Manual of the Natural History, Geology, and Physics of Greenland, and the Neighboring Regions: Prepared for the Use of the Arctic Expedition of 1875, Under the Direction of the Arctic Committeee of the Royal Society, for the Use of the Expedition. Published by Authority of the Lords Commissoners of the Admiralty
H.M. Stationery Office, 1875 - 869 Seiten
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alpina America Amph Amphip animal appears Arctic regions Baffin's Bay basalt Boeck borealis Buchholz Cape Farewell Cape Searle Cetacea Claushavn coast of Greenland collected colour common Crust Crustacea cryolite Cumberland Gulf Danish Dark Head Davis Strait Disco east coast Egedesminde Eskimo Expedition Fabr Fabricius fathoms Fauna feet fjord flora fossils genus glacier gneiss Godhavn Godthaab granite Greenl Gthr Iceland inches iron Island Jakobshavn Kroyer land latitude Lichens Linn Lyngemarken Malmgren masses Melville Bay Melville Island minerals Miocene Moll mountains Mull Museum natives North Greenland northern observations occur Parry's Phoca plants Polar Port Kennedy probably Prof Rhdt rocks sandstone Sars Scott's Bay Seal seen Selsk shale shores side Sound species specimens Spitzbergen strata surface Tauri temperature Tidsskr vegetation Voyage Walrus Whale Wilcox Point winter Zool
Seite 538 - ... firma within a few degrees of the North Pole! — a supposition which I consider to be wholly incompatible with the data in our possession, and at variance with the laws of isothermal lines. If, however, we adopt the theory of a former submarine drift,*" followed by a subsequent elevation of the sea-bottom, as easily accounting for all the phenomena, we may explain the curious case brought to our notice by Sir Edward Belcher, by supposing that the tree he uncovered had been floated away with...
Seite 534 - Since those early days, the voyages of Franklin, and of the various gallant officers who have been in search of our lamented friend, have amplified those views, and have shown us that over nearly the whole of the Arctic Archipelago these vast islands possess a structure similar to that of North America. We shall soon, I believe, be made acquainted with the characters of the specimens collected by the expedition under Sir Edward Belcher, who is preparing a description of the natural-history products...
Seite 310 - Sometimes the transition between the green and blue water is progressive, passing through the intermediate shades in the space of three or four leagues ; at others, it is so sudden, that the line of separation is seen like the rippling .of a current ; and the two qualities...
Seite 68 - Supposing the sealing prosecuted with the same vigour as at present, I have little hesitation in stating my opinion that, before thirty years shall have passed away, the ' seal fishery ' as a source of commercial revenue will have come to a close...
Seite 465 - Geological notes on the Noursoak peninsula, Disco island, and the country in the vicinity of Disco bay, North Greenland, 55.
Seite 535 - M., is to call attention to the remarkable fact of the occurrence of considerable quantities of wood, capable of being used for fuel or other purposes, which exist in the interior and on the high grounds of large islands in latitudes where the dwarf willow is now the only living shrub. Before I allude to this phenomenon, as brought to my notice by Capt. M'Clure and Lieut. Pim, I would, however, briefly advert to a few rock specimens collected by the latter officer in Beechey Island, Bathurst Land,...
Seite 536 - Land, in latitude 74° 48', and thence extending along a range of hills varying from 350 to 500 feet above the sea, and from half a mile to upwards inland, he found great quantities of wood, some of which was rotten and decomposed, but much of it sufficiently fresh to be cut up and used as fuel. Whenever this wood was in a well-preserved state, it was either detected in gullies or ravines, or had probably been recently exhumed from the frozen soil or ice. In such cases, and particularly on the northern...
Seite 313 - I also made an observation which is confirmatory of what I have advanced regarding the probability of these minute organisms giving off en masse a certain degree of heat, though in the individuals inappreciable to the most delicate of our instruments. On the evening of the 4th of June, this present year (1867), in latitude 67° 26...
Seite 397 - In the afternoon we saw at some distance from us a well-defined pillar of mist, which, when we approached it, appeared to rise from a bottomless abyss, into which a mighty glacier-river fell. The vast roaring water-mass had bored for itself a vertical hole, probably down to the rock, certainly more than 2,000 feet beneath, on which the glacier rested.