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Mes-o-po-ta'mi-t, country, Asia,, Paph-la-go'ni-c, country, A. M.

between the rivers Euphrates bordering on the Euxine sea. and Tigris.

Paphos, t. Cyprus, at the west Mile'tus, city & s-p. A. M. ; 35 S.end.

Ephesus. It was anciently fa- Par'thi-, country, Asia, E. of mous for its wealth and com- Media. merce.

Pata-ra, s-p. A. M., in Lycia; Mi-le'tum, t. in Crete.

160 SE. Ephesus. Mit-y-le'ne, t. in Lesbos, an island Pat'mos, now Patino or Palmosa.

on the coast of A. M., NW. of small rocky island in the Ægæan Smyrna.

sea; 16 SW. Samos. A grotto My'ra, city, A. M. capital of Ly in a rock, now converted into cia; 40 ÉNE. Patara.

a monastery, called the MonasMys'i-a, country comprehending tery of the Apocalypse, or of the N. W. part of A. M.

St. John, is pointed out as the

spot where that apostle wrote N.

the book of Revelation.

| Perga, now Karahissan, city, Na'in, t. Galilee; 8 SE. Naza- A. M., capital of Pamphylia; reth.

90 S. W. Iconium. Naz'a-reth, t. Galilee ; 50 N. J. Per ga-mus, now Pergamo, city,

It is memorable for having been A. M., in Mysia, on the Caicus; the residence of our Saviour for 50 N. Smyrna. It was once a about 30 years. It contains large city, the capital of a king2,000 or 3,000 inhabitants, and dom, and had a famous library. is frequently visited by pilgrims, It now contains about 5,000 who are conducted to many

inhabitants. places that are reputed holy. Per'si-a, great empire, Asia, east Ne-ap'o-lis, now Cavala, t. Mac.,l of the Tigris. SE. of Philippi.

| Phæ-ni'ce, or Phoe-ni'cia, country Neph'tha-li,or Neph'tha-lim, Land in the north of Pal., on the Med.,

of, district, in the north part of containing the cities of Tyre Galilee.

1 and Sidon. Ni-cop'o-lis, now Prevesa, t. Epi- Phae'nix, or Phe-ni'ce, t. in SW. rus; NW. of Actium.

part of Crete. Nin'e-veh, city and capital of As-Phil-a-del'phi-a, now Allah-Shehr. syria, on the Tigris. In ancient city, A. M., in Lydia, on the times it was one of the largest Hermus; 65 E. Smyrna. It was cities in the world. Some re once a large city; but now conmains of it are now seen on the tains only about 3,000 inbabi. Tigris, opposite to Mosul.

tants. Phi-lip'pi, now Datos, city, Mac.;

70 ENE. Thessalonica. It was

once a large city; now a mean Olives, Mount of, or Olivet, mt./ village.

Jud., to the east of J., from which Phryg'i-a, country, in the cenit was separated by the brook tral part of A. M. Cedron.

Pi-sid'i-a, country, A. M. S. of

Phrygia.
P.

Pon'tus, country, comprehending

the NE. part of A. M., and Pam-phyli-a, country, A. M., bor bordering on the Euxine sea. dering on the Med.

| Ptole-ma'is, now Acre, s-p. Pal.

24 S. Tyre. It is famous for its i Ægæan sea, separated from siege by the Crusaders. It is! A. M. by a narrow strait. now the principal port of Pal., Sg-mo-thra'ce, or Sa-mo-thra'ci-a, and contains about 10,000 in- now Samotraki, small island in habitants.

the north part of the Ægæan Pu-te'o-li, now Pozzuolo, t. Italy; sea. h 6 W. Naples.

Sar'dis, now Sart, city, A. M. Rama, t. Jud., between Bethle-l capital of Lydia, on the Pacto

hem and J.; also another a few lus; 30 ENE. Smyrna. It [ miles N. J.

was once a splendid city, but | Red Sea, or Arabian Gulf, a gulf now a mean village.

about 1400 miles long, dividing Sa-rep'ta, or Sar'e-phath, now Sar

Arabia from the opposite coast fend, city, Phænicia; 8 S. Sidon. 1 of Africa

Sa'ron, or Sha'ron. t. Samaria. to | Rhe'gi-um, now Reggio, s-p. at the north of Lydda, and south

the southern point of Italy, on of Antipatris.
the strait of Messina.

Sel-eu'ci-a, s-p. Syria; 12 W. An Rhodes, island near the SW. tioch.

corner of A. M. celebrated in She'ba, country, bordering on the

ancient history for commerce, Red Sea, supposed by some to ! and for a colossal statue, which correspond to a part of Arabia.

was reckoned one of the seven by others to a part of Abyssinia. wonders of the world.

I Sidon, or Zi'don, now Saida, ! Rome, city, Italy, on the Tiber, S.p. Phænicia; 20 N. Tyre, 55

12 miles from the sea. It was W. Damascus. It was once a
built on 7 hills, was the capital great commercial city, but is
of the Roman empire, the mis- now reduced to a meanly built
tress of the world, and the seat town, yet is the port of Damas-
of arts and arms. It has long cus, and has considerable trade.
been the residence of the Pope, Silo-am, a fountain and tower
and the seat of ecclesiastical near the walls of J.
power. It contains St. Peter's Si'nai, mt. Arabia, in the midst of
church, the most magnificent edi- a desert, between the two north-
fice in the world, and has manylern arms of the Red sea. It
monuments of its ancient gran is composed of red granite, in
deur. Though greatly reduced, which steps have been cut, in
it nevertheless contains about order to facilitate the ascent.
136,000 inhabitants.

Immediately to the west of SiSal'a-mis, t. on the SE. part of nai, is Mount Horeb, which is Cyprus.

a summit of the same range. Sa'lim, t. Samaria ; 40 N. by Silon, or Zion, see J. E. J.

Smyrna, city and s-p. A. M. in loSal-mo ne, a promontory near the nia, 35 N. by W. Ephesus. It was east end of Crete.

anciently large and powerful, Sa-ma'ri-a, the middle division of and is now the most populous Pal., bounded N. by Galilee, E. and commercial city in A. M. by the Jordan, s. by Jud., and Sod'om, one of the cities which W. by the Med.

were destroyed by fire from Sa-ma'ri-a, now Sebaste, the capi heaven, and which stood in the

tal of the kingdom of Israel,l situation now occupied by the
and of the province of Sama- Dead Sea.
ria; 36 N. J.

Spain, a country in the SW. of Syria-cuse, once a rich and popu-| Three Tav'erns, place, Italy, about

lous city, on the SE. part of the 30 S. by E. Rome. island of Sicily.

Thu-a-ti ra, now Akhisar, t Sychar, called also Sichem, and A. M. on the borders of Mysia

Shechem, now Napolose, city, and Lydia; 40 NE. Smyrna. Samaria, between mounts Ebal | Ti-beri-as, now Tabaria, t. Pal. and Gerizim ; 24 N.J. Three capital of Galilee, on the west miles from Sychar was Jacob's | side of the lake of G. or sea of Well, memorable for our Sa Tiberias, 58 N. J. It has long viour's conversation with the been a place of note among the 'woman of Samaria. On mount Jews, and is one of the four holy Gerizim was the temple of the cities of the Talmud, the other Samaritans.

three being Safad, J. and HeSyri-a, country, Asia, extending! bron.

from A. M. and the Med. on the Tra-cho-ni'tis, district in the NE. west, to the Euphrates on the part of Pal. east, and in its most extensive Tro'as, district in the NW. corsense, including Pal.

ner of A. M. Sy-ro-phe-nic'i-a, that part of Tro-gylli-um, t. on the W. coast Phænicia which bordered on of A.M. a little to the SE. of the

island of Samos. Ta'bor, conical mountain, Pal., to | Tyre, now Sur, city and s-p.

the west of the lake of G., sup- Phænicia; 20 S. Sidon. It is a posed to have been the scene of very ancient city, in early ages the transfiguration.

celebrated for commerce. It is Tar'sus, city, A.M. capital of Ci- now a mean fishing town.

licia, 100 NW. Antioch. It Wilder-ness, or Desert of Jud., was anciently large and splen- an extensive desert, extending did, distinguished in the arts from the neighbourhood of Jeriand sciences, but now decayed. cho to the south, along the west Thes-sa-lo-ni'ca, now Saloniki, side of the Dead sea.

city and s-p. Mac., both in an- Zab'r-lon, Tribe of, district Pal., cient and modern times large on the W. side of the lake of G. and commercial. It is situated on a gulf, about 200 N. Athens.

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motion.

The preceding valuable Table constitutes a brief Gazeteer of the New Testament. To compress it into the narrowest possible compass, more abbreviations have been used than the AUTHOR made. It becomes ne cessary, therefore, that the Note of Explanations at the beginning of the Table, should be thoroughly committed to memory or constantly consulted. A vague impression not unfrequently exists, that the places and events mentioned in the Scriptures, have little more connexion with this earth and our race, than the places and beings introduced in tales of Arabian nights about Fairies and Genii. A knowledge of Scripture Geography tends to counteract this evil.

It is desirable that the map now subjoined, should be attentively con sulted to learn the general circumstances, the relative bearings and importance of seas, rivers, mountains, provinces, cities and towns delineated on il

Editor of Reference Testament.

15

Chronological Table.

In a Chronological Table of the Scriptures PERFECT accuracy in dates is not to be expected. The most learned and laborious invéstigations have found, and left difficulties on this subject. No more is here proposed than to name the anthors of the different Books and about the time when they were written, according to the best means of deciding wbich the Compiler possessed.

The Creation and the apostacyl David kills Goliah. A. C. 1063. of man. A. C. 4004.

Samuel dies aged 98 years. 1057. Adam died. 3074.

The two Books of Samuel, the Enoch was translated. 3017. two Books of Kings, and the two

Noah was warned of the deluge. Books of Chronicles were proba2468.

bly compiled by Ezra, from Jewish Methuseleh died and the de- authentic records to which he had luge commenced. 2348.

Jaccess, and must be dated later. Tower of Babel built. 2233. | Book of Psalms principally writAbram was born. 1996. |ten about this time. Isaac was born. 1889.

| Absalom's rebellion and death. Abraham offers Isaac. 1871. (1023.

Esau and Jacob were born. David's advice to Solomon, and 1836.

death. 1014. Joseph was born. 1745.

Solomon commences building Joseph was sold into Egypt. the Temple. 1013. 1724.

finishes and dedicates Joseph's exaltation. 1711. fit; between this date and the next Jacob goes to Egypt. 1706. The writes the Canticles, Proverbs Aaron was born. 1574. and Ecclesiastes. 1003. Moses was born. 1571. | Solomon dies, and Rehoboam Moses goes to Midian. 1531. succeeds him. 975. God appears to him. 1491. Asa dies, and Jehosaphat suc

Israelites pass the Red Sea.ceeds him. 914. 1491.

| Elijah destroys the prophets of Pentateuch written by Moses, Baal, and anoints Elisha. 908. and probably the book of Job. Ahab slain in battle. 897. 1452.

Elijah was translated. 896. Moses's death. 1451.

Elisha dies. 839. Joshua's victories commence. Between the time of the last 1450.

date and the succeeding one Jo. terminate. 1443. nah, Micah, Amos, Hosea, Joel, The Book of Joshua written.sand Nahum prophecy and write 1443.

the Books which bear their names. Government of the Judges com- Isaiah concludes the writing of mences. 1405.

is prophecy. 710. Samuel is judge. 1096.

Revival of Religion in Josiah's Saul anointed king. 1074. Treign. 634.

The Books of Judges and Ruth Zephaniah and Habakuk "prowere probably compiled by Samu- phecy and write the Books bear

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Jeremiah begins to prophecy.'continues a dutiful child till he ar. A. C. 610.

rives to manhood. A. D. 12. Daniel carried to Babylon. 606. John Baptist commences his

Jeremiah concludes his prophe-ministry. 28. cy, and writes his Book of Lamen- Christ is baptized,-is tempted tations about this time. 590. -calls the twelve,-delivers his

Ezekiel writes his prophecy, sermon on the mount,--and per. and Daniel interprets Nebuchad- forms many of his miracles of mer. nezzar's first dream. 588. cy. 31.

Jerusalem taken and destroyed. 'John Baptist beheaded. 32. 586.

Our Lord and Saviour Jesus The golden image set up. 580. Christ is crucified. 34. Babylon taken by Cyrus. 537. The following order appears to

The decree for the Jews to re- be that in which the four Gospels, turn, soon after which Daniel was the Epistles, and the other Books written.

of the New Testament were writ. Darius renews the decree. A-ten. bout this time the prophets Hag- Gospel by Matthew. 42. gai and Zechariah write the Books

Mark. 45. which bear their names. 516. | Paul's first and second Epistles to

Temple rebuilt and dedicated. the Thessalonians were written. 51. 490.

| Paul's first and second Epistles Book of Esther written, proba- to the Corinthians, his Epistles to bly by Ezra, who about this time the Romans and to the Galatians, was sent to govern Judea. 458. and Peter's first general Epistle

Nehemiah appointed governor. were written. 57. 441.

| Paul's Epistles to the PhillipiBook of Ezra written. 435. ans, Ephesians, Colossians, He

The Book of Nehemiah and the brews, and Philemon, and the prophecy of Malachi were written Gospel according to Luke were about this time, and perhaps the written. 61. whole of the Old Testament put Acts of the Apostles were writ. into its present form by Ezra be- ten by Luke. 63. fore his death. 425.

| Paul's first Epistle to Timothy Annunciation of the Son of God and his Epistle to Titus, with the to the Virgin Mary ; John the Epistle of James were written. 66. Baptist born, and the Temple of Paul's second Epistle to TimoJanus shut. 1.

thy and the second general Epistle Our Lord and Saviour Jesus of Peter were written. 69. Christ was born and circumcised Jude wrote his Epistle. 75. under the law. A. D. 1.

Revelation of John was written The infant Saviour returns from in the Isle of Patmos. 87. Egypt. 2.

John writes his Gospel and his He confutes the Doctors and three Epistles about this time. 99.

Table of References. The principal object of this Table is to direct the student of the New Testament to passages where Prophecies are either recorded or their accomplishment narrated.

MATTHEW 2: 5 Mic. 5 : 2 1 : 23 Jud. 13:5 Ch. V. Ref. : 15 Hos. 9:1

Sam. 1.11 1:23 Isa. 7:14 1 :17 Jer. 31 : 15 | 3: 3 Isa. 40 : 3

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