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abutment anticlinal Authority Berea Berea Grit Big Dunkard Sand Big Injun Sand Big Lime Black slate bronze tablet marked Cairo Carter Oil Company chiseled square Cow Run Sand Creek dark Doddridge county drilled Fifth Sand Fifty-foot Sand Fork Fourth Sand Gantz Sand Gas Sand Gordon Sand oil Gordon Stray GRAFTON hard horizon hydrogen Injun Sand gas Kanawha Keener Sand Limestone Little Dunkard Sand Little Lime Mapletown Coal Marion county Maxton Sand miles east miles northwest miles south miles southeast miles west Monongalia Monongalia county nail in root natural gas northeast oil and gas oil sand paraffins Pencil cave Penn Oil Company Pittsburg Coal Postoffice productive record Red rock river Salt Sand salt water Sand 20 Sandstone sandy shale show of oil side of road Slate 20 Slate and shells South Penn Oil southwest corner Stray Sand Thirty-foot Total depth tree Unrecorded West Virginia Wetzel county White sand White slate
Seite 51 - After visiting all the great gas wells that had been struck in western Pennsylvania and West Virginia, and carefully examining the geological surroundings of each, I found that every one of them was situated either directly on or near the crown of an anticlinal axis, while wells that had been bored in the synclines on either side furnished little or no gas, but in many cases large quantities of salt water. Further observation showed that the...
Seite 558 - ... given in a later publication. The railroad, civil, and mining engineers are now almost universally adjusting their levels to those given by the USG Survey, especially since the recent plan has been adopted of placing bronze tablets marked with the elevations, in conspicuous positions every few miles in each quadrangle surveyed.
Seite 52 - The reason why natural gas should collect under the arches of the rocks is sufficiently plain, from a consideration of its volatile nature. Then, too, the extensive fissuring of the rock, which appears necessary to form a capacious reservoir for a large gas well, would take place most readily along the anticlinals where the tension in bending would be greatest.
Seite 11 - ... boiling his furnace" and making salt with it, effecting a great saving in fuel and economy in the cost of salt. In 1843, Messrs. Dickinson & Shrewsberry, boring a few rods below, tapped at about 1,000 feet in depth, nature's great gas reservoir of this region. So great was the pressure of this gas, and the force with which it was vented through this bore-hole, that the augur, consisting of a heavy iron sinker, weighing some 500 pounds...
Seite 29 - Gas. Along with this wonderful recent growth of the petroleum industry in West Virginia there has been a corresponding increase in the production of natural gas, so that this State now stands first of all the States of the Union in the production of this matchless fuel, and with proper care in husbanding this source of power and the prevention of needless waste it should last for another generation at least.
Seite 51 - The arch in the rocks must be one of considerable magnitude. (b) " A coarse or porous sandstone of considerable thickness, or, if a fine grained rock, one that would have extensive fissures, and thus in either case rendered capable of acting as a reservoir for the gas, must underlie the surface at a depth of several hundred feet (500 to 2,500.
Seite 6 - ' This gum was set upright on the spot s.elected for sinking, the large end down, and held in its perpendicular position by props or braces, on the four sides. A platform upon which two men could stand, was fixed about the top ; then a swape erected, having its fulcrum in a forked post set in the ground close by. A large bucket, made from half of a...
Seite 55 - ... in the country, and before the drill had shown that there was any oil in this portion of West Virginia. These are only a few of the positive fruits of the theory to which we can point; the negative results in condemning immense areas...
Seite 8 - In this year an important revelation in the manufacture of salt was effected by the discovery of coal. Although, in one of the finest coal fields in the world, coal had not, hitherto, been found here in workable seams, nor been used at all, except for blacksmith purposes. Wood had been the only fuel used in salt making, and for other purposes, and all the bottoms and convenient hill slopes for several miles up and down the river had been stripped of their timber to supply this demand. David Ruffner,...
Seite 15 - ... comes up on the drills in the form of mud, which is an evidence that it contains salt. There is a continual discharge of carbonated hydrogen gas from the well ; and also from the bed of the creek on which the well is situated, at various places for the distance of half a mile. This gas is highly inflammable, and where there is a free discharge of it...