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insolubility in salt water, excite the in- and more so by these lines, the effect of quiry whether the salt water of prime- which has been even more coolly calcuval lagoons may not have prevented the lated: "Sir John Herschel, who, along escape of the vegetable gases beneath, and with his son, Alexander Herschel, has condensed them into liquids.

paid great attention to shooting-stars,

gives his complete assent to the theory of Structure of the Liver.-Dr. Lionel the swarms of November.' Poor M. SchiBeale's opinion as to the structure of the aparelli! Happily the Astronomische vertebrate liver has been recently sub- Nachrichten have collected the necessary stantiated by the researches of Herr papers, and he will soon be in a position Hering. This histologist states that the of having his revenge." liver is constructed like the other secreting glands. It is of the tubular type, with Nero Form of Telegraphy.-An invencanals, anastomosing in every direction, tion for the transmission of despatches by and having a tendency to form a series an automatic electro-chemical method has of networks. Like other secretions, the been devised by MM. Vavin and Fribile travels along glandular canals sur bourg. Its object is to utilize all the rounded by glandular cells. It is easy velocity of the current on telegraphic (he says) to observe this arrangement lines. The Abbé Moigno, who has called in the livers of vertebrates. Five or more attention to it in England, gives the folcells are disposed in simple layers lowing description of it: It consists in around the circular and minute aperture the distribution of the current through as of a hepatic utricle seen in transverse many small wires, very short and isolatsection. This arrangement loses itself ed, as there are signals to be transmitted, insensibly in that variety of structure in all the while only employing one wire on which there are no utricles properly so the main line. Each of these small isocalled. Occasionally may be seen four, lated wires communicates, on the one three, or even only two cells, uniting to hand, with a metallic plate, of a particuform a biliary canal. The Russian ana- lar form, fixed in guttapercha; and, on tomist denies the existence of hepatic the other, with a inetallic division of a trabeculæ of biliferous capillaries, and be- disc, which is also formed of an insulating lieves that the biliary cells are persis substance. A group of eleven of those tent. He looks upon serpents' livers as small laminæ form a sort of cipher, which the only organs for minute inquiries will give all the letters of the alphabet by upon the subject.

the suppression of certain portions of the

fundamental form. “Now," says the The Cometary Theory of Shooting- abbé,“ suppose rows of these compound Starsto whom does it belong !--The characters to be placed on a sheet of preAbbé Moigno, who has broached this pared paper of a metallic nature, the question, and who evidently feels strong- words of the telegram to be sent are writly on the point, makes the following ob- ten on them with isolating ink, leaving servations in our contemporary, the Che- the other parts of the small 'stereotyped mical News, of March 15th : "In a quite blocks untouched. The consequence is recent note inserted on March 3d, in the that the current is intercepted at every International Bulletin of the Imperial Ob point touched by the ink, and a letter is, servatory, and on the 8th inst. in the imprinted on the prepared paper at the Bulletin of the Scientific Association of other end of the line where the telegram France, M. Le Verrier resumes on the is to be received." cometary theory of shooting.stars, and persists in attributing the honor of it to A Cheap and Ingenious Ice Machine. himself, without condescending to men- -M. Tonelli, says the Abbé Moigno, bas tion the name of Schiaparelli, whose let- just devised an ice-making machine which ters, however, have been published in a bids fair to become very popular in this journal of great authority, the Meteoro country, since it is convenient, cheap, and logical Bulletin of the College of Rome, efficient. The inventor calls it the "glacier issued under the superintendence of the roulante." It is a simple metallic cylinRev. P. Secchi, and were translated by der mounted on a foot. The salt of soda the writer before M. Le Verrier bad pub. and the salt of ammonia are added in two lished a single word of his researches. operations, the smaller cylinder, containWe are really frightened by this system ing the water to be frozen, is introduced of organized cool-blooded appropriation into the interior, and the orifice is close

by an india-rubber disc, and then by a other side of the Irish Channel. Messrs. cover fastened with a catch; the cylinder Moore & More have issued a volume upon is then placed in a sac, or case of cloth, the subject of the distribution of Irish and it is made to roll on the table with plants, and the facts it lays before the a slight oscillatory movement given by botanical public are both numerous and the hand. After a lapse of ten minutes, interesting. Taking the number of spethe water in the interior of the cylin- cies for Britain proper at Mr. Watson's der becomes a beautiful cylinder of ice. estimate of 1,425 species, the authors of Nothing is more simple, more economical, the “Cybele Hibernica" claim for Ireor more efficacious than the new “gla- land about 1,000 species. Of the 532 cier roulante," which costs 10 fr., and plants of the British type, Ireland has gives us, moreover, what could not hi- all, or very nearly so. The Atlantic therto be obtained with an apparatus type is the only other one where she has containing freezing mixtures-the means decidedly more than half, forty-one speof freezing a decanter of water or a bot cies out of seventy. Of the boreal spctle of champagne. The apparatus, in a cies, (Highland, Scottish, and intermediate case, packed for travelling, with 20 kilo- types taken together,) although there is grammes of refrigerating materials and a not a single one of the twelve provinces measure, costs, at present, only 11. in which there is not a hill of upward Popular Science Review.

of 2,000 feet in altitude, Ireland has

only 106 species out of 238. Of the 458 The "Cybele Hibernica." --The invalu. English and local species she has just able work which Mr. Watson achieved over one half; and, finally, out of the for England is being imitated on the 127 Germanic species only 18.

Original,
NEW PUBLICATIONS.

HISTORY OF ENGLAND, from the Fall of for candor or judicial calmness. They Wolsey to the death of Elizabeth, By will find Mary Stuart painted here in James Anthony Froude, M. A. Vols. darker and more horrible colors than in VII., VIII, IX. and X. 12mo. New any other modern work ; John Knox York: Charles Scribner & Co.

lauded as “the one supremely great

man that Scotland possessed ;' and the The four volumes of this work which Huguenot massacre detailed with all the are now before us carry the history of exaggerations and harrowing circumthe reign of Elizabeth from her accession stances which the partisan spirit of forto the death of Maitland and Grange, and mer historians has spread about it. Mr. the consequent extinction of the Mary Froude is too anxious to make an effecStuart party in 1573. The wars and tive story ever to be an honest historian. troubles in Ireland, the invasion of Ulster, A picturesque grouping of events and the insurrections and death of Shan persons has a temptation for his refined O'Neil, the quarrels of the Ormonds and literary taste which often overcomes the the Desmonds; the career of John Knox; cardinal principle of historical composithe reign of Mary Queen of Scots; the Eng- tion, to tell the truth and the whole lish maritime adventures of the sixteenth truth. The extravagant admiration of century; and the St. Bartholomew mas- the Tudor dynasty with which he began sacre, are some of the exciting topics to write has not cooled with the progress which Mr. Froude touches with his bril- of his labors. The fealty which he held liant pen, and upon which he lavishes his to Henry and Edward he has now trans. wonderful powers of narration and his ferred unshaken to Elizabeth ; but there skill of dramatic arrangement. That our is this to be said for him, that Elizabeth, readers should be satisfied with the pic with ali her many faults, (and now and tures he presents to them is not to be ex- again even Mr. Froude recognizes some pected. They must not look in his pages of them,) possessed many really great

[graphic]

We will not quarrel over this point with part, mutually unpronounceable. The Professor De Vere, for nothing is more Algonquin cannot articulate an for an difficult than a precisely accurate judg. 70; while the Iroquois, to whom these ment concerning the relative merits of sounds are familiar, can make nothing the principal modern languages. We of a b or an m. The two languages, with have a mother tongue with which we the doubtful exception of a corrupt diahave every reason to be satisfied, and lect, and then in words evidently borror. therefore let us try to use it well, and ed from the conqueror, agree in little else preserve it from corruption. On this than an odd aversion to the letter 1, and, head, we have great reason to fear for we may add perhaps, in a plentiful lack the future, and therefore we give a hearty of adjectives and a most oppressive mulwelcome to the learned professor's sug- tiplicity of verbs. gestion that an English Academy should "It is in this last-mentioned field (the be constituted, which shall decide all analysis of Algic verbs) that our author questions respecting the spelling, pro- N. 0. has exerted his main strength, and nunciation, and right use of English words. has given the best proofs of his linguistic

It is enough to say that this volume skill. The Algonquin verb to love, sakih, is from the Riverside press to guarantee expatiates, in the course of twenty-two its typographical excellence, and we hope pages of this treatise, into two active and this circumstance will counterbalance, in three passive voices, served by eight those minds disposed to be rigid in ex. moods, three past tenses, two futures, cluding everything which has not the and two first persons plural, with partiBoston stamp, the fact that the author ciples and gerunds to match ; and all subhails from Virginia.

ject to fifteen accidents, corresponding to

the various modifications of Semitic verbs. Antoine DE BONNEVAL. A Tale of Paris in The Iroquois verb, though in quite an

the days of St. Vincent de Paul. By other way, rejoices also in conjugations, Rev. W. H. Anderdon. Kelly & Piet moods, tenses, and numbers not unworthy Baltimore.

of comparison with the Greek, subject In this narrative are portrayed some of

to secondary forms more or less resemthe most exciting scenes in French his

bling the Sernitic. The Algonquin parti

ciple may assume a negative shape, and tory. It tells of that period in which

it is this nullifying syllable si that mainRichelieu, Mazarin, St. Vincent de Paul,

ly distinguishes the two words which in and Monsieur Olier figured so largely,

that language signify Catholic and Proand whose history is so suggestive to the thoughtful reader. The style is vigorous

testant. The Catholics are tcipaiatikoand the volume worthy of a place in a

namatizodjik, literally, “they who make

upon their own persons the sign of the Sunday-school or parochial library.

wood of the dead body of Christ.” “Pro

testants" (having as usual failed to make ETUDES PAILOLOGIQUES SUR · QUELQUES LANGUES SAUVAGES DE L'AMERIQUE.

themselves understood except as deniers

of Catholicity, and who are nothing if not Par N. 0., Ancien Missionnaire. Mont

negative) are tcipaiatikonamatizosigok, real: Dawson Brothers, 55 Grande

“those who do not make upon themRue St. Jacques. 1866.

selves the sign of the wood of the dead The Indian dialects of North America body of Christ.” It is to be hoped that deserve a more attentive study than they the theologians of the two professions have yet received. If the inquirer did no have shorter and more convenient terms more than copfine his researches to the when they resort, as thoy have been languages spoken by the Algic tribes, (to known to do, to the refreshment of reciuse an epithet happily devised by School- procal objurgation. craft to designate the native races found W e regret that we cannot go into deeast of the Alleghanies,) the compensation tails. The book is pleasantly written, would be fairly worth the work. Resolv- lucidly arranged, and full of satisfactory ed into two groups, the Algonquin and evidence of a keen perception of philoloIroquois, these varieties of speech present gical distinctions. We cordially recomcontrasts so striking and analogies so rare mend it to those who are ambitious to as to forbid the theory of a derivation gain an insight into the philosophy of the from a common stock. The words of languages, before they also (we mean the these two families of tongues are not only languages) take their inevitable turn to wholly dissimilar, but are, for the most be numbered with the dead.

THE LITERARY CHARACTER OF THE BIBLE. of the portraits and other illustrations

A Lecture delivered before the Wil- are excellent, though a few are quite inmington Institute. By H. Beecher different. The preface is carelessly writSwoope, Attorney-at-law.

ten, and has not the excellence which The author delivered and now publish- ought to characterize the introduction es this as “A Lawyer's tribute to the to such a great work. The hand of a Bible," and it is surely a very graceful finished scholar would have done great one. It shows a just appreciation of the good in retouching the whole work, which literary excellences of the sacred volume is, notwithstanding its minor defects, on of the grandeur of its history, the deuth the whole a superb one and a credit to of its philosophy, the sublimity of its its publishers. poetry. We dislike, however, this consideration of the inspired volume merely

CHRISTIANITY AND ITS CONFLICTS, ANCIENT as a literary production, without keeping

AND MODERN. By E. E. Marcy, A.M. in view its sacred character as the word

New-York: Appleton & Co. For sale of God. Containing as it does, the

by the Catholic Publication Society, 126 revelation of God's infinite perfections, it

Nassau street. must necessarily contain all that is most This work comes upon our table just beautiful, profound, sublime. We agree as we are going to press. A rapid glance with the author that, "in order to bring over its contents shows us that it presents out all the hidden beauties of the original a comprehensive view of the church and Scriptures, we need a new translation its work, contrasted with the vain and brought fully up to the present standard fruitless attempts made by her enemies of our language," and that "our present to set up a rival system of Christianity. version of the Bible is sublime, grand, and it is a work which will be widely read beautiful, only because many of the ideas and excite no little interest, and deserves and conceptions are so essentially great at our hands a more extended critical noand lofty that they necessarily appear tice, which we propose to give it in our magnificent in the inost artless dress." next issue. It is not an ordinary book

of controversy, and we advise our readers CATHOLIC ANECDOTES ; OR, THE CATECHISM in the mean time to get a copy and read

IN EXAMPLES. Illustrating the Sacra- it. ments. By the Brothers of the Chris tian Schools. Translated from the H. McGrath, Philadelphia, announces French by Mrs. J. Sadlier. New- a new and illustrated volume of Poems, York: D. & J. Sadlier & Co.

by E. A. S. This is the third and last part of this

BOOKS RECEIVED. series of anecdotes. They are intended

From P. O'SHEA, New-York. The Beauties of Faith: to assist those engaged in teaching the

or, Power of Mary's Patronage. Leaves from the Christian doctrine, by giving them ex Ave Maria. 1 vol. 12mo, pp. 272 and 145. Price, amples illustrative of the subject they

From CHARLES SCRIBNER & Co., New York. Liber Limay be teaching. They are arranged in brorum ; its Structure, Limitations, and Purpose. the same order as the subject matter of

A friendly communication to a reluctant sceptie.

1 vol. 12mo, pp. 232. Price, $1.50.-- Studies in Eng. the Catechism, and are well adapted for lish; or, Glimpses of the Inner Life of our Language. this purpose.

By M. Schele de Vere, LL.D. 1 vol. 12mo. Price,

$2.50.

From D. & J. SADLIER & Co., New-York. Peter of the LIVES AND TIMES OF THE ROman PONTIFFS. Castle and the Fetches. By the Brothers Banim.

1 vol. 12mo, pp. 343. Price, $1.50. 2 vols. Sadliers.

From M. DOOLADY, New York. The History of PenThis great work, in two large quarto

dennis, etc. By W. M. Thackeray. 1 vol. 16mo,

pp. 479. Diamond Ed.

From the AUTHOR. Dion and the Sibyl. ; # Romance translation from the French of the Cheva of the First Century. By Miles Gerald O'Reilly,

II. M. Colonial Secretary in Bermuda. 2 vols, Svo

Richard Bentley, London, & well-informed historian and an elegant From LKTPOLDT & HOLT, New York. Fathers and writer. Although there are somne faults

Sons. A Novel By Ivan Sergheievitch Turgeneff.

Translated from the Russian by Eugene Schuyler, in the translation, and some typographical

Ph. D. 1 vol. 12mo. Price, $1.50.- The Man with the errors, the value of the work is never he. Broken Ear: from the French of Edmond About.

By Henry Holt. 1 vol. 12mo. Price, $1.50. less very great, and it is a noble addition

From P. F. CUNNINGHAM, Philadelphia, Stories of the to our Catholic literature. There is much Commandments; The Seven Corporal Works of beauty in the mechanical execution, and

Mercy; Caroline, or Self-Conquest. Being vols

16. 17. und is of the Young Catholic's Library. Price, the illustrations are numerous. Many 50 cents each.

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