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appearances of novelty were entirely ed in the play-bills of the day, wbich lost. Had the managers opened the announced the opening of the theatre house at the old prices, it would have at the new prices. But the public been crowded every night with mul- was by no means to be so deluded.-titudes, gratified with the very pleas. Their resistance was stronger than ing sight afforded to them: and after before, and the voice of the actors a time, after they bad had full oppor- was completely drowned in their tunity of examining and judging of clamours. the expence, the managers might have The theatre now presented a new intimated the intention of raising the appearance.-On the stage, actors to price next year; and their plan would whom no one attended; and before then probably have met with no op- the stage, an audience turning its position. At any rate, they would back upon those actors, and indulging have received the profits of numerous in every species of tumult
. If the full houses; and the beauty of the raising of the prices produced clabuilding would have raised a con- mour without end, the mode attemptsiderable fund to pay for its erec- ed to quell it increased it beyond
measure. A number of Jews and When the audience, after paying boxers was sent into the pit to support the increased prices, had begun to the new prices, and the Bow-street vent its spleen on the imposition, runners were on the alert to seize the another circumstance was laid hold advocates for the old prices. The of, which added, and with just cause, measure was ill judged; for a few to the popular resentment. A tier of nights the Jews seemed to triumph; boxes was appropriated to the use of but the exasperated public, both private persons: and thus an odious within and without doors, put an end distinction was introduced into the to this atrocious insult on the nation. house. The impropriety of these At last affairs came into a regular boxes it is not necessary to dwell plan. Scarcely any persons went to upon : but they gave occasion to al- the former part of the play, but those Tisions of a very indecent nature, who had orders or tickets of free adand it was binted that they had con- mission; but at half price the house veniences which ought not in an was completely filled, and from that English theatre to be suspected. We moment nothing on the stage was to disapprove of these boxes, even when be heard, and ihe sounds of the orthere is not the slightest ground for chestra were drowned in the over. these insinuations; much more should powering efforts of the human voice. we abominate them if they have any The managers, however, persisted, tendency to afford privacy where no- and these nightly tumults became thing ought to be permitted unworthy regular, producing, on the one hand, of the public eye. At any rate, after a very degrading situation to the unthe remarks that have been made up- fortunate actors, and, on the other, on them, a lady must have more cou- exposing a number of individuals to rage than modesty to be seen in them, confinement in prison. Nothing could unless she is surrounded with a num“ be so painful to the feeling mind as ber of her sex to keep her in côun- to see the performers go through their
parts of the play just as if no audience The campaign opened under these was before them, and thus accustominauspicious circumstances to the ing themselves to look no longer for managers, who were by no means any reward in public applause for ready to acquiesce in the first symp- their labours. What can these poor toms of popular resentment. After men hereafter think of public approvery considerable riots, the house was bation or disapprobation! If they shot
up, in order that its affairs might could stand the brunt of such a morbe laid before a committee: and this tifying scene, if they could go through committee, after a short interval, de- their parts merely as a task wbich they livered their report, from which the were hired to perform, they must lose managers thought themselves justified all sense of that dignity which we in their measures, and expected public would wish to be preserved in every acquiescence. This report was print- profession:
UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XII.
But the feelings of the actors are letter were clearly settled. It was trifing compared with what was ex. evident that Mr. Canning had in: perienced by the public, on the in- trigued against Lord Castlereagh, and dignities offered to various persons played a part not unknown in some for the expression or supposed ex- foreign courts, but totally contrary to pression of their sentiments in the the old principles of English honour theatre. Scarcely a night passed, but In short, we cannot but say, that, a some were seized, and carried to Bow- present, Mr. Canning, does assuredly street, where the police magistrates appear to have acted, as we say in were sitting to receive informations; plain English, like a paltry fellow: and many were committed to prison, and, unless he vindicates himself who, from the hour of the night, and clearly, he is unworthy any longer to the distance of their friends, were un- be admitted into gentlemen's comable to procure the exorbitant bail pany. This vindication we may exdemanded of them. Notorious as was peci at the meeting of parliament, the tumult excited by the Jews and when all that led to the impudent and boxers on the part of the managers, atrocious insult offered by these two it does not appear that one was ever ministers of his majesty's councils seized and carried to Bow-street; their king and country, will underg though the runners of that place could public investigation. hurry to prison a poor girl for spring. It was expected, that the king would ing a child's satile, and follow to a himself, at the first meeting of the distant coffee-house a man, who, in- privy council, have struck out of the stead of creating a tumult in the house, list these two members, and thus really afforded a respite from the noise forded a striking example that sah by the oration wbich he delivered.- disgraceful conduct could not s This did not however avail him before unnoticed. But no such event the Bow-street magistrates, whose con- place, though, it is said, that the king duct upon this and other occasions of expressed in very strong terms his the like kind, we sincerely bope and disapprobation of the men who could trust will become a matter of serious give such occasion, in these difficult discussion in parliament. The nature times, of triumph to the enemy. of the bail required, and of the magi- Whilst Bonaparte's officers were at strates interference in so partial a their posts, assiduous in promoting his manner, are questions of great im- measures, these two men were in the portance. It, upon these tumults, field, not warring against enemie, they had called upon the Lord Cham- but firing against each other: they berlain to put a stop to the perform- were proclaiming to the world how ance of plays till order could be re- they must have filled, for some time stored, everyone must have applauded previously, their respective departtheir conduct: but they seem to bave ments. But both have ceased to forgotten that there may be as much ministers of the crown; and the forriot in favouring as in the censure of mation of a new ministry has heen the managers.
another object of great curiosity, 35 The two duellists occupied a great well as of public embarrassment. share of the public attention, as their The Duke of Portland's illness comcontemptible conduct affected either pelled him to resign. The two duellista themselves or the public. A vulgar resigned on account of the insult they proverb tells us, that there is honour had offered their king and country, among thieves: and on this ground by the bad example ihey had set to the question was, whether Mr. Can- his subjects, and the proof that they ning could in any way be vindicated, could not both sit in the same coud-Lord Castlereagh's letter to him, cils. The whole management of pulsa charging him with duplicity, was given lic affairs rested then with the two to the public soon after the duel was lawyers, Mr. Perceval and Lord Elfought; but it was a long time before don, the one a second-rate in the any thing came out on the part of Mr. common law, the other well versed in Canning to rebut the charge. At last the subtleties of the Chancery bar. a statement appeared, by which the The first thing done was to send letmain points in Lord Castlereagl's tets by express to Lord Grenville
Cornwall, and to Lord Grey, in North- there should be neither dinner nor umberland, requesting them to assist illumination; but that the Lord Mayor in the new ministry, which the resig, and court should go in procession to nations had made necessary. Lord St. Paul's, and the city bestow a thou. Grenville came up to town; but Lord sand pounds for charitable purposes. Grey contented himself with return. In consequence of this determination, ing back a very spirited and proper there were various wardmotes and reply, that he would not condescend meetings of parishes, in which illuto act in concert with men whose mea- minations were discountenanced, and tures were in his opinion fraught with charity encouraged; and the same mischief to the kingdom. Lord Gren- fashion ran through the country. But, ville came up to town, but had no other as the day drew near, individuals were intercourse with ministers than by let- put to no small inconvenience: they ter: for, finding that he was pot to bad paid the charitable subscriptions hare access to the king, but that all required in lieu of illumination, but was to be managed between him and they were not without dread that the two lawyers, he declined any far- lights would be required in their ther discussion, and left them to windows, and he resolutions put it manage the business by themselves. out of their power to make the pre
Disconcerted in this attempt to vious preparations. strengthen themselves from the quar- At last, the frames placed upon the ter of opposition, the ministers sought bank, the mansion-house, the Indiafor assistance in every hole and cor. house, and other public offices, proved ner. At last Mr. Perceval became the intention of public offices to illuFirst Lord of the Treasury and Chan. minate on this occasion; and here cellor of the Exchequer, Lord Eldon and there an emblem was to be seen and Lord Hawkesbury and Lord Chat- in preparation in private houses. ham retained their places, and the The day itself was ushered in by the vacant departments were filled up as ringing of bells; the middle of the well as the urgency of the case per- day was occupied in looking at the mitted. If such a ministry staids, preparations for the evening, or in weakened as it is by the secession of viewing the grand procession of the its two ablest niembers, Canning and Lord Mayor to St. Paul's, or the three Castiereagh, pressed by the inquiries regiments of guards drawn up in St. into the business of Talavera and James's Park, who fired three vollies Walcheren, and threatened by the upon the occasion, which were folDew vigour of Bonaparte, we must lowed by three old English buzzas. lament the decline of all the maxims Regiments of volunteers were out, which tend to make a nation great; and there was sufficient bustle and and still more lament, that there is employment. At night, the streets such a dearth of talent and of spirit were crowded to see the illuminations, in the country. We see now the ef. in which the city far surpassed the fects of Mr. Pitt's administration. west end of the town; and shewed We are come to the legacy that he has what might ha been done if no bequeathed his country.-Instead of check, had intervened to stop the efcultivating talent, he brought for- fusions of loyalty which such a day ward those meagre abilities, which could not fail of producing. In point could only serve as a foil to his su- of taste, little new was shewn, except Perior talents.
in the houses of Messrs. Blades and Thus was the jubilee of this reign Co. on Ludgate-hill, and Hancock brought in, a reign whose complicated and Co, Cockspur-street. These houses events will form a striking period in pointed out what elegant dispositions future history. The city of London, may be made of glass, which, on a ve observed in our last, had a meet- future illumination, will we doubt ing to consider in what manner the not decorate many private houses.event was to be celebrated, and the Though the streets were crowded, no question was to be referred to a com- injury was done to the many houses mittee. The report renewed the dis- that were not illuminated. The Lord cussion, and the ineeting was tumul- Mayor
gave a dinner at the mansiontuous. At last it was agreed, that house; but the ministers of state went
to an anomalons dinner made by sub- On the battle of Talavera the French scription, at three guineas a head, of papers give the British troops due several persons engaged in trade in encomiums on their bravery: but the city. - The king proclaimed a their censures on the general are evipardon on this day to all deserters dently written by men well versed in from 'army and navy; and this is the military affairs
. They accuse, and first only of the good acts which will apparently with great reason, our comimmortalise the year.
mander of the want of all the qualities France, it is said, anticipated our which constitute a great general. He illuminations. Previous reports had is, in their eyes, a mere dasher; fit reached the country of a peace being only to head a body of disciplined Eumade between France and Austria; ropeans against Mahrattamen or Lasand as such an event was vaturally to cars, but totally unqualified to cope be expected, the farther rumour that with those who have been brought illuminations in France had been seen, up in the school of Bonaparte. They and reports of cannon heard at Dover, laugh at his complaints of want of proestablished the opinion. But nothing vision for so small an army, when the decisive has at this time of writing whole country of Portugal was open appeared, though probably the treaty to his rear, with the ocean at his come will soon arrive in England. Con- mand; and biscuit might have beca jectures state very harsh terms to brought from the ships in three days Austria; and some assert, that, in- to him. Whilst the English were in stead of a peace, it is only to be a such distress, plenty reigned in the truce for twenty years, during which French army, simply because they are time cach party is to retain what it as attentive to the care of their soldier has got. This would sever from Au- before and after, as they are eagerte stria the best part of its territories ; train them for the day of battle. and, in fact, whether peace or truce They despise our general also be the result of the late negociations, his total want of foresight and infot the power of Austria is for ever broken, mation. Who, say they, would thick and it is reduced to the rank of a secon- of advancing into a country, without dary kingdom.
informing himself with what troops The French papers amuse them- he might expect to cope? Who would selves and their readers with their ac- not have made previous inquiries of counts of the expedition to Walchc- the enemy likely to fall on his rear, ren, and the battle of Talavera, and as well as those he was to meet in his the subsequent flight of the new-made front? They prove him to be totally Jord from the latter place. On the upacquainted with the nature of the former subject, they' lay the blame warfare, and to have fallen into dis. rather on the planners of the expe- grace from his own ignorance, incidition than on those appointed' to pacity, and temerity. But melanexecute it: but it is to be observed, choly as it is to read those triumphs that Bonaparte bas instituted a mili- of the enemy over us, it is some tary inquiry into the conduct of the subject of consolation, that the sick commander of Flushing. However and wounded, left at their mercy, Aattering the French accounts may have been treated with the utmat be to Lord Chatham, we cannot say kindness and humanity: so that they
, that any thing has reached us froin who remained on the field of batte our own army that agrees with these have, in the end, been better off than commendations. The French make a those who fled with Lord Wellington great parade of the preparations they from Talavera. had made to receive us : our accounts
Of Spain we know little more than state only most unaccountable delay that Lord Talavera still hovers on the on the part of the assailants, at the confines of Portugal: that frequent time when the utmost vigour was contests take place between the French wanting. It is sufficient to observe, and Spaniards, but the whole is com that had one of Bonaparte's generals fined to the petite guerre; that the acted in the same manner, long be- main armies of France have not yet fore this time there would have been entered the south of Spain, which an inquiry into his conduct. still is subject to the Junta at Seville
But, alas! of this Junta at Seville we mind may be elevated above its precan augur little good. At this time it sent sphere. What part Russia took is said that it is to be superseded; in the peace with 'Austria is not and its powers are to be vested in á known. 'Peace without doubt is estaregent, the Prince Archbishop of To- blished also. between these powers; ledo. From bim we cannot form and the war, which has been carried great expectatious; and, in fact, the on with languor against Turkey, will whole of their plans shew the want of be more brisk, and the tottering a decisive and commanding mind to throne of the Ottoman will be again direct the energies of the country with shaken to its centre. success. A perfect contrast is seen at Our ambassador is landed in AmeMadrid. There the sovereign is in rica, and been received with due hofull action, making laws that are be- nours by the sovereign, but with some neficial to the country, suppressing not very civil speeches from the pubconvents, and restraining the power lick. Á negotiation is begun which of the priests. Religious toleratiou is may be of long duration. An awkproclaimed in its fullest extent; and ward circumstance has, however, arithe censorate of books, which for- sen. Part of a boat's crew of one of merly belonged to the inquisition, is our ships deserted, and a demand was abolished. This effect of the French made by our consul to the magistrates, arms we may observe every where - that they might be seized and deliverAt Vienna they had a number of tri- ed up to the ship. The sailors were, fling laws on the subject of books; and in consequence, seized, and the conthe works of the best authors of this sul was called upon to shew his claim. country were prohibited. The whole The case was argued by counsel on is now changed, and the only restraint both sides; and the result was, that is on political writings, as far as they the magistrates, having no fault to relate to the present state of the coun- find with the men, and no breach of try, in which the conqueror maintains the peace being alledged against them, his rights, and will not suffer his title did not feel themselves anthorized to to be invaded.
hold them in custody. They were of The war between Sweden and Rus- course liberated, and carried away in sia is certainly at an end, and the triumph by the people. This is a difarticles of peace have been published. ficulty which must frequently occur, The former now rues the day that unless altered by positive law: and a gave her up to the chivalrous king, to question arises, whether, if an Amethat king, whose follies found so many rican leaves his vessel in the Thames advocates in this country, who achiev- and loiters about Wapping, the mased not a single action worthy of a sol- ter of the vessel can call upon a jusę dier or a sovereign, and whose conduct tice of the peace to issue a writ" for lost to Sweden its best territories.- him, and send him afterwards in cusFinland is now the property of Rus- tody of the constable aboard his ship? sia, and the territory of Sweden is con- Here the master might complain of a filled within the limits formed by the breach of contract: but if, in the case Western side of the Gulph of Bothnia, of the British seamen, there was no the Baltic, the eastern borders of Nor- contract, they were pressed men, that way, and the frozen regions of the plca is lost; and the Americans must north. Of the deposed king we know be satisfied, that it is the law of our nothing. A liberal allowance is made country to interfere with ships' crews to him: and the present king is en- before they make any change in their deavouring to repair the mischief own laws. committed by his predecessor.
In the south of America a doubtful Russia speaks vauntingly of its new government exists. Buenos Ayres conquests and the glory of its arms. knows scarcely whom to obey, and it Finland is indeed a valuable acquisi- is said to have asserted its indepen. tion, and its natives may meliorate the dence. To this probably it will soon slaves who are sent to govern them. be brought, and no one can be sorry The Russian soldier will bere learn for it: and if the Peruvians follow the new principles, both in religion and same example, it will be better for the politics; and, by degrees, bis brutish world. Of the Brazilians we cannot