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the human soul some common machine: the work of an ingenious but unimaginative man, who knew too much of history, and too little of the nature of men.

1. 30. and the rude swain, &c. Comus, l. 633, slightly misquoted.

P. 209, l. 18. temple of British concord. A grand and appropriate image. There is an allusion to the Temple of Concord at Rome, so celebrated in the story of the Conspiracy of Catiline. Cp. p. 231, The sacred temple consecrated to our common faith.'

P. 210, 1. 9. like unto the first. St. Matt. xxii. 39. 1. 16. by lack whereof . within the same.

These words were, by an amendment which was carried, omitted in the motion.

1. 21. Is this description, &c. A paragraph in Burke's best style. The copiousness of thought and the economy of words are equally remarkable, and both contribute to the general effect of weight and perspicuity.

1. 26. Non meus hic sermo, &c. Hor. Serm. ii. 2. 3.

1. 28. homebred sense. The 'squire ... had some homebred sense.' Third Letter on Regicide Peace.

1. 31. touch with a tool the stones, &c. Exodus xx. 25.

1. 33. violate ... ingenuous and noble roughness. A curious reminiscence of a sage in Juvenal. See Sat. iii. 20.

P. 211, 1. 1. guilty of tampering. Absolutely used, in the old and classical sense, not noticed in Johnson="variis remediorum generibus curam morbi tentare.' (Bailey.) So in the pamphlet on the State of the Nation the 'injudicious tampering' of the ministers at one time, is contrasted with their supine negligence at another.

1. 5. not to be wise beyond what was written. Td uit Urèp 8 gérpantai Apovelv. St. Paul, 1 Ep. to Cor. iv. 6. Whether Burke is the author of this elegant mistranslation, which has now become a classical phrase, or whether he adopted it from some English divine, I cannot say. The authorized translation seems to be correct, though Professor Scholefield supports that given by Burke. •That he is resolved not “to be wise beyond what is written" in the legislative record and practice.' App. from New to Old Whigs.

1. 6. form of sound words. Religiously adheres to "the form of sound words." App. from New to Old Whigs. (St. Paul, 2 Tim. i. 13.)

P. 213, 1. 2. Those who have been pleased. Alluding to Grenville. See


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p. 128.

P. 215, l. 17. passions of the misguided people. Public opinion in Eng. land was certainly in favour of American taxation. The extent in which the English people were overwhelmed with taxes, and the difficulty of devising new ones, should not be forgotten.

1. 27. this state = statement, the sense which the word properly bears in the phrase state of the case.'

1. 34. on that solid basis. Cp. p. 152, 'on this solid basis fix your machines.


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P. 220, 1. 8. and to provide for Judges in the same. These words were also, by an amendment which was carried, omitted in the motion.

P. 221, l. 16. Ought I not from hence to presume, &c. Ingeniously brought in to vindicate the middle line taken by the Rockingham administration.

P. 222, l. 3. mistake to imagine, &c. Arnold says of Popery, that men judge it naturally from the tendency of its most offensive principles ; supposing that all men will carry their principles into practice, and ignorant of the checks and palliatives which in actual life neutralise their virulence. On Christian duty of conceding the Roman Catholic Claims. Macaulay more than once refers to this variation between theory and action; once at great length in the Essay on Hallam's Constitutional History. There is a remarkable passage much to the same effect at the close of Jeremy Taylor's second sermon on the • Miracles of the Divine Mercy.'

1. 14. We give and takewe remit some rights, &c. Of one thing I am perfectly clear, that it is not by deciding the suit, but by compromising the difference, that peace can be restored or kept.' Letter to Sheriffs of Bristol.

1. 16. As we must give away, &c. To enter fully into this bold and just analogy refer to vol. ii. p. 70.

1. 21. The purchase paid=purchase-money. So the Spectator, No. 152: •Short labours or dangers are but a cheap purchase of jollity, triumph, victory,' &c. Cp. Europ. Sett. in America, vol. ii. p. 197: ‘Not aiming at a sudden profit, he (Penn) disposed of his land at a very light purchase.' Young's Night Thoughts: ‘Insolvent worlds the purchase cannot pay.'

immediate jewel of his soul. From Burke's favourite play, Othello,
Act iii. Sc. 5. Cp. p. 2, ‘Reputation, the most precious possession of every
individual.' So in Fourth Letter on Regicide Peace, “Our ruin will be disguised
in profit, and the sale of a few wretched baubles will bribe a degenerate
people to barter away the most precious jewel of their souls.'
1. 22. a great house is apt to make slaves haughty.' Juvenal, Sat. v. 66:

“Maxima quaeque domus servis est plena superbis.'
1. 27. But although there are some, &c. Cp. note to p. 51, l. 13.

1. 33. what we are to lose-i. e. what we stand the risk of losing.

P. 223, 1. 3. cords of man. Hosea xi. 4. •To draw them without persecuting the others, by the cords of love into the pale of the Church,' &c. Bolingbroke, Diss. on Parties, Letter ii.

1. 4. Aristotle. Ethics, Book 1. See note, p. 254, ante.

1. 12. which is itself the security, &c. Similarly, on the subject of Jacobinism, Burke points out that the large masses of property are natural ramparts which protect the smaller ones.

1. 31. promoted the union of the whole. Burke lived to see this pleasant state of things reversed, and to approve the abolition of a separate Irish legislature.

P.224, l. 25. Experimentum in corpore vili. This well-known saying seems to have had its origin from an anecdote of Muretus. He was attacked by

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sickness when on a journey, and two physicians, who attended him, supposing him some obscure person, agreed to use a novel remedy, with the remark, «Faciamus periculum in anima vili. Muretus tranquilly asked, "Vilem animam appellas, pro qua Christus non dedignatus est mori?' (Menagiana, 3rd ed. p. 129.)

1. 29. fatal in the end to our Constitution. Burke apprehends that the taxation of the mother country, following such an example, might escape the direct control of Parliament.

P. 225, 1. 8. back door of the Constitution-i.e. through a Select Committee.

P. 227, 1. 21. A Treasury Extent-a writ of Commission for valuing lands to satisfy a Crown debt.

P. 228, 1. 19. full of hazard—“periculosae plenum opus aleae,' Hor. Lib. ii. Carm. I.

P. 229,1, 8. richest mine, &c. Mr. Hallam, comparing the grants of revenue before and after the Revolution, says: “The supplies meted out with niggardly caution by former parliaments to sovereigns whom they could not trust, have flowed with redundant profuseness, when they could judge of their necessity, and direct their application.' Const. Hist. ch. xv.

1. 14. Posita luditur arca. Juvenal i. 90.

1. 15. time of day=of history. Used from the time of Shakspeare in more than one metaphorical sense.

1. 29. stock=capital.

1. 32. voluntary flow of heaped-up luxuriance. “He that will milk his Cattle, must feed them well; and it encourages men to gather and lay up when they have law to hold by what they have.' N. Bacon (Henry VIII). So Lord Brooke, Treatise of Monarchie, sect. x.:

.Rich both in people's treasures and their loves;
What Midas wish, what dreams of Alchimy

Can with these true crown-mines compared be?' Burke's metaphor is borrowed from the wine-press. The 'mustum sponte defluens antequam calcentur uvae' was highly valued by the ancients, and is still prized in some varieties of modern wine. Among the lent parts of this speech, I find you have got many proselytes by so cleverly showing that the way to get most revenue, is to let it come freely from them.' Duke of Richmond to Burke, June 16, 1775.

P. 230, 1. 16. Ease would retract, &c. It should be recant.' Par. Lost, iv. 96. Quoted by Mr. Gladstone from Burke, April 12, 1866.

1. 30. immense, ever-growing, eternal Debt. The debt immense of endless gratitude.' Par. Lost, iv. 53.

1. 32. return in loan ... taken in imposition. See note to p. 103, 1. 23.

P. 231, 1. II. enemies that we are most likely to have. France and Spain, then us

allied ainst England. The interests of France in the West Indies were at this time great and increasing.

l. 15. For that service, for all service, &c. No passage affords a more

many excel


APR 1 1976

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