« ZurückWeiter »
3 SCENE 1.-" They are not China dishes, but | China dishes were not uncommon things in the very good dishes."
days of Elizabeth and James. We captured In the first scene of Massinger's ‘Renegado,'
them on board the Spanish carracks; and we the servant of the disguised Venetian gentle
purchased them from Venice. Cromwell im
posed a duty on China dishes, so that they had man tells his master that his wares
in his time become a regular article of com" Are safe unladen; not a crystal crack'd, Or China dish needs soldering."
• SCENE I.—"Merely, thou art death's fool." "There's not a joy the world can give like that it takes
away, CERIMON, the good physician in “Pericles,' says When the glow of early thought declines in feeling's dull that the study and practice of the healing art
"T is not on youth's smooth check the blush alone, which afford
fades so fast, “A more content in course of true delight
But the tender bloom of heart is gone, ere youth itself
" Then the few, whose spirits float above the wreck of
happiness, In both these passages there is undoubtedly an Are driven o'er the shoals of guilt or ocean of excess: allusion to certain ancient representations of The magnet of their course is gone, or only points in
vain Death and the Fool. It has been clearly shown
The shore to which their shiver'd sail shall never stretch that Warburton was mistaken in asserting that
again. these characters occurred in the old Moralities.
" Then the mortal coldness of the soul like death itself The idea was probably suggested to Shakspere
comes down; by some of the celebrated engravings of the It cannot feel for others' woes, it dare not dream its Dance of Death,' with which he must have
That heavy chill has frozen o'er the fountain of our been familiar. In Stowe's 'Survey of London,'.
tears, 1618, there is an initial letter exhibiting a con And though the eye may sparkle still, 't is where the ice test between Death and the Fool, which Mr. appears. Douce says is copied from one of a set of ini.
" Though wit may flash from fluent lips, and mirth distract
Though wit may flash fro tials used by the Basil printers in the sixteenth the breast, century. Of this the cut above is a fac-simile. :
Through midnight hours that yield no more their former
hope of rest;
'Tis but as ivy-leaves around the ruin'd turret wreath, 5 SCENE I.—“For all thy blessed youth," &c. i All green and wildly fresh without, but worn and gray
beneath. Warburton proposed a singular emendation of this passage :
“Oh! could I feel as I have felt,-or be what I have
been, "For pall'd, thy Wazed youth
Or weep, as I could once have wept, o'er many a vanish'd Becomes assuuged."
scene; Probably the original idea, or the critic's re- As springs in deserts found scem sweet, all brackish
though they be, finement on it, suggested Byron's exquisite
So, 'midst the wither'd waste of life, those tears would “Stanzas for Music :"
flow to me."
After the Aitting of the bats, “ The poor beetle that we tread upon,
When thickest dark did trance the sky,
She drew her casement-curtain by, . In corporal sufferance finds a pang as great And glanc'd ath wart the glooming fats. 48 when a giant dies."
She only said, .The night is dreary
He cometh not,' she said ; These lines, taken apart from the context,
She said, I am aweary, aweary : would indicate that the bodily pain, such as is
I would that I were dead I' attended with death, is felt with equal severity “Upon the middle of the night, by a giant and a beetle. The physiologists tell
Waking she heard the night-fowl crow;
The cock sung out an hour ere light: as that this is not true; and that the nervous sys
From the dark fen the oxen's low tem of a beetle does not allow it to feel pain so Came to her: without hope of change, acutely as that of a man. We hope this is cor
In sleep she seem'd to walk forlorn, rect; but we are not sure that Shakspere meant
Till cold winds woke the gray-eyed mom
About the lonely moated grange. to refine quite so much as the entomologists are
She only said, “The day is drearydesirous to believe. “It is somewhat amusing,"
He cometh not,' she said;
She said, I am aweary, aweary; says a writer in the 'Entomological Magazine,'
I would that I were dead!' “that his words should, in this case, be entirely
" About a stone-cast from the wall, wrested from their original purpose. His pur
A sluice with blacken'd waters slept, . pose was to show how little a man feels in And o'er it many, round and small, dying; that the sense of death is most in ap
The cluster'd marish mosses crept.
Hard by a poplar shook alway, prehension, not in the act; and that even &
All silver-green with gparled bark : beetle, which feels so little, feels as much as a
For leagues no other tree did dark giant does. The less, therefore, the beetle is
The level waste, the rounding gray. supposed to feel, the more force we give to the
She only said, 'My life is dreary
He cometh not,' she said ; sentiment of Shakspere."
She said, I am aweary, aweary:
I would that I were dead l' * SCENE I.--" At the moated grange resides this
"And ever when the moon was low, dejected Mariana."
And the shrill winds were up an' away,
In the white curtain, to and fro, We have before alluded to Mr. Tennyson's
She saw the gusty shadow sway. poem, in which the idea of loneliness and deso But when the moon was very low, lation, suggested by these simple words of
And wild winds bound within their cell
The shadow of the poplar fell Shakspere, is worked out with the most strik.
Upon her bed, across her brow, ing effect. We have now great pleasure in ex. • She only said, 'The night is drearytracting these beautiful verses, which have been
He cometh not,' she said ;
She said, “I am aweary, aweary: described as exhibiting "the power of creating
I would that I were dead!' scenery in keeping with some state of human
« All day within the dreamy house feeling, so fitted to it as to be the embodied
The doors upon their hinges creak'd; symbol of it, and to summon up the state of The blue-fly sung i' the pane; the mouse feeling itself with a force not to be surpassed
Behind the mould'ring wainscot shriek'd,
Or from the crevice peer'd about by anything but reality.”'
Old faces glimmer'd through the doors, “With blackest moss the flower-pots
Old footsteps trod the upper floors,
Old voices call'd her from without.
• She only said, ' My life is dreary-
He cometh pot,' she said ;
She said, 'Iam aweary, aweary:
I would that I were dead !'
« The sparrow's chirrup on the roof, Upon the lonely moated grange.
The slow clock ticking, and the sound
Which to the wooing wind aloof
The poplar made, did all confound
Her sense: but most she loath'd the hour
When the thick-moted sunbeam lay “ Her tear fell with the dews at even,
Athwart the chambers, and the day
Down-slop'd was westering in his bower. She could not look on the sweet heaven,
Then said she, 'I am very dreary-
He will not come,' she said;
She wept, I am aweary, aweary:
O Godl that I were dead!'”
ACT IV. • SCENE I.-—"Take, oh, take those lips away." | Fletcher, is of opinion that the first stanza was Tous charming lyric, as sung to Mariana, would
Shakspere's, and that Fletcher added the second. appear perfect in itself, but from two circum
There is no evidence, we apprehend, external or stances; first, Mariana says, “Break off thy
| internal, by which the question can be settled. song," which would lead one to infer that, as we find it in the text, it is not complete : SCENS III.—“He's in for a commodity of secondly, we have the song, apparently com
brown paper," &c. : plete, in the tragedy of Rollo Duke of Nor
The old comedies are full of allusions to the mandy,' ascribed to Fletcher, and printed in
practice of the usurer-80 notorious as to acquire Beaumont and Fletcher's works. We give the
him the name of the brown-paper merchant of song as it stands in that play:
stipulating to make his advance partly in money “Take, oh, take those lips away,
and partly in goods, which goods were someThat so sweetly were forsworn,
times little more than packages of brown paper. And those eyes, Uke break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn;
The most minute description of these practices But my kisses bring again,
is given in a pamphlet by Nashe, published in Seals of love, tho' seal'd in vain.
1694 :"He (a usurer) falls acquainted pith' “ Hide, oh, hide those hills of snow,
gentlemen, frequents ordinaries and diningWhich thy frozen bosom beans,
houses daily, where, when some of them at On whose tops the pinks that grow Are yet of those that April wears;
play have lost all their money, he is very dit But first set my poor heart free,
gent at hand, on their chains and bracelets, or Bound in those icy chains by thee." .. jewels, to lend them half the value. Now this. The question then arises, is the song to be at is the nature of young gentlemen, that where tributed to Shakgpere or to Fletcher! Malone they have broke the ice, and borrowed once, justly observes that all the songs introduced in they will come again the second time; and our author's plays appear to have been his own
that these young foxes know as well as the beg. composition. The idea in the line
gar knows his dish. But at the second time of
their coming it is doubtful to say whether they ! “Seals of love, but seaľd in vain,"
shall have money or no. The world grow. is found in the 142nd Sonnet :
hard, and we are all mortal; let him make'any "not from those lips of thine,
assurance before a judge, and they shall have' That have profan'd their scarlet ornaments, some hundred pounds per consequence, in silks And sealed false bonds of love, as oft as mine."
and velvets. The third time if they come, they The image is also repeated in the 'Venus and shall have baser commodities: the fourth time, Adonis.!' Weber, the editor of Beaumont and lute-strings and gray paper."