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fore as affording evidence that the human that of the air was only 28°. Now, as this species had been called into existence during difference of temperature will be a maximum the formation of the secondary strata. about sunrise, the current'of air issuing from Geologists pointed out the inaccuracy of this the crevices will produce sounds which may opinion, and proved that the enclosing mass be modified by its impulse against the elastic was not a portion of the older strata of the films of mica that may project into the crecrust of the earth, but merely a portion of vices. Messrs Jomard, Jollois and De. one of those calcareous formations daily villiers heard, at sunrise, in a monument taking place on the shores of the West India of granite, placed at the centre of the spot Islands. It is well known to geologists, on which the Palace of Karnak stands, a that several extensive tracts in Germany are noise resembling that of a string breaking. covered with a deep deposite of calcareous Humboldt's Personal Narrative, vol. iv. tuffa, which contains fossil remains of the Meteoric Phenomenon called the Lantern mastodonton, megatherium, Irish elk, (Alci of Maracaybo.—This luminous phenomenon gigantea, Blum.), and elephant (Elephas is seen every night on a mountainous and primigeni), and other colossal animals, which uninhabited spot on the borders of the river are now considered as extinct.
In this very Catatumbo, near its junction with the Sulia. ancient alluvial formation, human skulls have Being nearly in the meridian of the opening been discovered ; and if the statements given of the Lake of Maracaybo, navigators are in regard to this interesting discovery, at guided by it as by a lighthouse. This light Meissen in Saxony, be correct, we have ob- is distinguished at a greater distance than tained a proof of the co-existence of the hu- 40 leagues. Some have ascribed it to the man race, .with the gigantic megatheria, effects of a thunder-storm, or of electrical elks, and elephants.
explosions, which might take place daily in Geology of Shetland Islands..Dr Hib- a pass in the mountains; while others prebert of Manchester, at present resident in tend that it is an air volcano. M. Palacios Edinburgh, has published the first part of observed it for two years at Merida. Hy, his geological description of the Shetland drogen gas is disengaged from the ground Islands, in the second number of the Edin- in the same district : this gas is constantly burgh Philosophical Journal. It would ap- accumulated in the upper part of the cavern pear from the details there given, that Dr Del Serrito de Monai, where it is generally Hibbert considers nearly the whole of Shet- set on fire to surprise travellers.See Hum. land as of primitive formation ; and the re- boldt's Personal Narrative, vol, iv. p. 264. sult of one grand and simultaneous process Atmospherical or Meteoric Dust.-Proof crystallization. This view of primitive fessor Rafinesque of New York, in a paper rocks, although it may be objected to by on atmospheric dust, maintains, that an the mere collectors of specimens, and clos imperceptible dust falls at all times from speculators, is not the less likely to be a the atmosphere, and that he has seen it on plausible interpretation of nature. --Professor mount Ætna, on the Alps, on the Alleghany Jameson, in the first number of the Edin. and Castskill mountains in America, and burgh Philosophical Journal, proposes the also on the Ocean. This is the same dust same opinion, and has there given such de- which accumulates in our apartments, and tails as incline us to view this speculation in renders itself peculiarly visible in the beams a favourable light; and as one likely to
of the sun.
He has found it to accumulate improve geological science.
at the rate of from one-fourth of an inch to Felspar, and Pitchstone, varieties of the one inch in a year, but in such a fleecy same species. In the islands of Arran, state, that it could be compressed to oneMull, Egg, and Skye, pitchstone occurs in third of its height. Hence he takes the beds, veins, and embedded masses, in rocks average of the yearly deposite at about oneof various descriptions. It appears to run sixth of an inch.- American Journal of into felspar, thus shewing that it is nearly Science, No. iv. p. 397. allied to that substance, and indeed, that Royal Geological Society in Cornwall. the two substances are probably varieties of This flourishing society. owes much to its the same species. In the mineral system, former secretary, Dr Parys, and to the acpitchstone ought to be placed near compact tive and enlightened exertions of Davies felspar, and under the name Resinous Gilbert, Esq. M.P. Lord de Dunstanville, Felspar.
and the present accomplished and learned Subterraneous Sounds in Granite Rocks.- secretary, Dr Forbes. At the anniversary M. Humboldt was informed by most credi- meeting held at Penzance, end of Septemble witnesses, that subterraneous sounds, ber, many valuable papers were read, of like those of an organ, are heard towards which the following list has been published. sunrise, by those who sleep upon the granite 1. On the Importance of Mineralogical rocks on the banks of the Oroonoko. He nd Geological Knowledge to the practical supposes them to arise from the difference Miner ; by Dr Forbes, the secretary. of temperature between the external air and 2. On the Granite Veins of Cornwall ; by the air in the narrow and deep crevices of Mr Joseph Carne. the shelves of rocks. During the day, these 3. Dr Forbes on the Geology of St Mi. crevices are heated to 48° or 50°. The tem. chael's Mount. perature of their surface was often 39°, when 4. On Elvan Courses, by Davies Gilbert,
Esq. M.P. Vice-President of the Royal So Suicides in Paris. The number of suis ciety, President.
cides committed and attempted in Paris and 5. On the Temperature of Mines, by Mr its environs in the four months of January, R. W. Fox.
February, March, and April, amounted to 6. On the Temperature of Mines, by Dr 124. Of these persons 33 were women ; Forbes.
64 of them were single, and 60 had been 7. On the Geology of the West of Cornó married. The greater number destroyed life wall, Part II. by Dr Forbes.
by the use of fire arms, the vapour of char8. Appendix to the above, by Professor coal, or by drowning ; 46 resorted to the Jameson.
last method. This period of the first fout Besides the above, there were several pa- months of this year, compared with the pers presented which there was not time to same period of the last year, offers an excess read; among which were a paper by the of 41 suicides. Rev. Mr Greathead ; a short account of the By the end of June the number amount. coal field of Pontypool by Mr Llewellyn ; ed to 199, of which 137 were committed by a valuable paper by Mr R. W. Fox, on the men, and 62 by women ; 102 of these were Transmission of Heat through different sure married, and 97 were unmarried. These have faces ; Mr König on the Cornish Minerals been arranged in a sort of scale according to in the British Museum.
the causes, thus for love, 17; illness, dis Preservation of Water at Sea.-M. Per taste of life, insanity, domestic trouble, 65; net, after an examination of the means bad conduct, gaming, lottery, 28 ; misery, which are, or may be, adopted for the pre- poverty, deranged affairs; 47 ; fear of reservation of fresh water at sea, gives the pre- proaches and punishment, 6: unknown ference to the following: 14 parts of oxide motives, 36 ; in the wbole 199, of which of manganese in powder is mixed with 250 63 were unsuccessful attempts, and 146 parts of water, and agitated every fifteen were completed. days. In this way water has been preserv Submarine Volcano near Shetland. The ed unchanged for seven years.
late Rev. George Low, author of the Pauna The editor of the Annales de Chimie ob. Orcadensis, in a tour through the Shetland serves, that oxide of manganese has the Islands during the summer of 1774 (the power, not only of preserving water, but of MS. of which is in the possession of Dr Hibrendering that sweet which has become pu. bert), collected some curious information trid ; but he also points out the important from the island of Fetlar, which appears to circumstance, that the oxide is slightly solu- have fixed the site of a submarine volcano ble in water, and therefore recommends the at no great distance from the British Isles. use of iron tanks for the water, as in Eng. The late Andrew Bruce, Esq. of Urie, in a land.
statistical account of the Island, communi. Simultaneous existence of Salt and Fresh cated to Mr Low, says, “ In 1768, we had Water Mollusca, in the Gulf of Livonia. the visible signs of a submarine shock, which The difficulty experienced in Geology, of threw ashore vast quantities of shell-fish of explaining the simultaneous existence in different kinds, and of all sizes, with conget certain strata of salt and fresh water shells, eels, and other sorts of fish, but all dead; and also the importance, perhaps exaggerat at the same time, the sea, for several miles ed, which many persons have attached to round, was of a dark muddy colour for sethis discovery, induced M. Beudant, some veral days after." years since, to undertake experiments, with Calculation of the Period of a Second the view of ascertaining if it were possible Deluge. According to the calculations of to habituate marine shell mollusca to live in the learned astronomer of Bremen, M. 01fresh water, and, vice versa, fresh water shell bers, after a lapse of 83,000 years, a comet mollusca to live in salt water. It appeared will approach to the earth in the same proxfrom the results obtained, that these changes imity as the moon ; after 4,000,000 years it could really take place, but the mixture of will approach to the distance of 7,700 geothese two sorts of animals in the same wa- graphical miles, and then, if its attraction ter had not been observed in nature. M. equals that of the earth, the waters of the de Freminville, lieutenant of a vessel, a ocean will be elevated 13,000 feet, and a zealous cultivator of the sciences of Zoology deluge will necessarily ensue! after a lapse and Geology, has announced, in a letter to of 220,000,000 years, it will clash with the M. Brongniart, dated February 11, 1819, earth. this curious discovery." The lesser degree Strength of Ætna Wines.-The followof saltness of the waters of the Baltic Sea is ing wines were furnished to me by Mr more sensible in the Gulf of Livonia than Ridgway. The specific gravity of the alany where else. It is such that the fresh cohol, of which the proportions per cent. are water mollusca live there very well; and I given beneath, is 825 at 60° F. have found on the shores of Unios, Cycla. Ætna red contained 18.9 per cent. des, and Anodontes, living intermingled Ætna white 18.16 ditto. with cardiums, tellenes, and Venus's, shell Ætna Sercial 19 ditto. fish which generally live in the most salt Ætna white Falernian 18.99 ditto. waters."-Journal de Physique, July 17, Ætna red Falernian 20 ditto. M. F. 1812.
WORKS PREPARİNG FOR PUBLICATION.
LONDON. The Completion of Dr Rees's Cyclopædia is mental work, entitled “ The Sportsman's daily expected.
Mirror, reflecting the History and DelineaMrs Graham, author of a Journal of a tions of the Horse and Dog, throughout all Residence in India, &c. who is now in Italy, their Varieties." The work will be ele. is preparing for the press, Two Months Re. gantly printed in quarto, on superfine paper. sidence in the Mountains near Roine ; with The engravings, representing every species some Account of the Peasantry, and also of of the horse and dog, will be executed by the Banditti that infest that neighbourhood. Mr John Scott, in the line manner, from
- The same lady has also been employing original paintings by Marshall, Renigale, her time upon a Life of Nicholas Poussin. Gilpin, and Stubbs, accompanied with en
A Huniorous and Satirical work, en- gravings on wood, illustrative of the subjects titled, Lessons of Thrift, is on the eve of as head and tail-pieces; by Bewick and publication. It is ascribed to the pen of à Clennell, &c. distinguished veteran in the fields of litera- M. Devisscher, author of " The French ture ; and report speaks of it as combining Grammar in twelve Lessons,” will shortly the placid good sense and amiable bonhommie publish New French Scholastic Conversaof Montaigne, with the caustic raillery of tions, or Parisian Lessons, in a series of Swift, and the richly gifted philosophy of questions and answers. Burton. It is to illustrated with engrav A Narrative is printing of the Events of ings from designs by Cruickshanks, in the the late Westminster Élection, with the best style of that unrivalled caricaturist. speeches of the candidates, Sir Francis Bur.
A Description of the Chemical Apparatus dett, &c. and the report of the Westminster and Instruments employed in Operative and reformers. Esperimental Chemistry, with sixteen quar. A History of the House of Austria, from to copperplates, is preparing by Mr Frede. the foundation of the monarchy, by Rorick Accum.
dolph, to the death of Leopold II. 1218 to The same gentleman is also preparing his 1792, is printing in five octavo volumes. Lectures on Chemistry, applied to the
arts Twenty-two Sermons, by the late Rev. and manufactures, more particularly to those James Stillingfleet, prebendary of Worces. of brewing, baking, tanning, bleaching, ter, with a Memoir and a Portrait, will soon dyeing, distilling, wine-making, glass-make appear in an octavo volume. ing, &c. as delivered at the Surrey Institu- Dr Burrows' work on Insanity is in confion. And, as Sir Humphry Davy does not siderable forwardness, and may be expected proceed with his elements, Mr Accum an- early in the winter. nounces Elements of Chemistry for Self-In. T. Jones, author of Phantoms, or the struction, after the system of Sir Humphry Irishman in England, a Farce, Poems, &c. Davy, Bart. with plates by Lowry, in two &c. is preparing for the press a volume of volumes octavo.
Miscellanies, in prose and verse, consisting Thekla, a fragment of a Georgian Tale, of Essays, Tales,
and Poems, moral and enis preparing for publication, and may be tertaining, which is expected to make its expected in the course of the winter.
appearance in November next. King Coal's Levee, or Geological Eti- The Art of Instructing the Infant Deaf quette, with Explanatory Notes : to which and Dumb, by M.J. P. Arrowsmith ; with is added, the Counci of the Metals, by John Copper-plates, drawn and engraved by the Scafe, Esq.
author's brother, an artist, who was born Substance of the Speeches of Sir James deaf and dumb. Mackintosh, on moving for the appoint- A work on the Fossils of the South Downs, ment of a Committee, to consider so much with Outlines of the Mineral Geography of of the Criminal Law as relates to Capital the Environs of Lewes and Brighton, and Punishments, on the 20 March, 1919; and observations on the geological structure of on bringing up the Report of that Com. the south-eastern part of Sussex, is in premittee, on the 6th of July, 1819.
paration by Gideon Mantell, Esq. F.L.S. Characters of the Living British Novel. &c. It will form a volume in quarto, and ists, with specimens of their works ; includ- be illustrated by upwards of thirty engrave ing a Critical Account of Recent Novels, ings of the most interesting fossil organic published anonymously, or under fictitious remains, with plans and sections of the strata.
Memoirs are in the press of the Rev. R. De Parasivini, a romance, in three vo- B. Nickolls, L.L.B. dean of Middleham, lumes, is in the press, and may be expected &c. early in December.
Just ready for publication, a new and A poem is in the press, in one volume neat edition of Orton's Life of Dr Doddridge, royal quarto, on the Wars of the Duke of 12mo. bds. Wellington, with thirty engravings by Heath. Mr Bucke's work on the Beauties, Har.
In the press, and will be published during monies, and Sublimities of Nature, will be the ensuing Autumn, an elegant and orna- published some time next spring.
two or more.
An Abstract is in the press of all the most Mr L. J. A. M'Henry has in the press, useful information relative to the United and nearly ready for publication, a third States of America, and the British colonies edition of his improved Spanish Grammar, of Canada, the Cape of Good Hope, New designed especially for self-instruction. South Wales, and Van Diemen's Island, M. Lavaysse's Political and Commercial exhibiting at one view the comparative ad- Account of Venezuela, Trinidad, and other vantages and disadvantages each country adjacent islands, translated from the French, offers for emigration ; collected from the with notes and illustrations, is in the press. most valuable and recent publications, with A new periodical work has been plan. notes and observations ; by William King- bed, the object of which is regularly to supdon, junior.
ply the public with a series of superior new In a few days will be published, a New Novels and Novellettes. It is proposed to Dictionary of Classical Quotations, on an publish a monthly volume or novel, vaimproved plan, accompanied by correspond- ried in type, and containing new works coming paraphrases or translations from the plete, sometimes one story, and sometimes works of celebrated British Poets ; by the
The works are to consist late F. W. Blagdon, author of the “ French partly of originals, and partly of translations Interpreter."
from the French, Italian, German, Spanish, A work, called Aldborough Described, or and Oriental languages ; and for the origia full delineation of that fashionable and nals some of the first writers of the day have much-frequented watering-place ; and in- pledged their co-operation. terspersed with poetic and picturesque re Mr James, the author of two works, one marks on its coasts, its scenery, and its on the “ Naval," the other on the “ Mili. views, is in preparation.
tary occurrences of the late American war, An Introduction to the writing of Latin, is preparing for the press, The Naval His. containing Easy Exercises on all the De- tory of Great Britain from the commenceclineable, with arranged lists of the Inde- ment of hostilities in May 1803 to the preclineable, parts of Speech ; adopted to the
sent time. Eton Latin Grammar; by James Mitchell. On the first of January will appear the
The Spirit of Pascal, comprising the sub- first Number of a new Literary Journal, enstance of his Moral and Religious works. titled, the “ Retrospective Review," con.
Shortly will be published, a new and im- sisting of Criticisms upon, Analysis of, and proved Synopsis of Hebrew Grammar, with Extracts from, curious, useful, and valuable points, in three parts ; designed to facilitate books in all languages, which have been the acquirement of that sacred language; published from the revival of literature to by William Goodhugh.
the commencement of the present century. A Chronological Synopsis of the Histories Edited by a society of members of the Uni. of England, Greece, and Rome, on a new versity of Cambridge. To be continued plan, to assist the memory ; by T. Kitchen, quarterly.
is in the press.
EDINBURGH. Dr M‘Crie's Life of Andrew Melville, principal families in that county. In three will appear early in December, in 2 vols 8vo. parts. Part First will contain the district
The Third Edition of Peter's Letters to of Cuninghame. Part Second the district his Kinsfolk, will be published in a week or of Kyle. Part Third the district of Carrick.
By George Robertson, author of the Mid. Ivanhoe, a Romance, by the Author of Lothian Survey ; Survey of Kincardine“ Waverley," is announced in 3 vols post shire ; Editor and Continuator of Craw. 8vo, to be published in November.
ford's History of Renfrewshire, &c. &c. The Monastery, by the same Author, it is The Work will b. published at three diffesaid, will speedily make its appearance in rent periods. Part First, containing the Paternoster-row.
district of Cuninghame, is now in great for. Form of Process before the Jury Court; wardness, forming one large volume Sro, by John Russell, Esq. C. S. one of the printed on a fine wove demy paper, with a Clerks of the Jury Court. Second Edition. new and correct map, and embellished with Containing the alterations on the former about a dozen vignette views of the most procedure, and the new regulations, in con- interesting ancient edifices. Each volume sequence of the late Act of Parliament. price 15s. in boards ; or a few copies on fine
Edinburgh Annual Register for 1816. wove royal paper, with proof impressions of Vol. IX.
the map, £i, 2s. 6d. Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical Mr Wishart will publish, in the course of Dictionary. Vol. III. Part II.
next month, a second edition of his TransSupplement to the Fourth and Fifth E. lation of Scarpa on Aneurism, with addiditions of the Encyclopædia Britannica.- tional cases, and a Memoir on the Ligature Vol. IV. Part I.
of the Arteries of the Extremities, by the A Topographical Account of Ayrshire: author. together with a genealogical history of the A Description of the Western I slands of
Scotland, including the Isle of Man; com. of books whatever. The public may be asprising an Account of their Geological sured that the contents of this Library, in Structure : with Remarks on their Agricul. Science and Miscellaneous Literature, are ture, Economy, Scenery, and Antiquities; every way worthy the taste and research of by J. Macculloch, M. D. F. L. S. 2 vols the late lamented proprietor. 8vo, with a volume of Illustrative Engrav. LITERATURE AND THE FINE ARTS. ings in quarto.
-Speedily will be published, A Catalogue An Account of the Arctic Regions, in- of a Splendid Collection of Books, chiefly cluding the Natural History of Spitzbergen relative to Scottish History and Antiquities, and the adjacent Islands; the Polar Ice, and including several Curious MSS. ; the and the Greenland Seas ; with a History genuine property of an English Nobleman. and Description of the Northern Whale Also, One Hundred and Six Pictures, of Fishery. Chiefly derived from Researches the very first class : Historical Portraits by made during Seventeen Voyages to the Po- Sir P. Lely, Vandyke, Old Stone, Sir G. lar Seas; by Wm Skoresby, jun., F.R.S.E. Kneller, &c. &c. : and Miscellaneous Sub2 vols 8vo, with numerous Engravings. jects by Salvator Rosa, Guido, Jacob Palma,
Travels in Italy, Greece, and the Ionian Vermeulen, &c. in magnificent Frames. Islands, in a Series of Letters, descriptive The whole to be Sold by Auction, without of Manners, Scenery, and the Fine Arts ; reserve, by Mr Ballantyne, at his Rooms, by H. W. Williams, Esq. 2 vols 8vo. Hanover Street, the end of November. With Engravings.
At the same time will be published sepaTravels in the North of Germany, de- rately, Mr Ballantyne's Catalogue for the scribing the Present State of the Social and Winter, comprising nearly 10,000 Volumes Political Institutions, the Agriculture, MaBooks in various languages and departments nufactures, Commerce, Education, Arts, of literature, and many rare and curious arand Manners of that Country, particularly ticles ; several entire Libraries ; also, Coins, in the Kingdom of Hanover ; by Thomas Medals, Antiquities, Armour, and curious Hodgskin, Esq. 2 vols 8vo.
Works of Art; the particulars of which will The Novels and Tales of the Author of be given in future advertisements. Waverley, uniformly printed in 12 hand- In the press, and will be published in the some 8vo volumes. With a copious Glos. beginning of November next, the third sary.
volume, in two parts, of the Collectanea Illustrations of the Novels and Tales of Majora, by Professor Dunbar, containing the Author of “ Waverley.” In Twelve the following extracts, with copious annoPrints, after Original Designs by William tations : The Oration of Aeschines against Allan, and engraved in the first style of the Ctesiphon ; the Oration of Demosthenes for Art.
the Crown; the Prometheus Vinctus, and The History of the Indian Archipelago; seven against Thebes of Æschylus ; the Phi. by John Crawfurd, Esq. F. R. S. late Bri- loctetes of Sophocles ; the Alcestus of Euritish Resident at the Court of the Sultan of pides'; and the Plutus and Nubes of ArisJava. 3 vols 8vo. with Illustrative Maps tophanes. and Engravings.
The Rev. Dr Neilson (author of the A Journey in Carniola and Italy, in the Greek Exercises) has in the press an imYears 1817-1818; by W. A. Cadell, Esq. proved edition of Moore's Greek Grammar. F. R. S. L. & E. 2 vols 8vo, with En- He has condensed the original work by gravings.
omitting many superfluous examples ; by The Poetical Works of Walter Scott, printing the parts which are not necessary Esq. now first collected in 12 vol. foolscap to be committed to memory in a smaller 8vo. With a Portrait of the Author, en. character, and by rendering the table of graved in the best style.
verbs more compact. He has given a short The “ Bridal of Triermain,” and “ Ha- view of the irregularly formed verbs, inderold the Dauntless,” Two Poems; by clinable parts of speech, peculiar rules of Walter Scott, Esq. Printed together in syntax, prosody, accents, and dialects in one vol. 8vo. uniformly to the Author's Latin, and very copious notes throughout other Works.
the work in English. The whole will form Tales, by “ The Author of Bertram," a volume not larger than the common edi&c. 4 vols 12mo.
tions of Moore, which contain the additions Historical Account of Discoveries and that have been made to it by other Editors. Travels in Asia ; by Hugh Murray, An edition of the collected works of Dr F. R. S. E. Author of “ Historical Ac. John Moore, with Memoirs of his Life, by count of Discoveries in Africa.” 3 vols 8vo, Dr Robert Anderson, is printing in octavo. with Maps.
An inquiry into Opinions Ancient and DISTINGUISHED LIBRARY.-Mr Bal. Modern, concerning Life and Organization ; lantyne respectfully acquaints the Public, by John Barclay, M. D. Lecturer on Anathat Catalogues are now preparing of the tomy, F.A.S.E. &c. &c. late Professor Playfair's Library, which will Essays on Phrenology, or an Inquiry into be Sold, without reserve, at the Rooms, the principles and utility of the System of Hanover Street, early in January, especial. Drs Gall and Spurzheim, and into the obly by itself, without the admixture of a sin. jections made against it; by George Combe, gle volume from any other Library or parcel Esq.