History Teaches Us to Hope: Reflections on the Civil War and Southern History
University Press of Kentucky, 07.12.2007 - 416 Seiten
Before his death in 1870, Robert E. Lee penned a letter to Col. Charles Marshall in which he argued that we must cast our eyes backward in times of turmoil and change, concluding that "it is history that teaches us to hope." Charles Pierce Roland, one of the nation's most distinguished and respected historians, has done exactly that, devoting his career to examining the South's tumultuous path in the years preceding and following the Civil War. History Teaches Us to Hope: Reflections on the Civil War and Southern History is an unprecedented compilation of works by the man the volume editor John David Smith calls a "dogged researcher, gifted stylist, and keen interpreter of historical questions."Throughout his career, Roland has published groundbreaking books, including The Confederacy (1960), The Improbable Era: The South since World War II (1976), and An American Iliad: The Story of the Civil War (1991). In addition, he has garnered acclaim for two biographical studies of Civil War leaders: Albert Sidney Johnston (1964), a life of the top field general in the Confederate army, and Reflections on Lee (1995), a revisionist assessment of a great but frequently misunderstood general. The first section of History Teaches Us to Hope, "The Man, The Soldier, The Historian," offers personal reflections by Roland and features his famous "GI Charlie" speech, "A Citizen Soldier Recalls World War II." Civil War–related writings appear in the following two sections, which include Roland's theories on the true causes of the war and four previously unpublished articles on Civil War leadership. The final section brings together Roland's writings on the evolution of southern history and identity, outlining his views on the persistence of a distinct southern culture and his belief in its durability. History Teaches Us to Hope is essential reading for those who desire a complete understanding of the Civil War and southern history. It offers a fascinating portrait of an extraordinary historian.
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According to Roland, Davis's gravest error was his failure to concentrate southern forces “against exposed fractions of the enemy.” Recognizing Davis's mistakes, Roland found it “questionable that the Confederacy would have triumphed ...
102 Roland spent almost two decades researching Chandler's life—studying his enormous collection of private manuscripts and interviewing not only Chandler, but also his many friends and enemies, including Alabama governor George Wallace ...
“Lee's frontal assaults at Gettysburg,” Roland charged, “violated his own tactical doctrine, which he had once written explicitly to [General Thomas J. “Stonewall”] Jackson, instructing him to avoid attacks against an enemy in position, ...
Concentration, he explained, “would have required surrendering indefinitely to the enemy the entire upper South and the Atlantic coastal states, a proposition that would have been outrageous to President Davis and to the southern ...
have surrendered the initiative to the enemy, permitting him to concentrate his vastly superior numbers against Lee and to select the place and time of battle.” As in his An American Iliad, in Reflections on Lee Roland also dismissed ...
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