Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves, and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia

Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1999 - 231 Seiten
In this provocative reinterpretation of one of the best-known events in American history, Woody Holton shows that when Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and other elite Virginians joined their peers from other colonies in declaring independence from Britain, they acted partly in response to grassroots rebellions against their own rule.

The Virginia gentry's efforts to shape London's imperial policy were thwarted by British merchants and by a coalition of Indian nations. In 1774, elite Virginians suspended trade with Britain in order to pressure Parliament and, at the same time, to save restive Virginia debtors from a terrible recession. The boycott and the growing imperial conflict led to rebellions by enslaved Virginians, Indians, and tobacco farmers. By the spring of 1776 the gentry believed the only way to regain control of the common people was to take Virginia out of the British Empire.

Forced Founders uses the new social history to shed light on a classic political question: why did the owners of vast plantations, viewed by many of their contemporaries as aristocrats, start a revolution? As Holton's fast-paced narrative unfolds, the old story of patriot versus loyalist becomes decidedly more complex.

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LibraryThing Review

Nutzerbericht  - DarthDeverell - LibraryThing

In Forced Founders, Woody Holton argues “that the Independence movement was…powerfully influenced by British merchants and by three groups that today would be called grassroots: Indians, farmers, and ... Vollständige Rezension lesen

LibraryThing Review

Nutzerbericht  - rsubber - LibraryThing

Holton offers a backstory to the drive by Virginia's elite political leaders to support rebellion against England and the Declaration of Independence. He argues that Indians, slaves, merchants and ... Vollständige Rezension lesen


Land Speculators versus Indians and the Privy Council
Tobacco Growers versus Merchants and Parliament
BOYCOTTs 17691774

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Über den Autor (1999)

Woody Holton is assistant professor of American history at the University of Richmond.

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