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dern times for a bridge of boats five miles in
length, over the river Drave, and the adjacent
morasses”, has been always confidered as a place
of importance in the wars of Hungary. Mag-
nentius dire&ting his march towards Mursa, set
fire to the gates, and, by a sudden assault, had
almost scaled the walls of the town. The vigi-
lance of the garrison extinguished the flames; the
approach of Constantius left him no time to con-
tinue the operations of the fiege; and the em-
peror soon removed the only obstacle that could
embarrass his motions, by forcing a body of troops
which had taken post in an adjoining amphi-
theatre. The field of battle round Mursa was a
naked and level plain : on this ground the army
of Constantius formed, with the Drave on their
right; while their left, either from the nature of

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cavalry, extended far beyond the right flank of
Magnentius”. The troops on both sides re-
mained under arms in anxious expectation during
the greatest part of the morning; and the son of
Constantine, after animating his soldiers by an
eloquent speech, retired into a church at some

distance from the field of battle, and committed .

s2. This remarkable bridge, which is flanked with towers, and supported on large wooden piles, was constroëted, A. D. , 566, by

Sultan Soliman, to faciliate the march of his armies into Hungary. '

See Browne's Travels, and Busching’s System of Geography, vol. ii. P- 9 o3. This position, and the subsequent evolutions, are clearly, zi, ough concisely, described by Julian, Orat. i. p. 36. 7 to

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to his generals the conduct of this decifive day”. They deserved his confidence by the valour and military skill which they exerted. They wisely began the ačtion upon the left; and advancing their whole wing of cavalry in an oblique line, they suddenly wheeled it on the right flank of the enemy, which was unprepared to resist the impetuofity of their charge. But the Romans of the West soon rallied, by the habits of discipline; and the Barbarians of Germany supported the renown of their national bravery. The engage

ment soon became general; was maintained with

various and fingular turns of fortune; and scarcely ended with the darkness of the night. The fignal vićtory which Constantius obtained is attri

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and completed the disorder. In the mean while, the huge bodies of the Germans were exposed al

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** Julian, Orat. i. p. 36, 37 ; and Orat. ii. p. 59, 60. Zonaras. tom. ii. 1. xiii. p. 17. Zosimus, i. ii. p. 130–133. The last of these celebrates the dexterity of the archer Menelaus, who could discharge three arrows at the same time; on advantage which, according to his apprehension of military aft irs, materially contributed to the vićtory of Constantius. - - - - - 8° According to Zonaras, Constantius, out of 80,000 men, lost 30,200 ; and Magnentivs lost 24,000 out of 36, coo. The other articles of this account seem probable and authentic, but the numbers of the tyrant’s army must have been mistaken, either by the author or his transcribers. Magnentius had colle&ed the whole force of the West, Roisians and Barbariars, into one formidable body, which cannot failiy be estimated at leis than 1 oo,ooo men. Julian. Orat. i. p. 34, 35. 87 Ingentes R. I. vires ea dinicatione consumptae sunt, ad quaeIibet bella externa idoneae, quae multurn triumphorum possent securitatisque conferre. Eutropius, x. 13. The younger Viètor expresses himself to the same effect, - -

Vol. III. - M and

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** Julian. Orat. i. p. 38, 39. In that place, however, as well as in Oration ii. p. 97. he infinuates the general disposition of the se– nate, the people, and the soldiers of Italy, towards the party of the emperor. -

Arming Arming a desperate troop of slaves and gladiators, he overpowered the feeble guard of the domestic tranquillity of Rome, received the homage of the senate, and assuming the title of Augustus, precariously reigned during a tumult of twenty-eight days. The march of some regular forces put an end to his ambitious hopes: the rebellion was extinguished in the blood of Nepotian, of his mother Eutropia, and of his adherents; and the proscription was extended to all who had contračted a fatal alliance with the name and family of Constantine *. But as soon as Constantius, after the battle of Mursa, became master of the sea-coast of Dalmatia, a band of noble exiles, who had ventured to equip a fleet in some harbour of the Hadriatic, sought protection and revenge in his victorious camp. By their secret intelligence with

their countrymen, Rome and the Italian cities

were persuaded to display the banners of Constantius on their walls. The grateful veterans, enriched by the liberality of the father, signalized their gratitude and loyalty to the son. The cavalry, the legions, and the auxiliaries of Italy, renewed their oath of allegiance to Constantius; and the usurper, alarmed by the general desertion, was compelled, with the remains of his faithful troops, to retire beyond the Alps into the

oo The elder Vićtor describes in a pathetic manner the miferable condition of Rome : “Cujus stolidum ingenium adeo P. R. patribusque exitio fuit, uti passim domus, fora, viae, templaque, cruore, cadaveribushue opplerentur bustorum modo.” Athanasius (tom. i. p. 677.) deplores the fate of several illustrious vićlims, and Julian (Orat. ii. p. 58.) execrates the cruelty of Marcellinus, the impia

sable enemy of the house of Constantine. M 2 provinces

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