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THE ENGLISH QUAKERB.

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carnivora. Lions, indeed, are getting scarce; | as Ellwood, James Naylor, Andrew Mar-
but the various species of leopard and tiger- vell, John Roberts, Samuel Hopkins, Richard
cat, known to the colonists under the general Baxter, Wiliam Leggett, Nathaniel Pea-
name of tigers, and of hyænas (called wolves), body Rogers and Robert Dinsmore, as his
is still very great. The beneficent purpose subjects, and finds in each those traits which
these animals fulfil in the great scheme of he most loves and honors.
nature, has been so admirably pointed out He is especially zealous in developing
in the “ Bridgewater Treatise of the late the noble qualities of the Quakers during
Dean Buckland, that although our limits the trying periods of their persecutions in
forbid our transcribing it, we cannot help Old and New England, and occasionally
begging the reader to turn to it.

even the mildness peculiar to his sect is lost
It is, indeed, trite and superfluous to say in a holy wrath at its persecutors. As thus,
that this intimate relation between every when speaking of the English Quakers of
department of nature may be traced by the Tbomas Ellwood's time:
attentive observer upon every spot on the
earth's surface, but in South Africa it pos- “ Brave men and faithful! It is not neces.
sesses an additional interest from the con- sary that the present generation, now quietly
sideration that while on the one hand (if the reaping the fruit of your heroic endurance,
surmises of recent geologists as to the anti- should see eye to eye with you in respect to all
quity of the present state of the South Afri- your testimonies and beliefs, in order to recog-
can continent be correct),* there is no re-

nise your claim to gratitude and admiration. gion we can point to where those relations For, in an age of hypocritical hollowness and AS THEY NOW Exist, have been longer in the very Puritang' of Cromwell's Reign of the

mean self-seeking, when, with noble exceptions, force ; there is on the other none where the Saints were taking profane lessons from their retreat of animal life before the almost im- old enemies, and putting on an outside show of perceptible encroachments of civilized man conformity, for the sake of place or pardon, ye has been and is progressing in a more marked maintained the austere dignity of virtue, and, or obvious manner.

with King and Church and Parliament arrayed against you, vindicated the Rights of Con

science, at the cost of home, fortune and life. From the N. Y. Evening Post.

English liberty owes more to your unyielding JOHN G. WHITTIER'S PROSE WORKS.

firmness than to the blows stricken for her at

Worcester and Naseby." We have received from Ticknor & Fields, the Boston publishers, a new and beautiful witness the following from his fine sketch

He is just, however, to the Puritans, as edition of the prose writings of one of New

of England's most loved and honored poets Joon Greenleaf Whittier. To the majority “It has been the fashion of a class of shallow of those who now are readers of Whittier, church and state defenders, to ridicule the great this collection will be a new book. The first men of the commonwealth, the sturdy repubhalf of the first volume contains his “ Leaves licans of England, as sour-teatured, hard-heartfrom Margaret Smith's Journal,” which was ed ascetics, enemies of the fine arts and polite published in 1836, a full generation since. literature. The works of Milton and Marvell, Of the

many attempts that have been made to the prose-poem of Harrington, and the admirreproduce the daily life of New Englanders able discourses of Algernon Sydney, are a suffi. during the earlier history of the country, less application than to the subject of our sketch.

cient answer to this accusation. , To none has it we know of none more successful or that He was a genial, warm-hearted man, an elegant more simply and beautifully tells its own scholar, a finished gentleman, at home, and the story.

life of every circle which he entered, whether The latter portion of the first volume has that of the gay court of Charles II., amidst several “ Old Portraits and Modern Sketch-such men as Rochester and L'Estrange, or that es,” first published in 1850, the most of them of the republican philosophers who assembled

we believe – written originally for the at Miles's Coffee House, where he discussed National Era, of which Mr. Whittier was for plans of a free representative government with many years the corresponding editor. The the author of Oceana,' and Cyriack Skinner, titles of these sketches indicate the bent of mortalized in the soniret which so pathetically,

that friend of Milton, whom the bard has imthe author's mind, and his personal predi- yet heroically, alludes to his own blindness, lections. Always an ardent lover of freedom Men of all parties enjoyed his wit and graceful and humanity, his heroes are those who have conversation. His personal appearance was aldisplayed rare moral courage in their ser- together in his favor. A clear, dark, Spanish vice. Thus he selects John Bunyan, Thom- complexion, long hair of jetty blackness falling

See Sir R. Murchison's remarks on the South in graceful wreaths to his shoulders, dark eyes,
African Continent.

| full of expression and fire, a finely chiselled

ANDREW MARVELL.

)

SAMUEL HOPKINS.

erence.

chin, and a mouth whose soft voluptiousness Post spoke out strongly in condemnation of scarcely gave token of the steady purpose and the mob. William Leggett was not then an firm will of the intiexible statesman; these, add. abolitionist ; he had known nothing of the proed to the prestige of his genius, and the respect scribed class, save through the cruel misreprewhich a lofiy, self sacrificing patriotism extorts sentations of their enemies ; but, true to his de even from those who would fain corrupt and mocratic faith, he maintained the right to disbribe it, gave him a ready passport to the fash- cuss the question of slavery. The infection of ionable society of the metropolis. He was one cowardly far, which at that time sealed the of the few who mingled in that society and es- lips of multitudes who deplored the excesses of caped its contamination, and who,

the mob and sympathized with its victims, never « • Amidst the wavering days of sin, reached him. "Boldly, indignantly, he demanded

Kept himself icy chaste and pure."" that the mob should be put down at once by The broad and tolerant philosophy of the the civil authorities. He declared the abolitionauthor is seen in his review of the life-work ists, even if guilty of all that had been charged of Samuel Hopkins, of whom he well says: immunities of American citizens.

upon them fully entitled to the privileges and

He sternly

reprimanded the board of Aldermen of the city “We honor him, not as the founder of a for rejecting with contempt the memorial of the new sect, but as the friend of mankind - the abolitionists to that body, explanatory of their generous defender of the poor and oppressed. principles, and the measures by which they had Great as unquestionably were his powers of sought to disseminate them. Referring to the argument, his learning, and skill in the use of determination, expressed by the memorialists weupons of theologic warfare, these by no means in the rejected document, not to recant or reconstitute the highest title to respect and rev. linquish any principle which they had adopted,

As the product of an honest and ear- but to live and die by their faith, he said: 'In Dest mind, his doctrinal dissertations have at this, however mistaken, however mad we may least the merit of sincerity. They were put consider their opinions in relation to the blacks, forth in behalf of what he regarded as truth ; what honest, independent mind can blame them? and the success which they met with, while it Where is the man so poor of soul, so whitecalled into exercise his profoundest gratitude, livered, so base, that he would do less in relaonly served to deepen the humility and self- tion to any important doctrine in which he reliabasement of their author. As the utterance giously believed ?' Where is the man who of what a good man believed and felt, as a part would have his tenets drubbed into him by the of the history of a life remarkable for its colise clubs of ruffians, or hold his conscience at the cration to apprehended duty, these writings dictation of a mob?” cannot be without interest even to those who dissent from their arguments and deny their as- The second volume contains : “ Utopian sumptions; but in 1h: time now, we trust, near Schemes and Political Theories ; " " Peculiar at hand, when distracted and divided Christen- Institutions of Massachusetts ; Thomas dom shall unite in a new evangelical union, in Carlyle on the Slave Question ;' which orthodoxy in life and practice shall be laud under James II. ; “The two Procesestimated above orthodoxy in theory, he will be

sions ;” « Evangeline; honored as a good man, rather than as a suc

""A Chapter of Hiscessful creed-maker; as a friend of the oppress

tory; ; " " Fame and Glory;"" Fanaticism ;” ed and a fearless rebuker of popular sin, rather

" The Border War of 1708 ;” “ The Ipsthan as the champion of a protracted sectarian wich Fright;" “ Lord Ashley and the war. Even now his writings, so popular in their Thieves ;' Mirth and Medicine;” “ Pope day, are little known. The time may come when Night; “ The Better Land ; " " The Poeno pilgrim of sectarianism shall visit bis grave. try of the North ;” “The Boy Captives; But his memory shall live in the hearts of the The Black Men in the Revolution and good and generous ; the emancipated slave shall War of 1812;” “My Summer with Dr. kneel over his ashes, and bless God for the gift Singletary;" " Charms and Fairy, Faith;' to humanity of a life so devotod to his welfare.”

" Magicians and Witch Folk ;" * The Among the subjects of Mr. Whittier's Agency of Evil ;” “ The Little Iron Solbiographical efforts there was none who had dier;" “ The City of a Day;'

" " Patucket more of his own spirit than William Leg- Falls ;” “Hamlet among the Graves; gett, whose boldness in the advoracy of anti-“ Yankee Gypsies ; · The World's End; slavery principles over thirty years ago, while Swedenborg; ” “ First Day in Lowell; editor of the EVENING Post, will be vivid- “ Taking Comfort; The Beautiful ; " ly remembered by all whose anti-slavery“ The Lighting up; " "The Scottish Reformiconvictions have not had too recent an ers;” and “ The Training.". origin. It is still worth while to extract The present edition is embellished with a something from Mr. Whittier's tribute to fine steel engraving of the author, who, we Mr. Leggett's heroic conduct. He says: trust, has many years of active life yet

before him. "At this period the New York EVENING |

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WILLIAM LEGGETT.

No. 1174. Fourth Series, No. 35. 1 December, 1866.

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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LITTELL, SON, & CO., BOSTON.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOR EIGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year; nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.
Second

20

50 Third

32 The Complete work

88 Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the expense of he publishers.

80 220

In

From the Spectator, Nov. 3. der, Heir Apparent of Russia. Should this

lady live, she and her sister, the Princess of NEWS OF THE WEEK.

Wales, a few years since living almost in ob

scurity in a German town, will be the wives of Venetia has voted herself Italian by 641,- men ruling, really or nominally, one-half the 758 to 69, which, considering that Venice was world and a clear third of the human race. Italian by the will of Heaven, whether she voted deed, if they divide China between them, quite it or no, is highly satisfactory. It is not of

a possible event, but one-third of mankind will ten that a fact is recognized to be a fact by 9,- live outside of their dominions. 999 out of every 10,000 men. The vote has no other importance, but this little story told by LORD GEORGE MANNERS has made an im. the Times' correspondent has. A poor Venetian portant speech. Speaking on Wednesday to cobbler, unable to buy a flag, pasted three pieces the Farmer's Club at Newmarket, Lord George of paper over his door, red, white, and green, suggested that it was becoming necessary to with this inscription on the white, “Dear Italy, tempt the labourers to stay, and he thought the I would, but I cannot, do more for thee.". Im- best way to do it would be to promise them a agine a sentiment of that kind not only felt, but share in all the profit of the farm above 10 per expres-ed, by an English cobbler. He would cent. on the capital invested. As the average be killed before night with the brutal jocularity yield of a farmer's capital is barely 8 per cent., of a class who in Italy appreciate the sentiment that promise will not add much to wages, not as keeniy as if they could read and write. With half so much as a 10 per cent. reduction in renwhat a scorn an English rough or“ gent” must

tais would. Lord George is, however, the first read the statement that in the wild burst of en

of his class to see what we believe to be a truth, thusiasm which followed the evacuation of Ven- that the labourer must in one way or another ice,“ no one in the crowd attempted to push,” share in the farm, either by cultivating biis of or wore a false nose, or howled insults by way it for himself, which will probably be the first of gentle bandinage. What effeminate men, atteinpt, or by becoming himself the farmer, as who can only die for their country!

he is at Assington. There the labourers hold

direct of the landlord, Mr. Gurdon, farm very MR. Bright's great speech in Dublin on well, pay a good rent, and are about twice as Tuesday was delivered, it is said, under a good well off as if they took wages. deal of difficulty, from both huskiness of voice and general indisposition. Nevertheless it was The Emperor of the French has ordered a a very fine one. We will only note two of Commission to report on the reorganization of the finest touches in the speech. In reference to the French Army. The Commission includes six the statement of a Dublin man that the people Ministers, the Marshals of France, and several of Ireland are rather in the country than of it, Generals, of whom Fleury and Trochu are the and are looking more to America than Eng. best known. The reason assigned is the grave land, Mr. Bright said, “I do not know how we evenis which have just been accomplished in can wonder at that statement. You will re- Germany,” and the object

, to“ place the Army member that the ancient Hebrew, in his captiv. in a situation to assure the defence of the terriity, had his windows open towards Jerusalem tory and the niaintenance of French political when he prayed. You know that the follower influence.As it is evident that Napoleon conof Mohainmed when he prays turns his face templates an in«rease to his force, as such intowards Mecca; and the Irish peasant, when crease must in some way or other widen the he asks for food, anıl freedom, and blessing, fol- area of conscription, and as the peasantry will lows with his eye the setting sun." Still finer not like that, ihe inference is irresistible that perhaps was his comparison of the grand pas- Napoleon intends war. Able sovereigns do not sage in Dante about the bubbles which agitated run the risk of quarrelling with their subjects, the surface of the Stygian lake, and which were except for defined and visible ends. nothing but the breath of countless sighs from the multitude that dwe't beneath, to the agitat

We fear that the next revolution in Europe ed surface of Irish society, troubled by the si vhs will be one in Spain, and that it will involve and groans of an unhappy peasantry. There the overthrow of the dynasty. French jourwas a grave humour as well as pathos in parts nals look confidently to a decree reviodicating of the speech. Formally, it was an attempt to all unsold Church property, a decree which, if answer the question proposed by the Parliament issued, will convulse society. The programme of Kilkenny some five hundred years ago of Father Claret, the real ruler of Spain, in"How comes it that the King has never been cludes, it is said, a permanent dictatorship, the the richer for Ireland ?”. - a difficult question, abrogation of the Cortes, and an increase of to which Mr. Bright of course gave but a partial the ai my, he probably dreaming that he may and imperfect answer.

be destined to restore the Pope. It is believed

that Marshal Narvacz is not thorough-going The Princess Dagmar of Denmark professed enough for the confessor, and that M de Viluthe Greek faith on the 24th of October, and on ma, an Ultramontane diplomatist, will be apthe 26th of October was betrothed to Alexan- pointed Vizier.

From the Edinburgh Review. manuscripts is not to be accepted as supeHistory of England, from the Fall of Wol-rior to that of printed documents: they

sey to the Death of Elizabeth. By JAMES may be inore interesting, by reason of teir ANTHONY FROude, M. A., late Fel- novelty, but they are not more trustworthy; low of Exeter College, Oxford, Reign ful, as they have not been exposed to the

and they need a scrutiny even more careof Elizabeth. Vols. III., IV. London : 1866.

critcism of other writers.

It may be safely affirmed that recent Two more volumes of Mr. Froude's researches into the unpublished state pacopious history invite the study of the pers of different countries have generally learned, and the enlightened curiosity of served to confirm rather than to disturb our that large class of readers to whom the an- Characters of history. They have made

previous convictions as to the events and nals of their own country, presented under

most valuable additions to new aspects and enriched with fresh mate

our stock of rials, are ever an object of lively interest.

knowledge: they have filled up its broad In former numbers of this Journal we fol- outlines with an infinite variety of pictulowed Mr. Froude through the eight pre- they have multiplied proofs in corroboration

details and suggestive illustrations: ceding volumes of his work; and while we endeavoured to do justice to his remarkable of facts and traditions already received; merits, we did not shrink from the unwel- but they have rarely overthrown the evicome task of pointing out, in the interests dence presented by printed records, accesof truth, some of his faults as an historian. sible to all the world. Mr. Rawilon Brown, It was mainly, however, in his treatment of in the preface to his interesting • Calendar the reign of Henry VIII., and his paradox

of Venetian State papers,' thus aptly estiical conception of the character of that mates the value of such documents : monarch, that we found ourselves at issue with him. When his judgment ceased to

Nor must we expect that the revelations of be perverted by the idolatrous worship of unpublished, MSS. will make black and white that equivocal hero of his own creation, his change places in our estimate of character and views became more consistent with the re- the great actors in the drama of history. With

suddenly alter the notions we have formed of ceived opinions of bistory; and if he was respect to characters, as well as ficts, it is less original, he approached more nearly, as rather by minute and repeated touches that the we venture to think, to the higher aim of force and colour of truth are to be restored, than historical research

and simple by substituting a new picture for an old one.' * truth.

The peculiar merit of Mr. Froude's work Regarded in this point of view, the is its wealth of unpublished manuscripts; Simancas papers are singularly interesting. . and the reign of Elizabeth is remarkably Philip II. of Spain, as consort of the late illustrated by the correspondence of the Queen Mary, was closely connected with Spanish ambassadors, and other agents of England and with Elizabeth ; and as the the Court of Spain, which have been pre- most zealous Catholic prince in Europe, he served in the Archives at Simancas. The was deeply concerned in a country which extraordinary interest of such illustrations is had again renounced the ancient faith, and apparent in every page of these volumes: was still agitated by the religious and they give novelty to the narrative, and vari- political discords of the Reformation. His ety to the well-known incidents of the time; ambassadors watched narrowly the stirring and they bring in aid of historical evidence, events of the time; and their opportunities the contemporary opinions of society upon of observation were peculiarly favourable. current events. The discovery of such As representing a sovereign allied by martreasures is

apt. to seduce the historian into riage to the Queen, they were admitted to an undue estimate of their historical value, congder tial intercourse with the court, and and to lead him to prefer their version of conversid treely with Elizabeth and her facts to more

common-place conclusions councillors; as ministers of a Catholic founded upon published documents. The prince, they were the friends and advisers reader, perhaps, is also prepared to receive of Mary Queen of Scots, of the Catholic too readıly, as decisive, the testimony of peers, and of the leaders of that restless and witnesses so original and unexpected. But disaffected party who were ever plotting to we must be on our guard against these overthrow their Protestant Queen and restore natural prepossessions. The authority of

* Rawdon Brown's Pref, to Calendar of Venetian * Edin, Rev., July, 1858; and January 1804. State Papers, p. xciv.

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