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AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL ACCOUNT
LIVES AND WRITINGS
MOST EMINENT PERSONS
IN EVERY NATION;
PARTICULARLY THE BRITISH AND IRISH;
FROM THE EARLIEST ACCOUNTS TO THE PRESENT TIME.
A NEW EDITION,
REVISED AND ENLARGED BY
ALEXANDER CHALMERS, F. S. A.
PRINTED FOR J. NICHOLS AND SON; P. C. AND J. RIVINGTON; T. PAYNE;
OTRIDGE AND SON; G. AND W. NICOL ; WILKIE AND ROBINSON; J. WALKER ;
A NEW AND GENERAL
ABER (BASIL), an eminent Lutheran divine, was born in 1520, at Soraw in Lusatia, on the confines of Silesia. He was bred to letters, and successively became a teacher in the schools at Nordhausen, Tenpstadt, and Quedlinburg, and lastly, rector of the Augustinian college of Era furt. He was a zealous Lutheran, and translated into German, the remarks of Lutheran Genesis. He published also observations on Cicero, and other learned works, and was concerned in the Magdeburgh Centuries; but the chief foundation of his fame was his “ Thesaurus Eruditionis Scholasticæ," an undertaking which required the labour of many able men to render it complete. It was first published in 1571. After his death it was augmented and improved by Buchner, Thomasius, the great Christopher Cellarius, and the Grævius's, father and son. The edition published at the Hague in 1735, in 2 vols. folio, was long esteemed the best, but that by John Henry Leich, published at Francfort in 1749, 2 vols. fol. is thought superior.'
FABER (John), sirnamed from one of his works, the Hammer of Heretics, “ Malleus Hereticorum," was born in Soabia in 1479, and distinguished himself in the universities of Germany in the sixteenth century. In 1519 he was appointed vicar-general to the bishop of Constance; in 1526, Ferdinand king of the Romans, afterwards emperor, named him as his confessor, and in 1531, advanced
i Moreri,- Dict. Hist.-Saxji Onomast,