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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1843, by

EDWARD WINTHROP,
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Ohio.

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TO THE

KT. REV. CHARLES PETIT MILVAINE, D. D.,

BISHOP OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCA, IN THE DIOCESE 01 Ouro,

WHOSE EFFORTS IN DEFENCE OF " THE FAITH OXCE DELIVERED TO

THE SAINTS,” HAVE BEEN CROWNED WITH SIGNAL SUCCESS, BOTH AT

HOME AND ABROAD, THESE LECTURES ARE RESPECTFULLY

DEDICATED, B¥ HIS FRIEND AND FELLOW

LABORER IN THE GOSPEL. OF CHRIST,

EDWARD WINTHROP.

PREFACE.

In compliance with the solicitations of my friends, I have consented to publish my lectures on the Second Advent, recently delivered in St. Paul's Church in this city. Although they have been written from week to week in the midst of incessant parochial toil, they have nevertheless, as to the subject-matter, been very carefully prepared.. They are the result of many anxious days and nights of intense thought and diligent application. I have endeavored to make myself clearly understood, and I hope that a moderate degree of attention will enable the reader to perceive my meaning.

Some of the specific statements may perhaps be found to require modification,* but the general argument will not

*.N. B. Since the delivery and printing of the first lecture on the Second Advent, I have been led by further reflection to modify and enlarge the paragraph on pp. 98, 99, commencing on.p.98 with the words, “ But we must here notice an objection, etc. and ending on p. 99, with the word “individuality.Instead of that paragraph, therefore, the reader will please to subs stitute those which are here appended.

[But we must here notice an objection, which to some minds presents a serious difficulty. Our Savior in speaking of these subjects observed, “Verily I say unto you, this generation shall not pass away, till all be fulfilled." (Luke xxi. 32.) Some are of opinion, that our Lord here meant to say, that all the events predicted in that connexion should have a complete fulfilment during the life-time of the men who were then upon the earth. But this interpretation is evidently incorrect. Some of these events are not even

be thereby affected. THE LEADING DOCTRINES advocated in these lectures, I know, are THE TRUTH OF GOD, and I fear not to subject them to the most rigid investigation. We are evidently near the end of the last days of the

a

yet completely fulfilled, for Jerusalem is STILL trodden under foot by the Gentiles.

Two solutions of this difficulty have been proposed. The one adopted by Mede, Brooks, Begg, Faber, and others, consists in a new translation of the Greek word genea, which in our version is rendered " generation.The same word occurs in the Epistle to the Philippians, the second chapter and fifteenth verse. Our translators have there rendered it by the word “nation;"

crooked and perverse nation,&c. The above-mentioned writers maintain that the word genea, in Luke xxi. 32, and Matt. xxiv. 34, properly signifies, a race of men, and that the true meaning of the passage is this,—that the Jews were to continue as a nation, that is, a distinct race of men, during the fulfilment of these events. Viewed in this light the passage is to be regarded, like many others, as containing a promise of preservation to the Jewish peo. ple, through all these calamities. If this be here the true meaning of the word genea, there seems to be a peculiar propriety in the selection of the language employed. The ordinary word in Greek for nation, is not genea, bat ethnos. Now although in a certain sense the Jews were not to exist as an ethnos, a nation, that is a body politic-for they were to be scattered among all the nations—yet they were to exist in the sense already mentioned, as a genea, a distinct and isolated race of men; and such has been the fact for ages. There is scarcely a foot of ground on the habitable globe, which has not been trodden by the Jews; and yet with some few exceptions, they have not intermingled with the surrounding people, but have everywhere preserved their own individuality.*

The other explanation,--and which on the whole I prefer,--is that given by Mr. Cuninghame. (See the Supplement, pp. 184–192, containing Mr. Cuninghame's exposition of Matt. xxiv. 34.) It had previously been adopted, as Mr. Cuninghame afterwards discovered, by Dr. Cressener in his Demonstration of the Apocalypse. Mr. C. maintains, that the ordinary meaning of genea is not a race of men living in successive ages, for instance a nation existing for hundreds of years, but a race or generation of co vorary or

See a further explanation of this word "generationin Bickersteth's Practical Guide, chap. vii. p. 80. Some think it means, that there will be an infidel and ungodly race of men on the earth, till all these things be done. Others think it means, that that generation which should see the signs mentioned by our Lord should also see his coming:

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