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jewels, but once, and that against her will. And that there never came gold or stone on her head, till her sister forced her to lay off her former soberness, and bear her company in her glittering gayness. And then she so wore it, as every man might see that her body carried that which her heart disliked. I am sure that her maidenly apparel, in king Edward's time, made the noblemen's wives and daughters to be ashamed to be dressed and painted like peacocks; being more moved with her most virtuous example, than with all that Peter or Paul wrote on the subject. Yea, this I know, that a great man's daughter, lady Jane Grey, receiving from lady Mary, before she was queen, good apparel of tinsel, cloth of gold, and velvet, laid on with parchment lace of gold, when she saw it, said: 'What shall I do with it V 'Marry!' said a gentlewoman, 'wear it. 'Nay,' quoth she, 'that were a shame to follow my lady Mary, against God's word.' And when all the ladies, at the coming of the Scots queen dowager, Mary of Guise, (she who visited England in Edward's time,) went with their hair frownsed, curled, and double curled, she altered nothing, but kept her old-maidenly shamefacedness.'
"Whatever Elizabeth's subsequent taste in
dress might have been, it is evident, that at this period she strictly conformed to the rigid turn of sentiment which prevailed in young Edward's reign. Miss Aikin tells us, that there is a print, from the portrait of her when young, in which the hair is without a single ornament, and the whole dress remarkably plain.
"But I must leave this interesting part of Elizabeth's character, and proceed to the time when the insurrection by Wyatt, of which I have formerly spoken, was made a pretext for confining her person within the Tower.
"Three of the queen's council were dispatched to Ashbridge, to summon her to London; and with such rigour did they execute their commission, that, although on their arrival late at night, they found her confined to her bed with illness, they not only insisted upon seeing her at this time, but, ere the lady to whom they had given their message could deliver it, they rudely burst into the room of the princess, and informed her, that, 'alive or dead,' they must carry her with them.
"That Elizabeth had conducted herself with great amiability, may be inferred from the grief with which her servants saw her depart. They naturally anticipated, from the severity of the proceedings, the worst that could befall their youthful mistress. And, in so weak a state was the afflicted princess, that she was obliged to rest four nights, in a journey of twenty-four miles.
After the residence of a few days at Hampton Court, she was conducted to the Tower privately, by the earl of Sussex and another lord, three of her own ladies, three of the queen's, and some of her own officers.
"Holinshed has preserved some curious and characteristic traits of her conduct, which I shall relate to you, in nearly his own words.
"On reaching the place of her destination, she at first refused to land at the traitors' gate, which, when one of the uncourteous lords heard, he replied, that 'she should not choose;' offering her, at the same time, his cloak, to protect her from the rain; 'which she, putting it back with her hand, with a good dash, refused.'
"Setting her foot upon the stairs, she said: 'Here landeth as true a subject, being a prisoner, as ever landed at these stairs; and before thee, O God! do I speak it, having none other friends but thee alone.' To whom the same lord answered again: 'That, if it were so, it was the better for her.'
"Observing a multitude of servants and
warders standing in order to receive her, she said: 'What needed all this V Being informed that it was customary, on receiving a prisoner: 'If it be,' said she, 'for my cause, I beseech you that they may be dismissed.' Whereupon the poor men knelt down, and, with one voice, prayed God to preserve her; for which action they all lost their places the next day.
"Passing on a little further, she sat down upon a stone, and there rested herself; upon which the lieutenant, expressing his fears upon her account, and begging her to come in from the rain, she replied: 'Better sitting here, than in a worse place; for God knoweth, I know not whither you will bring me.' On seeing her gentleman-usher in tears, she reproved him, telling him, he ought rather to be her comforter, and not to dismay her; especially since she knew her truth to be such, that no man should have cause to weep for her. Then rising, she entered into her prison, the doors being locked and bolted upon her.
"This last act of severity seems exceedingly to have distressed the princess; but, calling for her book, she devoutly prayed that she 'might be suffered to build her house upon the rock, whereby the blasts of the blustering weather should have no power upon her.'
"The confinement of the princess in the Tower, was purposely rendered as irksome and comfortless as possible. It was not till after a month's close confinement, by which her health had suffered materially, that, after many entreaties, she gained permission to walk in the royal apartments, accompanied by the lord chamberlain, and three of her gentlewomen; the windows being shut, and she not permitted to look out of them. Afterwards, she had liberty to walk in a small garden, the doors and gates being shut; and the other prisoners being closely guarded during the time, and strictly commanded not to look from out of the windows, or to speak.
"Even a child of five years old, belonging to some inferior officer in the Tower, who was wont to visit her daily, and to carry her flowers, was suspected of being employed as a messenger between her and the earl of Devonshire; was strictly examined by the lord chamberlain; and, notwithstanding his youth and simplicity, ordered not to visit her again. The child answering, that 'he would bring his lady and mistress more flowers,' he was threatened with a whipping if he did not desist. The next day, as the princess was walking in the garden, the boy, peeping in through a hole in the door,