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Ofgod-like amity; which appears most strongly Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies,
I could not do with all ;-then I'll repent,
them : I know, you would be prouder of the work, And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell, Than customary bounty can enforce you. That men shall swear, I have discontinued Por. I never did repent for doing good,
school Nor shall not nuw: für in compinions
Above a twelvemonth:-I have within my mind That do converse and waste the time together, A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love,
Which I will practise. There must be needs a like proportion
Ner. Why, shall we turn to men ? Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; Por. Fie! 'what a question's that, Which makes me think, that this Antonio, If thou wert near a lewd interpreter? Being the bosom lover of my lord,
But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device Must needs be like my lord: If it be so, When I am in my coach, which stays for us How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
At the park gate; and therefore haste away, In purchasing the semblance of my soul For we must measure twenty miles to-day. From out the state of hellish cruelty ?
[Exeunt. This comes tuo near the praising of myself; SCENE V.-The same.-A Garden. Therefore, no more of it: hear other things.Lorenzo, I commit into your hands
Enter LAUNCELOT and JESSICA. The husbandry and manage of my house, Laun. Yes, truly :-for, look you, the sins of Until lord's return: for mine own part, the father are to be laid upon the children; I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow, therefore, I promise you, I fear you. I was To live in prayer and contemplation,
always plain with you, and so now I speak my Only attended by Nerissa here,
agitation of the matter: Therefore, be of good Until her husband and my lord's return : cheer; for, truly, I think, you are damn'd. There is a monastery two miles off,
There is but one hope in it that can do you any And there we will abide. I do desire you, good; and that is but a kind of bastard hope Not to deny this imposition;
neitber. The which my love, and some necessity, Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee? Now lays upon you.
Luun. Marry, you may partly hope that your Lor. Madam, with all my heart;
father got you not, that you are not the Jew's I shall obey you in all fair commands. daughter.
Por. My people do already know my mind, Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, inAnd will acknowledge you and Jessica
deed; so the sins of my mother should be visited In place of lord Bassanio and myself.
upon me. So fare you well, till we shall meet again.
Laun. Truly then I fear you are damn'd both Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours attend by father and mother: thus when I shun Scylla,
your father, I fall into Charybdis, your moJes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. ther: well, you are gone both ways. Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he pleas'd
hath made me a Christian. To wish it back on you: fare you well, Jes- Laun. Truly the more to blame he: we were
sica.- [Exeunt Jessica and LORENZO. Christians enough before; e'en as many as Now, Balthazar,
could well live, one by another: This making As I have ever found thee honest, true, of Christians will raise the price of hogs; if wo So let me find thee still : Take this same letter, grow all to be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly And use thou all the endeavour of a man, have a rasher on the coals for money. In speed to Padua; see thou render this Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario;
Enter LORENZO. And, look, what notes and garments he doth Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what give thee,
you say; here he comes. Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Unto the tranect, to the common ferry
Launcelot, if you thus get my wife into corners. Which trades to Venice :-waste no time in Jes. Nay, you need not tear us, Lorenzo; words,
Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, get thee gone; I shall be there before thee. there is no mercy for me in heaven, because I Balth. Madamn, I go with all convenient am a Jew's daughter: and he says you are no speed.
[Exit. good member of the commonwealth; for, in Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in converting Jews to Christians, you raise the hand,
[bands, price of pork. you yet know not of: we'll see our hus- Lor. I shall answer that better to the comBefore they think of us.
monwealth, than you can the getting up of the Ner. Shall they see us ?
negro's belly: the Moor is with child by you, Por. They shall, Nerissa; but in such a habit, Launcelot. That they shall think we are accomplished Luun. It is much, that the Moor should be With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, more than reason: but if she be less than an When we are both accouter'd like young men, honest woman, she is, indeed, more than I took I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, ber for. And wear my dagger with the braver grace; Lor. How every fool can play upon the word! And speak, between the change of man and I think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn boy,
into silence; and discourse grow commendable With a reed'voice; and turn two mincing steps in none only but parrots. --Go in, sirrah; bid. Into a manly stride; and speak of frays, them prepare for dinner.
Laun. That is done, Sir; they have all sto- Salun. He's ready at the door: he comes, my machs.
lord. Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are
Enter SHYLOCK. you! then bid them prepare dinner. Luun. That is done too, Sir; only, cover is
Duke. Make room, and let him stand before
our face. the word.
Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Lor. Will you cover then, Sir?
That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malica Laun. Not so, Sir, neither; I know my duty: To the last hour of act; and then, ’uis thought,
Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse,* more Wilt thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in Than is thy strange apparent cruelty: (strange an instant? I pray thee, understand a plain And wheret thou now exact'st the penalty, man in his plain meaning: go to thy fellows; (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) bid them cover the table, serve in the meat, Thou wilt not only loose the forfeiture, and we will come in to dinner. Luun. For the table, Sir, it shall be served | Forgive a moiety of the principal ;
But touch'd with human gentleness and love, in ; for the meat, Sir, it shall be covered; for Glancing an eye of pity on his losses, your coming in to dinner, Sir, why, let it be as That have of late so huddled on his back; huinours and conceits shall govern.
Enough to press a royal merchant down,
(Exit LAUNCELOT. And pluck commiseration of his state Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are from brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, The fool hath planted in bis memory [suited! From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never An army of good words; And I do know
To offices of tender courtesy.
(train'd A many fools, that stand in better place,
We all expect a gentle answer,
Jew. Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Shy. I have possess d your grace of what I Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica?
purpose; And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn, How dost thou like the Lord Bassanio's wife? To have the due and forfeit of my bond:
Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, The lord Bassanio live an upright lite;
If you deny it, let the danger light
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. For, having such a blessing in his lady, You'll ask me, why I raiher choose to have He finds the joys of heaven here on earth;
A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive And, if on earth he do not mean it, it
Three thousand ducats : I'll not answer that: Is reason he should never come to heaven.
But, say, it is my humour ;ş Is it answer'd? Why, if two gods should play some heavenly What it my house be troubled with a rat, match,
And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats And on the wager lay two earthly women, To have it baned? What, are you answer'd yet? And Portia one, there inust be something else Some men there are, love not a gaping pig; Pawn'd with the other; for the poor rude world Some, that are mad, if they beholi a cat ; Hath not her fellow.
And others, when the bagpipe sings i'the nose, Lor. Even such a husband
Cannot contain their urine; For aliection,ll Hast thou of me, as she is for a wise.
Misiress of passion, sways it to the mood Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. Of what it likes, or loaths : Now, for your anLor. I will anon; first, let us go to dinner. Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a As there is no firm reason to be render'd, stomach.
Why he cannot abide a gaping | pig; Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table. Why he, a harınless necessary cat; talk;
[things why he, a swollen bagpipe; but of force Then, howsoe'er thou speak’st, ’mong other Must yield to such inevitable shame, I shall digest it.
As to offend, himself being oflended; Jes. Well, I'll set you forth. [Exeunt. So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loath! ACT IV.
I bear Antonio, ihat I follow thus [ing, SCENE 1.- Venice.-A Court of Justice. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ? Enter the Duke, the Magnificoes ; ANTONIO, To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, BASSANIO, GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALANIO,
Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my and others. Duke. What, is Antonio here?
Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not Aut. Ready, so please your grace.
love? Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not
kill? A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch
Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first. Uncapable of pity, void and empty
Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent From any dram of mercy.
sting thee twice ? Ant. I have heard,
Ant. I pray you, think you question** with Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify
the Jew: His rigorous course; but since he stands ob- You may as well go stand upon the beach, durate,
And bid the main food bate bis usual height; And that no lawful means can carry me You may as well use question with the wolf, Out of his envy's* reach, I do oppose
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; My patience to his fury; and am arm’d You may as well forbid the mountain pines To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, The very tyranny and rage of his.
When ihey are fretted with the gusts of heaven; Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the You may as well do any thing most hard, court.
+ Seeming- 1 Whereas. 6 Particular fancy. Hatred, malice.
1 Prejudice. Crying ** Converse
As seek to soften that (than which what's Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, harder?)
And, while thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, His Jewish heart:- Therefore, I do beseech Infus’d itself in thee; for thy desires you,
Are wolfish, bloody, stary'd, and ravenous. Make no more offers, use no further means, Shy. Till thou can'st rail the seal from off my But, with all brief and plain conveniency,
bond, Let me have judgement, and the Jew his will. Thou but oftend’st thy lungs to speak so loud: Bass. For ihy three thousand ducats here is Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall six.
To cureless ruin.--I stand here for law. Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats, Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, A young and learned doctor to our court:I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Where is he? Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, ren
Ner. He attendeth here hard by, d'ring none ?
To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Shy. What judgement shall I dread, doing no Duke. With all my heart :-some three or four
wrong? You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Go give him courteous conduct to this place.Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. You use in abject and in slavish parts, smules, (Clerk reads.) Your grace shall understand, Because you bought them :-Shall I say to you, thal, at the receipt of your letter, I am rery sick: Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? but in the instant that your messenger came, in Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds loving visitation uus with me a young doctor of Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Rome, his nume is Balthasar : l'acquainted him Be season'd with such viands? You will an with the cause in controcersy betueen the Jew and swer,
Antonio the merchant: we turned o'er many books The slaves are ours :-So do I answer you : together: he is furnish'd with my opinion; which, The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, better'd with his own learning, the greatness Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it: whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with If you deny me, fie upon your law!.
him, at my importunity, to fill up your grace's reThere is no force in the decrees of Venice: quest in my stead. I beseech you, let his lack of I stand for judgement: answer; shall I have it? years be no impediment to let him back a reverend
Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this estimation ; for I nerer knew so young u body with Unless Bellario, a learned doctor, [court, so old a head. I leare him to your gracious ucWhom I have sent for to determine this, ceptunce, whose trial shvill better publish his comCome here to-day.
mendation. Sular. My lord, here stays without
Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what A messenger with letters from the doctor,
he writes : New come from Padua.
And here, I take it, is the doctor come.-
Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws.
Tario? The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and
Por. I did, my lord. Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.
Duke. You are welcome : take your place. Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Are you acquainted with the difference Meetest for death; the weakest kind of truit
That holds this present question in the court ? Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me:
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause, You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand
forth. Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk.
Por. Is your name Shylock?
Shy. Shylock is my name.
your grace. [Presents a letter. Cannot impugn* you, as you do proceed.Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so ear- You stand within his danger,t do you not ? nestly?
Por. Do you confess the bond ?
Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; Of thy sharp envy.* Can no prayers pierce thee? It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd; make.
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Gra, (), be thou damn’d, inexorable dog! 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes And for thy life let justice be accus'd. The throned monarch better than his crown": Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith, His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, To hold opinūn with Pythagoras,
The attribute to awe and majesty, That souls of animals infuse themselves Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit, But mercy is above this sceptred sway, Govern’d a wolf; who, hang'd for buman It is enthroned in the hearts of kings, slaughter,
It is an attribute to God himselt;
Oppose. + Reach or control
And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to
Than is her custom: it is still her use, Which it thou töllow, this strict court of Venice To let the wretched man out-live his wealth, Must needs give sentence’gainst the merchant To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, there.
An age of poverty ; from which lingering penShy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the Of such a misery doth she cut me off. [ance The penalty and forteit of my bond. (law, Commend me to your honourable wife:
Por. Is le not able to discharge the money? Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Buss. Yes, here I tenderit for him in the court; Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; Yea, twice ibe sum: if that will not suffice, And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, Whether Bassanio had not once a love. On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart : Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, If this will not suflice, it must appear
And he repents not that he pays your debt; That malice bears down truth. And I beseech For, if the Jew do but cut deep enough, Wrest once the law to your authority : [you, I'll pay it instantly with all my heart. To do a great right, do a little wrong;
Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife, And curb this cruel devil of his will.
Which is as dear to me as life itself; Por. It must not be; there is no power in But life itself, my wife, and all the world, Can alter a decree established: (Venice Are not with me esteem'd above thy life: "Twill be recorded for a precedent;
I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all And many an error, by the same example, Here to this devil, to deliver you. Will rush into the state: it cannot be.
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks Shy. A Daniel come to judgement! yea, a
for that, Daniel!
If she were by, to hear you make the offer.
Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. I would she were in heaven, so she could
The wish would make else an unquiet house. Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in Shy. These be the Christian husbands: I heaven :
have a daughter; Shall I lay perjury upon my soul?
'Would, any of the stock of Barrabas No, not für Venice.
Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;
[Aside. And lawfully by this the Jew may claim We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off
Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh Nearest the merchant's heart:- Be merciful ;
is thine; Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond. The court awards it, and the law doth give it.
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor.-- Shy. Most rightful judge! It doth appear, you are a worthy judge; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off You know the law, your exposition
his breast; Hath been most sound : I charge you by the The law allows it, and the court awards it. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, slaw, Shy. Most learned judge !-A sentence; Proceed io judgement: by my soul I swear,
come, prepare. There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Tarry a little;—there is something else.To alter me: I stay here on my bond.
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; Ant. Most heartily I do Leseech the court The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: To give the judgement.
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of Por. Why then, thus it is.
But, in the cuiting it, if thou dost shed [flesh; You must prepare your bosom for his knife : One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate (goods
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Unto the state of Venice. Hath full relation to the penalty,
Gra. O upright judge !—Mark, Jew;-0 Which here appeareth due upon the bond.
learned judge! Shy. 'Tis very true: 0) wise and upright Shy. Is that the law ? judge!
Por. Thyself shalt see the act:
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosoni. Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st.
Gra. O learned judge !--Mark, Jew ;-a So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge!
learned judge! Nearest his heart, those are the very words. Shy. this offer then ;—pay the bond Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to
thrice, The flesh.
(weigh And let the Christian go. Shy. I have them ready.
Bass. Here is the money. Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on Por. Soft!
[haste ;your charge,
The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft-no To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. He shall have nothing but the penalty. Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ?
Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned Por. It is not so express'd; But what of judge! 'Twere good you do so much for charity. [that? Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond.
Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant more,
The pardon, that I late pronounced here. But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Por. Art'thou contented, Jew, what dost Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much
thou say? As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Shy. I am content. Or the division of the twentieth part
Por. Clerk, draw a deed of gift. Of one poor scruple; nay, if the scale do turn Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from But in the estimation of a hair,
hence; Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate. I am not well; send the deed after me,
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew! And I will sign it. Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.
Duke. Get thee gone, but do it. Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take the for- Gra. In christening thou shalt have two godfeiture.
(more, Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. To bring thee to the gallows, not the font. Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court;
[Exit SHYLOCK. He shall have merely justice, and his bond. Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel!
dinner. I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon;
Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? I must away this night toward Padua,
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfei- | And it is meet, I presently set forth.
you not. I'll stay no longer question.
Antonio, gratify this gentleman; Por. Tarry, Jew;
For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. The law hath yet another hold on you.
[É.reunt Duke, Magnificoes, and Train. It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my If it be prov'd against an alien,
friend, That by direct, or indirect attempts,
Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted He seek the life of any citizen,
Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof, The party, 'gainst the which he doth contrive, Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew, Shall seize one half his goods; the other half We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Comes to the privy coffer of the state;
Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, And the offender's life lies in the mercy In love and service to you evermore, Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied ; In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st: And I, delivering you, am satisfied, For it appears by manifest proceeding, And therein do account myself well paid; That indirectly, and directly too,
My mind was never yet more mercenary.. Thou hast contriv'd against the very life I pray you, know me, when we meet again; Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd I wish you well, and so I take my leave. The danger formerly by me rehears'd.
Bass. Dear Sir, of force I must attempt you Down, therefore, and þeg mercy of the duke.
further; Gra. Beg, that thou may'st have leave to hang Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, thyself:
Not as a fee: grant me two things, I pray you, And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Not to deny me, and to pardon me. Thou hast not left the value of a cord;
Por. You press me far, and therefore I will Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's
Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of And, for your love, I'll take this ring from our spirit,
(more ; I pardon thee-thy life before thou ask it: Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's;
And you in love shall not deny me this. The other half comes to the general state, Bass. This ring, good Sir,-alas, it is a trifle, Which humbleness may drive unto a fine. I will not shame myself to give you this.
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Por. I will have nothing else but only this ; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not And now, methinks, I have a mind to it. that:
Buss. There's more depends on this, than on You take my house, when you do take the prop
the value. That doth sustain my bouse ; you take my life, The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, When you do take the means whereby I 'live. And find it out by proclamation ; Por. What mercy can you render him, An- Only for this, I pray you, pardon me. tonio?
Por. I see, Sir, you are liberal in offers : Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else; for God's You taught me first to beg; and now, methinks, sake.
You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd. Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Bass. Good Sir, this ring was given me by court,
my wife; To quit the fine for one half of his goods; And, when she put it on, she made me vow, I am content, so he will let me have
That I should neither selí, nor give, nor lose it. The other half in use,--to render it,
Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save Upon his death, unto the gentleman
their gifts. That lately stole his daughter :
And if your wife be not a mad woman, Two things provided more,--That, for this fa- And know how well I have deserv'd this ring, vour,
She would not hold out enemy for ever, He presently become a Christian ;
For giving it to me. Well, peace be will you ! The other, that he do record a gift,
[Erennt Portia and Nerissa. Here in the court, of all he dies possess'd, Ant. My lord" Bassanio, let him have the Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.