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But match to match I have encounter'd him, Come, thou new ruin of old Clifford's house; And made a prey for carrion kites and crows
(Taking up the Body. Even of the bonny beast he lov'd so well. As did Æneas old Anchises bear,
So bear I thee upon my manly shoulders ; Enter CLIFFORD.
But then Æneas bare a living load, War. Of one or both of us the time is come.
Nothing so heavy as these woes of mine. York. Hold, Warwick, seek thee out some
(Exit. other chace,
Enter RICHARD PLANTAGENET and SOMERSET, For I myself must hunt this deer to death. War. Then, nobly, York; 'tis for a crown
fighting, und SOMERSET is killed. thou fight'st.
Rich. So, lie thou there ;-. As I intend, Clifford, to thrive to-day,
For, underneath an alehouse' paltry sign, It grieves my soul to leave thee unassail'd. The Castle in Saint Albans, Somerset
[Exit WARWICK. Hath made the wizard famous in his death.Clif. What seest thou in me, York? why Sword, hold thy temper; heart, be wrathful dost thou pause ?
still: York. With thy brave bearing should I be Priests pray for enemies, but princes kill. in love,
[Erit. But that thou art so fast mine enemy. Clif. Nor should thy prowess want praise Alarums : Excursions. Enter King HENRY, and esteem,
Queen MARGARET, and others, retreating. But that 'tis shown ignobly and in treason. York. So let it help me now against thy
Q. Mar. Away, my lord! you are slow; for sword,
shame, away! As I in justice and true right express it!
K. Hen. Can we outrun the heavens? good Clif. My soul and body on the action
Margaret, stay. both!
Q. Mar. What are you made of? you'll not York. A dreadful lay!*_address thee in
fight, por fly: stantly.
Now is it manhood, wisdom, and defence, [They fight, and CLIFFORD falls. To give the enemy way: and to secure us Clif. La fin couronne les oeuvres. [Diss. By what we can, which can no more but fly. York. Thus war hath given thee peace, for
[Alarum afar off. thou art still.
If you be ta’en, we then should see the bottom Peace with his soul, heaven, if it be thy will! Of all our fortunes: but if we haply scape,
(As well we may, if not through your neglect,)
We shall to London get; where you are lov’d; Enter young CLIFFORD.
And where this breach, now in our fortunes
made, Y. Clif. Shame and confusion ! all is on the May readily be stopp'd.
rout; Fear frames disorder, and disorder wounds
Enter young CLIFFORD. Where it should guard. O war, thou son of hell,
Y. Clif: But that my heart's on future misWhom angry heavens do make their minister, I would speak blasphemy ere bid you fly;
chief set, Throw in the frozen bosoms of our part Hot coals of vengeance!-Let no soldier fly:
But fly you must; uncurable discomfit He that is truly dedicate to war,
Reigos in the hearts of all our present parts.* Hath no self-love; nor he, that loves himself, Away, for your relief! and we will live Hath not essentially, but by eircumstance,
To see their day, and them our fortune give: The name of valour.-0, let the vile world Away, my lord, away!
(Seeing his dead Father. And the premisedt flames of the last day
SCENE III.-Fields near Saint Albans. Knit earth and heaven together!
Alurum: Retreat. Flourish ; then enter YORK, Now let the general trumpet blow his blast,
RICHARD PLANTAGENET, WARWICK, and Sol Particularities and petty sounds
diers, with Drum and Colours. To cease!:—Wast thou ordain'd, dear father, To lose thy youth in peace, and to achieves York. Of Salisbury, who can report of him; The silver livery of advised|| age;
That winter lion, who, in rage forgets And, in thy reverence, and thy chair-days, Aged contusions and all brush of time it thus
And, like a gallant in the brow of youth, To die in ruffian battle?- Even at this sight, Repairs him with occasion ? this happy day My heart is turn’d to stone: and, while 'tis Is not itself, nor have we won one foot, mine,
If Salisbury be lost. It shall be stony. York not our old men spares; Rich. My noble father, No more will I' their babes: tears virginal Three times to-day I holp him to his horse, Shall be to me even as the dew to fire;
Three times bestrid him, thrice I led him off, And beauty, that the tyrant oft reclaims, Persuaded him from any further act: Shall to my flaming wrath be oil and flax. But still, where danger was, still there I met Henceforth, I will not have to do with pity:
him; Meet I an infant of the house of York, And like rich hangings in a homely house, Into as many gobbets will I cut it,
So was his will in his old feeble body,
* For parties. * A dreadful wager; a tremendous stake.
+ 1. c. The gradual detrition of time. + Sent before their time.
I 1. c. The height of youth : the brow of a hill is i.. Obtain.
York. I know, our safety is to follow them; Sal. Now, by my sword, well hast thou For, as I hear, the king is filed to London, fought to-day;
[Richard : To call a present court of parliament. By the mass, so did we all. I thank you, what says lord Warwick; shall we after
Let us pursue him, ere the writs go forth :God knows, how long it is I have to live; And it hath pleas'd him, that three times to-day
them? You have defended me from imminent death.
War. After them! nay, before them, if we Well, lords, we have not got that which we have:*
Now by my faith, lords, 'twas a glorious day: "Tis not enough our foes are this time fled,
Saint Albans' battle, won by famous York, Being opposites of such repairing nature.t
Shall be eterniz'd in all age to come.* I. e. We have not secured that which we have ac
Sound, drums and trumpets ;-and to London quired.
+ 1. e. Being enemies that are likely so soon to rally and And more such days as these to us befall ! recover themselves from this defeat.
KING HENRY VI.
King HENRY THE Sixth.
Sir John MORTIMER, Uncles to the Duke of EDWARD, Prince of Wales, his Son.
Sir Hugh Mortimer,
York. Lewis XI. King of France.
HENRY, Earl of Richmond, a Youth. DUKE OF SOMERSET,-DUKE OF EXE-) Lords Lord Rivers, Brother to Lady Grey.-Sir
TER,-EARL OF OXFORD,-EARL on King WILLIAM STANLEY.-SIR JOHN MONTGOMERY, OF NORTHUMBERLAND, EARL OF Henry's SIR JOHN SOMERVILLE.--TUTOR to Rut
WESTMORELAND, LORD CLIFFORD, ) side. land.-Mayor of York.-LIEUTENANT of the RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York. Tower.--A NOBLEMAN.-Two KEEPERS.-A EDWARD, Earl of March, after
HuntsmAN.-A Son that has killed his Fawards King Edward IV.
ther.-A Father that has killed his Son. EDMUND, Earl of Rutland, GEORGE, afterwards Duke of Cla- His Sons. QUEEN MARGARET. rence,
Lady Grey, afterwards Queen to Edward IV. RICHARD, afterwards Duke of Glo
Bona, Sister to the French Queen. cester, DUKE OF Norfolk,
Soldiers, and other attendants on King Henry MARQUIS OF MONTAGUE,
and King Edward, Messengers, WatchEARL OF WARWICK,
Of the Duke of EARL OF PEMBROKE,
York's party. LORD HASTINGS,
SCENE, during part of the third Act, in France; LORD STAFFORD,
during all the rest of the Play, in England,
York. Richard hath best deserv'd of all my SCENEI.-London.The Parliament-House.
What, is your grace dead, my lord of SomerDrums. Some Soldiers of York's party break Norf. Such hope have all the line of John of in. Then, Enter the Duke of YORK, EDWARD,
Gaunt! Richarn, NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, WARWICK, Rich. Thus do I hope to shake king Henry's and others, with White Roses in their Hats.
head. War. I wonder how the king escap'd our War. And so do I.–Victorious prince of hands.
York, York. While we pursu'd the horsemen of Before I see thee seated in that throne the north,
Which now the house of Lancaster usurps, He slily stole away, and left his men:
I vow by heaven, these eyes shall never close. Whereat the great lord of Northumberland, This is the palace of the fearful king, Whose warlike ears could never brook retreat, And this the regal seat: possess it, York: Cheer'd up the drooping army; and himself, For this is thine, and not king Henry's heirs. Lord Clifford, and lord Stafford, all a-breast, Yurk. Assist me then, sweet Warwick, and Charg'd our main battle's front, and, break
I will; ing in,
For hither we have broken in by force. Were by the swords of common soldiers slain. Nors. We'll all assist you ; he, that flies, Edw. Lord Stafford's father, duke of Buck
shall die. ingham,
York. Thanks, gentle Norfolk,-Stay by me, Is either slain, or wounded dangerous:
my lords ;
(night. I cleft his beaver with a downright blow; And, soldiers, stay, and lodge by me this That this is true, father, behold his blood. Wur. And when the king comes, offer him
(Showing his bloody Sword. no violence, Mont. And, brother, here's the earl of Wilt- Unless he seek to thrust you out by force. shire's blood, [To YORK, showing his.
They retire. Whom I encounter'd as the battles join'd. York. The queen, this day, here bölds ber Rich. Speak thou for me, and tell them what
parliament, I did.
But little thinks we shall be of her council: (Throwing down the Duke of Somerset's llcad. By words, or blows, here let us win our right. Rich. Arm’d as we are, let's stay within this War. True, Clifford; and that's Richard, house.
duke of York. War. The bloody parliament shall this be K. Hen. And shall I stand, and thou sit in callid,
my throne ? Unless Plantagenet, duke of York, be king; York. It must and shall be so. Content thyAnd bashful Henry depos'd, whose cowardice
self. Hath made us by-words to our enemies.
War. Be duke of Lancaster, let him be king. York. Then leave me not, my lords; be re- West. He is both king and duke of Lancaster: solute;
And that the lord of Westmoreland shall mainI mean to take possession of my right.
tain. War. Neither the king, nor he that loves War. And Warwick shall disprove it. You him best,
[field, The proudest he that holds up Lancaster, That we are those, which chas'd you from the Dares stir a wing, if Warwick shake his bells. And slew your fathers, and with colours I'll plant Plantagenet, root him up who spread dares:
(crown. March'd ihrough the city to the palace gates. Resolve thee, Richard; claim the English North. Yes, Warwick, I remember it to my (Warwick leads York to the Throne, who
grief; seats himself.
And, by his soul, thou and thy house shall
rue it. Flourish. Enter King HENRY, CLIFFORD,
West. Plantagenet, of thee, and these thy
sons, NORTHUMBERLAND, WESTMORELAND, Exe
[lives, TER, and others, with red Roses in their Hats. Thy kinsmen, and thy friends, I'll have more
Than drops of blood were in my father's veins. K. Hen. My lords, look where the sturdy Clif. Urge it no more; lest that, instead of rebel sits,
words, Even in the chair of state! belike, he means,
I send thee, Warwick, such a messenger, (Back'd by the power of Warwick, that false As shall revenge his death, before I stir. peer,)
War. Poor Clifford ! how I scorn his worthTo aspire unto the crown, and reign as king.
less threats! Earl of Northumberland, he slew thy father;- York. Will you, we show our title to the And thine, lord Clifford'; and you both have
crown? vow'd revenge
If not, our swords shall plead it in the field. On him, his sons, his favourites, and his friends. K. Hen. Wbat title hast thou, traitor, to the North. If I be not, heavens, be reveng'd on
Thy father was, as thou art, duke of York; Clif. The hope thereof makes Clifford mourn Thy grandfather, Roger Mortimer, earl of in steel.
March : West. What, shall we suffer this? let's pluck I am the son of Henry the fifth, him down:
Who made the Dauphin and the French to My heart for anger burns, I caunot brook it.
stoop, K. Hen. Be patient, gentle earl of West. And seiz'd upon their towns and provinces. moreland.
not of France, sith* thou hast lost Clif. Patience is for poltroons, and such as
K. Hen. The lord protector lost it, and not I; He durst not sit there had your father liv'd. When I was crown'd, I was but nine months My gracious lord, here in the parliament
old. Let us assail the family of York.
Rich. You are old enough now, and yet, North. Well hast thou spoken, consin; be it
methinks, you lose > so.
Father, tear the crown from the usurper's head. K. Hen. Ah; know you not, the city favours
Edw. Sweet father, do so; set it on your them,
head. And they have troops of soldiers at their beck ? Mont. Good brother, (To York.] as thou Exe. But when the duke is slain, they'll
lov'st and honour'st arms, quickly fly.
Let's fight it out, and pot stand cavilling thus. K. Hen. Far be the thought of this from
RichSound drums and trumpets, and the Henry's heart,
king will fly. To make a shambles of the parliament-house!
York. Sons, peace! Cousin of Exeter, frowns, words, and threats,
K. Hen. Peace thou! and give king Henry Shall be the war that Henry means to use.
leave to speak. (They advance to the Duke. War. Plantagenet shall speak first :-hear Thou factious duke of York, descend my throne,
him, lords; And kneel for grace and mercy at my feet;
And be you silent and attentive too, I am thy sovereign.
For he, that interrupts him, shall not live. York. Thou art deceiv'd, I am thine.
K. Hen. Think'st thou, that I will leave my Exe. For shame, come down; he made thee
kingly throne, duke of York.
Wherein my grandsire, and my father, sat? York. 'Twas my inheritance, as the earldom No: first shall war un people this my realm;
Ay, and their colours-often borne in France; Exe. Thy father was a traitor to the crown. And now in England, to our heart's great sorWar. Exeter, thou art a traitor to the crown,
[lords? In following this usurping Henry,
Shall be my winding sheet.-Why faint you, Clif. Whom should he follow, but his natural My title's good, and
better far than his. king?
War. But prove it, Henry, and thou shalt be
king. Hawks had sometimes little bells hung on them, per. haps to dare the birds ; that is, to fright them from rising.
K. Hen. Henry the fourth by conquest got Clif. Come, cousin, let us tell the queen the crown.
these news. York. 'Twas by rebellion against his king. West. Farewell, faint-hearted and degeneK. Hen. I know not what to say; my title's
rate king, weak.
In whose cold blood no spark of honour bides. Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir ?
North. Be thou a prey unto the house of York. What then?
York, K. Hen. An if he may, then am I lawful And die in bands for this unmanly deed! king:
Clif. In dreadful war may'st thou be overFor Richard, in the view of many lords,
come! Resign'd the crown to Henry the fourth ; Or live in peace, abandon'd, and despis'd! Whose heir my father was, and I am his.
[Ereunt NORTHUMBERLAND, CLIFFORD, and York. He rose against him, being his sove
War. Turn this way, Henry, and regard And made him to resign his crown perforce.
them not. War. Suppose, my lords, he did it uncon- Exe. They seek revenge, and therefore wil strain'd,
not yield. Think you, 'twere prejudicial to his crown ?* K. Hen. Ah, Exeter! Exe. No; for he could not so resign his War. Why should you sigh, my lord ? crown,
(reign. K. Hen. Not for myself, lord Warwick, but But that the next heir should succeed and
my son, K. Hen. Art thou against us, duke of Exe- Whom I unnaturally shall disinherit, ter?
But, be it as it may I here entail Exe. He is the right, and therefore pardon The crown to thee, and to thine heirs for ever;
Conditionally, that here thou take an oath York. Why whisper you, my lords, and an- To cease this civil war, and, whilst I live, swer not?
To honour me as thy king and sovereign; Exe. My conscience tells me he is lawful And neither by treason, nor hostility, king.
To seek to put me down, and reign thyself. K.'Hen. All will revolt from me, and turn to York. This oath I willingly take, and will him.
perform. [Coming from the Throne. North. Plantagenet, for all the claim thou Wur. Long live king Henry!—Plantagenet, lay'st,
embrace him. Think not, that Henry shall be so depos’d. K. Hen. And long live thou, and these thy War. Depos'd he shall be, in despite of all.
forward sons ! North. Thou art deceiv'd: 'tis not thy south- York. Now York and Lancaster are reconern power,
cil'd. Of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, nor of Kent,- Exe. Accurs'd be he, that seeks to make them Which makes thee thus presumptuous and
foes! (Senet. The Lords come forward. proud,
York. Farewell, my gracious lord; I'll to my Can set the duke up, in despite of me.
castle, Clif. King Henry, be thy title right or wrong, War. And I'll keep London, with my selLord Clifford vows to fight in thy defence:
diers. May that ground gape, and swallow me alive, Norf. And I to Norfolk, with my followers. Where I shall kneel to him that slew my fa- Mont. And I unto the sea, from whence I
ther! K. Flen. O Clifford, how thy words revive (Exeunt YORK, and his Sons, WARWICK,
NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, Soldiers, and York. Henry of Lancaster, resign thy
K. Hen. And I, with grief and sorrow, to What matter you, or what conspire you, lords?
the court. War. Do right unto this princely duke of York ;
Enter Queen MARGARET and the Prince of Or I will fill the house with armed men,
WALES. And, o'er the chair of state, where now he sits, Exe. Here comes the queen, whose looks be. Write up his title with usurping blood.
wray* her anger: (He stamps, and the Soldiers show themselves. I'll steal away. K. Hen. My lord of Warwick, hear me but K. Hen. Exeter, so will I. (Going. one word ;
Q. Mur. Nay, go not from me, I will follow Let me, for this my life-time, reign as king.
thee. York. Confirm the crown to me, and to mine K. Hen. Be patient, gentle queen, and I will heirs,
stay. And thou shalt reign in quiet while thou liv'st. Q. Mar. Who can be patient in such exK. Hen. I am content: Richard Plantagenet,
tremes? Enjoy the kingdom after my decease.
Ah, wretched man!'would I had died a maid, Člif. What wrong is this unto the prince your And never seen thee, never borne thee son, son?
Seeing thou hast prov'd so unnatural a father. War. What good is this to England, and Hath he deserv'd to lose his birthright thus? himselt?
Hadst thou but lov'd him half so well as l; West. Base, fearful, and despairing Henry! Or felt that pain which I did for him once; Clif. How hast thou injur'd both thyself and Or nourish'd him, as I did with my blood;
Thou wouldst have left thy dearest heart. West. I cannot stay to hear these articles.
blood there, North, Nor I.
Rather than made that savage duke thine heir,
And disipherited thine only sop. * 1. e. Detrimental to the general rights of hereditary royalty,