A Short History of Medical Ethics
Oxford University Press, USA, 2000 - 153 Seiten
A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the medical profession. However, few know what the traditional ethics are and how they came into being. This book provides a brief tour of the complex story of medical ethics evolved over centuries in both Western and Eastern culture. It sets this story in the social and cultural contexts in which the work of healing was practiced and suggests that, behind the many different perceptions about the ethical duties of physicians, certain themes appear constantly, and may be relevant to modern debates. The book begins with the Hippocratic medicine of ancient Greece, moves through the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Enlightenment in Europe, and the long history of Indian 7nd Chinese medicine, ending as the problems raised modern medical science and technology challenge the settled ethics of the long tradition.
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abortion American Medical ancient appeared Asklepios Baker behavior beneﬁt Bioethics Birth of Bioethics Cabot Cambridge Catholic Chauncey Leake China Chinese Christian cians classical clinical Codiﬁcation of Medical concem Confucian culture death debate decorum deﬁned deontology disease doctors duties Epidemics ethics of medicine etiquette ﬁrst Galen Greek Guy de Chauliac harm Harvard healing Hippocrates Hippocratic Oath historian History of Medicine hospital human inﬂuence Jonsen Leake leamed literature long tradition Ludwig Edelstein Maimonides medi medical ethics Medical Morality medical profession Medicus Politicus medieval modem Nathan Smith Davis nineteenth century Nuremberg Code one’s patients Percival s Medical Percival’s persons philosophical physi physical physicians politic ethics practice of medicine practitioners principles reﬂections religious Renaissance Roman Roy Porter rules scholarly scholars scientiﬁc Scribonius Largus sicians sick social surgeons Taoism Temkin theologians tion trans transplantation treatise treatment virtue William Osler words York