Oxford University Press, 2007 - 508 Seiten
This book shows how the generative approach to linguistics may be used to understand how languages change. Generative diachronic syntax has developed since the inception of the principles and parameters approach to comparative syntax in the early 1980s: it has become increasingly important in
historical linguistics and generative theory, acting as a bridge between them and providing insights to both. Ian Roberts relates work in historical linguistics to contemporary work on universal grammar and historical syntactic variation. He explains how standard questions in historical linguistics
- including word-order change, grammaticalization, and reanalysis - can be explored in terms of current generative theory. He examines the nature of the links between syntactic change and first-language acquisition and considers the short and long-term effects of language contact. Professor Roberts
provides numerous examples from a range of different languages, guides to further reading, and a comprehensive glossary. This is the ideal textbook introduction for students of syntactic change.
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1 Comparative and historical syntax in the principlesand parametersapproach
2 Types of syntactic change
3 Acquisition learnability and syntactic change
4 The dynamics of syntactic change
5 Contact creoles and change
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abductive acquirers analysis approach argues auxiliary aVecting Biberauer brieXy c-commands Chapter Chomsky clausal clitics complement construction creoles Danelaw dative deWned deWnition diachronic dialects diglossia direct object discussion diVerent diVusion English EPP feature eVects example fact formal French German grammar grammatical systems Guasti idea illustrated inXection inXuence Italian Kroch language acquisition language change language contact language faculty Latin lexical Lightfoot linguistic marked markedness Merge morphological nature negation negative concord notion null subjects null-subject languages null-subject parameter observed option OV languages OV order overt P-ambiguity parameter change parameter values phonological pidgin Pintzuk position possible prepositions Principle pronouns properties proposed quantiWed question reanalysis relevant Roberts and Roussou Romance Romance languages root inWnitives speciWc structure syntactic change syntax thematic roles theory trigger typological Universal Grammar unmarked V-to-T movement variation verb Vulgar Latin wh-movement Wnal Wnite word order word-order change Wrst