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To the Right Honorable my very good Lo. the Duke of BuckiNGHAM his Grace, Lo. High Admirall of England.

ExcELLENt Lo.

Salomon saies; A good name is as a precious oyntment ; and I assure myselfe, such wil your Grace's name bee, with posteritie. For your fortune, and merit both, haue beene eminent. And you haue planted things, that are like to last. I doe now publish my Essayes ; which, of all other workes, have beene most currant: For that, as it seemes, they come home, to mens businesse, and bosomes. I haue enlarged them, both in number, and weight; so that they are indeed a new work. I thought it therefore agreeable, to my affection, and obligation to your Grace, to prefix your name before them, both in English, and in Latine. For I doe conceiue, that the Latine Volume of them (being in the Vniuersal Language) may last, along as Bookes last. My Instauration, I dedicate to the King: My Historie of Henry the Sevem.

(whieh I haue now also translated into Latine) m. my Portions of Naturall History, to the Prince: And these I dedicate to your Grace: Being of the best Fruits, that by the good encrease, which God gives to my Pen and Labours, I could yeeld. God leade your Grace by the Hand. Your Graces most Obliged and Faithfull Seruant, FR. ST. ALBAN.

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THE
ESSAYS OR COUNSELS,
CIVIL AND MORAL,
OF
FRANCIS LORD VERULAM,
VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

VOL. III. B

ESSAYS.

I. OF TRUTH.

WHAT is truth ? said jesting Pilate; and would not stay for an answer. Certainly there be that delight in giddiness ; and count it a bondage to fix a belief; affectimg free-will in thinking, as well as in acting. And though the sects of philosophers of that kind be gone, yet there remain certain discoursing wits, which are of the same veins, though there be not so much blood in them as was in those of the ancients. But it is not only the difficulty and labour which men take in finding out of truth, nor again, that when it is found, it imposeth upon men's thoughts, that doth bring lies in favour, but a natural though corrupt love of the lie itself. One of thelater schools of the Grecians examineth the matter, and is at a stand to think what should be in it, that men should love lies; where neither they make for pleasure, as with poets; nor for advantage, as with the merchant, but for the lie's sake. But I cannot tell: this same truth is a naked and open day-light, that doth not shew the masks, and mummeries, and triumphs of the world, half so stately and daintilyas tandle-lights. Truth may perhaps come to the price

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