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it is designed to form, and its Superiority in these and vari-
HISTORICAL & AUXILIARY EVIDENCES
DIVINE AUTHORITY OF THE BIBLE,
The Preponderancy of these Evidences to any of a similar nature which
can be brought forward in Support of the Claims of the Hindoo Shasters.
Of Miracles. Principles of the Argument derived from Miracles,
42 SECTION 1.
The Evidence for the Divine Authority of the New Testament,
arising from the Number, Variety, and Nature of the Miracles
Of Prophery. Of the Argument derived from Prophecy,
On the Resurrection.
is derived from it, in Support of the Divine Authority of the
90 Section 1. Examination of the Motives by which the Apostles were actu
ated in their Endeavours to promote the spread of the Gospel, 92
OF THE INTERNAL EVIDENCES
DIVINE AUTHORITY OF THE BIBLE,
THE DEFICIENCY OF THIS EVIDENCE IN SUPPORT OF THE CLAIMS
EARNED men of past ages have employed their talents, and greatly benefitted posterity, by writing the history of the times in which they lived. In examining these histories, so far as they respect civilized nations, we cannot find an account of any people that have ever been without a government, and the establishment of a supreme authority for the regular administration of its laws. The wisdom and policy of men convince them of the uti, lity of such an establishment, and the experience of all ages, whether past or present, shews its absolute necessi; ty to the maintenance of social order in a well regulated community.
2. If the wisdom of men convinces them of the bene. fits of a good government, and its necessity to the maintenance of tranquillity and order, what establishment of this nature may we reasonably suppose, the superior wisdom of God will lead him to adopt for the maintenance of his authority in the world? Certains ly, as God is much wiser than man, we must necessarily
suppose that he also has established that system of moral government which shall most conduce to general good; i. e. that he also has given laws by which men are required to regulate their conduct, and that he will ultimately reward or punish them according to their obedience or disobedience to those laws, so far as they have had an opportunity of becoming acquainted with them.
3. If we cast our eyes around, and survey the present state of the world, we must be convinced, by the ignorance of spiritual things which men universally manifest, and the endless variety of opinions which prevail amongst them as to the character of God, the duties which all men owe to him, and the means of their being accepted by him, that such a revelation is absolutely necessary; i. e. this diversity of opinion evidently proves, that unless God gives a revelation of himself, shewing men what he requires then to do, they can never arrive at any certain and satisfactory conclusion as to what is true, and what is false on this subject.
4. That such a revelation is not only absolutely necessary, but that it has actually been given by God, may be strongly inferred from the variety of opposite claims which the different nations of the earth make to their having received such a communication from him, each asserting that its own sacred books are of divine authority, and contain the revelation required. Hence a difficulty arises. Those professed revelations are almost all of them totally opposed to each other, consequently all of them cannot be' true. We never heard of a king who established a separate code of laws, totally opposed to each other, for every province of his dominions; such a system would be productive of endless disorder and confusion. Every monarch establishes one universal law, which is binding upon all his subjects; and for their disobedience to this one law, all will be alike punished. On the ground, therefore, of reason and observation, we may infer, that the majority of the claims which men make to having each received a separate divine revelation must be false. There is a unity in all God's proceedings, and all are cha