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HERO.

BENE. Why then your uncle, and the prince, and Claudio,

Have been deceiv'd; they swore you did.
BEAT. Do not you love me?
BENE.

Troth no, no more than reason.
BEAT. Why then my cousin, Margaret, and Ursula,

Are much deceiv'd ; for they did swear you did.
BENE. They swore that you were almost sick for me.
BEAT. They swore that you were well nigh dead for me.
BENE. T is no such matter :--Then you do not love me?
Beat. No, truly, but in friendly recompense.
LEON. Come, cousin, I am sure you love the gentleman.
CLAUD. And I'll be sworn upon 't, that he loves her ;

For here 's a paper, written in his hand,
A halting sonnet of his own pure brain,
Fashion'd to Beatrice.

And here's another,
Writ in my cousin's hand, stolen from her pocket,

Containing her affection unto Benedick.
BENE. A miracle; here is our own hands against our hearts !--Come, I will have

thee; but, by this light, I take thee for pity. Beat. I would not deny you ;—but, by this good day, I yield upon great per

suasion ; and, partly, to save your life, for I was told you were in a consump

tion. BENE. Peace, I will stop your mouth a

[Kissing her. D. PEDRO. How dost thou, Benedick the married man ? BENE. I ll tell thee what, prince; a college of wit-crackers cannot flout me out

of my humour: Dost thou think I care for a satire, or an epigram ? No: if a man will be beaten with brains, à shall wear nothing handsome about him: In brief, since I do purpose to marry, I will think nothing to any purpose that the world can say against it; and therefore never flout at me for what b I have said against it; for man is a giddy thing, and this is my conclusion.-For thy part, Claudio, I did think to have beaten thee'; but in

that thou art like to be my kinsman, live unbruised, and love my cousin. CLAUD. I had well hoped thou wouldst have denied Beatrice, that I might have

cudgelled thee out of thy single life, to make thee a double dealer; which, out of question, thou wilt be, if my cousin do not look exceeding narrowly

to thee. BENE. Come, come, we are friends :-let's have a dance ere we are married, that

we may lighten our own hearts, and our wives' heels. Steevens cuts out the troth; the metre, says he, is overloaded. It would matter little what

spere extant; and for this reason we feel it a duty perpetually to protest against his corruptions of the real text. • The old copies give the line to Leonato.

What is omitted in the folio: In that because.

Leon. We 'll have dancing afterwards.
Bene. First, o' my word; therefore, play music.-

Prince, thou art sad ; get thee a wife, get thee a wife; there is no staff more reverend than one tipped with horn 23.

Enter a Messenger. Mess. My lord, your brother John is ta'en in flight,

And brought with armed men back to Messina. BENE. Think not on him till to-morrow; I 'll devise thee brave punishments for him.-Strike up, pipers.

[Dance. Exeunt.

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ILLUSTRATIONS.

ACT I.

* SCENE I.-" He set up his bills.| puff direct, and the puff collateral, and the

We THE history of advertising, if well worked out. puff oblique" were not then invented. would form one of the most curious chapters of S.

shall probably return in some degree to the any account of the progress of English civilisa

simplicity of the old time, and once more be tion. We are here in the rude stages of that |

content to “set up our bills;" for puffery has history, and see the beginnings of the crav

destroyed itself. When everything has become ing for publicity which was to produce that

| alike superlative there are no superlatives. marvel of society, a Times newspaper of 1851. In Shakspere's day the bearwards, fencing

- SCENE I.—" Challenged Cupid at the flight: masters, mountebanks, and players, "set up

and my uncle's fool, reading the challenge, their bills upon posts ;” masterless men "set

subscribed for Cupid, and challenged him up their bills in Paul's for services;" school

at the bird-bolt.masters "pasted up their papers on every post for arithmetic and writing;" and it is recorded In Ben Jonson's 'Cynthia's Revels' Mercury as a somewhat clever proceeding, that a man says to Cupid, “I fear thou hast not arrows for having lost his purse "set up bills in divers the purpose;" to which Cupid replies, “O yes, places, that if any man of the city had found here be of all sorts, fights, rovers, and buttthe purse and would bring it again to him, he shafts.” Gifford explains that "flights were should have well for his labour.” These were long and light-feathered arrows which went very simple and straghtforward operations. level to the mark." These were the weapons The mysteries of advertising were not then for Cupid : and Benedick therefore is said to studied. Men had to make their plain an- have "challenged Cupid at the flight,” with nouncements, and to be attended to. “The arrows such as these :

But “my uncle's fool” thought Benedick was | into a proverb—"a fool's bolt is soon shot." better qualified to match with him in the skil. Douce has preserved the forms of some of these ful use of that blunt and heavy weapon whose bird-bolts : employment by those of his vocation has passed !

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|(and which we shall have more particularly to notice in Act II.,) the hat underwent every possible transition of form. We had intended to have illustrated this by exhibiting the principal varieties which we find in pictures of that day; but if our blocks had been as numerous as these blocks, we should have filled pages with the graceful or grotesque caprices of the exqui. sites from whom Brummell inherited his belief in the powers of the bat: “Why, Mr. Brummell, does an Englishman always look better dressed than a Frenchman ?" The oracular reply was, “ T is the bat." We present, however, the portrait of one ancient Brummell, with a few hats at his feet to choose from.

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• SCENE I.—Cupid is a good hare-finder, and

Vulcan a rare carpenter." [Fulke Greville, first Lord Brooke.]

The English commentators can give no explanation of this passage; except Steevens, who makes it the vehicle for one of his Collins notes. Tieck says that Ayrer of Nürnberg who has treated after his own manner the novel of Bandello upon which this comedy is founded, -introduces Venus complaining that Cupid has shot many arrows in vain at the Count Claudio of his story, and that Vulcan will make no more arrows; and Tieck adds bis opinion that Ayrer was acquainted with some English comedy older than that of Shak. spere, from which Cupid and Vulcan have been

| derived. The resemblance which Tieck proSCENE I.-"He wears his faith but as the duces is not very striking. Benedick's allusion, fashion of his hat; it ever changes with the

whatever it be, must pass to the limbo of next block.”

meaningless jokes—that is, jokes of which time In the perpetual change of fashions which has worn out the application. was imputed to the English of Elizabeth's day,

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5 SCENE I.-__Like the old tale, my lord: it is / other with extraordinary anecdotes, Lady Mary 1

motore not so I but indeed. God at length said she would relate to them a forbid it should be 80.'

remarkable dream she had lately bad. "I

dreamt," said she, that as you, Mr. Fox, had Mr. Blakeway, who has contributed a few

often invited me to your house, I would go there valuable notes to Shakspere which will be

one morning. When I came to the house, I! found in Boswell's edition of Malone, has given

knocked, &c., but no one answered. When I us an illustration of this passage, in his own

opened the door, over the hall was written, Be recollections of an old tale to which he thinks bold, be bold, but not too bold. But,' said she, our poet evidently alludes, “and which has

| turning to Mr. Fox, and smiling, 'It is not 80, often froze my young blood, when I was a child,

nor it was not 80;' then she pursues the rest of as, I dare say, it had done his before me.”

the story, concluding at every turn with 'It is “Once upon a time there was a young lady

not.80, nor it was not so,' till she comes to the (called Lady Mary in the story) who had two

| room full of bodies, when Mr. Fox took up the brothers. One summer they all three went to

burden of the tale, and said, It is not 80, nor it & country-seat of theirs, which they had not

was not so, and God forbid it should be 80:' before visited. Among the other gentry of the

which he continues to repeat at every subsequent nighbourhood who came to see them was a Mr. | turn of the dreadful story, till she came to the Fox, a bachelor, with whom they, particularly circumstance of his cutting off the young lady's the young lady, were much pleased. He used hand, when, upon his saying as usual, It is not often to dine with them, and frequently invited

80, nor it was not so, and God forbid it should Lady Mary to come and see his house. One

be 80,' Lady Mary retorts, 'But it is 80, and it ! day that her brothers were absent elsewhere, and

was 80, and here the hand I have to show,' at the she had nothing better to do, she determined:

same time producing the hand and bracelet to go thither, and accordingly set out 'un from her lap:: Wherenpon the guests drew i attended. When she arrived at the house, and their words and instantly ent Mr. For in knocked at the door, no one answered. At

a thousand pieces." length she opened it and went in. Over the portal of the hall was written, 'Be bold, be bold, 1:

SCENE I._" Hang me:in a bottle like a brit not too bold. She advanced: over the stair

cat," &c. case, the same inscription. She went up: over

This is very obvious. A cat was hung in a | the entrance of a gallery, the same. She proceeded : over the door of a chamber,—Be bold,

bottle and shot at ;-8 cocks were thrown at. be bold, but not too bold, lest that your hearts

Yet we have a story of a cat being closed up in blood should run cold. She opened it-it was

a wooden bottle, containing also soot, and he full of skeletons, tubs full of blood, &c. She

that beat out the bottom of the bottle, and|| retreated in :baste. Coming down stairs :she

escaped the soot, running under it, was the saw, out of a window, Mr. Fox .advancing

winner. The cat shot at was probably a real i towards the house, with a drawn :sword in one

cat on some occasions, and on others a stuffed hand, while with the other he dragged along a

cat ; as the popinjay in Old Mortality' had young lady by her hair. Lady Mary had just

probably a fluttering -predecessor. · He that time to slip down and hide herself under the

should be “clapped on the shoulder, and called stairs before Mr. Fox and his victim arrived at

Adam," was to be so honoured, in allusion to the foot of them. As he pulled the young lady

conng had the famous old archer Adam Bell, who op stairs she caught hold of one of the banisters

" sat in Englyshe wood,

Under the green-wood tre." with her hand, on which was a rich bracelet. Mr. Fox cut it off with his sword: the hand

See Note on 'Romeo and Juliet, Act II., Sc. l. and bracelet fell into Lady Mary's lap, who then contrived to escape : unobserved, and got : home

7 SCENE I._" Ere you flout old ends any safe to her brothers' house.

further.” "After a few days Mr. Fox came to dine with The "old endsi” Hovted at were probably them as usual whether by invitation or of his the formal conclusions of letters, such '88 we own accord, this .deponent saith 'not). After find in The Paston Letters i-"No.more; at this dinner, when the guests began to amuse each time, but the Trinity have you in .protection,

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