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Parliamentary History.

15 GEORGE THE THIRD, A. D. 1774.



liament met at Westminster. His Majesty

being seated on the throne, adorned with OF THE

his crown and regal ornaments, and atFOURTEENTH PARLIAMENT

tended by his officers of state, (the Lords being in their robes), commanded the

Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to let GREAT BRITAIN.

the Commons know, “ It is his Majesty's “ pleasure that they attend him immedi

“ ately in this House :" Meeting of the New Parliament.*] Who being come, the Lord Chancellor Nov. 29, 1774. This day the New Par- said :

* “ Whilst matters of the greatest magni- themselves, that as things had appeared so tode were transacting in America, an unex- very frequently at the verge of a rupture, withampled supinevess with regard to public af- out actually arriving at it, that now, as forfairs, prevailed among the great body of the merly, some means would be found for accompeople at home. The English nation, which modating this dispute. At worst it was conused to feel so tremblingly alive, upon every ceived, that the Americans would themselves contest that arose between the remotest powers grow tired. And as an opinion was circulated in Europe, and to ioterest itself so much in the with some industry and success, that a counteissue, as scarcely to be witb-belu from be- nance of resolution, if persevered in for some cording a party wherever justice or friendship. time, would certainly put an end to the contest, pointed out the way, by a strange reverse of which (it was said) had been nourished wholly temper, seemed, at this time, inuch more in. by former concessions, people were in general different to matters, in which were involved inclined to leave the trial of the effects of perits own immediate and dearest interests. Even severance and resolution, to a ministry who the great commercial and manufacturing bo valued themselves on those qualities. The dies, who must be the first to feel, and the last court had also with great tenaciousness adto lament any sinister events in the colonies, hered to this system for some years. It freand who are generally remarkable for a quick quently got the better, not only of the regular foresight and provident sagacity in whatever opposition, but of parties in the ministry itregards their interest, seemed now to be sunk in self, wbo were from time to time ioclined to the same carelessness and inattention with the relax either from fear, weariness, or change of rest of the people.

opinion. All these things had hitherto indis"Several causes concurred to produce this posed the body of the nation from taking part apparent indifference. The colony contests in the sanguine manner they had hitherto done were no longer pew. Fr the year 1765, on other subjects, and formerly on ibis. they had, with but few, and those short inter- “ From these causes, administration being missions, engaged the attention of parliament totally disengaged at home, was at full leisure Most of the topics on the subject were ex- to prosecute the measures which it had designed bausted, and the vehement passions wbich ac- against America, or to adopt such new ones, as companied them had subsided. The non-im- the opposition there rendered necessary toportation agreement, (by divisions witbio the wards carrying the new laws into execution. colonies, which, if not caused, were much for. The times indeed were biglily favourable to Warded by the concessions with regard to se- any purpose, which only required the concurFeral of the taxes laid in 1767) had broken up, rence of that parliament, and the acquiescence before it bad produced any serious conse- of the people. quences. Most people therefore flattered “ Notwithstanding these favourable circum[VOL. XVIII.)


“ My Lords, and Gentlemen ; is his Majesty's pleasure, that you, gen“ His Majesty has been pleased to com- tlemen of the House of Commons, do immand me to acquaint you, that he will de mediately repair to the place where the fer declaring the causes of calling this Commons usually sit, and there chuse a parliament till there shall be a Speaker of fit person to be your Speaker ; and that the House of Commons; and therefore, it you present such person, who shall be so

stances on the one side, and that general indif- only to demand a large sum of money for the ference which prevailed on the other, it was discharge of the standing debt, but also that a not totally forgotten by either, that the time requisition would be made, for such a considefor a General Election was approaching, and rable and certain yearly addition to the civil that the parliament had but one session more list revenues, as would prevent all such mortito complete its allotted term. In some few fying applications for the future. places, where the popular spirit ran high, tests “Though no doubt could be entertained of were already proposed to be signed by their the good will and compliance of the then parfuture candidates, previous to their receiving liament, it was, perhaps, not thought prudent, any assurance, or promise of support from the to load ihem with so disagreeable a task, at the electors. At a meeting of the freeholders of eve of a general election. Recent experience the county of Middlesex, a test was proposed had shewn, that this was a subject wbich would to Mr. Wilkes and serjeant Glyvne, and hy excite much general discussion; and that how. them signed, in which they engaged their ut- ever a majority might, for their zeal to the ease most endeavours to promote Bills for shortening of their sovereign, overlook all the difficulties the duration of parliaments, for the exclusion that could be raised within doors, such a settleof placemen and pensioners from the House of ment, attended with the payment of a great Commons; for a more fair and equal represen- present balance, and loaded with an entailed tation of the people; for vindicating the injured irredeemable future incumbrance, would not at rights of the freeholders of that county, and all be satisfactory without. People are apt to through thein of all the electors in the kingdon; be out of humour at the parting with their for procuring a repeal of the four late Ame- money, and an application for future trust and rican Acts, viz. That for the province of Que- favour, in such a temper, would seem, at least, bec, and the three wbich affected the town of ill-timed. On the other hand, such a measure Boston, and the province of Massachuset's would be nothing in the hands of a new parliaBay; besides binding themselves, so far as in ment, and would be worn out of memory, or them lay, to restore and defend that excellent become only an historical reference, at the time form of government, wbich had been modelled of their natural demise. The sinister events and established at the Revolution.

wbich have since taken place have, however, Tests, upon much the same principles, hitherto prevented the making of any requisiwere proposed in London and some other tion of this nature. places; and it is still the opinion of some of “ Another motive may, perhaps, be supihose, who were sanguine in that mode of pro- posed, for the measure of dissolution. That ceeding, that the apprehension of its becoming parliament had already passed the most hostile general, influenced the subsequent conduct of laws against America ; and as they could not, administration to the dissolution of parliament. with so good a grace, l'escind their own acts, This opinion, however, seems ill-founded. the minister was, in some degree, tied down tu There was no reason then to expect, nor is å perseverance in the support of those meathere now to imagine, that the mode of sub- sures on which they were founded ; whereas, scribing to tests would have become general, in a new House of Commons, he would be or even extensive. The influence of adminis- somewhat at large in chusing or altering his tration, in a great number of the boroughs, and line of conduct, as circumstances varied, and in many of the counties, is at all times too well they, if necessary, might throw all the odium known to be called in question ; and the prio- of those laws upon their predecessors. cipal and most celebrated leaders in opposition It may also be supposed, that as the issue totally disclaimed all tests thatever, as unwor- of the American measures became every day thy of themselves, derogatory of their charac- more precarious, it was thought a right mea. ter as senators, and restrictive of their rights as sure to have the elections over, before any un

fortunate event could change the temper, or “ Other more probable causes must be irritate the minds of the people. If this should sought, for the measure of dissolving the para coincide with the time of a general election, Jiament. The civil list was again become there was no doubt but the opposition must deeply in debt, and the distresses of the lower carry every thing before it. This, in all likepart of the houshold, from the withholding of lihood, was the strongest and most prevalent ibeir wages, were become so notorious, and so motive to this resolution, though the others much spoken of, that it seemed disgraceful to might have had their share. And it may be the nation, as well as grievous to the sovereign. safely concluded, that a saving to the friends It was therefore thought, and probably rightly, of government, by curtailing the time for conibat it was intended, in the ensuing session, not test and expence, particularly in the counties,


chosen, to his Majesty here for his royal

A LIST OF THE House of COMMONS approbation to-morrow, at two of the clock.”

IN THE FOURTEENTH PARLIAMENT Then his Majesty was pleased to retire : of Great BRITAIN, which mer and the Commons withdrew.

AT WESTMINSTER, Nov. 29, 1774.

List of the House of Commons.] The BEDFORDSHIRE. John earl of Upper Ossory.-. following is a List of the Members of the Robert Henley Ougley ; created lord House of Commons:

Ongley in Ireland, September 2, 1776.

Bedford. Sir William Wake.-- Robert was not at all overlooked upon this occasion. Sparrow; not duly elected. --Samuel Indeed, the opposition complained that they Whitbread; duly elected, and ought to did not receive fair play; that some places were

have been returned. last by surprize; and, they said, that those in the secret had infinite advantages, by setting

BERKSHIRE. Christopher Griffith; died, and ogt betimes for the scene of action, and taking

the Speaker issued his warrant to the

clerk of the crown for a new writ, Jathe necessary measures to strengthen their interest, before even a suspicion of the design

nuary 14, 1776.--Win. Henry Hartley, was formed on the other side.

--John Elwes. " However it was, very unexpectedly, and Windsor. Augustus Keppel.--John Monmuch to the surprize of the nation in general, tagu. (as it had not been a measure much practised Reading. Francis Annesley.-----Jobo of late years, no similar instance having oc- Dodd. corred since the year 1746, and even that

Wallingford. Sir Robert Barker; bribeing an unique in the long reign of Geo. 2,)

gadier general in the East India Coma proclamation was issued, on the oth of Sep

pany's service --Jobo Cator. tember, for the dissolution of the parliament, and the calling of a new one, the writs for

Abingdon. John Mayor ; the committee which were made returpable on the 29th day

that tried this election found it a void of the following November. Notwithstanding

election; and a new writ ordered, the surprize, and shortness of the time, some

March 6, 1775.--John Mayor. of the elections were contested with extraor- BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. Ralph earl Verney:--dinary perseverance and ardour. " In London, the popular party carried every

George Grenville; a teller of the Ex

chequer, and nephew and heir to earl thing before them, and returned all the mem

Temple, to whose title and estate he bers. Mr. Wilkes was again elected to represent the county of Middlesex, without a shadow

succeeded, and the Speaker issued his

warrant to the clerk of the crown for a of opposition from the court, and lord mayor of

new writ, October 9, 1779..-Thomas that city for the ensuing year; and there was Grenville; an ensign in the foot guards, no doubt that the court party, grown somewhat and brother to earl Temple. wiser by long and bitter experience, would no longer controvert his seat. The dispute, con

Buckingham. James Grenville, jun.-cerning that single seat, bad produced to them

Richard Grenville; has a company in more troubles, vexation, and disgraces, than

the foot guards. the contest with the twelve united colonies of Chipping Wycombe. Thomas FitzmauAmerica. It would have been an imprudence, rice; brother to the earl of Shelburne, of the grossest kind, to mix these disputes in -- Robert Waller. the present crisis; and thus, after year 14 years Aylesbury. Anthony Bacon.--John Austruggle

, it was thought the best way to leave brey; eldest son of sir Thomas Aubrey, him master of the field.

bart. " It was sajd, by some of those who are curious in attending to such observations, that

Agmondesham, William Drake, sen.--

William Drake, jun. notwithstanding the surprize, and the shortness of the time, a greater number of the old mem

Wendover. Joseph Bullock; made stew. bers were thrown out than was common at

ard of the manor of East Hendred in general elections. However the fact might be, the county of Berks; a new writ orthose who were the best acquainted with men

dered, 1775.-- Thomas Dummer.--John and things, did not avgur any change of system

Adams; made his election for the bofrom this circumstance. The court, notwith

rough of Caermarthen ; a new writ standing all the ill success of all the measures

ordered, December 20, 1774.--Henry from which the best success was so confidently

Drummond; a banker in Westminster, expected, seemed firmly resolved to persevere Great Marlow. William Clayton.--Jobu in the same course. It is said, that private ad- Borlace Warren ; created a baronet, rices from America encouraged them to set a May 20, 1775; made a master and light value on the public appearances.” Annual commander, and afterwards a post cap

tain in the royal pavy.


CAMBRIDGESHIRE. Sir Sampson Gideon.--Sir died, a new writ ordered, November 18, John Hinde Cotton.

1774.--Sir Charles Whitworth ; lieuUniv. of Cambridge. Charles marquis of tenant-governor of Tilbury Fort; chair

Granby; grandson and beir to the duke man of the committees of ways and of Rutland; on whose death he became means, and treasurer of the Foundling duke of Rutland; a new writ ordered, hospital; in this parliament before for May 1779.-- James Mansfield; appoint- Easilone; died, and the Speaker issued ed solicitor-general to his majesty on

bis warrant to the clerk of the crown the dissolution of this 14th parliament.

for a new writ, September 22, 1778.--- Richard Croftes.

Henry Strachey ; storekeeper of the Town of Cambridge. Soame Jenyns.-

ordnance; in this parliament before for

Bishop's Castle; made steward of the C. Sloan Cadogan; succeeded his fa

three Chillern Hundreds in the county ther as lord Cadogan; a vew writ ordered, November 1, 1776.-- Benjamin

of Buckinghamshire; a new writ or Keene; son of the bishop of Ely.

dered, July 1780, he was chosen for

Bishop's Castle.-- Paul Fielding. CAESHIRE. John Crewe.--Samuel Egerton; Camelford. Jobn Amyand; a merchant

died, a new writ ordered, February 14, in London ; brother to sir George Amy1780.--Sir R. Salusbury Cotton.

and, bart.; died June 5, 1780; no new Chester. Thomas Grosvenor.-- R. Wil.

writ was issued.-- Francis Herne; died, braham Bootle.

and the Speaker issued bis warrant to

the clerk of the crown, October 1776.-CORNWALL. Sir William Lemon..-Sir John Sir Ralph Paype; made one of the

Molesworth ; died, a new writ ordered, clerks comptrollers of the board of October 1775.---Edward Eliot ; re- green cloth; a new writ ordered, June ceiver-general of the duchy of Corn

5, 1777, be was re-chosen. wall; in this parliament before for St. Westlooe. William James ; a director of Germain's.

the East India Company, and an elder Launceston. John Buller.--H. Morrice.

brother of the Trinity house; created a Leskard. Edward Gibbon; author of the

baronet of Great Britain, July 25, 1778. celebrated History of the “ Decline and

--Charles Ogilvie ; made steward of Fall of the Roman empire;” made a

the three Chiltern Hundreds in the commissioner of trade and plantations ;

county of Buckingham; a new writ a new writ ordered, June 3, 1779, he

ordered, 1775.-- John Rogers. was re-elected.--Samuel Salt.

Grampound. Sir J. Yorke; brother to Lestwithiel. Arthur lord viscount Fair.

the earl of Hardwicke; ambassador ex. ford; only son to the earl of Hillsbo

traordinary and plenipotentiary to the rough.--Charles Brett; made steward States General; colonel of a regiment of the tbree Chiltern Hundreds in the of dragoons; a lieutenant-general; a county of Buckingham, a new writ or. knight of the bath, and a member of dered, 1776; he was afterwards the most honourable privy council.-in this parliament for Sandwich.--Tho.

Richard Ald. Neville. mas Potter; appointed one of the Welsh Eastlooe. John Buller....-Sir Charles judges; a new writ ordered, Jupe 2, Wbitworth ; made steward of the three 1778, be was re-elected.

Chiltern Hundreds in the county of Truro. Bamber Gascoyne; a commis

Buckingbam ; a new writ ordered, sioner of trade and plantations; made

1774, he was chosen for Saltasb... Thoe commissioner of ihe admiralty ; a

mas Graves; a captain in the navy ; new writ issued, June 3, 1779, he was

made steward of the three Chiltern re-elected. -- George Boscawen; son to

Hundreds; a new writ ordered, lieutenant-general George Boscawen,

1775 ; created Jord Graves.--.-Wil. and a captain in the horse guards.

liam Graves ; a master in chancery ;

brother to Thomas Graves, esq. Bodmyn. James Laroche; created a ba

ronet of Great Britain, August 24, 1776. Penryn. Sir George Osborne; bas a --George Hunt.

company in the foot guards, and groom Helston. (D. R.) Francis marq.of Carmar

of the bedchamber to the king.--Wilthen; son of the duke of Leeds, not duly

liam Chaytor. elected.---- Francis Owen; not duly Tregony. George Lane Parker ; brother elected.-.F. Cockayne Cust; uncle to to the earl of Macclesfield, and colonel sir Brownlow Cust, bart. counsel to the of a regiment of foot, and a major-geadmiralty and navy, and one of his peral.--- Alexander Leith ; created majesty's counsellors at law; duly baronet, November 11, 1775.

elected.-- Philip Yorke; duly elected. Bossiney. John lord viscount MountSaltash. Grey Cooper; joint secretary stuart ; lord lieutenant of Glamorgan

to the treasury.--Thomas Bradshaw ; sbire, and one of the auditors of the


imprest in reversion ; created barop Clare ; of Ireland; one of the vice-
Cardiff of Cardiff-castle, in the county treasurers of Ireland; created earl Na-
of Glamorgan; a new writ ordered, gent in Ireland, July 2, 1776.--Hugh
May 1776.---Charles Stuart; fourth Boscawen.
son to the earl of Bute; a lieutenant-

Callington. John D. Ackland; eldest colonel of a regiment of foot.--Henry son to sir Thomas D. Ackland, bart. ; a L. Luttrell; eldest son to lord Irnbam

major in the army ; died, a new writ of Ireland; lieutenant-colonel of horse,

ordered, November 26, 1778.--George and adjutant-general to the land forces

Stratton; bis election declared void by in Ireland.

the committee, and a new writ ordered, St. Ives. William Praed; found not duly

February 1779.--. George Stratton.--elected; a new writ ordered, May 8,

William Skryne. 1775.--Sir Thomas Wyon; lord lieu

CUMBERLAND. Sir James Lowther.---Henry tepant of Carparvonshire ; auditor of

the revenue of Wales ; created lord
Newborough of Ireland, July 27, 1776.

Carlisle. Fletcher Norton; third son to
--Adam Drummond; made steward of

sir Fletcher Norton, kot.; a counsellor the three Chiltern Hundreds in the

at law; made steward of the mayor of county of Buckingham; a new writ

East Hendred in Berkshire ; a new ordered, December 1778: in this par

writ ordered, February 1775.--Walter liament afterwards for Aberdeen, Mon.

Stanbope; took the name of Spencer trose, &c.--Philip Debany.

this parliament.-- Anthony Storer. Foxey. Philip Rashleigh.---Molineux

Cockermouth. Fletcher Norton; made Shuldham; a captain in the pavy;

his election for Carlisle.--Ralph Gowmade governor and commander in chief

land.---George Jobastone; made his of Newfoundland in 1772; made rear

election for Appulby; a new writ oradmiral of the squadron of his majesty's

dered, December 4, 1774.----James fleet in March 1775; made commander

Adair ; a serjeant at law. io chief of his majesty's fleet in North Derbyshire. Lord George Cavendish.--God. America ; created lord baron Shuldham

frey Bagoal Clarke; died, and the of Ireland, July 31, 1776.

Speaker issued bis warrant to the clerk
St. Germains. Benjamin L'Anglois ; of crown for a new writ, November

made storekeeper of the ordnance; a 1774.--Nathaniel Curzon ; eldest son
new writ ordered, June 5, 1778, he was of lord Scarsdale.
re-chosen ; appointed under secretary Derby. Lord Fred. Cavendish.--Wen-
to lord viscount Stormont, one of his

man Coke; made his election for the majesty's principal secretaries of state.

county of Norfolk; a new writ ordered, --Édward" Eliot ; receiver-general to December 1774.--Jobn Gisborne; not the duchy of Cornwall, and a commis

duly elected.--Daniel Parker Coke ; sioner of trade and plantations ; made

duly elected, and ought to have been steward of the three Chiltern Hundreds

returned. in the county of Bucks ; a new writ ordered, November 1775; he was DEVONSHIRE. John Parker.----Sir R. W. chosen for the county of Cornwall... Bampfylde ; died, and the Speaker John Pownal; secretary to the board of issued his warrant for a new wril to the trade and plantations ; made a commis- elerk of the crown, August 1776.--John sioner of excise; a new writ ordered, Rolle Walter ; in this parliament beMay 28, 1776...John Peachy; son of fore for Exeter; died, a new writ or. sir James Peachy, bart.

dered, December 6, 1779.--Jobo Rolle. St. Michael's. James Scawen; made bis Exeter. Charles W. Bampfylde; eldest

election for the county of Surrey ; a son of sir Richard Warwick Bampfylde, new writ ordered, December 20, 1774.

bart. to whose title he succeeded in --Thomas Howard ; a barrister at law, 1776.----John Rolle Walter ; made and uncle to the earl of Suffolk ; suc

steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, a ceeded his grand-nephew as earl of new writ ordered, October 1, 1776..Suffolk and Berkshire; the Speaker John Baring issued bis warrant for a new writ to the

Totness. James Amyatt. --- Sir P. Jenn. clerk of the crown, September 13, 1779. Clarke; created a baronet, October 26, .. Francis Hale.--Jobo Stephenson.

1774. Newport. H. Morrice; made his elec

Plymouth. Will. W. viscount Barringtion for Launceston ; a new writ or

ton; made steward of the three Chiltern dered, December 21, 1774.--John Fre

Hundreds in the county of Bucks; a derick ; son of sir John Frederick, bart. new writ ordered, January 1778.--George -- Richard Bull.

viscount Lewisham; eldest son to the St. Mawes. R. Craggs, lord viscount earl of Dartmouth...Sir Charles Har

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