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„uid not be the whole breadth of the ground, but 1, eare on either side ground enough for diversity fide alleys, unto which the two covert alleys of the green may deliver you; but there must be no alleys siti, hedges at either end of this great enclosure; notat the higher end, for letting your Prospect upon iii, fair hedge from the green; nor at the further end. for letting your prospect from the hedge tirough the arches upon the heath. For the ordering of the ground within the great iedge, I leave it to variety of device ; advising, newertheless, that whatsoever form you castit into first, it be not too busy, or full of work ; wherein I, for my part, do not like images cut out in juniper or ober garden stuff; they be for children. Little low ledges, roundlike welts, with some pretty pyramids, 1 Ike well; and in some places fair columns, upon frames of carpenter's work. I would also have the alleys spacious and fair. You may have closer alleys upon the side grounds, but none in the main garden. I wish also, in the very middle, a fair mcunt, with three ascents and alleys, enough for four to walk abreast; which I would have to be perfect circles, without any bulwarks orembossments; and the whole mount to be thirty foot high, and some fine banqueting-house with sorme chimeys ■lc-st, and without too much glass. Forfountains, they are a great beauty mument; but pools mar all, and make the •bolesome,and full of ffies and frogs. r istend tobe of two natures ; theoneumaot spouteth water: the othera fai- receip


of some thirty or forty foot square, but without fish, or slime, or mud. For the first, the ornaments of images, gilt or of marble, which are in use, do well : but the main matter is so to convey the water, as it mever stay, either in the bowls orin the cistern : that the water be never by rest discoloured, green or red, or the like, or gather any mossiness or putrefaction ; besides that, it is to be cleansed every day by the hand : also some steps up to it, and some fine pavement about it doth well. As for the other kind of fountain, which we may call a bathing pool, it may admit much curiosity and beauty, wherewith we will not trouble ourselves: as, that the bottom be finely paved, and with images ; the sides likewise ; and withal embellished with coloured glass, and such things of lustre ; encompassed also with fine rails of low statues: but the main point is the same which we mentioned in the former kind offountain ; which is, that the water be in perpetual motion, fed by a water higher than the pool, and delivered into it by fair spouts, and then discharged away under ground, by some equality of bores, thatit stay little; and for fine devices, of arching water without spilling, and makingit rise in several forms (of feathers, drinking glasses, canopies, and the like), they be pretty things to look on, but nothing to health and sweetness. For the heath, which was the third part of our plot, I wished it to be framed as much as may be to a natural wildness. Trees I would have none in it, but somethickets made only of sweet-brierand honeysuckle, and some wild vine amongst ; and the ground set with violets, strawberries, and primroses; for

these are sweet, and prosper in the shade ; and ihese to be in the heath here and there, not in my order. I like also little heaps, in the nature of mole-hills (such as are in wild heaths), to be set, some with wild thyme, some with pinks, some with germander, that gives a good flower to the eye ; some with periwinkle, some with violets, some with strawlerries, some with cowslips, some with daisies, some with red roses, some with lilium convallium, some | with sweet-williams red, some with bear's-foot, and thelike low flowers, being withal sweet and sightly ; part of which heaps to be with standards of little bushes pricked upon their top, and part without : the standards to be roses, juniper, holly, barberries t (but here and there, because, of the smell of their Wossom,) red currants, gooseberries, rosemary, bays, Sweet-brier, and such like: but these standards to be iept with cutting, that they grow not out of course. | For the side grounds, you are to fill them with i variety of alleys, private, to give a full shade ; some cfthem, wheresoever the sun be. You are to frame ' some of them likewise for shelter, that when the Windblows sharp, you may walk as in a gallery : and tiose alleys must be likewise hedged at both ends, to keep out the wind ; and these closer alleys must * ever finely gravelled, and no grass, because of $ing wet. In many of these alleys, likewise, you are to set fruit-trees of all sorts, as well upon the Walls as in ranges; and this should be generally observeâ, that the borders wherein you plant your fruit“ees be fair, and large, and low, and not steep ; and set with fine flowers, but thin and sparingly, les they deceive the trees. At the end of both the side grounds I would have a mount of some pretty height leaving the wall of the enclosure breast high, to look abroad into the fields. For the main garden, I do not deny but there should be some fair alleys ranged on both sides, with fruit-trees, and some pretty tufts of fruit-trees and arbours with seats, set in some decent order ; but these to be by no means set too thick, but to leave the main garden so as it be not close, but the air open and free. For as for shade, I would have you rest upon the alleys of the side grounds, there to walk, if you be disposed, in the heat of the year or day ; but to make account that the main garden is for the more temperate parts of the year, and, in the heat of summer, for the morning and the evening, or overcast days. For aviaries, I like them not, except they be of that largeness as they may be turfed, and have living plants and bushes set in them ; that the birds may have more scope and natural nestling, and that no foulness appear in the floor of the aviary. So I have made a platform of a princely garden, partly by precept, partly by drawing ; not a model, but some general lines of it; and in this I have spared for no cost: butit is nothing for great princes, that, for the most part, taking advice with workmen, with no less cost set their things together, and sometimes add statues, and such things, for state and magnificence, but nothing to the true pleasure of a garden.


It is generally better to deal by speech than by ietter; and by the mediation of a third than by a mam's self. Letters are good, when a man would traw an answer by letter back again; or when it may serve for a man's justification afterwards to proJuce his own letter; or where it may be danger to íe interrupted, or heard by pieces. To deal in personis good, when a man's face breedeth regard, as

tommonly with inferiors; or in tender cases, where

a man's eye upon the countenance of him with whom

' he speaketh, may give him a direction how far to

go; amd generally, where a man will reserve tohim

self liberty, either to disavow, or to expound. In i dice of instruments, it is better to choose men of

aylainer sort, that are like to do that, that is committed to them, and to report back again faithfully the success, than those that are cunning to contrive Qutof other men's business somewhat to grace themseltes, and will help the matter in report, for satisfaction sake. Use also such persons as affect the business wherein they are employed, for that qiickeneth much ; and such as are fit for the matter, Asbold men for expostulation, fair-spoken men for persuasion, crafty men for inquiry and observation, ftoward and absurd men for business that doth not W€\l bear out itself. Use also such as have been lucky and prevailed before in things wherein you have employed them; for that breeds confidence,

and they will strive to maintain their prescription. V0L III. M * - '

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