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ballads on the subject of the capture of Granada. It is, perhaps, the most striking of the whole of those composed in celebration of that signal catastrophe.
THE FLIGHT FROM GRANADA,
There was crying in Granada when the sun was going down,
Down from th' Alhamra's minarets were all the crescents flung; etaling
The arms thereon of Arragon and Castille they display ;
Farewell, farewell, Granada, thou city without peer;
Have gone since first the faithful thy royal sceptre bore.
which we had delight.
We cannot conclude this brief sketch without directing more particularly the attention of our readers to Murphy's magnificent Engravings * of the remains of Moorish taste and magnificence in Spain. After looking over those superb pages, every one will feel and understand more concerning this most interesting people, than we have at present either the power or the leisure to convey to them.
* The Arabian Antiquities of Spain ; by J. C. Murphy, Architect. One hundred Engravings, with descriptions. Large fólio. T. Cadell and w. Davies, London, 1816.
SECOND LETTER FROM Å LIBERAL WHIG.
Lincoln's Inn, January, 25th
cannot consent to abandon them, even
-Quel cattivo choro the honours of that illustrious, though Degli Angeli, che non furon ribelli, pften abused, and now generally stig Ne fur Fedeli a Dio; ma per se foro: matized, appellation. What is it, in- Nor is my assumed moderation of deed, but the prevalence of that very that timid or affected character, such as vice, against which these strictures are
not to permit acknowledging that there directed, that has unhappily fixed upon may be a crisis of public affairs at a name, associated by our ancestors which no honest citizen can persist in with every thing sacred and venerable neutrality, but the Falkland and the in our free constitution, the mark of Hampden of the day must alike draw opprobrium by which those in all other the unwilling sword of tardy defiance respects of the most opposite and ad- not the less resolutely for having so long verse principles alone agree in distin- delayed making the final appeal
. That guishing it? Do not suppose, that, day is not yet arrived among us—and forgetting already the duties of the long may it be before our eyes are censorial character which I have thus doomed to witness its terrible dawnboldly assumed, I am now thinking to ing! But it is only by the moderation screen my friends from the share of and forbearance of the few who yet blame which belongs to them. My retain the power of exercising these Thesis is the vice of exaggeration; cheap and ill-esteemed virtues, that and my belief is, that all classes and
we may yet hope to retard its appearall descriptions of men are alike, and ance ; and to those few, I address almost in the same degree, infected by myself in the character which
have it. It is by exaggeration, that the been pleased to assign to me, (and of whigs themselves have lost, (and have which I should be proud to think almost deserved to lose) the confidence myself deserving) of a liberal whig. of the nation--but it is by a yet gross- of one who views with an habitually er exaggeration that they are represent- watchful and jealous eye, every proed on one side, as more dangerous to ceeding of men in power-not because order and good government, than the he hates or distrusts them individually, most factious Democrats; and on the or is unable to discern in them good other, as moré hostile to liberty than motives and intentions, or refuses them the most sordid of the whole train of the homage of respect which is due to placemen and pensioners. Yet, in one their virtues or their talents, or wishes or other of these absurd strains of to impede the regular and constitutionlanguage must every man speak, al course of government, or to magniwho designs to find favour with fy every misfortune and every fault, the great majority of his audience, for the purpose of deriving from it howsoever composed; while he who some undue advantage, or enjoying merely regrets the eccentricities and in consequence of it some ungenerous aberrations of those, whom, with all triumph-but because he is impressed their faults, he cannot but still consi, with the conviction, founded on his der as having, amidst the conflict of knowledge of human nature, that parțies, kept nearest to the standard the possession of power is' accompawhich he venerates, and who therefore nied by an invariable and almost ir
resistible tendency to the abuse of it; necessary, but be found utterly to pro-
threatens to sweep away all our re-
soon be discovered that these new with our own; yet is neither a wor enactments are inadequate to the purshipper of Napoleon, nor a traducer of pose of checking the evil which they the Britons who bled for their coun are intended to meet. New and more try at Waterloo. He is fearful of mo- binding laws must be devised to arrest narchical innovations, and feels some the still growing mischief, and, by jealous doubts as to the design and degrees, every other consideration will tendency of Christian leagues and Ho- give way to the purpose of immediate ly Alliances; but this without being necessity. The guardians of our freeactuated by a superstitious dread, or dom--(permit me still to use the lanaffected abhorrence, of legitimacy, guage in which I first addressed you) which he reverences as a constitutional -those to whose interference alone we principle, while he reprobates the use can turn for refuge in time of ministeof it on either side as a watch-word of rial oppression and popular insolence, party. He clings with the most de- have taken a position which they canvoted attachment to the rights of the not maintain, and have compromised people; never forgetting, however, themselves and their country in the that their preservation is full as much fruitless attempt to defend it
which (at least in some respects) I
your own political sentiments. But, nions chance to differ from our own to say one word more on the subject of By the insertion of my former letter, exaggeration, I trust you will agree you have proved your own exemption with me, that one of the most objec- from this narrow species of prejudice
, tionable modes in which that vice dis- and you will allow me to claim a simiplays itself, is the refusal to admit lar merit in thus addressing you. I even of a parley with those whose opi- am Sir, &c. METRODORUS.
[We have said heretofore, and we now say again, that while our own political opinions differ in many respects from those of Metrodorus, nothing gives us greater pleasure than to open our pages to him—or to any gentleman who thinks and writes in the manly manner of our accomplished Correspondent. EDITOR.]
PARTICULARS OF THE DEATH OF MESSIEURS CINQ-MARS AND DE THOU, AT
LYONS-Friday 14th September, 1612.
By a Citizen of Lyons. The Marquis D'Esfiat de Cinq-Mars immediately laid before the king. The had been introduced at an early age to Duke of Orleans got out of the scrape, the favour of Louis 13th, by the Car as he had repeatedly done before, under dinal de Richelieu, in the hope that similar circumstances, by accusing his he might always have a creature of his accomplices. Monsieur de Cinq-mars own near the monarch's person. This underwent the same punishment, young man, having been early preferred was beheaded, and Monsieur de Thou, to.the post of master of the horse, was merely for having known of the condesirous of becoming also a member of spiracy, and not revealing it. The the council ; but the Cardinal having Duke de Bouillon preserved his life opposed it, Cinq-mars became his im- by giving up the fortress of Sedan, placable enemy, and was the more which was of importance to the state, encouraged to form plots against him, as in times of insurrection it frequentfrom having often heard the king, in ly afforded a retreat to its disaffected hours of familiar and unreserved con, and rebellious subjects. versation, complain with great acri We have this week been spectators mony of de Richelieu's pride and os of the last act of a mournful tragedy, tentation. Having however also to in which two persons suffered an igendure the capricious humours of the nominious death, whose lives might monarch himself, who would frequent- have been longer preserved with honly, from the pinnacle of favour, banish our, had not their crime precipitated him from his presence, &c. the high them into inevitable destruction.spirited Cinq-Mars soon felt equally We saw the favourite of the greatest disgusted with the monarch and the and most just of kings lose his head minister, and succeeded in establishing on a scaffold, at the
of twenty-two, a correspondence with the Duke de with a degree of fortitude which can Bouillon, who had before, (from ha- scarcely find its parallel in any of our tred to Richelieu,) conspired against histories :-we also beheld a counsellor his sovereign, and been forgiven, and of state die like a saint, after the comwith Gaston Duke of Orleans, the mission of a crime which men cannot king's brother, who from the same justly pardon. All who knew of their cause was always ready to take a part conspiracy against the state, must have in any conspiracy which had for its thought them deserving of death, but object the removal of that powerful there were few who were acquainted minister. In the name of this Duke with their rank in life, and the fine of Orleans, a treaty was concluded with qualities with which nature had enthe Spanish Count-Duke D’Olivarez, dowed them, who did not sincerely which in its consequences, would have pity their misfortune. The following proved fatal to the existing monarchy is an undisguised and faithful narraof France ; but the Cardinal, always tive of their last words and actions, as sagacious in discovering plots against related by those who saw and heard himself or the state, succeeded in pro- them, of many of which I was inyself curing a copy of the treaty, which he a near and ocular witness-We may
without offence to justice, applaud this subject, as I have never either their penitence, while we detest their spoken or written concerning it to any
other man in the world; now Monsieur On Friday, 12th September, 1642— de Cinq-Mars being accused as an the chancellor entered the presidial accomplice, cannot have it in his power court at Lyons, about seven in the as a witness to convict me, since by morning, accompanied by the com our laws, two irreproachable witnesses missioners, deputed by the king, (in must be found to affect my condem number fourteen,) for the trial of nation-you must therefore be sensi-' Messieurs de Cinq-Mars and de Thou. ble that my life or death, my conWhen they had entered the council viction or acquittal, depend solely upon chamber, the commander of the patrol myself; nevertheless, gentlemen, i was sent with his company to the have resolved for two reasons to conChateau de Pierre-Cize, to bring up fess that I knew of this conspiracy, Monsieur de Cinq-Mars, who was
and that I am therefore guilty :-my conveyed to the court about eight first reason is, that during the three o'clock in a hired carriage. On his months of my imprisonment, I have entrance, he said, “ whither have you studied the nature of death, and have brought me ?” and being told,' he closely considered the possible advanasked no further question, but ascendtages of life, and am clearly convinced, ed the stairs with a good deal of reso
that whatever might be my future term lution. He was then called into the of mortal existence, it must necessarily council chamber before the judges, be unhappy, Death appears to me where he remained about an hour and much more desirable, and under this quarter ; and on coming out, shewed conviction, which I embrace as a proof some agitation of mind, while he look- of my predestination to glory, and a ed around him, saluting all whom he token of the divine favour, I should met on his way. He walked two or perhaps hereafter regret the having three times from the great hall of lost so favourable an opportunity of audience, to the chamber opposite to effecting my salvation. The second it, which looks out upon the river. reason which leads me to condemn The lieutenant of the Guards du Corps, myself, is, that if my crime be consiwho had charge of his person, having dered under a certain point of view, it desired him not to go out of the great will neither be found so black or so hall, he answered,
"w.well then, here enormous as it at first appears to be I will remain,” and he continued to it is true, I knew of this conspiracy,
up and down with quick steps, but I did my utmost to prevent it, sighing sometimes, and lifting up his by dissuading Monsieur de Cinq-Mars eyes to heaven.
from carrying it into execution. He About nine o'clock, the chancellor thought me his faithful and perhaps sent the captain of the patrole to con- his only friend, and as such, having vey Monsieur de Thou in like man
trusted all to me, I would not betray per from the Chateau de Pierre Cize,
him--for this I deserve death, and in the same hired coach-in the mean meet it self-condemned.” time, Monsieur le Grand, being a se
Monsieur le Grand was then called cond time called to appear before his in to be confronted with Monsieur de judges, said, on entering,
“ will these Thou, and they remained in the chamexaminations never be over ?" but
ber more than an hour ; after which, out, he shewed Monsieur de Laubardemont, counselmuch greater firmness of mind than lor of state, and Monsieur Robert de before. Some time after, Monsieur de St Germain, counsellor of the parliaThou being arrived, desired to have ment of Grenoble, were sent to presome wine brought to him, and then pare the prisoners to receive their senentered into the chamber.-—'Tis said, tence, and they found them firm and that on his being interrogated whether resolute, acknowledging their guilt
, he knew of the conspiracy of Monsieur and the justice of their condemnation. Desfiat, he answered as follows: Monsieur de Thou, turning to Mon
Gentlemen, I might absolutely sieur de Cinq-Mars, said with a smile, deny having known of it, and it is not according to the common judgment in your power to convict me of false- of mankind, I might, Sir, complain of hood, Monsieur de Cinq-Mars alone you ; you have accused me, and are the being able to give any information on cause of my death, but God is witness
when he came