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Ros. Even those you were wont to take such Ham. I will propbesy, he comes to tell me delight in, the tragedians of the city.
of the players; mark it.—You say right, Sir: Ham. How chances it, they travel ?* their o'Monday morning; 'twas then, indeed. residence, both in reputation and profit, was Pol. My lord, I have news to tell you. better both ways.
Ham. My lord, I have news to tell you; Ros. I think, their inhibition comes by the When Roscius was an actor in Rome,means of the late innovation.
Pol. The actors are come hither, my lord. Ham. Do they hold the same estimation they Ham. Buz, buz! did wben I was in the city? Are they so fol- Pol. Upon my honour,lowed ?
Ham. Then came each actor on his uss, Ros. No, indeed, they are not.
Pol. The best actors in the world, either for Ham. How comes it? Do they grow rusty ? tragedy, comedy, history, pastoral, pastoral
Ros. Nay, their endeavour keeps in the comical, historical-pastoral, (tragical-historiwonted pace: But there is, Sir, an aiery of cal, tragical-comical-historical-pastoral,] scene children, little eyases,t that cry out on the top individable, or poem unlimited : Seneca canof question, and are most tyrannically clapped not be too heavy, nor Plautus too light. For for't: these are now the fashion; and so be the law of writ, and the liberty, these are rattle the common stages, (so they call them) the only men. that many, wearing rapiers, are afraid of goose Ham. O Jephthah, judge of Israel,-wbat a quills, and dare scarce come thither.
treasure hadst thou ! Ham. What, are they children? who main. Pol. What a treasure bad he, my lord ? tains them? how are they escoted ? Will they
Ham. Why-One fair daughter, and no more, pursue the qualityll no longer than they can
The which he lored passing well. sing? will they not say afterwards, if they Pol. Still on my daughter.
(.4side. should grow themselves to common players,
Ham. Am I not i'the right, old Jephthah? (as it is most like, if their means are no better,) Pol. If you call me Jephthah, my lord, I their writers do them wrong, to make them ex have a daughter, that I love passing well. claim against their own succession ?
Ham. Nay, that follows not. Ros. Faith, there has been much to do on Pol. What follows then, my lord ? both sides; and the pation holds it no sin, to Ham: Why, As by lot, God wot, and then, tarre them on to controversy: there was, for you know, It came to pass, As most like it wus, a while, no money bid for argument, unless - The first row of the pious chansont will show the poet and the player went to cuffs in the you more; for, look, my abridgment comes. question. Ham. Is it possible ?
Enter Four or Fire PLAYERS. Guil. O, there has been much throwing You are welcome, masters; welcome, all :-) about of brains.
am glad to see thee well :-welcome, good Ham. Do the boys carry it away?
friends.-0, old friend! Wby, thy face is valRos. Ay, that they do, my lord ; Hercules ancedt since I saw thee last; Com’st thou to and his load too. **
beard$ me in Denmark ?- What! my young Ham. It is not very strange: for my uncle lady and mistress! By-'r-lady, your ladyship is king of Denmark, and those, that would is nearer to heaven, than when I saw you last, make mouths at bini while my father lived, by the altitude of a chopine.|| Pray God, your give twenty, forty, fifty, a hundred ducats voice, like a piece of uncurrent gold, be not a-piece, for' his picture in little.tt Sblood, cracked within the ring:-Masters, you are all there is something in this more than natural, welcome. We'll e’en to't like French falconers, if philosophy could find it out.
fly at any thing we see: We'll have a speech (Flourish of Trumpets within. straight: Come, give us a taste of your qualGuil. There are the players.
ity ;come, a passionate speech. Alam. Gentlemen, you are welcome to Elsi- 1 Play. What speech, my lord ? Your hands. Come then : the appur
Ham. I heard thee speak me a speech once, tenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony :--but it was never acted; or, if it was, not let me complyit with you in this garb; lest iny above once: for the play, I remember, pleased extent to the players, which, I tell you, must not the million; 'twas caviare** to the geneshow fairly outward, should more appear like ral:tt but it was (as I received it, and others, entertainment than yours. You are welcome: whose judgements, in such matters, cried in But my uncle-father, and aunt-mother, are the topit of mine,) an excellent play; well deceived.
digested in the scenes, set down with as much Guil. In what, my dear lord ?
modesty as cunning. I remember, one said, Ham. I am but mad north-north-west: when there were no sallads in the lines, to make thé the wind is southerly, I know a hawk from a matter savoury; nor no matter in the phrase, hand-saw.
that might inditeşs the author of affection :// il
but called it, an honest method, as wholesome Enter POLONIUS.
as sweet, and by very much more handsome Pol. Well be with you, gentlemen!
than fine. One speech in it I chiely loved : Ham. Hark you, Guildenstern ;-and you
'twas Æneas' tale to Dido; and thereabout of too ;-at each ear a hearer: that great baby, it especially, where he speaks of Priam's you see there, is not yet out of his swaddling- slaughter : If it live in your memory, begin at clouts.
this line; let me see, let me see ;Ros. Happily, he's the second time come to
The rugged Pyrrhus, like the Hyrcanian beast, them; for, they say, an old man is twice a
-"tis not so; it begins with Pyrrhus. child.
The rugged Pyrrhus,-he, whose suble arms,
* Writing + Christmas carols. Fringed, * Become strollers. + Young nestlings. Dialogue. Defy. Il Clog.
1 Profession. Paid || Profession. I Provoke.
** An Italian dish made of the roes of fishes. ** 1. e. The Globe, the sign of Shakspeare's Theatre. tt Multitude. 11 Above.
9 Convict. tt Miniature. 1 Compliment.
Black as his purpose, did the night resemble Would have made milch* the burning eye of When he lay couched in the ominous horse, And passion in the gods.
[hearen, Hath now this dread and black complexion Pol. Look, whether he has not turn'd his smear'd
colour, and his tears in's eyes.-Prythee, do With heruldry more dismal; head to foot Now is he totul gules ;* horribly trick'dt Ham. 'Tis well; I'll have thee speak out the · With blood of fathers, mothers, daughters, rest of this soon.--Good my lord, will you see sons;
the players well bestowed? Do you hear, let Bak'd and impusted with the parching streets, them be well used; for they are the abstract, Thut lend a tyrannous and a damned light and brief chronicles, of the time: After your To their lord's murder: Rousted in wrath, and death you were beiter have a bad epitaph, fire,
than their ill report while you live. And thus o'er-sized with coagulate gore,
Pol. My lord, I will use them according to With eyes like curbuncles, the hellish Pyrrhus their desert. Old grandsire Prium seeks ;-So proceed you. Ham. Odd's bodikin, man, 'much better:
Pol. 'Fore God, my lord, well spoken ; with Use every man after his desert, and who shall good accent, and good discretion.
scape whipping? Use them after your ows 1 Play. Anon he find him
honour and dignity: The less they deserve, Striking too short at Greeks; his antique the more merit is in your bounty. Take them suord,
in. Rebellious to his arm, lies where it falls,
Pol. Come, Sirs. Repugnunt to command: Unequal matchd, [Exit Polonius, with some of the PLAYERS. Pyrrhus at Priam drives; in rage, strikes wide; Hum. Follow him, friends : we'll bear a play But with the whiff' and wind of his fell suord to-morrow.–Dost thou hear me, old friend; The unnerred father falls. Then senseless llium, can you play the murder of Gonzago ? Seeming to feel this blow, with flaming top, 1 Play. Ay, my lord. Stoops to his base; and with a hideous crash Ham. We'll have it to-morrow night. You Tukes prisoner Pyrrhus' ear: for, lo! his could, for a need, study a speech of some dozsword,
en or sixteen lines, which I would set down, Which was declining on the milky head
and insert in't? could you not ? Of reverend Priam, seem'd i'the air to stick ; 1 Play. Ay, my lord. So, as a puinted tyrant, Pyrrhus stood ;
Ham. Very well. Follow that lord ; and And, like a neutrul to his will and matter, look you mock him not. [Exit PLAYER.) My Did nothing
good friends, (To Ros. and Guil.) I'll leave
[gods, That, from her working, all his visage wann'd; Out, out, thou strumpet, Fortune! All you Tears in his eyes, distraction in's aspect, (ing In general synod, take away her power;
A broken voice, and his whole function suitBreak all the spokes und fellies from her wheel, With forms to his conceit? And all for nothing! And bowl the round nace down the hill of heaven, For Hecuba! As low as to the fiends!
What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba, [do, Pol. This is too long.
That he should weep for her? What would be Hum. It shall to the barber's, with your Had he the motive and the cue for passion, beard.-Pr’ythee, say on :-He's for a jig, or That I have? He would drown the stage with a tale of bawdry, or he sleeps :-say on: come
tears, to Hecuba.
And cleave the general ear with horrid speech; 1 Play. But who, ah woe! had seen the mobledl Make mad the guilty, and appal the free, queen
Confound the ignorant, and amaze, indeed, Ham. The mobled queen?
The very faculties of eyes and ears. Pol. That's good; mobled queen is good. Yet I, 1 Play. Run barefoot up and down, threat'ning A dull and muddy-mettled rascal, peak, the flames
Like John a-dreams, unpregnant of my cause, With bissons rheum ; a clout upon that head, And can say nothing; no, not for a king, Where late the diadem stood; and, for a robe, Upon whose property, and most dear lite, About her lunk and all o'er-teemed loins,
A damn'd defeatt was made. Am I a coward? A blanket, in the alarm of fear caught up; Who calls me villain? breaks my pate across ? Who this had seen, with tongue in renom Plucks off my beard, and blows it in my face? steep'd,
Tweaks me by the nose? gives me the lie i the 'Gainst Fortune's state would treason hare pro
As deep as to the lungs? Who does me this! But if the gods theniselves did see her then, Ha! When she suw Pyrrhus make malicious sport Why, 'I should take it: for it cannot be, In mincing with his sword her husband's limbs; But I am pigeon-liver'd, and lack gall The instant burst of clamour that she made, To make oppression bitter; or, ere this, (Unless things mortal move them not at all,) I should have fatted all the region kites
With this slave's offal: Bloody, bawdy vil.
Eternal. 1 Blind.
Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless, Ros. We shall, my lord. villain !
[Exeunt RosENCRANTZ and GUILDENSIERN. Why, what an ass am 1? This is most brave; King. Sweet Gertrude, leave us too: That I, the son of a dear father murder'd, For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither; Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell, That he, as 'twere by accident, may here Mrist, like a whore, unpack my heart with Affront* Ophelia : And fall a cursing, like a very drab, (words, Her father, and myself (lawful espials,t) A scullion !
Will so bestow ourselves, that, seeing, unseen, Fie upon't! foh! About my brains ! Humph! We may of their encounter franklyt judge; I have heard,
And gather by him, as he is behav'd, That guilty creatures, sitting at a play,
If't be the affliction of his love, or no, Have by the very cunning of the scene
That thus he suffers for. Been struck so to the soul, that presently
Queen. I shall obey you: They have proclaim'd their malefactions; And, for your part, Ophelia, I do wish, For murder, though it have no tongue, will That your good beauties be the happy cause speak
(players Of Hamlet's wildness: so shall I hope, your With most miraculous organ. I'll have these
virtues Play something like the murder of my father, Will bring him to his wonted way again, Before mine uncle : I'll observe his looks; To both your honours. I'll tent him to the quick ;t if he do blench, Oph. Madam, I wish it may. (Exit Queen. I know my course. The spirit, that I have Pol. Ophelia, walk you here:-Gracious, so seen,
please you, May be a devil: and the devil bath power We will bestows ourselves :—Read on this To assume a pleasing shape; yea, and, per- That show of such an exercise may colour
[To OPHELIA. haps, Out of my weakness, and my melancholy,
Your loneliness. We are oft to blame in (As he is very potent with such spirits,)
(visage, Abuses me to damn me: I'll have grounds. 'Tis too much prov’d,ll-that, with devotion's More relative than this : The play's the thing, And pious action, we do sugar o'er Wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king. The devil himself.
[Exit. King. 0, 'tis too true! how smart
A lash that speech doth give my conscience' ACT III.
The harlot's cheek, beautied with plastering
art, SCENE I.-A Room in the Castle.
Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it, Enter King, Queen, Polonius, OPHELIA, Ro- heavy burden!
Than is my deed to my most painted word:
[Aside. SENCRANTZ, und GUILDENSTERN.
Pol. I hear him coming ; let's withdraw, my
lord. King. And can you, by no drift of conser
(Exeunt King and POLONIUS.
Ham. To be, or not to be, that is the quesWith turbulent and dangerous lunacy?
tion: Ros. He does confess, he feels himself dis- Whether 'tis nobler in the mind, to suffer tracted;
(speak. The stings and arrows of outrageous fortune; But from what cause he will by no means
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, Guild. Nor do we find him forward to be And, by opposing, end them ?-To die,-to sounded;
sleep, But, with a crafty madness, keeps aloof,
No more ;-and, by a sleep, to say we end When we would bring him on to some confes. The heart-ache, and the thousand natural Of his true state.
shocks Queen. Did he receive you well ?
That flesh is heir to,-'tis a consummation Řos. Most like a gentleman.
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die ;-to sleep;Guild. But with much forcing of his disposi- To sleep! perchance to dream ;-ay, there's tion.
(come, Ros. Niggard of question; but, of our de For in that sleep of death what dreams may Most free in his reply.
(mands, When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,! Queen. Did you assay him
Must give us pause: There's the respect,** To any pastime?
That makes calamity of so long life: (time, Ros. Madam, it so fell out, that certain For who would bear the whips and scorns of players
[him; The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's conWe o'er-raughts on the way: of these we told
tumely,tt And there did seem in him a kind of joy The pangs of despis'd love, the law's delay, To hear of it: They are about the court;
The insolence of office, and the spurns And, as I think, they have already order
That patient merit of the unworthy takes, This night to play before him.
When he himself might his quietusit make Pol. "Tis most true:
(ties, with a bare bodkin ?ß who would fardels|| || And be beseech'd me to entreat your majes. To grant
and sweat under a weary life; To hear and see the matter. King. With all my heart, and it doth much But that the dread of something after death, content me
The undiscover'd country,from whose bourn To hear him so inclin'd.
No traveller returns,-puzzles the will;
1! Too frequent. Stir, bustle.
** Consideration. ++ Rudenese. 10 Acquittance. Unnatural. + Search his wounds.
The ancient term for a small dagger. 1 Shrink or start Overtook.
I! || Packs, burdens,
19 Boundary, limits.
And makes us rather bear those ills we have, you amble, and you lisp, and nick-name God's Than fly to others that we know not of ? creatures, and make your waptonness your Thus conscience does make cowards of us all ; igcorance: Go to; I'll no more oft; it bath And thus the native hue of resolution
made me mad. I say, we will have no more s sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought; marriages: those that are married already, all And enterprises of great pith and moment, but one, shall live; the rest shall keep as they With this regard, their currents turn awry,
To a nunnery, go,
(Erit HAMLET. And lose the name of action.-Soft you, now! Oph. 0, what a noble mind is here o'erThe fair Ophelia :-Nymph, in thy orisons"
(sword: Be all my sins remember'd.
The courtier's, soldier's, scholar's, eye, tongue, Oph. Good my lord,
The expectancy and rose of the fair state, How does your honour for this many a day? The glass of fashion, and the moulds of form, Ham. I humbly thank you ; well.
The observ'd of all observers! quite, quite Oph. My lord, I have remembrances of
And I, of ladies most deject and wretched, That I have longed long to re-deliver; That suck'd the honey of his music vows, I pray you, now receive them.
Now see that noble and most sovereign reason, Ham. No, not I;
Like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and I never gave you aught.
(youth, Oph. My honour'd lord, you know right well, That unmatch'd form and feature of blown
Blasted with ecstasy:t 0, woe is me! And, with them, words of so sweet breath To have seen what I have seen, see what I see! compos'd
[lost, As made the things more rich: their perfume
Re-enter KING and POLONIUS. Take these again; for to the noble mind,
King. Love ! his affections do not that way Rich gifts wax poor, when givers prove un.
[little, There, my lord.
[kind. Nor what he spake, though it lack'n form a Ham. Ha, ha! are you honest ?
Was not like madness. There's something in Oph. My lord?
his soul, Hun. Are you fair?
O'er which his melancholy sits on brood; Oph. What means your lordship? Ham. That if you be honest, and fair, you will be some danger: Which for to prevent,
And, I do doubt, the hatch, and the disclose, should admit no discourse to your beauty. Oph. Could beauty, my lord, have better | Thus set it down; He shall with speed to
I have, in quick determination, commerce than with honesty ? Ham. Ay, truly; for the power of beauty will For the demand of our neglected tribute:
England, sooner transform honesty from what it is to a Haply, the seas, and countries different, bawd, than the force of honesty can translate with variable objects, shall expel beauty into his likeness; this was sometime a This something-settled matter in his heart; paradox, but now the time gives it proof. I did Whereon his brains still beating, puts him thus love you once.
From fashion of himself. What think you Oph. Indeed, my lord, you made me believe
Pol. It shall do well: But yet I do believe, "Ham. You should not have believed me: for The origin and commencement of his grief virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock, but Sprung from neglected love.- How now, we shall relish of it: I loved you not.
Ophelia? Oph. I was the more deceived. Ham. Get thee to a nunnery; Why wouldstWe heard it all.-My lord, do as you please;
You need not tell us what lord Hamlet said; thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself in. But, if you hold it fit, after the play, different honest; but yet I could accuse me of Let his queen mother all alone entreat him such things, that it were better, my mother had to show his griet ; let her be round with him; not borne me: I am very proud, revengeful; And I'll be placa, so please you, in the ear ambitious; with mo offences at my beck,t Of all their conference; If she find him not, than I have thoughts to put them in, imagina- To England send him; or confine him, where tion to give them shape, or time to act them Your wisdom best
shall think. in: What should such fellows as I do crawl.
King. It shall be so: ing between earth and heaven! We are arrant Madness in great ones must not unwatch'd go. knaves, all; believe none of us : Go thy ways
[Errunt. to a nunnery. Where's your father? Oph. At home, niy lord.
SCENE II.-A Hall in the sanie. Hum. Let the doors be shut upon him; that he may play the tool no where but in's own Enter HAMLET, and certain PLAYERS. house. Farewell,
Ham. Speak the speech, I pray you, as I Oph. O, help him, you sweet heavens !
pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue : Ham. If thou dost marry, I'll give thee this but if you mouth'it, as many of our players do, plague for thy dowry; Be thou as chaste as I had as lief the town-crier spoke my liges. ice, as pure as spow, thou shalt not escape Nor do not saw the air too much with your calumny. Get thee to a nunnery; farewell : hand, thus; but use all gently; for in the very Or, if ihou wilt needs marry, marry a fool; torrent, tempest, and (as I may say) wbirlwind for wise men know well enough, what monsters of your passion, you must acquire and beget a you make of them. To a nunnery, go; and temperance, that may give it smoothness. 0, quickly too. Farewell.
it offends me to the soul, to hear a robustious Oph: Heavenly powers, restore him!
periwig-pated fellow tear a passion to latters, Ham. I have heard of your paintings too, to very rags, to split the ears of the groundwell enough; God. hath given you one face, and you make yourselves another: you jig, * The model by whom all endeavoured to form themselves
+ Alienation of mind. * Prayers.
1 Reprimand him with freedom.
921 lings;* who, for the most part, are capable of She hath seaľd thee for herself: for thou hast nothing but inexplicable dumb show, and
been noise: I would have such a fellow whipped for As one, in suffering all, that suffers nothing; o'er-doing Termagant; it out-herods Herod :t A man, that fortune's buffets and rewards Pray you, avoid it.
Hast ta'en with equal thanks : and bless'd are 1 Pluy. I warrant your honour.
[mingled, Ham. Be not too tame neither, but let your Whose blood and judgement are so well coown discretion be your tutor: suit the action That they are not a pipe for fortune's finger to the word, the word to the action; with | To sound what stop she please : Give me that this special observance, that you o'erstep not
[him the modesty of nature: for any thing so over- That is not passion's slave, and I will wear done is from the purpose ot playing, whose In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of heart, end, both at the first, and now, was, and is, to As I do thee.-Something too much of this.-hold, as 'were, the mirror up to nature ; to There is a play to-night before the king; show virtue her own feature, scorn her own One scene of it comes near the circumstance, image, and the very age and body of the time, which I have told thee of my father's death. his form and pressure. Now this, overdone, I pr’ythee, when thou seest that act afoot, or come tardy off, though it make the unskill. Even with the very comment of thy soul ful laugh, cannot but make the judiciousObserve my uncle; if his occulted* guilt grieve; the censure of which one, must, in Do not itselt unkennel in one speech, your allowance, g o'erweigh a whole theatre of It is a damned ghost that we have seen ; others. O, there he players, that I have seen And my imaginations are as foul play,--and heard others praise, and that high- As Vulcan's stithy.t Give him heedful note: ly-not to speak it profanely, that, neither For I mine eyes will rivet to his face ; having the accent of Christians, nor the gait of And, after, we will both our judgements join Christian, Pagan, nor man, have so strutled, In censuret of his seeming. and bellowed, that I have thought some of na- Hor. Well, my lord:
[ing, ture's journeymen bad made men, and not If he steal aughi, the whilst this play is playmade them well, they imitated humanity so And scape detecting, I will pay the theft. abominably.
Ham. They are coming to the play; I must 1 Play. I hope, we have reformed that indif.
be idle : ferently with us.
Get you a place. Hum. O, reform it altogether. And let those, that play your clowns, speak no more than is Danish March.--A Flourish. — Enter King, set down for them: for there be of them, that QUEEN, POLONIUS, Ophelia, RosENCRANIZ, will themselves laugh, to set on some quantity GUILDENSTERN, and others. of barren spectators to laugh 100; though, in
King. How fares our cousin Hamlet? the meantime, some necessary question of the play be then to be considered that's villan- dish : I eat the air, promise-crammed: You
Ham. Excellent, i'faith ; of the camelion's ous; and shows a most pitiful ambition in the
cannot feed capods so. fool that uses it. Go, make you ready.
(Exeunt Players. Hamlet; these words are not mine.
King. I have nothing with this answer,
Ham. No, nor mine now. My lord,--you Enter Polonius, Rosencrantz, and GUILDEN- played once in the university, you say?
[T, Polonius. How now, my lord? will the king hear this ed a good actor.
Pol. That did I, my lord; and was accountpiece of work ? Pol. And the queen too, and that presently.
Ham. And what did you enact? Ham. Bid the players make haste.
Pol. I did enact Julius Cesar; I was killed (Exit PoloniUS.
i'the Capitol ; Brutus killed me. Will you two help to hasten them?
Ham. It was a brute part of him, to kill so Both. Ay, my lord.
capital a calf there.-Be the players ready?
Ros. Ay, my lord, they stayg upon your pa[Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ und GUILDENSTERN.
tience, Ham. What, ho; Horatio!
Queen. Come hither, my dear Hamlet, sit by
Ham. No, good mother, here's metal more
Ham. Horatio, thou art e'en as just a man Pol. O ho! do you mark that? [To the King,
Hum. Lady, shall I lie in your lap?
[Lying down at Ophelia's Feet. Ham. Nay, do not think I flatter :
Oph. No, my lord.
Oph. Ay, my lord.
Fiam. Do you think, I meant country mat-
Ham. That's a fair thought to lie between
Oph. What is, my lord ?
Ham. Who, I?
+ Herod's character was always violent.
+ Shop, stithy is a smith's shop, il Conversation, discourse. Quick, ready,
Wait, 5 Z