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immediately banished by the emperor, who affected to execute the decrees of the Catholic church. Among those prelates who led the honourable band of confessors and exiles, Liberius of Rome, Osius of Cordova, Paulanus of Treves, Dionyfius of Milan, Eusebius of Vercellae, Lucifer of Cagliari, and Hilary of Poitiers, may deserve to be particularly distinguished. The eminent station of Liberius, who governed the capital of the empire; the personal merit and long experience of the venerable Osius, who was revered as the favourite of the great Constantine, and the father of the Nicene faith; placed those prelates at the head of the Latin church : and their example, either of submission or refistance, would probably be imitated by the episcopal crowd. But the repeated attempts of the emperor, to seduce or to intimidate the bishops of Rome and Cordova, were for some time ineffectual. The Spaniard declared himself ready to suffer under Constantius, as he had suffered threescore years before under his grandfather Maximian. The Roman, in the presence of his sovereign, asserted the innocence of Athanasius, and his own freedom. When he was banished to Beraea in Thrace, he sent back a large sum which had been offered for the accommodation of his journey; and insulted the court of Milan by the haughty remark, that the emperor and his eunuchs might want that gold to pay their soldiers and their bishops *. The

12.8 The exile of Liberius is mentioned by Ammianus, xv. 7. See Theodoret, l. ii, c. 16. Athanas, tom. i. p. 834–837. Hilar, Frag

ment. i.

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Exiles.

129 The life of Csus is colle&led by Tillemont (tom. vii. p. 524– * 6 s.), who in the most extravagant terms first admires, and then reprobates, the bishop of Cordova. In the midst of their lamentations on his fall, the prudense of Athanasius may be distinguished Irvin the blind and intemperate

zeal of Hilary.
#30 The confessors of the West were successively banished to the
deserts of Arabia or Thebais, the lonely places of Mount Taurus,
the wildest parts of Phrygia, which were in the possession of the im.
pious Montanists, &c. When the heretic Ætius was too favourably
entertained at McPłucslia in Cilicia, the place of his exile was
changed,

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133 Ample materials for the history of this third persecution cf Athanasius may be found in his own works. See particularly his very able apology to Constantius (tom. i. p. 673.), his first Apology for his flight (p. 701), his prelix episile to the Solitaries (p. 80S.), and the original Protest of the People of Alexandria against the violences committed by Syrianus (p. 865.). Sczomen (l. iv. c. 9) has thrown into the narrative two or three luminous and important circumfrances.

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