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Que j'eusse aperçu, etc., That I might have perceived.

Conjugate like apercevoir the verbs given in page 125.


174. Models of Verbs of the Fourth Conjugation,

Infinitive Mood ending in RE.
This conjugation has four classes :

-andre, as, Répandre, to spill.
-endre, Rendre,

to render. Class I. ends in -ondre, Répondre, to answer. -erdre, Perdre,

to lose. -ordre, Mordre,

to bite. -aître, Paraître, to appear. Class II. ends in


Croitre, Class III. ends in -uire, Conduire, to conduct.

-aindre, Craindre, to fear. Class IV. ends in -eindre, Peindre, to paint.

-oindre, Joindre, to join. 175. Note. The very distinct termination of the infinitive mood of verbs of the fourth conjugation, will enable the pupil to perceive with facility the model or class to which the verbs he may meet with in his.exercises belong. Thus,

176. Class 1.—Conjugate like RENDRE: Attendre, to expect, wait for; condescendre; descendre, to go

to grow


down; confondre, to confound; correspondre; entendre, to hear, understand ; étendre, to stretch out; fendre, to split; fondre, to melt ; mordre, to bite; morfondre, to cause to become cold; pendre, to hang; perdre, to lose; suspendre; refondre, to melt again, to cast; prétendre; répandre, to spill ; pondre, to lay eggs; répondre, to answer; vendre, to sell; tondre, to shear, etc.

177. Class II.-Conjugate like PARAÎTRE:

Apparaître; disparaître ; comparaître. Connaître, to know; méconnaître; reconnaître. Croître*, to grow; accroître; décroître; recroître.

178. Class III. --Conjugate like CONDUIRE :

Reconduire; cuire, to bake or cook; recuire; enduire, to plaster; induire, to induce, to lead; produire, to produce; réduire, to reduce ; séduire, to seduce; traduire, to translate ; construire, to construct, build; détruire, to destroy; déduire, to deduct; introduire, to introduce.

179. Class IV.-Conjugate like CRAINDRE :

Astreindre, to tie down, to confine to; atteindre, to reach; aveindre, to take out, fetch; ceindre, to gird; contraindre, to compel; enceindre, to inclose; enfreindre, to infringe; enjoindre, to enjoin; éteindre, to extinguish ; feindre, to feign; joindre, to join; oindre, to anoint ; peindre, to paint ; plaindre, to pity; restreindre, to limit; teindre, to dye.


According to the dictionary of the French Academy, the verb croître takes the circumflex accent on the i or u, as given in the following instances :

INFINITIVE PRESENT. Croître. PARTICIPLE PRESENT. Croissant. PartiCIPLE PAST. Crû masc.,crue fem., crus masc. pl., crues INDICATIVE PRESENT. Je croîs, tu croîs, il croît; nous croissons, vous croissez, ils croissent. IMPERFECT. Je croissais, etc. PAST DEFINITE. Je crûs, tu crûs, il crut; nous crûmes, vous crûtes, ils crurent. FUTURE. Je croîtrai, etc. CondiTIONAL. Je croîtrais, ete. IMPERATIVE. Croîs, qu'il croisse, croissons, croissez; qu'ils croissent. SUBJUNCTIVE PRESENT. Que je croisse, etc. IMPERFECT. Que je crusse, que tu crusses, qu'il crût; que nous crussions, que vous crussiez, qu'ils crussent.

Je crois, je crús, etc., of the verb croitre, have the circumflex accent evi. dently to be distinguished from Je crois, I believe; je crus, I believed, etc. (See note, page 4, and croire in the list of irregular verbs.) In accroître, décroître, and recroître, the circumflex accent, which is no longer required as a mark of distinction, is only used in the tenses formed from the Infinitive present (195.), and in the third person singular of the Indicative present: N accroit, il décroít, il recroît, according to the conjugation of paraitre, which serves as a model.

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I render.
Je rends.
Tu rends.
Il rend.
Nous rendons.
Vous rendez.
Ils rendent.

conduct. conduis. conduis. conduit. conduisons. conduisez. conduisent.

fear. crains. crains. craint. craignons. craignez. craignent.


I have rendered. J'ai rendu, etc.

... conducted. ... feared. ... conduit.

appear. parais. parais. paraît. paraissons. paraissez. paraissent.

appeared. .. paru.


... conduit.


... craint.


Class II. Class III. Class IV. I was rendering, appearing. conducting. fearing. Je rendais. paraissais. conduisais, craignais. Tu rendais.

paraissais. conduisais. craignais. Il rendait. paraissait. conduisait. craignait. Nous rendions. paraissions. conduisions. craignions. Vous rendiez.


conduisiez. craigniez. Ils rendaient. paraissaient. conduisaient. craignaient.

PLUPERFECT. I had rendered.

- appeared.

conducted. ... feared. J'avais rendu, etc. paru.

I rendered. appeared. conducted. feared.
Je rendis.


conduisis. craignis. Tu rendis.


conduisis. craignis. Il rendit.


conduisit. craignit. Nous rendîmes. parúmes. conduisîmes. craignimes. Vous rendites.

parûtes. conduisîtes. craignîtes. Ils rendirent.


conduisirent. craignirent.

I had rendered. ... appeared. ... conducted. ... feared.
J'eus rendu, etc. paru.

I shall render.


Je rendrai. paraîtrai. conduirai. craindrai.
Tu rendras. paraîtras. conduiras. craindras.
Il rendra. paraîtra. conduira. craindra.
Nous rendrons. paraitrons. conduirons. craindrons.
Vous rendrez.

paraîtrez. conduirez. craindrez. Ils rendront. paraîtront. conduiront. craindront.

... conduit.

... craint,

Ishall have rendered.... appeared. ...conducted. ... feared.
J'aurai rendu, etc. .. paru.

...conduit. .. craint.



PRESENT. I should render, appear.

conduct. fear. Je rendrais. paraítrais, conduirais. craindrais. Tu rendrais. parastrais.

conduirais. craindrais. Il rendrait. paraîtrait. conduirait. craindrait. Nous rendrions. paraitrions. conduirions. craindrions. Vous rendriez. paraitrier. conduiriez. craindriez. Ils rendraient. paraîtraient. conduiraient. craindraient


Class I. Class II. Class III. CLASS IV. I should have rendered. appeared. ... conducted. ... feared. J'aurais or eusserendu,etc. ... paru.

... conduit. ... craint.


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Exercise. Conjugate like the above the verbs given in pages 128 and 129.

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