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THE

W O R K S

OF

JOHN OWEN, D.D.

EDITED BY

THE REV. WILLIAM H. GOOLI, D.D.,

EDINBURGH.

VOL. XI.

EDINBURGH:

T. & T. CLARK, 38, GEORGE STREET.

LONDON. HAMILTON, ADAMS, AND CO. DUBLIN: JOHN ROBERTSON

MDCCCLXII.

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The various thoughts of men concerning the doctrine proposed to consideration–The

great concernment of it, however stated, on all hands confessed—Some special causes

pressing to the present handling of it-The fearful backsliding of many in these days

--The great offence given and taken thereby, with the provision made for its removal

- The nature of that offence and temptation thence arising considered— Answer to

some arguings of Mr G., chap. ix., from thence against the truth proposed-The use

of trials and shakings-Grounds of believers' assurance that they are so—The same

farther argued and debated-Of the testimony of a man's own conscience concerning

his uprightness, and what is required thereunto-1 John iii. 7 considered-Of the

rule of self-judging, with principles of settlement for true believers, notwithstand.

ing the apostasies of eminent professors-Corrupt teachings rendering the handling

of this doctrine necessary-Its enemies of old and of late-The particular undertak-

ing of Mr G. proposed to consideration–An entrance into the stating of the question

- The terms of the question explained-Of holiness in its several acceptations-

Created holiness, original or adventitious, complete or inchoateTypical by dedica-

tion, real by purification-Holiness evangelical, either so indeed or by estimation-

Real holiness partial or universal—The partakers of the first, or temporary believers,

not true believers, maintained against Mr G.-Ground of judging professors to be

true believers—Matt. vii. 20 considered—What is the rule of judging men therein

given-What knowledge of the faith of others is to be obtained - What is meant by

perseverance: how in Scripture it is expressed – The grounds of it pointed at-What

is intended by falling away-Whether it be possible the Spirit of grace may be lost,

or the habit of it, and how—The state of the controversy as laid down by Mr G. -

The vanity thereof discovered-His judgment about believers' falling away examined

-What principles and means of perseverance he grants to them—The enemies of

our perseverance-Indwelling sin in particular considered - No possibility of pre-

servation upon Mr G.'s grounds demonstrated - The means and ways of the saints

preservation in faith, as asserted by Mr G., at large examined, weighed, and found

light—The doctrine of the saints' perseverance, and way of teaching it, cleared from

Isa. iv.-That chapter opened–The 5th verse particularly insisted on and discussed

- The whole state and method of the controversy thence educed,

77

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THE IMMUTABILITY OF THE PURPOSES OF GOD.

The immutability of the purposes of God proposed for a second demonstration of the

truth in hand-Somewhat of the nature and properties of the purposes of God: the

object of them-Purposes, how acts of God's understanding and will-The only

foundation of the futurition of all things—The purposes of God absolute-Conti.

nuance of divine love towards believers purposed-Purposes of God farther con-

sidered and their nature explained— Their independence and absoluteness evinced

-Proved from Isa. xlvi. 9-11; Ps. xxxiii. 9-11; Heb. vi. 17, 18, etc.—These places

explained-The same truth by sundry reasons and arguments farther confirmed

Purpose in God of the continuance of his love and favour to believers manifested by

an induction of instances out of Scripture; the first from Rom. viii. 28 proposed,

and farther cleared and improved - Mr G.'s dealing with our argument from hence

and our exposition of this place considered--His exposition of that place proposed

and discussed – The design of the apostle commented on -The fountain of the ac-

complishment of the good things mentioned omitted by Mr (.-In what sense God

intends to make all things work together for good to them that love him-Of God's

foreknowledge-Of the sense and use of the word sporováoxa, also of scisco, and

govborw in classical authors, Ilpógrauis in Scripture everywhere taken for foreknow.

ledge or predetermination, nowhere for pre-approbation-of pre-approving or pro-
approbation here insisted on by Mr G.-Its inconsistency with the sense of the

apostle's discourse manifested- The progress of Mr G.’s exposition of this place con-

sídered-Whether men love God antecedently to his predestination and their effec-

tual calling-To pre-ordain and pre-ordinate different--No assurance granted of the

consolation professed to be intended-The great uncertainty of the dependence of

the acts of God's grace mentioned on one another--The efficacy of every one of them

resolved finally into the wills of men-Whether calling according to God's purpose

supposeth a saving answer given to that call— The affirmative proved, and excep-

tions given thereto removed—What obstructions persons called may lay in their

own way to justification-The iniquity of imposing conditions and supposals on the

purposes of God not in the least intimated by himself—The whole acknowledged

design of the apostle everted by the interposition of cases and conditions by Mr G.

-Mr G.'s first attempt to prove the decrees of God to be conditional considered

1 Sam. ii. 30 to that end produced-1 Sam. ii. 30 farther considered, and its unsuit.

ableness to illustrate Rom. viii. 28-31 proved-Interpretation of Scripture by com-

paring of places agreeing neither in design, word, nor matter, rejected–The places

insisted on proved not to be parallel by sundry particular instances-Some observa-

tions from the words rejected- What act of God intended in these words to Eli, “I

said indeed”—No purpose or decree of God in them declared-- Any such purpose

as to the nouse of Eli by sundry arguments disproved-No purpose of God in the

words insisted on farther manifested–They are expressive of the promise or law

concerning the priesthood, Num. xxv. 11-13, more especially relating unto Exod.

xxviii, 43, xxix. 9--The import of that promise, law, or statute, cleared – The example

of Jonah's preaching, and God's commands to Abraham and Pharaoh—The universal

disproportion between the texts compared by Mr G., both as to matter and expres-

sion, farther manifested-Instances or cases of Saul and Paul to prove conditional

purposes in God considered-Conditional purposes argued from conditional threat-

enings- The weakness of that argument- The nature of divine threatenings-What

will of God, or what of the will of God, is declared by them-No proportion between

eternal purposes and temporal threatenings- The issue of the vindication of our ar-

gument from the foregoing exceptions-Mr G.'s endeavour to maintain his exposition

of the place under consideration–The text perverted-Several evasions of Mr G.

from the force of this argument considered-His arguments to prove no certain or

infallible connection between calling, justification, and glorification, weighed and

answered-Ilis örst, from the scope of the chapter and the use of exhortations-The

question begged-His second, from examples of persons called and not justified

The question argued begged-No proof insisted on but the interposition of his own

hypothesis-How we are called irresistibly, and in what sense-Whether bars of

wickedness and unbelief may be laiù in the way of God's effectual call-Mr G.'s

demur to another consideration of the text removed–The argument in hand freed

from other objections and concluded-Jer. xxxi. 3 explained and improved, for the

confirmation of the truth under demonstration--2 Tim. ii. 19 opened, and the truth

An entrance into the consideration of the covenant of grace, and our argument from

thence for the unchangeableness of the love of God unto believers - The intendment

of the ensuing discourse-Gen. xvii. 7 opened and explained, with the confirmation

of the argument in hand from thence--That argument vindicated and cleared of

objections-Confirmed by some observations-Jer. xxxii 38-40 compared with chap.

xxxi. 31-34--The truth under consideration from thence clearly confirmed - The

certainty, immutability, and infallible accomplishment, of all the promises of the

new covenant demonstrated:1. From the removal of all causes of alteration: 2. From

the Mediator and his undertaking therein; 3. From the faithfulness of God-One

instance from the former considerations-The endeavour of Mr G. to answer our

argument from this place His observation on and from the text considered-1. This

promise not made to the Jews only, 2. Nor to all the nation of the Jews, proved

from Rom. xi. 7; not intending principally their deliverance from Babylon-His in-

ferences from his former observations weighed-1. The promise made to the body of

the people of the Jews typical only; 2. An exposition borrowed of Socinus rejected;

3. The promise not appropriated to the time of the captivity, and the disadvantage

ensuing to Mr G.'s cause upon such an exposition—The place insisted on compared

with Ezek. xi. 17-20_That place cleared --A fourth objection answered–This pro-

mise always fulfilled–The spiritual part of it accomplished during the captivity-

God's intention not frustrated-How far the civil prosperity of the Jews was con-

cerned in this promise-Promises of spiritual and temporal things compared- The

covenant of grace how far conditional --Mr G.'s sense of this place expressed – Bor.

rowed from Faustus Socinus-The inconsistency of it with the mind of the Holy

Ghost demonstrated, also with what himself hath elsewhere delivered - No way suited

to be the answer of our argument from the place–The same interpreiation farther

disproved-An immediate divine efficacy held out in the words--Conversion and

pardon of sins promised-Differenced from the grace and promises of the old cove-

nant-Contribution of means put by Mr G. in the place of effectual operation of the

thing itself, farther disproved-How, when, and to whom this promise was fulfilled,

farther declared-An objection arising upon that consideration answered --Conjec-

tures ascribed to God by Mr G.–The real foundation of all divine predictions—The

promise utterly enervated, and rendered of none effect by Mr G.'s exposition-Its

consistency with the prophecies of the rejection of the Jews--The close of the argu-

ment from the covenant of grace,

204

Entrance into the argument from the promises of God, with their stability and his faith.

fulness in them-The usual exceptions to this argument- A general description of

gospel promises-Why and on what account called gospel proinises-The description

given general, not suited to any single promise-- They are free, and that they are so

proved; all flowing from the first great promise of giving a Redeemer-How they are

discoveries of God's good-will; how made to sinners-Consequential promises made

also to believers–Given in and through Christ in a covenant of grace-Their cer.

tainty upon the account of the engagement of the truth and faithfulness of God in

them of the main matter of these promises, Christ and the Spirit-Of particular

promises, all flowing from the same love and grace-Observations on the promises of

God, sulservient to the end intended-1. They are all true and faithful; the ground

of the assertion-2. Their accomplishment always certain, not always evident-3. All

conditional promises made good, and how-4. The promises of perseverance of two

sorts—5 All promises of our abiding with God in faith and obedience absolute–The

vanity of imposing conditions on them discovered--6. Promises of God's abiding with

us not to be separated from promises of our abiding with him—7. That they do not

properly depend on any condition in believers demonstrated-Instances of this as.

sertion given-8. Making them conditional renders them void as to the ends for which

they are given --Given to persons, not to qualifications— The argument from the pro-

mises of God stated-Mr G.'s exceptions against the first proposition cleared, and his

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