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to the sincerity of my attachment to taken leave of them with tears in their you let us die with firmness, and en eyes, Monsieur de Cinq-Mars thanks ter together on the joys of Paradise !” ing them, and saying," my friends

, They afterwards thanked the com, do not weep for me, tears are useless missioners, assuring them that they let me have your prayers, and be felt no regret in dying, as they hoped assured that I shall meet death with that death would prove to them the out fear." commencement of eternal happiness. Father Malavalette being arrived, The Greffier criminal being then call- Monsieur de Cinq-Mars embraced him ed to pronounce their sentence, Mon- and said—“ my father, they have consieur de Thou exclaimed, “ Quam demned me to the torture, and I find speciosi pedes evangelizantium pacem, great difficulty in bringing my mind evangelizantum bona !" and then falls to submit to it”--the good father coning on their knees, with their heads soled and strengthened his sinking uncovered, they heard their sentence, spirit as much as he could in this by which it was declared, " that the emergency, so that when Monsieur de said Desfiat Cinq-Mars and de Thou, Laubardemont and the Greffier came having been attainted and convicted to take him to the torture chamber

, of the crime of leze majesté, Desfiat he was sufficiently collected to follow for conspiracies, enterprizes, leagues, them without apparent reluctance, and treaties made by him with foreign and in passing near Monsieur de Thou, powers against the state; and de Thou he said to him calmly—“we are both for having known and taken part in condemned to die, but my lot is much the said conspiracies, enterprizes, &c.; more severe than yours, as besides they are condemned to lose their death, I am to endure the torture."estates, honours, and dignities, and to He was then led to the place of torbe beheaded on a scaffold erected for ture, and passing through the common that purpose on the place des Ter- prison, he said, “ Good God, where reaux in the city of Lyons; their ef- are you leading me," and complained fects, wherever situated, or of whatever of the offensive smell. He remained kind, are confiscated to the king, and in the chamber about half an hour, those which were held from the Crown and then left it without having been are to revert it, after a deduction of subjected to actual suffering, as accord60,000 livers to be applied to pious ing to the retention of the sentence, he purposes; and moreover, Desfiat, be was merely to be brought to the torfore his execution, is condemned to ture. the torture ordinary and extraordi On his return, Monsieur de Thou nary, in order to compel him to dis- met and embraced him ; they remaincover his accomplices, &c.--After ha- ed together about a quarter of an hour ving heard the sentence, Monsieur de mutually exchanging forgiveness, and Thou returned thanks to God with exhorting each other to die with firm. much fervour and energy ; but Mon ness and trust in the mercies of God. sieur Cinq-Mars having arisen, said, These, and other demonstrations of the « though death does not alarm me, í most perfect friendship, were concluded own that the infamy of the torture, to by Monsieur de Cinq-Mars observa which I am condemned, presses pow. ing, that as time was hastening to erfully on my mind. Surely, gentlem its close with respect to them, the men, torture is a most extraordinary little that remained should be employsentence to a man of my age and con ed in preparing for eternity. Then dition, and according to my belief, the quitting Monsieur de Thou, he retired law would exempt me from it.- to a private chamber with his confessDeath, I repeat, does not alarm me, or, and made a general confession of but I cannot digest this bitter ingre- his past sins, testifying the sincerest dient of it.” Having each of them repentance, with deep contrition of demanded a confessor, Father Malava- heart for the offences committed &lette, a jesuit, was sent to Monsieur de gainst his heavenly Father, also incon Cinq-Mars, and Father Manbrun, also questing his confessor to inform the a jesuit

, to Monsieur de Thou ; they king and the cardinal, how truly he were tlien delivered to the charge of lamented those for which he was now the Sieur Thomé Prevôt des Mares about to suffer

, and how humbly be chaux de Lyonnois, those who had implored their pardon, hitherto held them in custody having

His confession lasted about an hour,

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when, observing that he had taken no through the divine favour, I believe
nourishment for 24 hours, the good myself to be better prepared for death
father sent for some fresh eggs and than at any former period. I am con-
wine, but he took merely a small mor- scious of my own weakness--I can do
sel of bread, and a little wine mixed nothing of myself--the little fortitude
with water, with which he washed and courage i possess are the gift of
his mouth—he told the father that the Almighty."
nothing had surprised him so much, It should here be observed, that
as the finding himself abandoned by during his three months imprisonment
all his friends, which before he never he had disposed his mind to meet the
could have imagined, and he added, possible result of his trial by frequent
that since he had been honoured by communion of the holy sacrament, by
the king's favours, he had always en- prayer, meditation, reading in books of
deavoured to make friends, and had devotion, and communication with his
hitherto flattered himself with having spiritual fathers. Bellarmin's book on
succeeded; but he was now convinced the Psalms, and his “ De Arte bene
that court friendships were mere dis- moriendi,” were his favourite studies.
simulation-this, the confessor replied,

From this time he continued in
had always been the way of the world, prayer with his confessor, frequently
and there was nothing in it to excite reciting passages from the holy Scrip-
astonishment-Ovid, in ancient times, tures, particularly the Psalms, till the
had said

arrival of Monsieur Laubardemont,
Donec eris felix, multos numerabis amicos; whom he hastened to meet, thanking
Tempora si fuerint nubila, solus eris.- him with so much tenderness and cor-

These lines appeared to Monsieur de diality, for the equitable manner in
Cinq-Mars so applicable to his own which he had conducted his trial, that
circumstances, that he requested him he drew tears, not only from his
to repeat them till he had got them guards and assistants, but from Mon-
by heart. He then asked for pens and sieur de Laubardemont himself, who
ink to write to his mother (Madame wept much as he embraced him. A
la Mareschalle), which he did, re man sent by his sister, Madame de
questing her to pay some debts, of Pontac, then came with a message, ex-
which he sent her a list; but the pressing her love and regret, and aca
principal purport of his letter was to companied with her last farewell!
desire that she would order a certain Monsieur de Thou, thinking it was the
number of masses to be said for the executioner, ran to him, and embraced
repose of his soul, and he concluded it him as his deliverer from the evils of
by observing, that a few steps more this mortal life ; but being apprised of
would lead him through death to eter- his mistake, he said to him, “ My
nal life!

friend, it is so long since I saw you
In the meantime, Monsieur de Thou that I did not recollect you. Pray
was in the hall of audience with his tell my sister, that I desire her to con-
confessor, in a frame of mind difficult tinue her devotions as she has hitherto
to describe. On their first meeting donethat I am now more than ever
he ran to embrace the reverend father convinced of the vanity and emptiness
with these words, “We are condemn- of this world, and all its pursuits,
ed to die, and you come to lead me to and that I die well pleased, and as a
heaven.-Before my sentence was pro- good Christian.—Let her pray to God
nounced, I could 'not but feel some for me, and not grieve at our separa-
anxiety and solicitude as to the result, tion, since in my death I hope to find
but as suspense is now at an end, Í my salvation.” The messenger with
feel tranquil and easy-I think no drew full of sorrow, and unable to
longer on the things of this world, but speak a single word. He felt so great
endeavour to prepare myself for death, a degree of strength and courage at this
and for the enjoyment of eternal hap- period, that he appeared to distrust
piness in a better state of existence I himself, and asked his confessor whe-
feel no bitterness or ill-will towards ther might not bear a part in
any one-My judges have acted up- it, adding this ejaculation, "*0 my
rightly, and according to the laws God! I acknowledge with all humili-
God has appointed them to be the in- ty that I am in myself weak and
struments of his mercy in leading me powerless, and that all my strength is
to heaven, and that at a time when, derived from thy goodness and mercy :

Vol. VI.

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« Come,

-If thou withdrawest thy supporting 4 companies of the citizens of Lyons, hand, I must inevitably fall!” He making about 11 or 1200 men, were then again proceeded to confession, ranged in the middle of the Place des and continued his divine aspirations till Terreaux, so as to enclose a square of the arrival of the Father Jean Terrasse, about 80 paces, into which they sufsuperior of the convent del Francois fered none to enter except the necesde Terascon, who had attended and sary assistants. In the midst of this consoled him during his imprisonment space they had erected a scaffold seven in that place. He came to remind feet high and nine square, with an elehim of a vow he had then made, that, vation in the middle, on which they in case of his deliverance, he would had placed a block about half a foot found a chapel, endowing it with 300 in height. All the houses in the Place livres per annum, in the church of the des Terreaux, all the windows, walls, Cordeliers, in the said town of Teras- roofs, and eminences, within view of con. Monsieur de Thou immediately the Place, however distant, gave orders for its foundation, wishing thronged with persons of each sex, and to perform his vow, “since God,” he of all ages and conditions. said,“ had not only delivered him from At five in the evening the officers the prison of stone, but was about to requested father Malavalette to inform free him also from the prison of his them that it was time to set out, and mortal body.” He then asked for a pen Monsieur de Cinq-Mars, seeing one of and ink, and wrote this inscription, them whisper to his confessor, guessed which he wished to have placed in the at his intention, and said, they chapel :

come to hasten us—let us depart.”

he then went to Monsieur de Thou in Christo Liberatori,

the hall of audience, saying, Votum in carcere pro libertate

sir, it is time.” Monsieur de Thou conceptum,

exclaimed, “ Lætatus sum in his quæ Franc. August. Thuanus.

dicta sunt mihi: in domum Domini Carcere vitæ jam jam liberandus merito solvit

ibimus.” They then embraced each

other, and left the hall. XII Sept. M.DC.XLII. Confitebor tibi Domine quoniam

Monsieur de Cinq-Mars walked the

first, leaning on father Malavalette till Exaudisti me, et factus es mihi in Salutem.

he reached the landing-place, where

he saluted the people with so much All who consider this inscription gentleness and grace, that he drew must admire the presence of mind and tears from many eyes, remaining himclearness of idea of the person who, self quite firm and unmoved. He under such circumstances, could write preserved the same firmness of mind it, and acknowledge that approaching all the way, till, seeing his confessor death had no power to disturb the partaking in the general sympathy, he calm tenour of his thoughts. He de- said, “ What does this mean, my fasired Monsieur Thomé to present his ther? you feel more for me than I do respects to Monsieur le Cardinal de for myself.” Lyon, and inform him, that if it had Monsieur Thomé, provost of Lyons, pleased God to prolong his life, it had with archers, &c. &c. had orders to been his intention to quit the world, conduct them to the place of execuand devote himself wholly to his ser tion. On the steps of the great hall, vice.

Monsieur de Thou, seeing a coach He wrote two letters, which were waiting for them, said to Monsieur carried unsealed to the chancellor, and de Cinq-Mars, “ See, sir, they take from him sent closed to his confessor, us in a coach-is this to be our conto be delivered according to their die veyance to heaven? I expected to rections :He then said, “ I have now be bound and drawn on a sledge : done with this world; let us talk of These gentlemen treat us with much that which is to come;"_and resum- civility in not binding us.” ing his devotions, he again entered on Monsieur de Cinq-Mars was handhis confession; after which, he asked somely dressed in a suit of fine darke whether the hour of execution was not brown Dutch cloth, covered with wide arrived, when he expected to be bound gold lace—a hat turned up in the and led ignominiously to punishment. Spanish fashion, with green silk stockAbout 3 o'clock in the afternoon ings, over which were drawn a pair of

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white stockings trimmed with lace, turned towards him, and said, “ Well, and also a scarlet cloak.

. sir, you will then be my forerunner Monsieur de Thou was dressed in a in the path of glory."-"Ah !” said suit of mourning, made of Dutch or Monsieur de Cinq-Mars, “ I have inSpanish cloth, and a short cloak. deed led you to the brink of the pre

The executioner followed on foot. cipice; but let us now boldly plunge He was a porter, advanced in years, into the gulph of death, that we may deformed, and dressed like a mason's rise together into eternal life.” assistant :- he had never before acted The coach being arrived at the place in his present capacity, except in ad- of execution, and the provost having ministering the torture ; but they informed Monsieur de Cinq-Mars that could get no other, the executioner of he must now mount the scaffold, he Lyons having broken his leg. In the took leave of Monsieur de Thou in coach they prayed with their confes- the most affectionate manner, rejoicsors, and performed many acts of con- ing that they should speedily meet in trition, with expressions of entire sub- heaven. He then left the coach with mission to the divine will. From time a smiling countenance; when an archer to time they observed the crowds of belonging to the provost attempting to people which surrounded them, and take from him his cloak, which he saluted them as they passed. After said was his due, his confessor preagain interchanging assurances of mu vented it, and asked the provost whetual forgiveness, Monsieur de Thou ther his archers had really any right said to Monsieur Cinq-Mars" You, to it; and being answered, No--the sir, must naturally regret life more father desired Monsieur de Cinq-Mars than I do:--you are younger, of to give it to whom he chose, on which higher rank in the world—you had he presented it to the Jesuit, who acgreater hopes—you were the favour, companied his confessor, requesting ite of a powerful king; but I con- him in return to pray for him. sider your death, as well as mine, as After the trumpet had, as usual, an infallible proof of our predestina- sounded three times, the Greffier Cria tion, for which we ought to bless God minel de Lyon, being on horseback a thousand times more than if he had near the scaffold, read their sentence given us all the riches and honours of aloud, to which neither of them paid the world."

These words affected any attention ; and the window-b]ind Monsieur Cinq-Mars almost to tears. nearest the scaffold was put down,

When they drew near the Place des that Monsieur de Thou might not see Terreaux, Father Manbrun reminded what was passing from the coach, Monsieur de Thou, that when on the where he remained with the confessor scaffold he should remember to secure and his assistant. Monsieur de Cinqa plenary indulgence, by the means of Mars having bowed to those who were a medal which he had given him, say near the scaffold, was mounting the ing the word Jesus three times. When ladder with a steady step, when anoMonsieur de Cinq-Mars heard this, ther archer belonging to the provost he said to onsieur de Thou, Sir, came behind him and pulled off his

to die the first, let me add hat-when, quickly turning, he said, your medal to mine, that I

may first “ Pray, leave me my hat ;" which the have thebenefit of them, after which provost having heard, he was offended they sh:1 be kept for you.” A con with the archer, who immediately retest no ensued, which of them should stored it. Being arrived on the scaffirst wlergo the sentence of the law, fold, he walked round it with good Monsiar de Cinq-Mars saying it was grace as if on a theatre, saluting those his riht, as being the most guilty, around him with a smiling counte

that he should die two deaths nance; and having embraced his con

friend suffered before him. fessor, who had followed him, he Mone

eur de Thou claimed it as the leant on his arm, frequently lifting priyege of his seniority. Father Ma- his eyes to heaven--while, with a low lavaette decided the dispute, by say voice, the reverend father uttered his Monsieur de Thou, “It is true,

prayers and exhortations. He then sir

phat you are the oldest, and there- kissed the crucifix with ardour, and, fo you ought to be the most gene- kneeling down, received the last abro;" which Monsieur de Cinq-Mars solution ; after which he walked to hug confirmed, Monsieur de Thou the block, and, falling on his knees,

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laid his head upon it, as if to try which up, and then fell back into the same was the best posture. Being told that position ;-the head not being entirely he must take off his doublet, he de separated from the body, the execusired his confessor to assist him in tioner gave another stroke, after which unbuttoning it, which, by the help of he threw the head on the scaffold, his assistant, was immediately done. where it rebounded to the ground, His gloves remained on his hands till and appeared with the eyes open and the executioner took them off after his palpitating for some time. His body death. Again going to the block, the remained before the block, which was executioner approached him with a strongly grasped in his arms, but the pair of scissars, which he perceiving, executioner, having stripped it, cove took them from his hands, not choos- ered it with a cloth, and threw his ing that he should touch him; and cloak over it. The head; having been presenting them to his confessor, in- brought back to the scaffold, was treated him to perform this last ser- placed with the body under the same vice, by cutting off his hair ; which covering. being done, and the collar of his shirt Monsieur de Cinq-Mars being dead, being also cut to lay his neck entirely Monsieur de Thou left the coach with bare, he again kneeled down, and with a cheerful countenance, and having much fervour pronounced the follow- civilly saluted those who were near ing prayer: "Oh, my heavenly Fa- him, ascended the scaffold with much ther, to thee I entirely and unfeigned- alacrity, holding his cloak folded over ly devote myself. If my life had been his right arm; but seeing the execuprolonged, it would I trust have been tioner, he threw it from him, and ran very different from what it has been ; to embrace him, saying, “ Ah! my but since it is thy pleasure that I friend, how great are my obligations should die, I cheerfully offer thee the to thee! this day thou wilt bring me sacrifice of an ignominious death in to the happiness of heaven !" Then expiation of my offences !” At these walking to the front of the scaffold, words, the crucifix being presented to he bowed to the people, and threw his him, he again kissed it, and asking hat behind him, which fell on the the confessor's assistant for his medals, feet of Monsieur Cinq-Mars. Then, he thrice repeated the name of Jesus, having held some discourse in a low and then returned them to the priest. voice with his confessor, he received Then looking round with firmness on absolution ; and taking off his doublet, the executioner, who was standing be- kneeled down and repeated the 115th hind him, and had not yet taken the Psalm in Latin, which he paraphrased axe from the bag which contained it in French with a loud voice and ener “ What are you about?” said he ; getic gesture, his countenance ani“ what are you waiting for?”. Then mated with a holy joy-Then rising, desiring his confessor to assist him the executioner approached to cut of with his prayers, they knelt to his hair, to which he readily submit

, gether, and he lifted his hands and ted; but as the man was awkward eyes to heaven with the most fervent and clumsy, the reverend father took devotion. The executioner now drew the scissars from him, and his assistfrom the bag his axe, which was in

ant performed this friendly office

. form like a butcher's cleaver, but This being done, he knelt down on thicker and more square; and then, the block, and offered himself to God after ejaculating « My God, have with much fervour and devotion. mercy upon me! into thy hands do I Then having earnestly requested a commit my spirit !” he placed his pater and ave-maria from the byen head on the block, without having his standers, after having kissed the eyes bound, and with incredible firm- crucifix, he demanded his medals ness, waiting for the blow, he shut in order to procure the indul

. his eyes and mouth, while the execu

gence, and then inquired whether tioner, who was standing on his left

, bandage was to be placed on his eyes holding the axe with both his hands, On being told by his confessor that gave a slow and heavy, stroke. On this was entirely at his own receiving it , he uttered a loud but he replied, “ Yes, father

, let it be momentary cry, which was imme- done.

Then, with a smile, addre diately stifted in his blood; he raised ing those around him, he said, “ Ge his knees from the block as if to get tlemen, I own I am a coward. Who

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