History Teaches Us to Hope: Reflections on the Civil War and Southern History
University Press of Kentucky, 07.12.2007 - 416 Seiten
Before his death in 1870, Robert E. Lee penned a letter to Col. Charles Marshall in which he argued that we must cast our eyes backward in times of turmoil and change, concluding that "it is history that teaches us to hope." Charles Pierce Roland, one of the nation's most distinguished and respected historians, has done exactly that, devoting his career to examining the South's tumultuous path in the years preceding and following the Civil War. History Teaches Us to Hope: Reflections on the Civil War and Southern History is an unprecedented compilation of works by the man the volume editor John David Smith calls a "dogged researcher, gifted stylist, and keen interpreter of historical questions."Throughout his career, Roland has published groundbreaking books, including The Confederacy (1960), The Improbable Era: The South since World War II (1976), and An American Iliad: The Story of the Civil War (1991). In addition, he has garnered acclaim for two biographical studies of Civil War leaders: Albert Sidney Johnston (1964), a life of the top field general in the Confederate army, and Reflections on Lee (1995), a revisionist assessment of a great but frequently misunderstood general. The first section of History Teaches Us to Hope, "The Man, The Soldier, The Historian," offers personal reflections by Roland and features his famous "GI Charlie" speech, "A Citizen Soldier Recalls World War II." Civil War–related writings appear in the following two sections, which include Roland's theories on the true causes of the war and four previously unpublished articles on Civil War leadership. The final section brings together Roland's writings on the evolution of southern history and identity, outlining his views on the persistence of a distinct southern culture and his belief in its durability. History Teaches Us to Hope is essential reading for those who desire a complete understanding of the Civil War and southern history. It offers a fascinating portrait of an extraordinary historian.
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Though Roland's paper was generally well received, including a favorable mention by the renowned Lincoln scholar Don E. Fehrenbacher, one critic, Dudley T. Cornish, judged him too zealous in praising Lee's alleged military genius.
Roland acknowledged slavery's central role in fashioning southern sectionalism, removed Simkins's antagonistic comments toward President Abraham Lincoln, and chronicled the region's vast economic and political metamorphoses up to 1970.
For example, in Roland's opinion, President Abraham Lincoln's contemporaries portrayed him “as a gangling, rustic Ichabod of a man who cultivated popularity among the masses with his salty comments and anecdotes.” Lincoln's rival ...
116 In terms of the importance of Fort Sumter, Roland advanced a variant of historian Charles W. Ramsdell's famous thesis—that Lincoln and Davis each sought to manipulate the other into firing the war's first shot.
117 Roland defended Lincoln from criticism both from his contemporaries and from later historians. In his opinion, as leader of a nation torn asunder by civil war the president had few constitutional precedents to follow; ...
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