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10. Bishop Latimer said, in a sermon at court, « That he heard great speech that the king was ** poor ; and many ways were propounded to make * him rich: for his part he had thought of one way, “ which was that they should help the king to some ** good office, for all his officers were rich." 1 1. Cæsar Borgia, after long division between him and the lords of Romagna, fell to accord with them. In this accord there was an article, that he should not call them at any time all together in person. The meaning was, that knowing his dangerous nature, if he meant them treason, some one mought be free to revenge the rest. Nevertheless, he did with such fine art and fair carriage win their confidence, that he brought them altogether to council at Cinigaglia ; where he murdered them all. This act, when it was related unto pope Alexander, his father, by a cardinal, as a thing happy, but very perfidious ; the pope said, “ It was they “ that had broke their covenant first, in coming all “ together." 12. Pope Julius the third, when he was made pope, gave his hat unto a youth, a favourite of his, with great scandal. Whereupon, at one time, a cardinal that mought be free with him, said modestly to him, “ What did your holiness see in that young “ man, to make him cardinal?" Julius answered, “What did you see in me to make me pope?” 13. The same Julius, upon like occasion of speech, Why he should bear so great affection to the same young man ? would say, “ that he had found by “ astrology that it was the youth's destiny to be a * great prelate ; which was impossible except him“ self were pope. And therefore that he did raise ** him, as the driver on of his own fortune." 14. Sir Thomas More had only daughters at the first, and his wife did ever pray for a boy. At last he had a boy, which after, at man's years, proved simple. Sir Thomas said to his wife, “ Thou prayedst so long for a boy, that he will be a “ boy as longas he lives." 15. Sir Thomas More, the day that he was beheaded, had a barber sent to him, because his hair was long ; which was thought would make him more commiserated with the people. The barber came to him, and asked him, * Whether he would be pleased “ to be trimmed ?" ** In good faith, honest fellow," said Sir Thomas, “ the king and I have a suit for “ my head, and till the title be cleared, I will do no “ cost upon it." 16. Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, a great champion of the papists, was wont to say of the Protestants who ground upon the Scripture, “ That they were like posts, that bring truth in “ their letters, and lies in their mouths.” 17. The Lacedæmonians were besieged by the Athenians in the Port of Pellae, which was won, and some slain, and some taken. There was one said to one of them that was taken, by way of scorn, ** Were “ not they brave men that lost their lives at the Port “ of Pellae ?" He answered, “ Certainly a Persian VOL. III. A A

* arrow is much to be set by, ifit can choose out a * brave man." 18. After the defeat of Cyrus the younger, Falinus was sent by the king to the Grecians, who had for their part rather victory than otherwise, to command them to yield their arms ; which when it was denied, Falinus said to Clearchus; ** Well then, the “ king lets you know, that if you remove from the “ place where you are now encamped, it is war : if “ you stay, it is truce. What shall I say you will “ do ?” Clearchus answered, * It pleaseth us, as it “ pleaseth the king.” “ How is that ?" saith Falinus. Saith Clearchus, * If we remove, war: if we stay, “ truce :" and so would not disclose his purpose. 19. Clodius was acquitted by a corrupt jury, that had palpably taken shares of money: before they gave up their verdict, they prayed of the senate a guard, that they might do their consciences freely, for that Clodius was a very seditiousyoung nobleman. Whereupon all the world gave him for condemned. But acquitted he was. Catulus, the next day seeing some of them that had acquitted him together, said tothem ; “What made you to ask of us a guard ? “ Were you afraid your money should have been “ taken from you ?" 20. At the same judgment, Cicero gave in evidence upon oath : and the jury, which consisted of fifty-seven, passed against his evidence, one day in the senate Cicero and Clodius being in alterca;ion, Clodius upbraided him and said, * The jury “ gave you no credit." Cicero answered, ** Five and

“ twenty gave me credit : but there were two and . “ thirty that gave you mo credit, for they had their " money beforehand." 21. Many men, especially such as affect gravity, have a manner after other men's speech to shake their heads. Sir Lionel Cranfield would say, ** It “ was as men shake a bottle, to see if there were “ any wit in their head or no ?" 22. Sir Thomas More, who was a man in all his life-time that had an excellent vein in jesting, at the very instant of his death, having a pretty long beard, after his head was upon the block, lift it up again, and gently drew his beard aside, and said, “ This * hath not offended the king." 93. Sir Thomas More had sent him by a suitor in chancery two silver flagons. When they were presented by the gentleman's servant, he said to one of his mem, * Have him to the cellar, and let him “ have of my best wine :" and, turning to the servant, said, “ Tell thy master, friend, if he like it, let “ him not spare it.” 94. Diogenes, having seen that the kingdom of Macedon, which before was contemptible and low, began to come aloft when he died, was asked how he would be buried ? He answered, “ With my face « downwards; for within a while the world will be * turned upside down, and then I shall lie right." g5. Cato the elder was wont to say ; that the R„mans were like sheep ; a man were better drive a flock of them, tham one of them.

26. Themistocles in his lower fortune was in love with a young gentleman who scorned him ; when he grew to his greatness, which was soon after. he sought to him: Themistocles said, “ We are both “ grown wise, but too late." 27. Demonax the philosopher, when he died, was asked touching his burial. He answered, “ Never take care for burying me, for stink will “ bury me." He that asked him, said again: “ Why, “ would you have your body left to dogs and ** ravens to feed upon ? Demonax answered, ** Why, “ what great hurt is it, if having sought to do good, “ when I lived, to men ; my body do some good to ** beasts, when I am dead." 28. Jack Roberts was desired by his taylor, when the reckoning grew somewhat high, to have a bill of his hand. Roberts said, “ I am content, but you “ must let no man know it." When the taylor brought him the bill, he tore it as in choler, and said to him, “ You use me not well ; you promised me “ no body should know it, and here you have “ put in, * Be it known unto all men by these “ presents.'" 29. When Lycurgus was to reform and alter the state of Sparta ; in the consultation one advised, that it should be reduced to an absolute popular equality: but Lycurgus said to him ; * Sir, begin it in your ** own house." 30. Phocion the Atheniam, a man ofgreat severity, and no ways flexible to the will of the people, one

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