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CHEVY CHASE ; A POEM-IDEM LATINE REDDITUM.

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MR EDITOR,
Being of Sir Philip Sidney's opinion, that the ballad of Chevy Chase stirs the
heart like the sound of a trumpet, and being moreover willing that other na-
tions should have at least some idea of that magnificent poem, I have translated
it into the universal language of Europe-Latin ; and I send you my transla-
tion of the first fitte ;- you will perceive that I have retained the measure and
structure of the verse most religiously-I wish I could say that I have preserv-
ed also the fire and spirit of the original. Bold, at the desire of Bishop Comp-
ton, translated into Latin the more modern ballad of Chevy Chase-as also did
Anketeil, a Presbyterian clergyman (I believe) in the north of Ireland. Lord
Woodhouselee, in his excellent Essay on Translation, has quoted the first verse of
Anketeil's translation apparently without knowing the author. But to say no-
thing of the inferiority of the poem they translated, I flatter myself that I out-
top them by the head and broad shoulders, in the superior richness and melody
of

my double rhymes. Print this, then, by all means--so no more from your
servant at command.

0. P.

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1.
THE Percy out of Northumberland,"

And a vow to God made he,
That he would hunt in the mountains

Of Cheviot within days three,
In the mauger of doughty Douglas,
And all that with him be.

2.
The fattest harts in Cheviot

He said he'd kill and carry away :
By my faith,” said doughty Douglas,
"I'll let that hunting if I may.”

3.
The Percy out of Bamborough came,

With him a mighty meany;
With fifteen hundred archers bold;

They were chosen out of shires three.

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1.
PERSÆUS ex Northumbria

Vovebat, Djis iratis,
Venare inter dies tres

In montibus Cheviatis,
Contemtis forti Douglýso
Et omnibus cognatis.

2.
“ Optimos cervos ibi," ait,

• Occisos reportabo ;"
“ Per Jovem," inquit Douglăsus,
Venatum hunc vetabo."

3.
Ex Bamboro Persæus it,

Cum agmine potenti ;
Nam tribus agris lecti sunt
Sagittarii ter quingenti.

4.
Ad Cheviatos graditur,

In Lunæ die mane ;
Puer nondum natus fleret hoc;
Quod est dolendum sane !

5.
Viri, qui cervos agerent,

Per nemora pergebant ;
Dum-sagittarii-spiculas
Ex arcubus fundebant.

6.
Tum diffugeruntt penitus

Per omnem sylvam feræ ;
Et eas canes Gallici
Sequentes percurrêre.

7.
Hunc matutino tempore

Venatum sic cæperunt ;
Et centum sub meridiem
Pingues cervi ceciderunt.

8.
Tum tubæ taratantara

Convocat dissipatos ;
Comes Persæus visum it

Cervos dilaniatos.

1

d the

This began on Monday at morn,

In Cheviot the hills so high ;
The child may rue that is unborn ;
It is the more pity!

5.
The drivers through the woods went,

For to raise up the deer;
Bowmen bickered upon the bent,
With their broad arrows clear.

6.
Then the wild through the woods went,

On every side sheer ;
Greyhounds through the groves glent,
For to kill their deer.

7.
This began in Cheviot the hills above,

Early on a Monday ;
By that it drew to the hour of noon,
A hundred fat harts dead there lay.

8.
They blew a mort upon the bent ;

They 'sembled on sides sheer :
To the quarry then the Percy went,

To see the brittling of the deer.

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* I have modernized the spelling of the old ballad.
+ Percy's translation of sheer.

So Ennius. At tuba terribili sonitu taratantara dixit.

10.

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9.

9. He said " It was the Douglas' promise, Dicens, “ Promisit Douglasus This day to meet me here,

MA hic occursum ire, But I wist he would fail verament,"

Sed* scivi quod non faceret.” A great oath the Percy sware.

His dictis jurat mirò.

10. At last a squire of Northumberland

Tandem armiger Northumbriæ Looked at his hand full nigh

Aspexit venientem He was ware of the Douglas coming,

Prope ad manum Douglasum, With him a mighty meany ;

Et agmina ducentem. 11.

11. Both with spear, bill, and brand,

Cum hastis, pilis, ensibus, It was a mighty sight to see ;

Magnifici iverunt; Hardier men of heart and hand

Fortiores in fidelibus Were not in Christianity.

Domini non fuerunt. 12.

12. They were twenty hundred spearmen good, Bis mille procul dubio Withouten any fail ;

Hastati bonæ notæ, They were born along by the water of Tweed, Ad aquas Tuedæ nati sunt, In the bounds of Tividale.

In finibus Tiviotæ. 13.

13.
“ Leave off the brittling of the deer,” he said, 66 Mittite cervos, sumite,
" And to your bows take heed ;

Sagittas nullâ morâ;
For never since you were on your mothers born Nunquam tam opus fuit, ex
Had ye such meikle need."

Nostrâ natali horâ."
14.

14. The doughty Douglas on a steed

In primo fortis Douglasus He rode his men beforne;

Equitans veniebat ; His armour glittered as did a glede Lorica prunæ similis A bolder bairn was never born.

Ardenti resplendebat. 15.

15. 66 Tell me what men ye are,” he says,

Et, “ Quinam estis, cedo," ait, " Or whose men that ye be ;

“ Aut cujus viri sitis ? Who gave ye leave to hunt in this

Quis misit vos venatum hic, Cheviot Chase in the spite of me?”.

Nobis admodum invitis ?”. 16.

16. The first man that an answer made,

Persæus autem Douglaso It was the Lord Percy,

Respondit longe primus, 66 We will not tell what men we are,

“Qui samus haud narrabimus, Nor whose men that we be ;

Aut cujus viri simus ; But we will hunt here in this chase,

Sed hic, invitis omnibus, In the spite of thine and thee.

Venatum statim imus. 17.

17. « The fattest harts in Cheviot

“ Cervorum hic pinguissimos We have killed, and cast to carry away."

Occisos auferemus." " By my troth,” said the doughty Douglas, “ Idcirco,” dixit Douglasus Therefore the one of us shall die this day.” “ Necesse est ut pugnemus." 18.

18. Then said the doughty Douglas

Et dixit fortis Douglasus Unto the Lord Percy,

Hæc verba nunc Persæo, • To kill all these guiltless men,

Necare hos innoxios Alas! it were great pity.

Non esset gratum deo ; 19.

19. « But, Percy, thou art a lord of land, Sed tu, Persæë, princeps es, I am an earl in my own country;

Sum ego comes quoque, Let all our men upon a party stand,

Cernamus soli, aginine And do the battle of thee and me."

Manente hic utroque.". 20.

20. « Now Christ's curse on his crown,” said Persæus inquit, “ Pereat is the Lord Percy,

Qui huic vult obviam ire " Whosoever thereto says nay!

Nam, hercle, dies aderit
By my troth, doughty Douglas," he says, Nunquam, Douglàse dire,

" Thou shalt never see that day,

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* Consult the Edinburgh Reviewer of Falconer's Strabo for this construction of scio quod—the “ paltry” dog will remember something about it, as sure as my name is not Copplestone.

21.

21. “ Neither in England, Scotland, nor France, Quum Angliâ, Scotiên, Galliâ, Nor for no man of woman born ;

Negaverim tentare But an fortune be my chance,

Sortem cum ullo homine I dare meet him one for one.”

In pugnâ singulari. 22.

22. Then bespake a squire of Northumberland, Tunc armiger Northumbriæ Rog. Witherington was his name

R. Withringtonus fatur, “ It shall never be told in South England “ Nunquam Henrico principi To King Harry the fourth for shame.

In Anglia hoc dicatur ; 23.

23. be great lords two,

“ Vos estis magni comites I am a poor squire of land,

Et pauper miles ego,
I will never see my captain fight in a field Sed pugnaturum dominum,
And look on myself and stand ;*

Me otioso, nego:
But while I may my weapon wield,

Sed corde, manu, enseque, I will not fail both heart and hand.”

Pugnabo quamdiu dego. 24.

24. That day, that day, that dreadful day

O dies ! dies, dies trux ! The first fit here I find ;

Sic finit cantus primus ; An' ye will hear more of the hunting of Che. Si de venatu plura vis, viot,

Plura narrare scimus. Yet there is more behind.

FINIS PARTIS PRIMÆ.

6 I wot ye

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P. S..I am aware that “ Douglassius” is consecrated ; but I am not without authority for Douglasus. I have also translated this into Greek, and I send you the first verse as a specimen.

Περσαίος εκ Νορθέμβριας

Εύχετο τους θεοίσι,
Θηράν έν τρισίν ημέραις

'Εν ούρεσι Χεβιατοίσι, ,
Kάν αντέχησι Δέγλασος

Συν πάσιν εσάροισι. . Don't say a word of this, however, to Hallam_" classic Hallam, much renowned for Greek,” as Lord Byron justly styles him-lest he should mistake my verses for Pindar's, and consequently declare them not Greek. A propos, is it not a good joke to see Hallam putting a Greek motto to his book on the Middle Ages after all ? I was thinking of translating old Chevy into Hebrew-for I am a Masorite ; but as Professor Leslie has declared Hebrew to be a “ rude and poor dialect,” in his book on Arithmetic, I was afraid to come under the censure of that learned gentleman. To be sure he does not know (as I can prove from his writings) even the alphabet of the language he abuses, but still I am afraid he would freeze me if I had any thing to do with it.

DE FOE ON APPARITION

We have often congratulated ourselves drinking were then in their infancy. on having flourished after the extinction Short were the strides which cookery of chivalry, the decline and fall of the had made. Gentlemen assailed beeves empire of ghosts, and the introduction that came out of the kitchen just as of potatoes into this island. We never they went in, with the slight alteracould have endured a shirt of mail- tion of roasting; and we may judge and we shudder at the thought of of their skill in liquids from this fact, having been obliged to scale one of that those immeasurable horses that used “ They drank the red wine through the to carry the knights of old.

The

helmet barred.” luxury of being negligently dressed, That satisfactory and satisfying smack of lying diffused all day over a sofa, of the lips, which now ratifies a rumwas then unknown-and gentlemen mer, was then smothered in metalsat down to rest themselves, in those and there was no room for that symdays, under about two cwt. of iron. pathetic communication between mind We suspect, too, that good eating and and mind, which good cheer now-a

* In Bishop Percy~" And stand myself and look on.” But correct it, meo periculo. Vol. VI.

2C

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days spreads over a party assembled at dred years, has been filled up, so that a rump and dozen. Such, we con- little seems now to be wanting, under ceive, were the chief drawbacks from our free government, to the perfection human happiness during the age of of our social and domestic happiness. chivalry. To these, no doubt, might It would be a curious enquiry, to shew be added that eternal skirmishing so the effects of this vegetable on the moincompatible with the possession of a ral, intellectual, and physical character sound skin, and the annual rape, mur of the people of a sister kingdom; and der, and arson of our wives, children, on some future occasion we hope to and houses.

sift this subject to the bottom. There All this must have been uncom can be no doubt, that the sudden ex, fortable enough; but, in our appre- tinction of the potato in Ireland would hension, a trifle in comparison to that be as fine a subject for a poem from constant state of fear in which, we the pen of Lord Byron, as the sudden frankly confess, we should have drag- extinction of light, some of the evils ged out our miserable existence, had of which imaginary event his Lordship we lived during the administration of has, with his usual vigour, delineated witches, ghosts, and the devil. We in that composition entitled, “ Darkare sufficiently afraid of such gentle- ness. Not to go too much into parfolks, even now when we no longer ticulars, we may just remark, that believe in their mundane existence; bulls are in Ireland fed chiefly on pobut what would have become of people tatoes, and that those fine animals with weak nerves like us, when

every would be in danger of becoming exchurch-yard was in the habit of noc tinct with the root on which they now turnally sending out its quota of grow to such prodigious size. spectres-when hobgoblins were prowl. Our readers will pardon these speing about in all directions--when you culations of ours, which would, percould not turn a corner but an evil- haps, be more in place in the Edin, spirit came bouncing against you burgh Review, or some such sober and when you were on no occasion sure of philosophical journal, and are not altoyour man, who would frequently take gether compatible with the plan of our his leave of you, without finishing a Magazine, which aims chiefly at lightsentence, in a blaze of fire

and when,
er and more

musing matter. But,
with all civility be it spoken, the de- after all, we suspect that mere fun and
vil himself placed his amusement, to jocularity may be carried a little too
an extent not altogether compatible far, and therefore it is that we occa-
with a due sense of his personal dig- sionally seek, as at present, to address
nity, in rambling, without any very ourselves to the gravity of our very
definite object, over both town and gravest readers.
country, and keeping a great majority Come, then, most grave and gra-
of our forefathers in continual hot- cious friend, and turn over with us a
water.

few pages of old Daniel De Foe's EsNeither were there potatoes in those say on Apparitions. Mayhap, thou days-and, without that vegetable, say, hast never, in spite of all thine erudiwhat were a dinner ?

tion, had this volume in thine hand" A world without a sun.”

but even if it be familiar to thee, all From the very bottom of our souls do Daniel's things can bear re-perusal—if we pity our ancestors. There is no thou thinkest otherwise, wait for Qdophilosophy in saying, that the uni- herty's campaigns, and be thankful. versal love of the potato, did the po

And first; let us see what were De tato itself create, That love must Foe's ideas of the devil. Some people, have pre-existed in the elements of our says he, speak as if nothing but seenature, just as the desire for Eve pre- ing the devil could satisfy them there existed in Adam, and was only called was such a person, and nothing is more forth into action by that accomplished wonderful to me, in the whole system female. There must, therefore, have of spirits, than that Satan does not been, ever since the arrival of the think fit' to justify the reality of his Saxons in this island, unknown, at being, by appearing to such in some least not understood, by our forefa- of his worst figures, and tell them in thers,

full grimace who he is, when, I doubt * A craving void left aching at their hearts.” not, they would be as full of panic A void which, within these last hun as other people.” The great mistake

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into which De Foe accuses his contem- ferable to a long set speech. Indeed,
poraries of falling on this subject is, we have observed, in all accounts of
that people will either allow no appa- the devil's appearances, that he is very
rition at all, or “will have every ap- lame at a reply, and that if you take
parition to be the devil, as if none of up strong ground at first-ground on -
the inhabitants of the world above were which you can depend—it is the easiest
able to shew themselves here, or had thing in the world to give him a set-
any business among us but the devil, down--a complete squabash. We susa
who, I am of opinion, has really less pect that the devil is wont to a very im-
business here than any of them all.politic degree to prepare his speeches,
Holding this opinion, De Foe gives us There is an air of too much study
but a very short chapter “on the ap- about most of them. They smell too
pearance of the devil in human shape." much of the shop; and he is a terrible
It begins in a very soothing and mannerist. Were a collection of his
encouraging tone, which must, no speeches to be made, he would be
doubt, have been beyond measure

found to repeat himself even more
delightful in those days to the timid than Counsellor Phillips. At the same
reader. Pray observe," says Daniel, time, it is but justice to him to ad-
" that when I am speaking of the ap- mit, that there is a deal of fire in much
pearance of the devil, it is not to tell that he says, and that he often suits
you that he can and does appear among the action to the words. The worst of
us at this time so you need not look it, according to De Foe, is, that he does
over your shoulders to see for him, or not in general appear.

6 in all his for-
at the candles to see if they burn malities and frightfuls,"
blue, at least not yet—'tis time enough in one disguise, to-morrow in another
for that by and by.” Our author ex- --you see him, and you don't see him
poses the extreme absurdity of suppos

----you know him, and you don't know
ing every spirit that confabulates with him and how then can any one tell
mankind on earth “ the devil.” Many you what to say to him, or how to talk
of these come on good errands, and to with him.” It would have been a
prevent mischief_" all of which things very simple matter for De Foe, or any
are very much out of the devil's way, other man of talents, to draw up In-
remote from his practice, and much structions for Young Persons how to
more remote from his design.” Should, parley with his Majesty, if he chose
however, the devil appear to any of always to exhibit himself adorned with
his readers, De Foe advises them not to the regalia. But he tries to get peo-
be flurried not to shun him and fly ple upon the hip by personating a
from him, but to speak to him. If," friend, or comely stranger in a well-

you would ask me what brushed suit of black-and honest men you should say to it, 'tis an unfair are thus laid flat on their backs bequestion in some respects’tis not pos- fore they have fairly taken hold of the sible for any one to dictate, without wrestler. « 'Tis the opinion of the the proper circumstances be described. learned divines," quoth Daniel, " that The old way you all know :-in the the devil would much less harm if name of, fc. as above, is the common he appeared as a mere devil, with his road. I will not cry down the custom, horns, his cloven hoof, and his serbecause 'tis the usual way, and the pent's tail and dragon's wings, as fanwords are good ;" but, on the whole, cy figures him out, and as our painters he recommends a short ejaculatorý dress him up, than he does in his disprayer, and “then a plain what are guises, and the many shapes and figures you ? is, I think, compliment enough he assumes to himself.” On the whole, to the devil.” Waving, therefore, all it would seem that De Foe, though particular instructions, our judicious willing to allow some merit to the author observes, that each particular devil, did not consider him as a very Occasion will certainly administer the formidable character, except from the substance of what you should say, and weakness of his opponents. He also that it is almost impossible to go wrong, thinks that the devil, whatever else if

you only keep up a good heart, and he may be, is no prophet; " for put a good face upon it. We perfect- when asked what should be to some, ly agree with De Foe in thinking, that the devil was always nonplust, and an extempore address of a few

pithy generally lied in his answers so that words is, in such cases, infinitely pre none could depend on what he said.

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