« ZurückWeiter »
and Queries, with
NOTES AND QUERIES:
GENERAL BOOKBINDING CO., CHESTERLAND, OHIO
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1889.
though it reappears in another Arabian version,
viz., the 'Story of the Fisherman's Son,' in the CONTENTS.-No 158.
Wortley Montagu MS. of The Nights '*- & NOTES :- Aladdin's Lamp, 1—The 'Ars Moriendi' Block second talisman was necessary to the hero for two Book, 2-Dickens and Figaro in London: 3 Notes on purposes : (1) to enable him to escape from the Bash, 4 - Londonshire – Flies and Wolves - Tace-Casa- cave by means of the slave of the ring ; and (2) to Psalms, 5–Pope's Vision Medieval Names European his royal bride, carried away by order of the noviana - Curious Etymology-Hampole's Version of the further his efforts to recover the magic palace and Women among Savages-Sheffield Plate-Marriage, 6.
magician as soon as he had exchanged "new lamps QUERIES :-John Bunyan-Monody on Henderson'-Bir A. Hart-Great Seal of Katherine Parr-Monte Video-Bishops for old” very advantageously. The slave of the of Norwich-Longitude and Marriage, 7-"A cool hundred lamp gives its possessor wealth galore and so forth. --- Polydore Vergil – Death Warrant of Charles I:--Cross But the great blunder is, that the genie is sumSoapstone Figures – Medal Portraits – WatermarksW. moned (like him of the ring) by rubbing the lamp; Fielding, 8 - Betham- Altar Inscriptions ---Vertue --Mills while Aladdin found it burning in the cave, and * Logie - Capt. Marryat-Beveridge-Baptist May-Authors had, of course, to extinguish the light in order to Wanted, 9.
carry it away. And what the author forgot is that REPLIES :-Wetherby, 9 - Egyptian Hierograms, 10 - Dr.
Guillotin - Charlemagne - "Bring" and Take" – Friar's whenever the lamp was lighted the genie would inLanthorn-Belgian Custom, 11-Sir M. Livesey-Chartist, stantly appear“ to obey," &c.; and so he fell back New English Dictionary" – Constablo's Pictures - Pitsapon the usual manner in which magical rings are hanger, 12- Kirk-Grims, 13-Quarles-Anonymous Poem- employed to summon their “slaves ”—by rubbing Children - Buonaparte's Habeas Corpus, 11 - Amsterdam them.+ In other versions or analogues of the story Bourse-Agincourt : Davy Gam-Herrick, 15-Beans in Leap of Aladdin—which is evidently of comparatively Year-Lord Lisle's Assassination - Rolling a Ball-Westminster Library-Hammonds-Poison-Aston's 'Brief Sup- recent date—where a lamp is the wonder-worker it plement, 16 — Nightcap Stratagem... Curiosities of Cata- must be lighted in order to summon its attendant
Bombastes Furioso " -Chaucer's · Balade of Gentilnesse,' 17 spirit. Thus in the German story of the ‘Blue
- Brussels Gazette '-" Our Father"-- Arbuthnot, 18. Light,' in Grimm's collection, no sooner does the NOTES ON BOOKS:- Foster's “Alumni Oxonienses'. old soldier light the lamp he found at the bottom Loftie's • Kensington, Picturesque and Historical."
of the dry well than there appears before him“ Notices to Correspondents, &c.
black dwarf, with a hump on his back and a feather in his cap," who demands to know what he
wants, and so on. Potes.
But there is an Indian story, in Mrg. Meer ALADDIN'S WONDERFUL LAMP.
Hasan Ali's 'Observations on the Mussulmans of I fancied that I had said “the last” for a long
India' (London, 1832), vol. ii. p. 324 ff., in which time to come about the story of Aladdin ('Alá-ed
a lighted lamp has the same property : Shaykh Día) and his lamp in my Popular Tales and Fic-Saddú, a bypocritical devotee, wandering into a tions, and afterwards in Appendix to vol. iii. of neighbouring jungle one day, finds a copper cup, Sir Richard F. Burton's 'Supplemental Nights'; he could not with all his learning decipher. He
whereon were engraved certain characters which but I find that I have somehow overlooked what takes it to his retreat, and at nightfall
, being just now appears to me a very great absurdity in that then in want of a good-sized lamp, he puts oil and world-renowned romance, as regards the mode of using the lamp.
a wick into the cup, and the instant it was lighted In by far the greater number of versions, variants, a." figure resembling a human being” stood before
him. and analogues of the story, both Asiatic and
“Who art thou," demanded the shaykh, European, the wonder-working thing is a magical of a hermit ?" The figure replied: "I come at
that dost thus intrude at this hour on the privacy gem or ring, commonly obtained by the hero from the
summons of your lamp. I The possessor of that a serpent, * for services rendered "; and the hero vessel has four slaves, one of whom you see before having befriended certain animals, generally a dog and a cat, when his precious talisman is stolen you. We are genii, and can only be summoned by these grateful animals recover it for him. I have the lighting up of this vessel. The number of your elsewhere pointed out that this is probably the slaves will be in due attendance according to the original form of the story; and, if so, then it is cer
number of the wicks that it may please you to tainly of Buddhist invention. But in the tale of light. Demand our attendance at any hour you Aladdin the young hero has two talismans, namely, * This story is translated in Dr. Jonathan Scott's edi. the ring, which the magician gives him for his pro- tion of the Arabian Nights Entertainments, vol. vi. tection before he descends into the cave, and the Nighte, vol. iv. pp. 319-329. lamp, of which he becomes possessed through the Nights,' vol. iv. pp. 314-329. magician foolishly shutting him in the cave-to according to the finger on which it is placed.
† Sometimes a magical ring has different properties perish, as he vainly believed. As the element of
| Evidently it was a lamp, not a cup, as the sbaykh the grateful animals is omitted in the story - supposed.
choose, and we are bound to obey." This wicked plate x., which, as is well known, has for years shaykh gives the four genii of his lamp many tasks been an enigma to connoisseurs. to perform, most of them such as were repugnant It may be well first to observe that the famous to them (for it appears these were very scru- original, purchased by the British Museum in 1872 pulous” genii, such as would not have suited Alad. for upwards of 1,0001., is a block-book, execated, din's pretended uncle, the Maghrabí), and one of in the opinion of the Keeper of the Printed Books, the tasks at once recalls Aladdin and the Princess in the best style of art prevalent at the time of Badr-ul-Badúr. He caused them to convey the king's its production,"and consists of but twelve separate daughter to him, " and she was his unwilling com- sheets, of two leaves each, printed on the inner panion” in bis retreat. But there was soon to be side only. There are eleven illustrations, each an end of bis wickedness ; for when the genii, by occupying a whole page, opposite each of which is his order, were beginning to raise a remarkable given an explanatory letterpress. The Holbein mosque, situated at a considerable distance, in Society's reproduction of this small and unique order to carry it to the place where the shaykh volume has the great advantage of an introduction, dwelt, the devotee who had bis abode therein, in which the writer, Mr. George Bullen, F.S.A., a man of undoubted sanctity-sent them off" with besides giving much interesting bibliographical ina flea in their ear," in this wise : "Begone," said formation, describes the various plates, and exthe pious man, in a tone of authority that deprived plains their often recondite meaning. them of their strength. “A moment's delay, and
Having myself examined a good deal of this I will pray that you be consumed with fre. Would literature in preparing my 'Christian Care of the Shaykh Saddú add to his crimes by forcing the Dying and the Dead," I hope I may say, without house of God from its foundation ? Away this presumption, that the introduction seems to me to moment! else fire shall consume you on the spot.” | be admirable, one explanation only, that of plate ., They fled in haste to their profane master, whose being excepted. It begins on p. 15 thus :rage was unbounded at their disobedience, as he termed their return without the mosque. He raved, angel who comes to support and console the dying man,
“Following this is an engraving (No. 107 of the good stormed, and reviled them in bitter language, while thus tempted to endanger bis salvation through inwhile they, heartily tired of their servitude, caught dulging in the sin of avarice; the accompanying letter. up the copper vessel, and in his struggle to resist press being headed'
Bona inspiracio ang’li contra avaricia" them he was thrown with violence on the ground, In this engraving the guardian angel stands, as before, in and his wicked soul was suddenly separated from front of the dying man, with
his right hand raised in ex.
hortation, and with a scroll on the right of the picture his impure body.
bearing the words, 'Non sis auarus.' Above the canopy Here we have the lamp of Aladdin, but put to of the bedstead, on the right, is a representation of its proper use—lighted-in order to summon the the Blessed Virgin, and next to this, on the left, is a fullgenii; we have also the princess being conveyed to length figure of the Holy Jesus stretched on the cross (g). Aladdin, as I have before remarked, and a reflec. Next to this
on the left, somewhat lower down, are three
figures of sheep, shown principally by their heads. Next tion of Maghrabl's causing the palace to be re- to these, on the left, are three figures, namely, of a man moved to a far distant place. It would be interesting and two women (C); just below the second woman is the to ascertain the source whence Mrs. Meer Hasan figure of a maiden (ó), and above her, on the extreme Ali derived this singular story, which bears out, I left, is the head of a man (d). What this group of figures think, my opinion that the author of the tale of ture. The man ), standing as he does next to the sheep, Aladdin has greatly blundered in representing the and with a staff in his hand, is perhaps a representation Jamp as requiring to be rubbed, and not lighted. of a good shepherd. They all of them, however, appear The appearance of one or more of the four attend to look towards the dying man with feelings of compasant genii of the wicked shaykh's lamp, according to sion. Below this
group is the figure of an angel, with a the number of wicks that were lighted, has its scroll bearing the words, " Ne intendas amicis” (Do not
concern thyself for thy friends). This angel holds with parallel in another Asiatic story; but this note is both hands an outspread curtain, intended to conceal already too long.
W. A. CLOUSTON, from the dying man's view (a) two full-length figures, 233, Cambridge Street, Glasgow.
one of a woman on the right and the other of a man on the left; both possibly being disappointed expectants of sharing in the dying man's wealth; or else the female
figure representing his wife and the male figure that of THE 'ARS MORIENDI' BLOCK-BOOK (1450), his physician. The latter appears to be exhorting his PLATE THE TENTH,
female companion to depart from the scene. At the foot While examining not long ago a reproduction of the picture, on the right, is the figure of an ugly of Caxton's Trayttye abredged of the Arte to Lerne demon with a scroll bearing the words • Quid faciam."** well to Dye’ (1490), for comparison with it I took I beg to offer the following as a new interpretadown the Holbein Society's marvellous facsimile, tion of the plate above described by Mr. Bullen, by Mr. F. C. Price, of the Ars Moriendi' named On reference to the work itself it will be found at the head of this paper. I was thus led to con- that the preceding letterpress contains Satan's sider again this fine work, pausing especially at temptation to avarice, with a plate (ix.) representing various forms of self-seeking. Plate x. is a all transitory things wholly away like poison, and picture of self-renunciation, as appears from the turn his heart's affection to voluntary poverty, &c.
Bona Inspiracio” of the angel, which faces it, From this part of the angel's address the artist and of which a short account must now be given. completes his plate with a picture of the Eternal
"Turn thine ears (saith the angel) away from the Son giving up (1) the ever-blessed mother that deadly suggestions of the devil......Put wholly behind bare Him-that Son of Man who for us men thee all temporal things, the recollection of which can fathomed the greatest depths of poverty, volunnot at all help thy salvation...... Be mindful of the words tarily renouncing upon the cross (9) all things that of the Lord to them who cling to such things: Nisi quis were His own, not retaining even dear life. renunciaverit omnibus quæ possidet non potest meus esse discipulus ' (St. Luke xiv. 33).”
As illustrating the foregoing view it is interestThe artist illustrates this principle by selecting ing to read in Caxton's Arte to Lerne well to some of the examples mentioned in the verse imme Dye,' p. 8, that diately afterwards quoted by the angel, who saith:- "the fyfthe temptacyon that most troubleth the “And again, 'Si quis venit ad Me et non odit patrem outwarde thinges and temporall, as towarde bis wyf his
seculors and worldly men, is the overgrote ocupacyon of suum et matrem, et uxorem, et filios, et fratres, et sorores, chyldren & his frendes carnall / towarde his rychesses or adhuc non potest meus esse discipulus' (St. Luke xiv, 26)." towarde other thynges / which he hath moost loved in his The artist places in the forefront of his picture an lyf / And therfore whosome ver wyll
' & surely deyo angel saying, "Do not concern thyself for thy he ought to set symply and all' from bym all'o outwarde friends," and holding up, with both hands, a cur
thynges & temporell' and oughto all'o to commytte to
god fully." tain (a) between the dying man and an elderly couple—his father and mother-to whom the sick with the 'Ars Moriendi' cap, I should think,
Those of my readers who are not yet acquainted man, to their own sorrow, has already bidden, it seems, a glad farewell. I see no medical emblems than by making its acquaintance with the help of
scarcely give themselves a greater literary treat with or near the man that would lead me to sup: the apparatus criticus provided in the edition I pose him to be intended for the physician. Next
W. H, SEWELL. (b), above the foreground, is represented his wife,
Yaxley Vicarage, Suffolk, like himself young, who looks at him with piteous gaze, her hair being dishevelled--the usual sign of female mourning-anticipating the near approach
Din CAARLES DICKENS CONTRIBUTE TO 'FIGARO of widowhood. I do not think that dishevelled IN LONDON'?-In the elaborate and exhaustive hair is a form of mourning ever exclusively used Dickens Catalogue' (pp. 38), compiled and pubby "a maiden."
lished by Messrs. J. W. Jarvis & Son, 28, King Besides (as the angel continues), the Lord saith William Street, Strand, 1884, is a notice of Figaro to them who have renounced those things :- in London, with this remark :
"Et omnis qui relinquiret domum vel fratres, vel “This was the precursor of Punch, and is full of sorores, aut patrem, aut matrem, aut uxorem, aut filios, chatty, racy anecdotes and jokes, said to be written by aut agros, propter nomen meum, centuplum accipiet, et Charles Dickons and Gilbert à Beckett.”—P. 23. vitam eternam possidebit" (St. Matthew xix. 29). No mention of this is made in the list of "PublicaFrom this verse the masterly engraver enriches his tions to which Dickens contributed only a portion" plate with fresh instances of self-ronunciation, (pp. 32–3), in Mr. James Cook's very valuable namely, (c) two sisters, with braided hair, stand- Bibliography of the Writings of Charles Dickens' ing a little bebind the wife ; and yet further back (London, Frank Kerslake, 22, Coventry Street, (d) the dying man's brother, the expression of Haymarket, 1879, pp. 88). "I may remark, in passwhose countenance is very beautiful, of all of ing, that the excellent woodcut on Mr. Cook's whom the sufferer has to take his leave. Children title-page, giving a most spirited likeness-bust of are not supposed to be born of so young a wife; Dickens, was drawn by M. Faustin, and origin. none are represented. But the dying man has to ally appeared in Figaro (Mr. James Mortimer's take leave of his lands, "aut agros.” And these (e) London Figaro, on the staff of which I remained are represented by their occupants—sheep that for upwards of five years) on Sept. 27, 1873. The graze them and a bailiff who, staff in hand, shep- mention of this is suggested by the coincidence of herds the flock-perhaps so placed by the artist Dickens and the two London Figaros. not without a mystic allusion to the shepherd who I possess an original copy of “Figaro in London. in the deserts of the East has sometimes to give Vol. I. For the Year 1832" (William Strange, his life for his sheep (St. John x. 11).
21, Paternoster Row). It consists of fifty-six Remember also (adds the angel) the poverty of weekly issues, commencing with that for Dec. 10, Christ hanging for thee upon the cross, most freely 1831. There was a second volume, which, from giving up for thy salvation His most dearly loved Aug. 16, 1834, to the close, was illustrated by mother and His best beloved disciples. The angel Isaac Robert Cruikshank in place of Robert Seybegs the dying man to imprint on his mind these mour, whose remarkably clever political caricatures things and the examples of the saints, and to put I-coarselv engraved. and often at Sovmour's op:
GENERAL BOOKDINDING CO.