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faff fall within his arm, he press'd both his hand with relignation upon his breast, and retired.




Y heart smote me the moment he faut the

door-Pha! said I, with an air of carelessness, three several times--but it would not do: every ungracious syllable I had utter'd, crouded back into my imagination :-I reflected I had no right over the poor Franciscan, but to deny him ; and that the punishment of that was enough to the disappointed without the addition of unkind language--I considered his gray hairshis courteous figure seem'd to re-enter, and gently ask me what injury he had done me?---and why I could use him thus! I would have given twenty livres for an ad. vocate-I have behaved very ill, said I, within myfelf; but I have only just set out upon my travels, and shall learn better manners as


get along

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7HEN a man is discontented with himself, it

has one advantage however, that it puts him into an excellent frame of mind for making a bar.

Now, there being no travelling through France and Italy without a chaise, --and nature geperally prompting us to the thing we are fittest for, I walked out into the coach-yard to buy or hire



fomething of that kind to my purpose : an old * Dea fobligeant in the furtheft corner of the court, hit my fancy at first sight; so I instantly got into it, and finding it in tolerable harmony with my feelings, I ordered the waiter to call Monsieur Beflein the master of the hôtel-but Monsieur Deflein being gone to Vespers, and not caring to face the Franciscan, whom I saw on the opposite side of the court in conference with a lady just arrived at the inn- drew the cuffeta curtain betwixt us, and be. ing determined to write my journey, I took out my pen and ink, and wrote the preface to it in the Desobligeant.




I be :

fopher, That nature has fet up, by her own n. questionable authory, certain boundaries, and fences to circumscribe the discontent of man fhe has effected her purpose in the quietest and earrest man. ner, by laying him under almost insuperable obligations to work out his ease, and to sustain his sufferings at hoine. It is there only that the has provided him with the most suitable objects to partake of his happiness, and bear a pyt of that burden which, in all countries and ages, has ever been too heavy for one pair of houlders. ?Tis true, we are endued with an imperfect power of spreading our happi. ness, sometimes beyond her limits; but 'tis so order, ed, that, from the want of languages, connections, and dependencies, and from the difference in educa.

A chaise, so called in France, from its holding but one perfon,


tion, customs, and habits, we lie under so many imi pediments in communicating our sensations out of our own sphere, as often amount to a total impos. sibility.

It will always follow from hence, that the balance of sentimental commerce is always against the expatriated adventurer : he mult buy what he has little occasion for at their own price-his conversation will seldom be taken in exchange for theirs without a large discount--and this, by-the-by, eternally driving him into the hands of more equitable brokers, for such conversation as he can find, it requires no great spirit of divination to guess at his party

This brings me to my point, and naturally leads me, (if the see-saw of this Desobligeant will but let me get on) into the efficient, as well as the final causes of travelling

Your idle people that leave their native country and go abroad, for some reason or reasons, which may be derived from one of these general causes

Infirmity of body,
Imbecillity of mind, or

Inevitable necessity. The first two include all those who travel by land or by water, labouring with pride, curiosity, vanity, or spleen, subdivided and combined in infinitum.

The third class includes the whole army of peregrine martyrs; more especially those travellers who set out upon their travels with the benefit of the clergy, either as delinquents travelling under the direction of governors recommended by the magistrate-or young gentlemen, transported by the cruelty of parents and guardians, and travelling under the direction of governors recommended by Oxford, Aberdeen, and Glasgow.

under down

There is a fourth class, but their number is fo small that they would not deserve a distinction, was it not neceffary, in a work of this nature, to obferve the greatest precision and nicety, to avoid a confufion of character. And these men I speak of, are such as cross the seas, and sojourn in a land of itrangers, with a view of saving money for various reaTons, and upon various pretences : but as they might also save themselves and others a great deal of unnecessary trouble by saving their money at home-and as their reafons for travelling are the leaft complex of any other species of emigrants, I Shall distinguish these gentlemen by the name of

Simple Travellers. Thus the whole circle of travellers, may be reduced to the following Heads :

Idle Travellers,
Inquisitive Travellers,
Lying Travellers,
Proud Travellers,
Vain Travellers,

Splenetic Travellers.
Then follow the Travellers of Necessity,

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The delinquent and felonious Traveller.
The unfortunate and innocent Traveller.
The simple Traveller.

And last of all (if you please) The Sentimental Traveller (meaning thereby myself) who have travelld, and of which I am now fitting

down to give an account—as much out of Necesity and the besoin de Voyager, as any one in the class.

I am well aware, at the same time, as both my travels and observations will be altogether of a different cast from any of my fore-runners; that I might have insisted upon a whole nitch entirely to myself—but I should break in upon the confines of the Vain Traveller, in wishing to draw attention towards me, till I have some better grounds for it, than the mere Novelty of my vehicle.

It is sufficient for my reader, if he has been a traveller himself, that with study and reflection hereupon he


be able to determine his own place and rank in the catalogue--it will be one step towards knowing himself; as it is great odds but he retains some tincture and resemblance of what he imbibed or carried out, to the present hour.

The man who first transplanted the grape of Burgundy to the Cape of Good Hope (observe he was a Dutchman) never dreamt of drinking the fame wine at the Cape, that the same grape produced upon the French mountains-he was too phlegmatic for that --but undoubtedly he expect. ed to drink some sort of vinbus liquor ; but whether good, bad or indifferent-he knew enough of this world to know, that it did not depend up. on his choice, but that which is generally called chance was to decide his success : however, he hoped for the best; and in these hopes, by an intemperate confidence in the fortitude of his head, and the depth of his discretion, Mynheer might poffibly overset both in his new vineyard; and by discovering his nakedness, become a laughing-stock to his people.

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