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wooing. (In Dr. Latham's edition of Johnson's Dict. is a long and very unsatisfactory article on this word.)

braid, to upbraid, to reproach: 'Twould braid yourself too near, ix. 10. brain, to beat out the brains, i. 244; That brain'd (defeated) my purpose, i. 55I.

brain, to comprehend, to understand: such stuff as madmen Tongue, and brain not, viii. 493.

brainish apprehension, "distempered, brain-sick mood, or conceit" (CALDECOTT), vii. 387.

brain-pan, the skull, v. 203.

brakes of vice, and answer none-Some run from, i. 475: Here the meaning of brakes (a word which was used in sundry significations) has been much disputed: the context, I think, shows that we ought to understand it in the sense of "engines of torture."

brands-Nicely Depending on their, viii. 427: Here brands " are likely to have been the inverted torches mentioned by Mr. Steevens" (DOUCE).

brass of this day's work-Shall witness live in, iv. 490: "in brass, i.e. in brazen plates anciently let into tombstones" (STEEVENS).

brave, a boast, a vaunt, defiance: There end thy brave, iv. 85; This brave shall oft make thee to hide thy head, vi. 90; to bear me down with braves, vi. 295.

brave, to make fine or splendid: thou hast braved many men; brave not me (with a quibble), iii. 170; He should have brav'd the east an hour ago, v. 455.

brave, to defy, to bluster: Enter Demetrius and Chiron, braving, vi. 295. bravery, finery, sumptuous apparel, magnificence: witless bravery,

i. 469; his bravery is not on my cost, iii. 39; double change of bravery, iii. 168; There shall want no bravery, ix. 192.

bravery, bravado: the bravery of his grief, vii. 426; malicious bravery, viii. 135.

brawl-A French, ii. 183: "The word brawl in its signification of a dance is from the French branle, indicating a shaking or swinging motion. The following accounts [account] of this dance may be found more intelligible than that cited from Marston [in his Malcontent, act iv. sc. 2]. It was performed by several persons uniting hands in a circle and giving each other continual shakes, the steps changing with the tune. It usually consisted of three pas and a piedjoint, to the time of four strokes of the bow; which being repeated was termed a double brawl. With this dance balls were usually opened" (DOUCE). But there was a great variety of brawls. brazen tombs-Live register'd upon our, ii. 159: The allusion, as was



first remarked by Douce, is "to the ornamenting the tombs of eminent persons with figures and inscriptions on plates of brass.” breach than the observance-More honour'd in the, vii. 320: Samuel Rogers used to maintain that this line, though it has passed into a sort of proverbial expression, is essentially nonsense: “how," he would ask, "can a custom be honour'd in the breach ?" Compare the following line of a play which has been printed as a joint production of Jonson, Fletcher, and Middleton;

"He keeps his promise best that breaks with hell." The Widow, act iii. sc. 2. breach of the sea, breaking of the sea, iii. 332 ("the boat.... would be dashed in a thousand pieces by the breach of the sea." Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, vol. i. p. 43, ed. 1755; "the wind .... made a great breach of the sea upon the point." Id. vol. i. p. 132; “a breach of the sea upon some rocks.” Id. vol. i. p. 134). break cross or across, a metaphor from tilting, at which it was reckoned disgraceful for the tilter to break his spear across the body of his opponent, instead of breaking it in a direct line: this last [staff] was broke cross, ii. 139; breaks them bravely, quite traverse, athwart the heart of his lover, iii. 60; so I had broke thy pate.... Good faith, across, iii. 223.

break up, to break open: Break up the gates, v. 17.

break up, to carve,-used metaphorically of opening a letter: Boyet,

you can carve; Break up this capon, ii. 193; An it shall please you, to break up this, ii. 361: On the first of these passages Theobald observes; "Our poet uses this metaphor as the French do their poulet; which signifies both a young fowl and a love-letter. Poulet, amatoriæ literæ, says Richelet; and quotes from Voiture, Repondre au plus obligeant poulet du monde, To reply to the most obliging letter in the world. The Italians use the same manner of expression, when they call a love-epistle una pollicetta [polizzetta] amorosa. I ow'd the hint of this equivocal use of the word to my ingenious friend, Mr. Bishop:” Farmer adds; "Henry IV., consulting with Sully about his marriage, says, 'My niece of Guise would please me best, notwithstanding the malicious reports that she loves poulets in paper better than in a fricasee. A message is called a cold pigeon in the letter [by Laneham] concerning the entertainments at Killingworth Castle.”

break with, to open a subject to: now will we break with him, i. 292 ; to break with thee of some affairs, i. 317; I will break with her and with her father, ii. 81; Then after to her father will I break, ibid.; let us not break with him, vii. 131; Have broken with the king, v. 556. break with, to break an engagement with: I would not break with her for more money than I'll speak of, i. 406.

breast, a voice: the fool has an excellent breast, iii, 336.



breath, a breathing, an exercise: An after-dinner's breath, vi. 48; either to the uttermost, Or else a breath ("a slight exercise of arms," STEEVENS), vi. 95.

breathe, to utter, to speak: The worst that man can breathe, vii. 52; You breathe in vain, vii. 53; The youth you breathe of, vii. 333; to breathe What thou hast said to me, vii. 386.

breathe, to take exercise: thou wast created for men to breathe themselves upon thee, iii. 240; as swift As breathed (well exercised, kept in breath) stags, iii. 107; breath'd ("inured by constant practice," JOHNSON).... To an untirable and continuate goodness, vii. 5. breathe in your watering, stop and take breath while you are drinking, iv. 232 (Compare a passage in the old play Timon, edited by me for the Shakespeare Society, from a Ms. in my possession;

"" wee also doe enacte

That all holde vp their heades, and laughe aloude,

Drinke much at one draughte, breathe not in their drinke," &c. p. 37; which lines, before the play was printed, were cited by Steevens, to support an erroneous interpretation of the passage of Shakespeare).

breathing, exercise, action: who are sick For breathing and exploit, iii. 207; Here is a lady that wants breathing too, ix. 39.

breathing time, time for exercise: 'tis the breathing time of day with me, vii. 429.

breathing-while, time sufficient for drawing breath, v. 351; ix. 261.

Brecknock, while my fearful head is on-To, v. 420: Meaning "to the Castle of Brecknock in Wales, where the Duke of Buckingham's estate lay" (MALONE).

breech'd with gore-Their daggers Unmannerly, vii. 236: Here breech'd has drawn forth a variety of explanations from the commentators; and Dr. Latham in his recent edition of Johnson's Dict. queries if it means "sheath'd:" after all, probably Douce is right when he suggests "that the expression, though in itself something unmannerly, simply means covered as with breeches." breeching scholar, a scholar liable to be breeched, flogged, iii. 143. breed-bate, a causer of strife or contention, i. 375: see bate. breese, the gad-fly, vi. 21; viii. 321. Brentford-The fat woman of, i. 427; the witch of Brentford, i. 428: In the corresponding scene of the quarto she is called “Gillian of Brainford;" who appears to have been a real personage, and whose name was well known in our author's time. A black-letter tract, entitled Tyl of breyntfords testament. Newly compiled, n. d. 4to, was written by Robert, and printed by William, Copland: the "Iyl"

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who figures in that coarse tract "kept an inne of ryght good lodgyng;" but no mention is made of her having dealt in witchcraft. Yet one of the characters in Dekker and Webster's Westward Ho says, "I doubt that old hag, Gillian of Brainford, has bewitched me." Webster's Works, p. 238, ed. Dyce, 1857.

bribed buck, i. 445: see note 125, i. 445.

brief, a short writing, an abstract: There is a brief how many sports are ripe, ii. 317; Shall draw this brief into as huge a volume, iv. 17. brief, a contract of espousals, a license of marriage: Shall seem expedient on the new-born brief, iii. 238.

brief, a letter; this sealed brief, iv. 280.

brief, in brief: Brief, 1 am To those that prate, and have done, no companion, ix. 200.

brief, rife, common, prevalent (a provincialism): A thousand businesses are brief in hand, iv. 77.

briefly, quickly: Go put on thy defences. Eros. Briefly, sir, viii. 339. bring me out— You, "You put me out, draw or divert me from my point" (CALDECOTT), iii. 51.

bring-To be with a person to, a cant expression, which was formerly

common enough, though it occurs only once in our author's plays,——
Cres. To bring, uncle? Pan. Ay, a token from Troilus, vi. 19; and
see note 12, vi. 19: of the various explanations which this phrase
has called forth none appears to me satisfactory. (Compare the
following passages;

"And I'll close with Bryan till I have gotten the thing
That he hath promis'd me, and then I'll be with him to bring:
Well, such shifting knaves as I am, the ambodexter must play,
And for commodity serve every man, whatsoever the world say.'
Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes,--Peele's Works,
p. 503, ed. Dyce, 1861.

"And heere Ile haue a fling at him, that's flat;
And, Balthazar, Ile be with thee to bring,

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And thee, Lorenzo," &c. Kyd's Spanish Tragedy, sig. & 3 verso, ed. 1618.

"Orlando shakes himselfe, and with a spring

Ten paces off the English duke he cast;

But Brandimart from him he could not fling,

That was behind him, and did hold him fast:

But yet with Oliver he was to bring;

For with his fist he smote him as he past,

That downe he fell, and hardly scaped killing,

From mouth, nose, eyes, the blood apace distilling.

Harington's Orlando Furioso, B. xxxix. 48, p. 329, ed. 1634.

"Clem. And Ile go furnish myself with some better accoutriments,

and Ile be with you to bring presently."

Heywood's Fair Maid of the West, Sec. Part, sig. L 2 verso, ed. 1631.



"Lip. Now, Mistress Maria, ward yourself: if my strong hope fail not, I shall be with you to bring.

Shr. To bring what, sir? some more o' your kind?"

The Family of Love,-Middleton's Works, vol. ii. p. 147, ed. Dyce.

"If he prove not yet

The cunning'st, rankest rogue that ever canted,

I'll never see man again; I know him to bring,

And can interpret every new face he makes."

Cupid's Revenge,-Beaumont and Fletcher's Works, vol. ii. p. 419, ed. Dyce.

"E. Love. I would have watch'd you, sir, by your good patience, For ferreting in my ground.

Lady. You have been with my sister?

Wel. Yes; to bring.

E. Love. An heir into the world, he means.'

The Scornful Lady,-Beaumont and Fletcher's Works,
vol. iii. p. 107, ed. Dyce.

" Why did not I strike her? but I will do something,
And be with you to bring before you think on't."

The Ball,-Shirley's Works, vol. iii. p. 36,
ed. Gifford and Dyce.

The passage of The Ball just quoted has been misunderstood and corrupted by Gifford it belongs to one of the plays which were printed before the edition was put into my hands.)

broach, to spit, to transfix, vi. 335; broach'd, ii. 321 ; iv. 507.

brock, a badger, iii. 350.

brogues-Clouted, nailed coarse shoes, viii. 471.

broke cross: see break cross.

broken mouth, a mouth which has lost some of its teeth: My mouth

iii. 233. 54:

no more were broken than these boys', broken music, iii. 14; iv. 518; vi. "Broken music' means what we now term 'a string band.' Shakespeare plays with the term twice [thrice]: firstly in Troilus and Cressida, act iii. sc. I, proving that the musicians then on the stage were performing on stringed instruments; and secondly in Henry V., act v. sc. 2, where he says to the French Princess Katherine, 'Come, your answer in broken music; for thy voice is music and thy English broken.' [Again in As you like it, act i. sc. 2: 'But is there any else longs to feel this broken music in his sides?'] The term originated probably from harps, lutes, and such other stringed instruments as were played without a bow, not having the capability to sustain a long note to its full duration of time." Chappell's Popular Music of the Olden Time, &c., vol. i. p. 246, sec. ed.

broken with: see first break with.

broker, a pander, a procuress, a go-between: a goodly broker, i. 288; This bawd, this broker, iv. 34; To play the broker (match-maker) in

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