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often censured the tenacity with which he you or myself to this painful position. I held to office, and inveighed against the want to part good friends with you; and if spectacle of an old and feeble man in the there may have been anything in my disdischarge of laborious and severe duties, course worth carrying away, I would not were now obliged to own that his speech willingly associate it with weariness at the was vigorous and eloquent; and though last. And yet I am very loth to say goodallusion had been faintly maile in the ad- bye. Authors are, par excellence, buttondress to the high honour to which the Crown holders, and they cannot relinquish their had desired to advance him and the splen- grasp on the victim whose lapel they have did reward which was placed within his caught. Now I would like to tell you of reach, yet, with a marked delicacy, had be that wedding at the Swan's Nest. You'd forborne from any reference to this passage read it if in the Morning Post,' but I'm other than his thankfulness at being so far afraid you'd skip it from me. I'd like to restored to health that he could come back recount the events of that breakfast, the again to those functions, the discharge of present Sir Brook made the bride, and the which formed the pride and the happiness charming little speech with which the Chief of his life.

proposed her health. I'd like to describe “ Never,” said the journal which was once to you the uproar and joyous confusion when his most bitter opponent, " has the Chief Tom, whose costume bore little trace of a Baron exhibited his unquestionable powers wedding garment, fought his way through of thought and expression more favourably the servants into the breakfast-room. than on this occasion. There were no arti- And I'd like to grow moral and descripfices of rhetoric, no tricks of phrase, none tive, and a bit pathetic perhaps, over the of those conceits by which so often he used parting between Lucy and her fıther; and, to mar the wisdom of his very finest dis- last of all, I'd like to add a few words about plays; he was natural for once, and they him who gives his name to this story, and who listered to him might well have re- tell how he set off once more on his wangretted that it was not in this mood he had derings, no one well knowing whither bent, always' spoken. Si sic omnia — and the but how, on reaching Boulogne, he saw from press had never registered his defects nor the steamer's deck, as he landed, the portly railed at his vanities.

figure of Lady Lendrick walking beside “ The celebrated Sir Brook Fossbrooke, her beautiful daughter-in-law, Sewell bringso notorious in the palmy days of the Re- ing up the rear, with a little child holding gency, sat on the bench beside his lordship, his hand on either side - a sweet picture, and received a very flattering share of the combining, to Boulogne appreciation, the cheers which greeted the party as they united charm of fashion, beauty, and dodrove away to Killaloe, to be present at the mestic felicity; and finally, how, stealing by wedding of Miss Lendrick, which takes back streets to the hotel where these peoplace to-morrow.”

ple stopped, he deposited to their address a

somewhat weighty packet, which made them Much-valued reader, bas it ever occurred all very happy, or at least very merry, that to you towards the close of a long, possibly evening as they opened it, and induced Sewnot very interesting, discourse, to experience ell to order a bottle of Cliquot, if not, as a sort of irreverent impatience when the he said, “ to drink the old buck's health," preacher, appearing to take what rowing at least to wish him many returns of the men call “ second wind,” starts off afresh, same good dispositions of that morning. and seems to threaten you with fully the If, however, you are disposed to accept equal of what he has already given ? At the will for the deed, I need say no more. such a moment it is far from unlikely that They who have deserved some share of hapall the best teachings of that sermon are piness in this tale are likely to have it

. not producing upon you their full effect of They who have little merited will have to edification, and that, even as you sat, you meet a world which, neither over cruel nor meditated ignoble thoughts of stealing over generous, has a rough justice that genaway.

erally gives people their deserts. I am far from desiring to expose either

1

From the Examiner. Philippon's print-shop in the Place de la
GUSTAVE DORE.

Bourse. Therewith he made such an im

pression on the dealer that Philippon Dante's Inferno. Illustrated by Gustave called on Doré's father, and completed his Doré. Cassell and Co.

conversion to the opinion that his son had a The History of Don Quixote. By, Cer-genius by which he could earn his bread

vantes. The Text Edited by J. W. more surely than in any of the more cusClark, M. A., Fellow of Trinity Col- tomary ways, Philippon, who soon afterlege, Cambridge. Illustrated by Gus- wards started the Journal pour Rire, undertave Doré. Cassell and Co.

took to buy as many sketches as the boy

was able to supply. So Gustave Doré was
* In the higher qualities of genius M. Gus- left in Paris, before he was fifteen years
tave Doré stands unequalled among book old, beginning business as an artist, and
illustrators present and past. He is not at working with such industry that he pro-
all points supreme master of the grotesque. duced more than a thousand sketches in the
On the comic side there have been men next three years. He was left in Paris, how-
whom he scarcely equals. He is not up to ever, on the condition tbat he should attend
the mark of Callot, and there are direc- at the Lycée to complete his education.
tions in which he must rank second to our This he did, and he assented afterwards to
own George Cruikshank. Some of his best the urgent representations of Philippon
sketches of the humours of life Camacho's and other friends, that he should not be

Wedding for example, among the illustra- content with living by his pencil, but pass
tions of Don Quixole — strongly remind us as an art student through accurate training
of Rowlandson. But M. Doré, pencil in in use of the palette and brush.
hand, is a poet. His perception of the With the palette and brush Doré worked
ridiculous is that which every true poet as indefatigably as with the pencil. In the
must needs have; without which, perhaps, Exhibitions of 1852 and 1853, when he was
no man can attain to a keen sense of the nineteen and twenty years old, his works
sublime. Through the grotesque comic obtained a good deal of attention. But he
mask shine eyes alight with a deep earnest- was not in his true element, although art
ness. His grotesque points oftener to the studies bad elevated his ambition, while
grandeur of lite than to its baseness.. And they trained and improved his taste. He
in his boldest fantasies we feel that his kin- would rely again upon his pencil, but not
ship is rather with a Blake than with a Fu- merely as a caricaturist. And then he be-
seli.

gan his new career with a cheap illustrated
Before we say more of his works let us Rabelais. After this he supported Philip-
note of him that, much as he has already pon in the Musée Franco-Anglaise, and
done, M. Doré will not be thirty-four years followed with his pencil from month to
old until next January. He was born at month the story of the Crimean War. His
Strasburg, the son of an engineer. He genius fastened in: tinctively on the material
spent his childhood among the scenery of most worthy of .itself, With a series of en-
the Vosges, and as a child of eight years gravings, full of the boldness of true genius
had true skill with the pencil, which he in their weird grandeur, he illustrated the
exercised in imitating Grandville's sketches legend of the Wandering Jew with start-
of buman life expressed through the lower ling grotesque suggestions of the littleness
animals. Grandville himself urged on the through which we reach to the sublime.
boy's parents that a bent of genius so strong In 1862 appeared M. Doré's magnificent
and real as that which young Doré was illustrations to Dante's Inferno, which have
showing ought not to be thwarted. When been introduced to the English public by
the elder Doré was appointed chief en. Messrs. Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, as illus-
gineer in the department of the Ain, the trations to a folio edition of Carey's trans-
young artist was sent to the college of lation of that part of the Divine comedy,
Boury, where he is said to have filled all his Illustrations to Chateaubriand's Atala fol-
copy books with copious illustrations, scenes lowed in 1863, the attraction here being the
from ancient history and episodes in the scope it offered for pictures of man and na-
Algerian campaigns.

ture in their savage state. This work was In September, 1847, Gustave Doré, aged followed by the illustrations to Don Quixole nearly fifteen, went with his parents to which have also been published by Messrs. Paris. They went to Paris for three weeks, Cassell and Co. The strength cultivatud but the boy said, “ Here I remain” He and matured by work like this was nobly took some of his sketches and caricatures to spent on illustrations of the Bible itself,

our

men.

published by Messrs. Mame and son, of that we commend to all who are in search of Tours, and now in course of reproduction, Christmas gift-books for the young. Tbe as the most magnificent of English illus- book is — for new France - with all its trated Bibles, also by Messrs. Cassell and jesting, a stern satire upon military justice. Co., who have taken a place of great hon- Captain Castagnette, in the wars of Napo

as publishers by the thorough zeal leon, lost limb after limb, and had them reand efficiency of their labour for the natu- placed by artificial substitutes. A bombralizing of Doré's genius among English-shell lodyed in the small of his back was

The work is worthy of a publishing left there because its extraction would be house distinguished by many years of suc- dangerous, and so at last, when he went cessful labour for the diffusion of sound to sleep before the fire and got his wooden literature among the people. Goldsmith, leg unconsciously among the embers, his Bunyan; a cheap and exceedingly good artificial limbs began to burn without awakillustrated and annotated Bible of their ing him until the fire came to the bombown, widely dispersed through the country; shell, which exploded, and allowed him no cheap popular illustrated journals, all of the time to collect himself. In the series of wholesomest, and one, the Quiver, distinctly whimsical pictures which illustrate such a religious; indicate the direction in wbich story are two or three, showing the captain's this firm has been labouring strenuously, experiences during the retreat from Mosand not without the merited success. It is cow, which bave a terrible earnestness. A incidental illustration of the essential earn- skeleton face grins by the roadside from out estness of Gustave Doré's genius, that he of the fripping of the bussar's cap and coat, should have been fastened upon, with an while, escorted by wolves and pursued by evident enthusiasm, by such a firm as this. crows that even settle on their bayonets, And these English publishers are right. the captain on his woodèn legs and iwo or We leave out of account all academic shrugs three comrades with their faces wrapped in at the audacities of Doré's genius, all depre- their cloaks as protection from the frost ciatory suogestions that he is not a great and from the crows who will not wait till painter, but a draughtsman in whom genius they are dead, plod wearily through the overrides much evident want of knowledge, snow. One has sunk upon his knees, and or that there is a strong family likeness the crows are already plucking at his between many of his pictures. For that covered face. The next picture realizes the matter we are glad to admit that there is a glory of a heap of dead and dying on the strong family likeness among them all. The battle-fi

. ld. In the next, over dead and stamp of his individual genius is upon dying, an eagle – it may be the eagle of every one.

Good and less good, all are dis- France claws a tattered standard, and is tinctly his, and the effect of their wide dif- battling against other birds of prey. No fusion and extended popularity in England wonder that a genius at heart so earnest, will be to strengthen the sense, too weak in with so rare a sense of the sublime, has this country, of the difference between true drawn themes from the Scripture story, genius and smooth conventional dexterity. and from Dante and from Milton, and has France is full of effective cleverness with fastened eagerly upon the humour of a pencil and with pen. This French instinct Rabelais and a Cervantes. Doré's • Milton' for effect, Doré no doubt has; but with him is to be one of the gift-books of the coming all faculties of mind, the very soul itself, Christmas season, and he has also illustrated are felt to be as much concerned in his work for us a forthcoming edition of Tennyson's as the hand and eye. His popularity in Idylls of the King.' England may be greater than elsewhere, So much of Doré generally. We shall for of the essence of the English character return to him for more particular discussion is the profound earnestness that underlivs a of those of his works which have been, or wholesome sense of the ridiculous. It is not are being, published in England, and begin in Gustave Doré to be merely frivolous. with the English edition of his Dante and

Take, for example, one of the most the English Don Quixote, which has been extravagantly whimsical and playful of his appearing in monthly parts with Doré's lesser works, his illustrations to the study of illustrations, and was last week issued comthat new military Munchausen, Captain plete in a massive volume. This book, at Castagnette. They have been published, its price of thirty shillings, cannot fail to be with a translation of the story to which one of the cheapest, as assuredly it is also they belong, as a cheap illustrated book * one of the best, gift-books of this or any

* The Authentic History of Captain Castagnette, the French of Manuel. Illustrated with Forty Three Nephew of the Man with the Wooden Head. From Pictures by Gustav Doré. Beeton.

year. One note upon a mere mechanical this stock about 12 per cent. is slaughtered detail we would make of the Don Quixote yearly. If any use has been made of the now, when it may not be too late for its meat it has been by the conversion of it publishers to correct the oversight. For into jerked beef or charqué.” Much of issue in parts an even distribution of the this is exported to Brazil and Havana, is Jarge plates was desirable, but in binding the staple food of the negroes, and is a the book the plates should be opposite the great favourite. But whether it was impages to which they refer. If all the copies properly prepared, or naturally distasteful are bound like the one sent to us, even to Europeans, the charqué that was sent to distribution of the plates is obtained at the England was ill received, and all attempts expense of the reader's comfort and con- to introduce it proved a failure. Mr. Ford venience. Such disorder as the placing of understands that if it had been shipped in the illustration to page 632 opposite page a wet state and well stowed it would have 578 is rather the rule than the exception. been perfectly sound on its arrival. He To place the pictures rightly would cause admits, however

, that cheap and wholesome unevenness in the distribution, but it would as it may be, its mode of preparation deshow more distinctly with what mind the prives it of much nutritive property. The artist read the book, and cause his in- meat is cut into thin slices, immersed in terpretations to blend with the text as strong brine, and laid down in salt for two readily as they should blend with it for days; but one of the results of this is that the quickening reader's apprehension and the brine absorbs much nutriment, and by enjoyment. Most pictures in books are mere the time the salt has penetrated to the dead weight upon the reader's fancy, and centre of the slice the outward parts are the farther they are removed from the alnuost destroyed by excess of salting. The text they spoil the better for us. But it is processes which have succeeded to this are not so with Doré. It is much to say, but it those of Mr. John Morgan, Baron Liebig, is true, that Doré, in his own way, is not a and Messrs. Paris and Sloper, and each one man of less genius than Cervantes. in its way has proved more or less success

ful.

Mr. Morgan's process, which has been patented and is worked by a company,

is based on forced infiltration and is extreme

ly simple. It acts by the adoption of the From the Economist.

circulatory system as a means for introdu

cing brine into the tissues, and in this way SOUTH AMERICAN MEAT.

it demands little labour and inexpensive machinery.

“ The animal, if a sheep, is The question of meat supplies becomes killed by a blow on the head ; if an ox, by so pressing, and the price of those which the insertion of the point of a knife at the are accessible rises so rapidly, that we can- back of the head, which severs the spinal not wonder at the formation of more than cord and causes instantaneous death. The one company to utilise the flesh of the chest is then sawn open, and kept so by a South American cattle that have hitherto cross-piece of wood, and the heart is exbeen slaughtered for their bides_alone. posed. An incision is made in the right A report has been made to the Foreign ventricle and another in the left, the blood Office on three methods adopted by as many being allowed to escape; when it has companies, and we propose to summarise ceased flowing, a pipe with a stopcock is · these methods for our readers. Mr. Ford, introduced into the incision in the left the writer of the report, says that the ventricle of the heart, and so into the superalıundance of meat produced in the aorta or great vessel leading through the rich pisture lands watered by the River body, and is there firmly retained. This Plate and its tributaries is such that even pipe is connected by a gutta percha flexible now first-rate joints are sold at Buenos tube to a barrel containing the fluid to be Ayres by the piece and not by weight, a injected, which is composed of water and leg of mutton costing 100 or 1s, and beef salt (one gallon of brine to the owt) and a being comparatively cheaper. From the quarter to balf a pound of nitre, carefully number of hides and the amount of wool refined, and fixed at an altitude of from exported last year, he calculates that there 18 to 20 feet. The briny fluid being let on must be a stock of twenty-two million rushes out at the right side of the heart, cattle and thirty-five million sheep in the after traversing all the circulatory organs, countries bordering the River Plate, and of clearing the vessels and capillaries, and

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preparing the body for the second stage, and 1 lb of essence will make soup for 128 which is performed by closing the incision men. Eight small tins hold the concenin the right side of the heart with a sliding trated alimentary matter of an entire ox, forceps, and thereby rendering the circu- and will make more than 1,000 basins of latory system perfect, with the vessels free good strong soup. A tin containing 1 lb and ready to receive the perservative fluid. of the essence can be sold for 123 6d in A few seconds suffice for the brine to infuse London, and we may add from our own the whole body, when by cutting the ear or experience is sold for 18s. hoof of the animal, a stream of clear pure The remaining process is that of Messrs. brine, untainted by a single particle of Paris and Sloper, by which the meat is to blood, will instantly be seen to flow.” An arrive in England in the exact condition of ox can be preserved in ten minutes, and a fresh killed butchers' meat, and at a price sheep in less time, while by mixing phos- which would make an English butcher kill phoric acid in the fluid to be injected, anti- himself. The method adopted is the descorbutics can be added to the flesh, while struction of oxygen in the vessel where the the natural juices are retained. Opera- meat is packed; all bone is extracted from tions were commenced in the month of the meat, but the fat is left. • From the May last year, and since then 500,000 lbs tins in which it is placed the air is exhave been shipped to Liverpool, being sold hausted by means of water forced in at the at 4d a lb, and eagerly purchased. Still it bottom, which, when it reaches the top, is is reckoned that at present this price is allowed to redescend and run off, and the barely remunerative, owing to the heavy vacuum thus left is filled from above by a expenses attendant on the establishment of certain gas, the composition of which is a new business. A suggestion has, however, kept a profound secret. The two holes at been made by the local manager of having top and bottom are carefully soldered vessels fitted up for the express purpose of down, and the meat is then ready for exmeat transport, so as to save the barrels portation. The only risk it runs is from which now form the heaviest item. If this leakage, the smallest opening in the tin is done, and the working placed on a sound case proving destructive, by allowing the basis, it is thought the present price will gas to escape and the air to get in." Samleave a fair profit..

ples of_beet thus preserved were taken out Baron Liebig's process differs from that from England, and on being tasted by of Mr. Morgan, as the meat instead of be- members of the Argentine Government ing preserved whole is reduced to an es- were declared quite the saine as freshly

Afier the animal has been killed, killed meat. A dinner was also given in the flesh is left to cool for twenty-four London the other day with much the same hours; it is then placed in round iron rollers result. And as this meat too is to be sold with points inside, which are turned by at 4d to 5d per lb, the effect of throwing steam, and reluce the meat to a pulp. open such a market to the English poor The pulp is thrown into a large vat of wa- will be inappreciable. Each of the proter and steamed for an hour. It is then cesses seems to have its peculiar advantages, passed into a trough-shaped reservoir with each being addressed to one class more a sieve at the bottom, and the gravy oozes than another. Of course Baron Liebig's through this into another vat, where the fat process has its especial public, while the is drawn off. Now the pure gravy is put metho!s of Mr. Morgan and Messrs. Paris in open vats supplied with steam pipes and and Sloper are more fit for the general with bellows on the surface, which produce community. But the want of invalids and a blast so as to assist evaporation and pre- armies on the march is for something strong vent condensation. After six or eight and portable, and with the existing scarcity hours of this process the stuff is passed of food it is not easy to provide what is into a filtering vat, out of which it emerges comparatively a luxury, though to those in the form of extract of meat, and is who use it it is a necessity. Meat itself ready to be packed in tins. It partially we fear threatens to become a luxury hardens when cool, but is still in too fluid a where it has been a necessity, and it will state to be used except as stock. But as soon be impossible to keep up the proper stock it has peculiar excellence: the bulk supply of food for all classes, if even those is small, which adapts it for military or who are in comfortable circumstances have naval use; and its purity and absence from to expect a deficiency. If the process of grease fit it for hospitals or invalids. Its Messrs. Paris and Sloper succeeds, there can strength may be estimated from the fact be little doubt that some reduction in price that 33 lbs of meat form 1 lb of essence, may be forced upon our butchersa · It has

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