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Por. I remember him well; and I remember him worthy of thy praise.-How now! what news?
Enter a Servant.
Ser. The four strangers seek for you, madam, to take their leave and there is a fore-runner come from a fifth, the prince of Morocco; who brings word, the prince, his master, will be here to-night.
Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I should be glad of his approach: if he have the condition of a saint, and the complexion of a devil, I had rather he should shrive me than wive me. Come, Nerissa.—Sirrah, go before. -Whiles we shut the gate upon one wooer, another knocks at the door.. [Exeunt.
Venice. A public Place. Enter BASSANIO and SHYLOCK.
Shy. Three thousand ducats,—well.
Shy. For three months,-well.
Bas. For the which, as I told you, Antonio shall be bound. Shy. Antonio shall become bound,-well.
Bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me? Shall I know your answer?
Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, and Antonio bound?
Bass. Your answer to that.
Shy. Antonio is a good man.
Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the contrary? Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in saying he is a good man, is to have you understand me, that he is sufficient: yet his means are in supposition : he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, another to the Indies; I understand moreover upon the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for England,and other ventures he hath, squander'd abroad: But ships are but boards, sailors but men there be land-rats, and water-rats, waterthieves, and land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there is the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man is, notwithstanding, sufficient ;-three thousand ducats; -I think, I may take his bond.
Bass. Be assured you may.
3* VOL. II.
Shy. I will be assured, I may; and, that I may be assured, I will bethink me: May I speak with Antonio ?
Bass. If it please you to dine with us.
Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitation which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the devil into :4 I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following; but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you. What news on the Rialto?-Who is he comes here?
Bass. This is signior Antonio.
Shy. [Aside.] How like a fawning publican he looks I hate him for he is a christian :
But more, for that, in low simplicity,
He lends out money gratis, and brings down
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
Bass. Shylock, do you hear?
Shy. I am debating of my present store; And, by the near guess of my memory,
I cannot instantly raise up the gross
Of full three thousand ducats: What of that?
Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe,
Will furnish me: But soft; How many months
Do you desire?-Rest you fair, good signior; [To ANT Your worship was the last man in our mouths.
Ant. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borrow,
By taking, nor by giving of excess,
Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,
I'll break a custom-Is he yet possess'd,
 Perhaps there is no character through all Shakspeare, drawn with more spirit, and just discrimination, than Shylock's. His language, allusions, and ideas, are every where so appropriate to a Jew, that Shylock might be exhibited for an exemplar of that peculiar people. HENLEY.  This, Dr. Johnson observes, is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers; and (he might have added) is an allusion to the angel's thus laying hold of Jacob when he wrestled with him. See Gen. xxxii 24. HENLEY.  Ripe wants are wants come to the height, wants that can have no other delay. Perhaps we might read-rife wants, wants that come thick upon him. JOHNSON.
How much you would?
Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.
Ant. And for three months.
Shy. I had forgot,-three months, you told me so. Well then, your bond; and, let me see,-But hear you ; Methought, you said, you neither lend, nor borrow, Upon advantage.
Ant. I do never use it.
Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's sheep, This Jacob from our holy Abraham was
(As his wise mother wrought in his behalf) The third possessor; ay, he was the third.
Ant. And what of him? did he take interest? Shy. No, not take interest; not, as you would say, Directly interest: mark what Jacob did.
When Laban and himself were compromis'd,
That all the eanlings which were streak'd and pied,
He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ;
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's.
And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not.
Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd for ; A thing not in his power to bring to pass,
But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heaven.
Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams?
But note me, signior.
Ant. Mark you this, Bassanio,
The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.7
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;
A goodly apple rotten at the heart;
O, what a goodly outside falsehood hath!
Shy. Three thousand ducats,-'tis a good round sum. Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate.  See St. Matthew, iv. 6. HENLEY.
Ant. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you?
And all for use of that which is mine own.
A cur can lend three thousand ducats ?
Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last;
Ant. I am as like to call thee so again,
To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.
As to thy friends; (for when did friendship take
Who if he break, thou may'st with better face
Shy. Why, look you, how you storm!
I would be friends with you, and have your love,
 Usance, in our author's time, I believe, signified interest of money. It has been once before used in this play in that sense. MALONE.
 A breed, i.e. interest money bred from the principal. By the epithet barren, the author would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this; that money is a barren thing, and cannot, like corn and cattle, multiply itself. And to set off the absurdity of this kind of usury, he put breed and barren in opposition. WARBURTON.
Dr. Warburton very truly interprets this passage. Old Meres says, "Usurie and encrease by gold and silver is unlawful, because against nature; nature hath made them sterill and barren, usurie makes them procreative. FARMER.
Supply your present wants, and take no doit
Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me :
Ant. This were kindness.
Shy. This kindness will I show :-
In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
Ant. Content, in faith; I'll seal to such a bond,
Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, I'll rather dwell in my necessity.
Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it: Within these two months, that's a month before This bond expires, I do expect return
Of thrice three times the value of this bond.
Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians are ;
A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man,
I will be with you.
Ant. Hie thee, gentle Jew.
This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows kind.