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however, is a man with eyes, a man who, which it will be, though creditors are eyesuppressing newspapers, understands politi- ing the Imperial till somewhat savagely, cal economy; who, punishing public-meet- and that the delay is not too great, which ings, understands the power of association ; is the doubtful point, and there will be no who, believing in prefects and bayonets, émeute in Lyons, against the Emperor at all looks out with dreamy eyes to the power events. Sous-prefets may be stoned, and which prefects and privates cannot see, but gendarmerie shot, and agents d'autorité buwhich is beyond them. The Emperor does ried under pavement; but after all, earthly not give the Lyonnese a stone when they Providences can replace them without seare clamouring for bread, he sends them an rious exertion, and vacancies accelerate idea. To him, as to all far-seeing, men, it is promotion. The Lyonuese will wait, and, clear that the ultimate reconciliation be- the plan being sound, will wait to purpose. tween labour and capital must come from Whatever the fate of the co-operative printheir union in co-operative societies, and he cipal in England, it is quite clear that it will accelerate the junction. Bread to keep suits France, which, indeed, is a great State life shall not be wanting, but the Lyonnese chiefly because in politics its people have workmen must find their ultimate relief in been struggling blindly for a century to the accumulation of capital, bad better form wards co-operation - fraternité their grandthemselves into societies of employers as fathers called it, when they killed Abel in well as labourers. There is a difficulty, he order that Cain and Seth might have clear suggests to the Minister of the Interior, in space to work lovingly together.

The forming such societies under the present French can manage societies well, can make law as societies en commandite, i. e., with them yield the conjoined profits of labour limited liability. But there is no difficulty and of capital, and the Emperor in calling in forming co-partnerships anonymes, i. é. on the Lyonnese to work out that system with unlimited lialility, at least no difficulty fully does but take the lead in the direction when I, Napoleon, have thus hinted to pre- to which the national genius is inclined, fects and other official personages that they does but articulately advise that which will refuse the needful signatures at their working France inarticulately desires. peril. Then capital is wanted. Ah, we will Nobler work can no man have than such find that ! earthly Providence can supply leadership, but then it is work which only a 12,000l. or so, or indeed any needful amount. leader can do, and leadership is incommuniWith unlimited power of absorption given cable. It is strange, almost melancholy, to see by statute to the sky, shall the cloud be how perfectly the Emperor succeeds whenwanting in moisture? Let the poor people ever success will do nothing towards the eshave the cash needed and found societies, tablishment of his dynasty, for which he and being Frenchmen, with a God-given chiefly cares. He made authority once more talent for organization, let them work those effective in France, he drove back Russia, he societies well, and so banish hunger out of made Italy, he conquered Mexico, he gave the land.

Germany her grand impetus, he will rid One must be a Frenchman, and a French earth of the Temporal Power, and he will workman, and a French workman of Lyons, perhaps yet make France the richest counand a French workman of Lyons starving, try on the Continent, and all these things to feel how that message would be received. will avail his son nothing. The ends which In one and the same decree to be relieved, would avail him, the resurrection of Poland, and relieved without the Christian but the restored frontier of the Rhine, the suzshameful formula of receiving alms, and to erainty over Europe, the subjection of have one's dreams, one's bopeless dreams Rome to France, these things Napoleon realized at a stroke, and to see that an Em-cannot secure, and is therefore not a Founperor shares one's intellectual convictions, der, scarcely even a Government, but only - it is more than relief, more than happi- a Cæsar, a man who reigns by virtue of ness, it is almost glory. There is not a work- qualities which he cannot transmit, or beman in Lyons who would not consent to eat queath, or create. Chief and foremost once in every two days, rather than cheat among those qualities is the power of conhis comrades of their future by, balking the prehending French aspirations as well as Emperor's design. Hunger is hard, but French needs, the future as well as the with Utopia at hand hunger can be borne, present, the ideal of the workman's brain or if not, there are tobacco and the brazier. as well as the pain in the workman's stomLet the weavers but see clearly that the ach, which this message to Lyons so mar suggestion is honest, which it certainly is, vellously displays. and that the money will be forthcoming

No. 1175. Fourth Series, No. 36. 8 December, 1866.

CONTENTS.

PAGR 1. The Holy Land

Dublin University Magazine, 579 2. International Coinage

Edinburgh Review,

591 3. The Village on the Cliff. Part 5.

Miss Thackeray,

600 4. The Claverings. Part 10.

Mr. Trollope,

614 5. Russia and America

Fortnightly Review,

629 6. The Coming Revolution in Spain

Spectator,

632

635 7. Turning Points

Saturday Review, 8. Control of Temper

638 Poetry: St. John the Baptist, 578. A Day's Fishing, 578.

SHORT ARTICLE's: A Clothing Monthly, 599. Ship’s Libraries, 599. Periodical by Convicts, 628.

NEW BOOKS. HOLLOWAY'S MUSICAL MONTHLY. $4.00 a year.

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December. The Morn Shone Over my Left. If You Love Me, Why Can't you say so: writ ten and composed by J. Starr Holloway. Published by J. Starr Holloway, Philadelphia.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LIT TELLSON, & CO., BOSTON.

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80

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Now murmurs, faint, and half o'ercome

With brooding or triumphant ill, “ Art Thou the Healer that should come,

Or look we for another still?”

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that rope ;

He thinks that God made the salt water so bitter
Lest folks should grow thirsty and drain the

big cup;
He thinks that the foam makes a terrible litter,
And wonders the mermaids don't sweep it all

up.
He thinks if his father were half a life younger,

What fun they might have with the coils of
He thinks — just a little — of cold and of hun-

ger,
And Home – just a little - comes into his

hope.
He fancies the hours are beginning to linger,
Then looks, with a pang, at the down-drop-

ping light,
And touches the sail with his poor little finger,

And thinks it won't do for å blanket to-night

Foul spirits fled the shuddering frame;

The blind man knew His Voice, and saw; Up rose the palsied and the lama;

The deaf ear heard His Ephphatha;

1

The leper from his bonds He freed ;

The dead He raised to life once more : And, mightier yet, the Christ indeed,

He preached the Gospel to the poor.

Then to the messengers alone

He spake - and spake no other word “Go back, and show my servant John

What ye this day have seen and heard.” - Macmillan's Magazine.

The waves all around him grow blacker and,

vaster,
He fears in his soul they are losing their way.
The darkness is hunting him faster and faster,
And the man there sits watching him, gloomy

M. B.

and grey

O ! is it his father? O! where is he steering?

The changes of twilight are fatal and grim ; -
And what is the place they are rapidly nearing?
And what are these phantoms so furious and

dim?

A DAY'S FISHING.

grasp. him!

Down by the pier when the sweet morn is blow. He is tóss'd to the shore! In a moment they

ing, Slips from her moorings the Fisher's light One moment of horror that melts into bliss : bark,

It is but the arms of bis mother that clasp him,
Sends up her ringing sails while she is going, His sobs and his laughtr are lost in her kiss.
Spread on the sky like a Bird of the Dark;

Softly she welcomes her wandering treasure :
Treads very timidly, pauses, grows bolder, “And were you afraid ? Have I got you
Parts the soft wave, like a tress, from her again?
brows,

Forget all the pain that came after your pleas-
Turns, like a girl looking over her shoulder,

ure Poised in the dance, as she passes and bows. In the rest and the joy that come after all There, while his slow net is swinging and sink.

M. B. SMEDLEY. ing,

- Good Words.

pain !”

66

From the Dublin University Magazine. investigation into this sacred land by a re

capitulation of the marvellous vicissitudes THE HOLY LAND.

of its capital, Jerusalem.

There can be no doubt that the Mount NEARLY the entire history of the world Moriah, where Abraham would have sacrimight be written in that of two mighty Cit- ficed his son, is the same spot as the Moriah ies, whose destinies are yet unfinished, and upon which Solomon built the Temple. whose vicissitudes have exerted an influence “Then Solomon began to build the hous upon the interests of the Universe. The of the Lord at Jerusalem in Mount Moriah," history of the Church as a great political 2 Chron. iii. 1.* It is also probable that it power centres in Rome, but the history of is the same place as the Salem mentioned in the salvation of humanity centres in Jerusa- Genesis xiv. 18, of which Melchizedek was lem. The City of the Seven Hills yields in king; for in Psalm lxxvi. 2, we read, " In importance to her Jewish sister, for although Salem also is his Tabernacle, and his dwellRome bad a long career of ancient splen- ing place in Sion.” Josephus calls Melchizedour, and is the cradle of modern civiliza- dek King of Solyma, a name afterwariis altion, yet the Holy. City had an existence in tered to Hierosolyma. But the first menthe world seven hundred years before Romu- tion of the name Jerusalem occurs in Joshua lus had ploughed out the trench line of the x. 1, where Adonizedec is spoken of as future Rome, three hundred before Æneas King of Jerusalem.” There are to be had landed at the Lavinian shores, or Troy gathered from sacred and secular annals, had fallen to the Greeks, an historic exist the records of twenty-one invasions of this ence five centuries before the hanging gar-ancient city by hostile armies. The first dens of Babylon were built, when Grecian attack was made upon her by the children civilization had not yet dawned, and immigra- of Judah, shortly after the death of Joshua. tions were still settling on her shores from They fought against Jerusalem, took it, put Egypt, Phenicia, and Mysia. She takes pre- it to the fire and sword (Judges i. 1-8); but cedence of Rome also in importance, for al- they were unable to expel the Jebusites, nor though Rome after being for ages the scene were the children of Benjamin any more of a splendid life drama, the centre of uni- successful, but they both dwelt with the versal power and the abode of a refined Jebusites in the city; the Jebusites being paganism, became the high place of modern probably driven from the lower part to Christianity, yet it was at Jerusalem the Mount Sion, where they remained until the kings of the chosen people dwelt into whose time of David, who marched againt Jerusahands were intrusted the oracles of that re- lem, drove them from Mount Zion, and ligion; it was at Jerusalem the Temple of called it the City of David. the Most High was erected, whose presence The Ark of the Covenant was conveyed invested the Holy of Holies with an awe there, an altar built, ani Jerusalem became from which even devastating Heathens often the imperial residence, the centre of the fled in terror; finally it was at Jerusalem political and religious history of the Israelthat the foreshadowed one of all past history ites. Its glory was enhanced by the labours worked his father's will, and gave himself of Solomon, but under his son Rehoboam, as a sacrifice for man. Outside the walls of ten tribes revolted, so that Jerusalem bethat city, in whose streets he bad often wan- came only the capital of Judah with whom dered, teaching the people, healing the sick, the tribe of Benjamin alone remained faithand in whos4 temple courts he had de- ful. During the reign of this king, Shisnounced the vices of those who profaned its hak, the Egyptian monarch, invaded the holiness, did Jesus con-ummate his career. Holy City, and ransacked the Temple. Rome, too, suffered many vicissitudes, but Then about a hundred years rolled by when the vicissitudes of Jerusalem exceed those Amaziah was King of Judah, and Joash of of any city recorded in history, and there. Israel; the latter marvhed against Jerusalem, fore she seems to stand out before us as the threw down the wall, and the Temple was most prominent city in the world, interest- once more rifleri of its treasures.

In the ing to all humanity, not only for the sacred next century Manasseh the king was taken scenes of her past magnificence and the un-captive by the Assyrians to Babylon, but speakable woe of her Fall, but for the Fu- ultimately restored. In consequence of the ture, whiųh is promised to her when her strange intermeduling of Josiah, a few years children, now scattered over the face of the later, when Pharao-necho, King of Egypt, earth, aliens, exiles, homeless, shall be once was on his march, he was killed in battle, more gathered into her bosom.

We propose therefore to commence our • Also confirmed by Josephus, Antiq. I. 13 2.

and the latter directed his army towards Jews, but was prevented from entering the Jerusalem, placed Eliakim on the throne city by the intercession of the High Priest by the name of Jehoiakim. The advance - a scene which found its parallel in afterof this Egyptian king is confirmed by times, when the aged Leo went to the camp Herodotus.* Against Jehoiakim however of Attila, and by his entreaties diverted that came Nebuchadnezzar, who ravaged the semi-Christian barbarian from Rome. After city more than once, and after a siege of the death of Alexander, Ptolemy, King of two years, in the reign of Zedekiah burn- Egypt, surprised the Jews on their Sabbath ed it down, took all the sacred vessels to day, when he knew they would not fight; Babylon with the two remaining tribes (the he made an easy conquest and carried off other ten were already in captivity); and thousands of Jews into Egypt. now that the Temple was destroyed, the For a hundred years of comparative city in ruins, and the people all in bondage, peace this fated city remained under the it appeared as if the prediction of her proph- Ptolemies, when it fell into the hands of the ets had already been accomplished. But Syrians. Antiochus Ephiphanes, their king, a time of rejoicing was yet to come, and after his Egyptian campaigns, finding his though the chosen people did writhe under treasure-chest nearly empty, bethought him Babylonish tyranny, and did hang their of sacking the Temple at Jerusalem, marchharps on the willows, there was still a ed his army upon the city, pillaged it, slew prophet of hope amongst them in the per- about forty thousand people, and sold as son of Daniel. This was the time alluded many more into slavery. He then endeavourto in that beautiful Psalm composed after ed to exterminate the ceremonial; a pagan their return, in allusion to an occasion when altar was set up and sacrifice made to Jupitheir persecutors had asked them tauntingly ter. The Maccabæan revolution broke out, to sing one of their national songs for their and the city was ultimately recovered by the amusement, the Hebrew words of which, if hero, Judas Maccabeus, when a new phase we may be allowed the expression, glitter of priesthood was established, which we with tears :

shall notice elsewhere. Things went on

thus until about the year 60 B.C., when "By the rivers of Bahylon there we sat down, Pompey seized the city and massacred twelve Yea, we wept when we remembered Zion. thousand Jews in the Temple courts. Thus We hanged our harps upon the willows in the it fell into the hands of the Romans, against midst thereof.

whom it rebelled, and by whom ultimately For there, they that carried us away captive re-after the most terrible siege recorded in bis

quired of us a song ; And they that wasted us required of us mirth, tory, it was taken and subjected to violations Saying, sing us one of the songs of Zion.

over which the mind even now shudders; How shall we sing the Lord's song its Temple was ransacked, violated, and In a strange land ?

burned, its priests butchered, pagan rites If I forget thee, O Jerusalem,

were celebrated in its Holy Place, its maidLet my right hand forget her cunning. ens were ravishod, its palaces burned down, If I do not remember thee,

an unrestrained carnage was carried on, Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; Jews were crucified on crosses as long as If I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.'

trees could be found to make them, and when In the time of Cyrus their deliverance cold blood; nearly a million of Jews are

the woods were exhausted they were slain ia came; they were r leased from captivity, said to have fallen in this terrible conflict. and there was a mighty "going up” to For fifty years after there is no mention of Jerusalem when the Temple was rebuilt Jerusalem in history. They kept themand the sacred vessels which Nebuchadnez- selves quiet, watching eagerly

' and stealthily zar had taken away were restored ; money, for an opportunity of throwing off the too, was given them, and the works after hated Roman yoke. About the year 131, being interrupted for a time by difficulties were resumed under Darius Hystaspes and ordered the city to be fortified.' The Jews

A.D., Adrian, to prevent any outbreak, completed. Some time afterwards another rebelled at once, but were so completely large body of Jews came up to the Holy crushed by the year 135, that this date has City with Ezra, and the capital was once more active with busy life and once more final dispersion. The Holy City was then

always been accepted as that of their became glorious. Alexander the Great marched against the bidden to enter into its walls under pain of

made a Roman colony, the Jews were for• Herodotus Enterpe, 159. He also mentions a vic to the pagan one of Ælia Capitolina, a tem.

immediate death, the very name was altered tory gained by him at Magdola.

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