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accumulations alluvia Alpine Alps angular appear arctic Baltic glacier basin beds boulders breccia climate coast coast-lands crag and tail debris depth diluvium districts drift elevation erosion erratics Europe evidence extended fauna feet flora flowed fluvio-glacial followed forests formation formed fresh-water Geol geological geologists glace glacial deposits glacial epoch Glacial Period glacial phenomena Glen gravel Greenland ground-moraine height hills ice-flow ice-sheet intercalated interglacial islands Journ lakes land later less Loch low grounds Lowlands marine mass mer de glace metres miles mountain-valleys mountains North Sea northern occupied occur origin Outer Hebrides overlying peat places Pleistocene Pliocene postglacial preglacial present probably reached regions ridges rivers rock-basins rocks sand and gravel Scotland sea-lochs sheets shells silt similar slopes snow snow-line southern stage stones streams striated submergence surface terminal moraines terraces thickness tion trace underneath upper boulder-clay valleys woolly rhinoceros
Seite 102 - It is better, on this account, in graduating the bottle, to make two scratches as represented in the drawing, one at the top and the other at the bottom of the curve : this prevents any future mistake.
Seite 23 - ... the reader may have these theories in mind as he examines the facts; next, I shall present a considerable body of the available facts regarding the appearance and the early development of the historical present in English. Finally, I shall devote the second section of the paper to a full discussion of the theories which have been advanced to explain the origin of the historical present in English and also in the other Germanic languages, especially in OHG and MHG, where the subject has been studied...
Seite 659 - The formation of the surrounding country shows no high land or rocky hills, from which a glacier might have been derived and then covered with debris from their sides. The continuity of the mossy surface showed that the ice must be quite destitute of motion, and the circumstances appeared to point to one conclusion, that there is here a ridge of solid ice, rising several hundred feet above the sea, and higher than any of the land about it, and older than the mammoth and fossil horse : this ice taking...
Seite 226 - On looking at the maps of any of these lakes one cannot but see that the lake surface, not the lake bottom, represents approximately the level of the pre-glacial valley, and that the lateral streams and torrents enter the lake in the way they do because they could only erode their channels down to the level of the old valley before the ice overwhelmed it.
Seite 427 - Nowhere do German geologists find any evidence of marine action. On the contrary, the dove-tailing and interosculation of boulder-clay with aqueous deposits are explained by the relation of the ice to the surface over which it flowed. Throughout the peripheral area it did not rest so continuously upon the ground as was the case in the inner region of maximum erosion. In many places it was tunnelled by rapid streams and rivers, and here and there it arched over subglacial lakes, so that accumulation...
Seite 179 - Seen from some dominant point, such an assemblage of kames, as they are called, look like a tumbled sea, the ground now swelling into long undulations, now rising suddenly into beautiful peaks and cones, and anon curving up in sharp" ridges, that often wheel suddenly round so as to enclose a lakelet of bright, clear water.
Seite 15 - Wide areas of the central counties are covered up with it continuously, to a depth varying from two or three feet up to one hundred feet and more. But as we follow it towards the mountain regions it becomes thinner and more interrupted — the naked rock ever and anon peering through, until at last we find only a few shreds and patches lying here and there in sheltered hollows of the hills. Throughout the Northern Highlands it occurs but rarely, and only in little isolated patches. It is not until...
Seite 10 - These last, however, do not occur so commonly as smaller stones; indeed boulders above four feet in diameter are comparatively seldom met with in the Till. Stones and boulders alike are scattered higgledy-piggledy, pell-mell, through the clay, so as to give to the whole deposit a highly confused and tumultuous appearance. There is something very peculiar about the shape of the stones. They are neither round and oval, like the pebbles in river gravel, or the shingle of the sea shore, nor are they...
Seite 658 - The place which, by some accident, had fallen in, and is now exposed to the sun and air, melts away, and a good deal of water flows into the sea. An indisputable proof that what we saw was real ice, is the quantity of mammoths' teeth and bones, which were exposed to view by the melting, and among which I myself found a very fine tooth. We could not assign any reason, for a strong smell, like that of burnt horn, which we perceived in this place. The covering of...