, Sir?
Prov. No. Prot. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you Duke. They will then, ere't be long. to-morrow in your execution: If you think it Prov. What comfort is for Claudio? meet, compound with him by the year, and let Duke. There's some in hope. him abide here with you; if not, use him for Prov. It is a bitter deputy. the present, and dismiss him: He cannot plead Duke. Not so, not so; bis life is parallel'd his estimation with you; he hath been a bawd: Even with the stroke and line of his great Abhor. A bawd, Sir? Fie upon him, he will
justice; discredit our mystery.
He doth with holy abstinence subdue Proc. Go to, Sir; you weigh equally; a That in himself, which he spurs on his power feather will turn the scale.
(Exit. To qualifyt in others: were he mealdi Clo. Pray, Sir, by your good favour, (for, With that which he corrects, then were he tysurely, Sir, a good favour you have, but that
(come. you have a hanging look,) do you call, Sir, But this being so, he's just.-Now are they your occupation a mystery?
(Knocking within.-Provost goes out. Abhor. Ay, Sir; a mystery.
This is a gentle provost: Seldom, when Clo. Painting, Sir, I have heard say, is a The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.mystery; and your whores, Sir, being members How now? What noise? That spirit's possess'd of my occupation, using painting, do prove my
with haste, occupation a mystery : but what mystery there That wounds the unsisting postern with these should be in hanging, if I should be hang'd, I
strokes. cannot imagine. Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.
Provost returns, speaking to one at the door. Clo. Proof.
Prov. There he must stay, until the officer Abhor. Every true** man's apparel fits your Arise to let him in; he is call’d up: thief: If it be too little for your thief, your true Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio man thinks it big enough; if it be too big for But he must die to-morrow?
[yet, your thief, your thief thinks it little enough: so Prov. None, Sir, none. every true man's apparel fits your thief,
Duke. As near the dawning, Provost, as it is,
You shall hear more ere morning.
You something know; yet, I believe, there Pror. Are you agreed? Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your Besides, upon the very siegel of justice,
No countermand; no such example bave we: hangman is a more penitent trade than your Lord Angelo hath to the public ear bawd; he doth oftener ask forgiveness.
Profess'd the contrary. Proc. You, sirrah, provide your block and your axe, to-morrow four o'clock.
Enter a MESSENGER. Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee
Duke. This is his lordship's man. in my trade; follow.
Pror. And here comes Claudio's pardon. Cio. I do desire to learn, Sir; and, I hope, if you have occasion to use me for your own turn; by me this further charge, that you swerve not
Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and you shall find me yare:ft for, truly Sir, for your from the smallest article of it, neither in time, kindness, I owe you a good turn.
matter, or other circumstance. Good morrow;
fur, as I take it, it is almost day. Gill, or varnish over. + Tilth, land prepared for sowing:
† Moderate. Countenance, ** Honest. + Rcady. I'vihadis.
Pror. I shall obey him. [Exit Messenger. Proc. Angelo hath seen them both, and will Duke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by such discover the favour.* sin,
[Aside. Duke. O, death's a great disguiser: and you For which the pardoner himself is in:
may add to it. Shave the head, and tie the Hence hath offence his quick celerity,
beard ; and say, it was the desire of the peniWhen it is borne in high authority:
tent to be so bared before bis death: You know, When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, the course is common. If any thing fall to you That for the fault's love, is the offender friend- upon this, more than thanks and good fortune, Now, Sir, what news?
[ed.- by the saint whom I profess, I will plead against Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, be-like, it with my life. thinking me remiss in mine office, awakens me Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against with this unwonted putting on :* methinks, my oath. strangely; for he hath not used it before. Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the Duke. Pray you, let's hear.
deputy? Prov. [Reads.] Whatsoever you may hear to Pror. To him, and to his substitutes. the contrary, let Claudio be executed by four of Duke. You will think you have made no ofthe clock; and, in the afternoon, Burnardine: for fence, if the duke avouch the justice of your my better satisfaction, let me hare Claudio's head dealing ? sent me by five. Let this be duly performed; with Prov. But what likelihood is in that? u thought, that more depends on it than we must Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. yet deliver. Thus fail not to do your office, as you Yet since I see you fearful, that neither my will answer it at your peril.
coat, integrity, nor my persuasion, can with What say you to this, Sir ?
ease attempt you, I will go further than I Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be meant, to pluck all fears out of you. Look executed in the afternoon ?
you, Sir, here is the hand and seal of the duke. Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up You know the character, I doubt not; and the and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old. signet is not strange to you.
Duke. How came it, that the absent duke Prov. I know them both. had not either deliver'd him to his liberty, or Duke. The contents of this is the return of executed him? I have heard, it was ever his the duke; you shall anon over-read it at your manner to do so.
pleasure; where you shall find, within these Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for two days he will be here. This is a thing, him: And, indeed, his fact, till now in the that Angelo knows not: for he this very day government of lord Angelo, came not to an receives letters of strange tenor; perchance, of undoubtful proof.
the duke's death; perchance, entering into some Duke. Is it now apparent?
monastery; but, by chance, nothing of what Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by is writ. Look, the unfolding star calls up the himself.
shepherd: Put not yourself into amazement, Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in how these things should be: all difficulties are prison? How seems he to be touch'd ?
but easy when they are known. Call your Pror. A man that apprehends death no more executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep; careless, I will give him a present shrift, and advise him reckless, and fearless of what's past, present, for a better place. Yet you are amazed; but or to come; insensible of mortality, and des- this shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; perately mortal.
it is almost clear dawn.
[Ereunt. Duke. He wants advice. Prov. He will hear none: he hath evermore
SCENE III.-Another Room in the same. had the liberty of the prison; give him leave
Enter Clown. to escape hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if not many days entirely drunk. in our house of profession: one would think, it
Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was We have very often awaked him, as if to carry were mistress Over-done's own house, for here him to execution, and show'd him a seeming be many of her old customers. First, here's warrant for it: it hath not moved him at all.
Duke. More of him anon. There is written young master Rash; he's in for a commodity in your brow, Provost, honesty and constancy:
of brown paper and old ginger, ninescore and if I read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles seventeen pounds; of which he made five marks, me; but in the boldness of my cunning, I will in request, for the old women were all dead.
ready money: marry, then, ginger was not much lay myself in hazard. Claudio, whom here yo! Then is there here one master Caper, at the have a warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit suit of master Three-pile the mercer, for some to the law than Angelo who hath sentenced four suits of peach-colour'd satin, which now him: To make you understand this in a manifested effect, I crave but four days respite; for peaches him a beggar. Then have we here the which you are to do me both a present and and master Copper-spur, and master Starve
young Dizy, and young master Deep-vow, a dangerous courtesy.
lackey the rapier and dagger-man, and young Pror. Pray, Sir, in what?
Drop-heir that kill'd lusty Pudding, and master Duke. In the delaying death. Pror. Alack! how may 1 do it? having the the great traveller, and wild Half-can that
Forthright the tilter, and brave master Shoe-tie hour limited; and an express command, under stabb'd Pots, and, I think, forty more; all penalty, to deliver his head in view of Angelo? 1. may make my ease as Claudio's, to cross great doers in our trade, and are now for the
Lord's sake. this in the smallest. Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant
Enter ABHORSON. you, if my instructions may be your guide. Let Alhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. this Barnardine be this morning executed, and Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and his bead borne to Angelo.
be hang'd, master Barnardine! Spur, mucitement. + Vine years in prison.
Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine!
To save him from the danger that might come, Barnar. (Within.) A pox o’your throats ! If he were known alive? Who makes that noise there? What are you? Duke. Let this be done ;-Put them in secret Clo, Your friends, Sir; the hangman: You
holds, must be so good, Sir, to rise and be put to death. Both Barnardine and Claudio: Ere twice
Barnar. (Within.) Away, you rogue, away; The sun hath made his journal greeting to I am sleepy.
The under generation, you shall find Abhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that Your safety manifested. quickly too.
Prov. I am your free dependant. Clo, Pray, master Barnardine, awake till
Duke. Quick, despatch, are executed, and sleep afterwards.
And send the head to Angelo. (Erit Provost. Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. Now will I write letters to Angelo,- (tents
Clo. He is coming, Sir, he is coming; I hear The provost, he shall bear them, --whose conhis straw rustle.
Shall witness to him, I am near at home;
And that, by great injunctions, I am bound
To enter publicly: him I'll desire Abhor. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah? To meet me at the consecrated fount, Clo. Very ready, Sir.
A league below the city; and from thence, Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the By cold gradation and weal-balanced form, news with you?
We shall proceed with Angelo. Abhor. Truly, Sir, I would desire you to clap into your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's
Re-enter Provost. come.
Prov. Here is the head ; I'll carry it myself. Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; night, I am not fitted for't.
For I would commune with you of such things, Clo. O, the better, Sir; for he that drinks all That want no ear but yours. night, and is hang'd betimes in the morning, Prov. I'll make all speed.
(Exit may sleep the sounder all the next day.
Isab. (Within.] Peace, ho, be here !
Duke. The tongue of Isabel :-She's come to
know, Abhor. Look you, Sir, here comes your If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : ghostly father; Do we jest now, think you ? But I will keep her ignorant of her good,
Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hear. To make her heavenly comforts of despair, ing how hastily you are to depart, I am come when it is least expected. to advise you, comfort you, and pray with you. Barnar. Friar, not I'; I'have been drinking
Enter ISABELLA. hard all night, and I will have more time to Isub. Ho, by your leave. prepare me, or they shall beat out my brains Duke. Good morning to you, fair and grawith billets : I will not consent to die this day,
cious daughter. that's certain.
Isah. The better, given me by so holy a man. Duke. O, Sir, you must: and therefore, I Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon? beseech you,
Duke. He hath releas'd him, Isabel, from the Look forward on the journey you shall go. His head is off, and sent to Angelo. (world;
Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any Isub. Nay, but it is not so. man's persuasion.
Duke. It is no other :
(patience. Duke. But hear you, —
Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close Barnar. Not a word'; if you have any thing Isab. O, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes. to say to me, come to my ward; for thence will Duke. You shall not be adinitted to his sight. not I to-day.
[Erit. Isab. Unhappy Claudio ! Wretched Isabel ! Enter Provost.
Injurious world! Most damned Angelo!
Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a Duke. Unfit to live, or die: 0, gravel heart!
jot: After him fëllows; bring him to the block. Forbear it therefore; give your cause to heaven.
(Exeunt ABHORSON and Clown. Mark what I say; which you shall find Pror. Now, Sir, how do you find the prisoner? By every syllable, a faithful verity: Duke. A creature unprepar'd, unmeet for The duke comes home to morrow ;-nay, dry death;
your eyes; And, to transport him in the mind he is, One of our convent, and his confessor, Were damnable.
Gives me this instance: Already he hath carried Pror. Here in the prison, father,
Notice to Escalus and Angelo; There died this morning of a cruel fever Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate, There to give up their power. If you can, pace A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head,
your wisdom Just of his colour ; What if we do omit
In that good path that I would wish it go; This reprobate, till he were well inclined; And you shall have your bosomt on this wretch, And satisfy the deputy with the visage Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?
And general honour. Duke. O, 'tis an accident that heaven pro- Isab. I am directed by you. vides ;
Duke. This letter then to friar Peter give; Despatch it presently; the hour draws on "Tis that he sent me of the duke's return : Prefix'd by Angelo: See, this be done, Say, by this token, I desire his company And ser according to command ; while I At Mariana's house to night. Her cause, and Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die,
yours, Proc. This shall be done, good father, pre- I'll perfect him withal; and he shall bring you sently.
Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo Bat Barnardine must die this afternoon : And how shall we continue Claudio,
* The antipodes.
+ Your heart's desire,