History Teaches Us to Hope: Reflections on the Civil War and Southern History
University Press of Kentucky, 07.12.2007 - 416 Seiten
Before his death in 1870, Robert E. Lee penned a letter to Col. Charles Marshall in which he argued that we must cast our eyes backward in times of turmoil and change, concluding that "it is history that teaches us to hope." Charles Pierce Roland, one of the nation's most distinguished and respected historians, has done exactly that, devoting his career to examining the South's tumultuous path in the years preceding and following the Civil War. History Teaches Us to Hope: Reflections on the Civil War and Southern History is an unprecedented compilation of works by the man the volume editor John David Smith calls a "dogged researcher, gifted stylist, and keen interpreter of historical questions."Throughout his career, Roland has published groundbreaking books, including The Confederacy (1960), The Improbable Era: The South since World War II (1976), and An American Iliad: The Story of the Civil War (1991). In addition, he has garnered acclaim for two biographical studies of Civil War leaders: Albert Sidney Johnston (1964), a life of the top field general in the Confederate army, and Reflections on Lee (1995), a revisionist assessment of a great but frequently misunderstood general. The first section of History Teaches Us to Hope, "The Man, The Soldier, The Historian," offers personal reflections by Roland and features his famous "GI Charlie" speech, "A Citizen Soldier Recalls World War II." Civil War–related writings appear in the following two sections, which include Roland's theories on the true causes of the war and four previously unpublished articles on Civil War leadership. The final section brings together Roland's writings on the evolution of southern history and identity, outlining his views on the persistence of a distinct southern culture and his belief in its durability. History Teaches Us to Hope is essential reading for those who desire a complete understanding of the Civil War and southern history. It offers a fascinating portrait of an extraordinary historian.
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Though Roland's paper was generally well received, including a favorable mention by the renowned Lincoln scholar Don E. Fehrenbacher, one critic, Dudley T. Cornish, judged him too zealous in praising Lee's alleged military genius.
... War “nonexistent,” and he listed several inaccuracies—from an incorrect rendering of Confederate deployments in Roland's map of Shiloh, to the author's erroneous analysis of Grant's assault on Lee's flank at Second Cold Harbor.
Roland, who insisted that he did not “whitewash Lee's mistakes,” nonetheless argued that the general “accomplished as much as, if not more than, anyone else could have done with the limited resources at his command; that he was a great ...
“Lee's frontal assaults at Gettysburg,” Roland charged, “violated his own tactical doctrine, which he had once written explicitly to [General Thomas J. “Stonewall”] Jackson, instructing him to avoid attacks against an enemy in position, ...
Instead Roland explained in general terms that Lee's modern critics reproached him as too wedded to past military doctrine, as incapable of adapting to new modes of warfare, as too prone to throw Confederate armies into pitched battles, ...
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