« ZurückWeiter »
moe (ii. 1. 133), more.
Gr. πάθος,, is то, ,
O.E. má, mee, to used for the “ suffering of mára, ‘greater’; used (1) as any vehement feeling. a neut. subst., (2) as adv. patch (iii. 2. 71), paltry fellow, The former usage, in which fool. Probably a nickname it was often coupled with a derived from the fool's patchpartitive gen., as ma manna,
like or motley dress. Cf. a greater number of men,' i.e. Midsummer Night's Dream,
more men,' led to the E.E. iv. 1. 215: man is but a use, in which it was treated patched fool.” Wright, howas the comp. of many, while ever, connects it with Italian more remained the comp. of pazzo, a fool or idiot. much” (Herford).
pertly (iv. 1. 58), briskly. Pert moon-calf (ii. 2. 114), an abor- in M.E. is another form of
tion, a monstrosity, a person perk (adj.), smart; but in or conception influenced by
cases it is short for the moon.
apert, as in F. malapert, from mow (ii. 2. 9), make grimaces. Lat. male + apertus, too open
F. moue, a mouth, a pouting or ready. The two words face. 0.Du. mouwe, the pro- became confused, hence the truded underlip in making a modern meaning forward," grimace.
' impudent.” murrain (iii. 2. 88), a plague. pied (iii. 2. 71), parti-colored.
M.E. moreine, allied to O.F. Used of Trinculo because of morine, a carcass of a beast; the motley dress which he wore from O.F. morir, to die, Lat. as jester. Pie, a magpie, Lat. mori.
Poor-John (ii. 2. 28), hake, nerves (i. 2. 484), sinews, mus- salted and dried.
cles. This is the usual sense premises (i. 2. 123), conditions of the word in E.E., whereas previously made. O.F. presinew in E.E. often corres- misse, Lat. praemissa (senponds with Md.E. nerve, Lat. tentia being understood), a nervum.
condition sent or stated beforeninny (i. 2. 71), simpleton. hand. Ital. ninno, a child.
prevent (i. 2. 350), forestall, and nonpareil (iii. 2. 108), a match- so interfere with. In E.E.
less creature. The adj. used the original meaning, of the as subs., F. non = not, and word, anticipation," rather pareil like.
than “ interference," is gener
ally predominant. O.F. preowes (i. 2. 407), owns, possesses. venir, to come before.
0.E. ág, áh, possess. The prime (i. 2. 72), first, chie? modern sense arises from the Lat. primus. notion of obligation, regarded as attaching to a man, like a quaint (i. 2. 317), trim, fine, possession.
dainty. O.F. coint, from Lat.
cognitus, well-known. Used pard (iv. 1. 262), panther.
prupassion (i. 2. 392; iv. 1. 143), dent. A. W. Verity quotes in
strong emotion of any kind. illustration from Hampole's The word is not confined in Psalter, Ps. cxix. 98: Aboven E.E. to its modern sense of myn enmys quaynt thou me 'anger," but, like the Lat. made,” where the A.V. has
wiser. But later F. coint, stale (iv. 1. 187), a decoy, a being wrongly supposed to snare. 0.E. stalu, theft. from Lat.
comptus, swabber (ii. 2. 48), one who adorned, got the sense “trim." sweeps the deck with a swab This influenced English
mop. Connected with quaint,” which got the same Dutch, zwabberen, to drudge. sense, in which it is always used by Shakespeare.
taborer (iii. 2. 161), drummer.
A tabor is a small side drum ate (i. 2. 92; ii. 1. 109), estima- generally associated with the
tion. Lat. ratus, p. part. of fife. Arabic, tabl, a drum. reor, think, deem.
tackle (i. 2. 147), ropes. M.E. renown (v. i. 193), report. M.E. takel. The suffix -el denotes
renoun or renommee, F. re- the agent; thus takel is that nommé, from Lat. re, again, which takes or grasps, from its and nomen, name.
holding the masts firmly.
teen (i. 2. 64), sorrow. M.E. sack (ii. 2. 125), a Spanish white tene, O.E. teóna, accusation,
wine. Probably a corruption vexation. of F. sec, dry. In a Worcester tell (ii. 1. 15), count. O.E. MS. for 1592 it is spelled seck. tellan. In a French version of a proc-trice (v. 1. 238), a moment, lamation for regulating the Spanish en un tris; from tris, prices of wine, 1633,
the noise made by the cracking is translated vins secs.
of glass; a crack, an instant. sans (i. 2. 97), without. A troll (iii. 2. 126), roll off the
French word borrowed in four- tongue, sing; derivation unteenth century, and originally certain. Connected apparused in French phrases only, ently with O.F. troller, which e.g. sans doute; but used in Cotgrave explains by“ hounds E.E. in combination with to trowle, ravage, or hunt out English words, e.g. As You of order." Skeat therefore deLike It, ii. 7. 166:
fines“ troll a catch," to sing teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, it irregularly. sans everything.
twink (iv. 1. 43), the twinkling scandal'd (iv. 1. 90), scandalous;
of an eye.
M.E. twinken, to pass. form with active mean- blink, wink. ing. Lat. scandalum, Gr. Oxávdalov, stumbling-block, offence, vouched (ii. 1. 60), warranted. scandal.
O.F. voucher, to vouch, cite, signories (i. 2. 71), states of N. pray in aid in a suit. Lat. Italy, under the government of vocare, to call upon. single princes, originally owing feudal obedience to the Holy welkin (i. 2. 4), sky; properly a Roman Empire. It. signoria, plural word clouds. Cf. lordship, government, from M.E. welken O.E. wolcnu,
Lat. senior, older, superior. clouds, plural of wolcen, sot (iii. 2. 101), fool. O.F. sot. cloud. Cf. Germ. wolke.
Among the equivalents given wezand (iii. 2. 99), windpipe. for this by Cotgrave
O.E. wæsend. asse, dunce, dullard, blockhead, loggerhead, groutnoll
, yare (i. 1. 7), ready, quick. jobernoll, grouthead, ioult- yarely (i. 1. 4), quickly, nimbly. head.”
M.E. zare, O... geáro, ready.
INDEX OF WORDS
(The references are to the Notes ad loc. Other words will be
found in the Glossary.)
changed eyes, i. 2. 441.
chough of as deep chat, ii. 1. 265-
clear, iii. 3. 82.
closeness, i. 2. 90.
cold, i. 1. 55.
conduct, v. 1. 244.
constant, i. 2. 207.
corollary, iv. 1. 57.
correspondent, i. 2. 297.
cracks, i. 2, 203.
dear, ii. 1. 135.
deboshed, ii. 2. 29.
deck’d, i. 2. 155.
delivered, ii. 1. 45.
discase, v. 1. 85.
discharge, ii. 1. 253–254.
distempered, iv. 1. 145.
ditty, i. 2. 405.
doit, ii. 2. 33.
dowle, iii. 3. 65.
dry, i. 2. 112.
dulness, i. 2. 185.
engine, i. 1. 161.
entertainment, i. 2. 465.
envy, i. 2. 258.
eye, ii. 1. 55.
fall, ii. 1. 296.
fated, i. 2. 129.
features, iii. 1. 52.
fellows, ii. i. 274.
revenue, i. 2. 98.
the which, i. 2. 137.
undergoing, i. 2. 157.
vanity, iv. 1. 41.
sanctimonious, iv. 1. 16.
waist, i. 2. 197.
taken, iv. 1. 190.
yarely, i. 1. 3-4.
zenith, i. 2. 181.