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been common to several songs. The words | Lit. Rabbi Busy, sir; he is more than an elder, he is a which Sir Toby sings are found in the ballad of PO

prophet, sir.

Qruar. O, I know him! A baker, is he not? Constant Susanna,' which Percy describes as a Lit. He was a baker, sir, but he does dream now, and see poor dull performance, and very long. He gives visions; he has given over his trade. us the following stanza :

Quar. I remember that too; out of a scruple he took,

that, in spiced conscience, those cakes he made were served “There dwelt a man in Babylon

to bridales, May-poles, morrices, and such profane feasts of reputation great by fame;

and meetings. His Christian name is Zeal-of-the-land. He took to wife a fair woman,

Lit. Yes, sir; Zeal-of-the-land Busy."
Susanna she was call'd by name:
A woman fair and virtuous;
Lady, lady:

16 SCENE IV.—"Light airs and recollected terms."
Why should we not of her learn thus
To live godly?"

Term forms no part of the technical language

of music. Its plural may possibly be intended " SCENE III.-"Farewell, dear heart, since I by Shakspere to signify those passages called must needs be gone."

phrases; but it is more likely that the word This, again, is an old ballad which we find in

was originally written tunes, which would render Percy, who reprints it from The Golden Gar

the expression intelligible. In the folios it is land of Princely Delights :'

spelt termes : and this, in not very clear manu

script, might easily have been mistaken by the “ Farewell, dear love; since thou wilt needs be gone, Mine eyes do show my life is almost done.

compositor for tunes. Dr. Johnson thinks that Nay, I will never die, so long as I can spy

“recollected” means recalled ; in which we There be many mo, though that she do go,

agree, if by "recalled " is to be understood There be many mo, I fear not: Why then let her go, I care not.

lenown by heart-by memory. Dr. Warburton's Farewell, farewell; since this I ind is true,

conjecture, that by “recollected " is meant I will not spend more time in wooing you:

studied, will not find many supporters.
But I will seek elsewhere, if I may find love there:
Shall I bid her go? what and if I do?
Shall I bid her go and spare not?

17 SOENE V.—“The lady of the Strachy." O no, no, no, I dare not.

This has been called a desperate passage; and Ten thousand times farewell;-yet stay a while:Sweet, kiss me onces sweet kisses time beguile:

many wild guesses have accordingly been made I have to power to move. How now I am I in love? to explain it. We subjoin a note from & correWilt thou needs be gone? Go then, all is one.

spondent, which probably comes as near to the Wilt thou needs be gone? Oh, hie thee! Nay, stay, and do no more deny me.

mark as we may expect :-“Steevens conjec

tured, the lady of the Starchy-i. e., laundry; Once more adieu, I see loth to depart Bids oft adieu to her that holds my heart.

but this is not the point at which Malvolio But seeing I must lose thy love, which I did choose, aimed, viz., an example of a lady of high degree Go thy way for me, since that may not be.

marrying her servingman. Mr. R. P. Knight Go thy ways for me. But whither? Go, oh, but where I may come thither.

suggested Strachy to be a corruption of the What shall I do? my love is now departed.

Italian Stratico :- Cosi chi amasi il governa She is as fair as she is cruel-hearted.

tore di Messina,' says Menage. The word is She would not be entreated, with prayers oft repeated. written Stradico in Florio, and was no doubt If she come no more, shall I die therefore?

applied to governors elsewhere than at Messina. If she come no more, what care I? Faith, let her go, or come, or tarry."

The low Latin, Strategus, or Straticus, or Strati

gus, was in common use for a prefect or ruler of is SCENE III.-“ Dost thou think, because thou a city or province, (Du Cange,) from the Greek

art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes Ergarngròs. Strategus in English would be and ale ?"

Strategy, which, by various corruptions This reproof of the steward is of universal ap

Stratgy, Stratchy-may have become Malvolio's plication; but it was probably an indirect sar

Strachy; or it may have descended from the casm against the rising sect of the Puritans,

Italian directly. The example was probably who were something too apt to confound virtue

well known of a lady of the Strachymi. e., the with asceticism. Ben Jonson speaks more di

governor--marrying the yeoman of the wardrectly in the matter :

robe." And yet the context would rather point "Winw. What call you the reverend elder you told me

to some corruption of the name of a place. of, your Banbury man ?

Warburton conjectures that Strachy was Trachy, Thrace. Malvolio would hardly say, “the Thrace. It might be Astrakhan-Astracanlady" of the governor, for the widors of the easily enough corrupted into A-strachy and as governor ; but he would say, the lady of such a easily metamorphosed by a printer into the land, for the princess. Unquestionably the Strachy. Mr. Collier suggests that it may be allusion is to some popular story-book-one of the lady of the Strozzi." those in which “Fair truth have told

10 SCENE V.—“, for a stone-boro." That queens of old

A stone-bow is a cross-bow which shoots stones. Married with private men."—R. Brome.

It was a toy for children, according to BeauWhere the scene of the elevation of " the yeoman mont and Fletcher : of the wardrobe " was placed by the story-book

"- children will shortly take him writer was of little consequence. It might be For a wall, and set their stone-bows in his forehead."

Have now and then

10 SOENE V.—“Wind up my watch.” | mon with the best educated of his time. We It is said that watches for the pocket were give a copy of an antique “ Lucrece;"first, brought to England from Germany, in 1680. We give a representation of an ancient watch from a remarkable specimen. This watch is embellished on the face with roses and thistles conjoined, and has no minute-hand : these circumstances fix its date somewhere in the reign of James I. It is of silver, about the size of a walnut; the lid shuts the face from view, and when closed it looks like a small pear. In Hollar's print of Summer-a half-length portrait of a lady- watch, similar to our

21 SCENE V. specimen, bangs from the girdle.

"Wished to see thee ever cross-gartered." Barton Holyday, who wrote fifty years after Shakspere, describes this fashion in connection with a Paritan » “ Had there appear'd some sharp cross-garter'd man, Whom their loud laugh might nickname Puritan; Cas'd up in factious breeches, and small ruff;

That hates the surplice, and defies the cost The fashion is of great antiquity. In the 24th Fol of the 'Archeologia,' Mr. Gage has described an illumination of a manuscript of the tenth century in the library of the Duke of Devonshire, where this costume is clearly depicted.

Mr. Gage sayg—"The kind of bandaged stock. no Somad V. -" The impressure her Lucrece."

| ing, so common in all Saxon figures, which is One of the many evidences of Shakspere's seen to advantage in the miniature of the Magi, familiarity with ancient works of art, in com- where the principal figure (copied in the cut)

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France during the 15th and 16th centuries.
In the latter century the butchers often rode on
horseback with their legs clothed in this man-
ner. This part of the dress was made of white
linen, and was called “ des lingettes," a name
applied also to a part of the ancient costume of
women of the Pays de Caux, that covered
the arm. In the Apennines I have myself seen
the contadini with a kind of stocking bandaged
all the way up. The Highland stocking beans
some resemblance to the costume."
» SCENE V.-"Shall I play my freedom at

In Cecil's Correspondence, Letter 10, we
have the following passage ;-" There is great
danger of being taken sleepers at tray-trip, if
the king sweep suddenly." This led Tyrwhitt

to conjecture that the game was draughts. A has garters of gold, with tassels, was, as M. satire called 'Machiavel's Dog,' 1617, confirms Langlois, the able and learned professor of this opinion :painting at Rouen, informs me, in general use

“But, leaving cards, let's go to dice awhile,among the shepherds and country people of To passage, troitippe, hazard, or mum-chance."

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» SCENE I."Dost thou live by thy tabor po | The figure in the 'Alphabet' stands in the TABLETON, the celebrated clown of the ancient

centre of a letter T: the following verses in the stage, was represented with a tabor in a print

margin :prefixed to his .Jests,' 1611. “The instrument,"

“ The picture here set down

Within this letter T, . says Douce, “is found in the hands of fools long

Aright doth show the forme and shap before the time of Shakspeare." At the end of

of Tharlton unto the. the Introductory Remarks we have given a por.

When he in pleasaunt wise trait of Tarleton with his tabor; but this is not

The counterfet expreste, copied from the "Jests.' It is taken from the

of cloune wt cote of russet hew, Harleian MS. No. 8885–An Alpbabet of Initial

And sturtops w yo rest. Letters, by John Scottowe. On the title are the Whoe merry many made

When be appeard in sight, arms of Queen Elizabeth and the following in

The grave and wise, as well as rude, scription :-"God save Queene Elizabeth longe

At him did take delight. to reygne." This circumstance proves this por

The partie nowe is gone, trait of “Mr. Tharlton" (as his name is spelt

And closlie laid in claye; by Scottowe) to be an earlier performance than

of all the jesters in the lande the figure prefixed to the 'Jests,' 1611; and, as

He bare the praise awaie. the two are exactly alike, our portrait is pro

Nowe hath he plaid his p'te,

And sure he is of this, bably the original from which the old woodcut

If he in Christe did die: to live was copied.

With him in lasting blis."


» SOENE II.—"I had as lief be a Brownist as bed, which is more interesting than any descrip

a politician." The Brownists 80 called from Robert Brown, who was a connexion of the Lord Treasurer 2 SCENE II.—“He does smile his face into Cecil, and was educated at Corpus Christi Col more lines than are in the new map with lege, Cambridge-gave great offence to the the augmentation of the Indies." Church about 1580 by maintaining that her Shakspere, who paid no attention to geodiscipline was Popish and Antichristian, and graphy, according to the commentators, here her ministers not rightly ordained. The sect | describes a "new map”-an accession to the geo was subsequently known by the name of Inde graphy of his day. This map is found in 'Linpendents. (See Neal's History of the Puri schoten's Voyages,' 1598; and we have engraved tans.")

& portion of it,-about a fourth part of the ori.

ginal-exhibiting the islands of Malacca and . 25 SCENE II.—“Big enough for the bed of Ware

Borneo, to show how accurately the “careless" in England."

poet has described its peculiarities. We have given a representation of this famous

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? SOBNE IV.—“We 'U have him in a dark-room, | 28 SCENE IV.-"He is knight, dubbed with un and bound."

| hatched rapier, and on carpet consideration." Chains and darkness were the universal pre- The knights of peace—mayors, and justices, scriptions for lunatics in the time of Shakspere. and serjeants-at-law, and physicians-grave men There was a third remedy, to which Rosalind who hate a hatched rapier, which has seen seralludes in 'As You Like It:'-"Love is a madvice, as bitterly as King James, are called carpet ness, and deserves as well & dark house and a knights, according to Randle Holme :-“If it whip as madmen do."

| be the king's pleasure to knight any such per


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