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support given her, because her only son had would be to talk of people being ace:

remained on the field of battle. Er ist geb- quainted with Burke from the Exthe lieben is the common German phrase for aminer newspaper-or Lord Bacon, 1 expressing that a man has been killed in from the scope and tendency Essay of

war. It is also a phrase which is in ordi. Mr Macvey Napier-or the Hebrew

nary use for remaining or staying, and is is totally unconnected with any emotion, either language, from Professor Leslie's Phi

of glory or honour. Its use shews accurate losophy of Arithmetic. The German

ly how the feelings of these people on this tragic poets of the present day he treats by important subject have been degraded to as mere children, unworthy of any ata the most perfect indifference."

tention ; among other sage remarks, The phrase which gives so much he says, The ANCESTRESS of Grillpar. offence to this delicate-minded critic zer is “ a silly melo-drama ;" but, alis, in the first place, common to the though it is scarcely worth while to Germans with the French, whom, in notice such a circumstance, the account most respects, he seems inclined to he gives of its plot shews he has never reckon a people of very superior refine- read it. On this point our readers are ment, But, what is of far more im- quite in a condition to judge for themportance, every person who under- selves.* stands the language, and is capable of His view of the political state of

any human feeling at all, must per- Northern Germany is equally gloomy ; ieceive, that the phrase is one of great ar.d, with sorrow do we say it, with, elde simplicity and beauty, invented (and we are much afraid, far greater rea3d similar devices have been resorted to son. Nothing can be more certain

by every people under the sun) to in- than that the public mind, in these dicate that catastrophe which men parts of Germany, is at presentin a state have a natural aversion to talking of of the most dangerous fermentation and

in open and broad words. Had Mr discontent; and it would be quite abonline Hodgskin been acquainted with the surd to deny, that the foolish and nare

languages of antiquity, he would have row-minded line of policy which, for ** known how many phrases of this na many years, had been pursued by most ini ture were in use among the Greeks of the German princes, is at the bottom

and Romans-but if he be a Scotsman of a very great portion of all the dis(we cannot say we much covet the content that prevails. It would, howa honour of having him for our country- ever, be not a whit less absurd to deny, man), he cannot have forgotten a that the immediate causes of the prephrase which is universally felt to be sent tumult of spirit must be sought full of pathos, and which, yet more re- for, chiefly, in the wild and visionary motely than this German one, hints doctrines, which have of late been the departure of life.

preached and promulgated by the poThe second volume contains less of litical writers of Germany, with a the personal adventures of Mr Hodge rashness and a wickedness extremely skin-and much more of his opinions different from what might have been concerning the literary and political expected to find any favour among a condition of Germany. In regard to nation whose habits are in general those the first of these subjects, his observa- of good sense and moderation. These tions are extremely dull and stupid - fantastic theorists have, by their specdisplaying, throughout, a lamentable ulations, thrown difficulties, entirely, ignorance of things known to the unnecessary, and, we greatly fear, for merest tyros in German scholarship, the present almost entirely insurand a still more lamentable incapacity mountable, in the way of such German to comprehend any thing of the pecu- governments (and these, we firmly beliar spirit of thought and feeling in lieve, were not few) as were really inwhich the best writings of the great clined to grant improved constitutions German authors are written. This to their people. With what reason excellent judge complains, that in can we be surprised that princes and Kant he finds abundance of words, ministers should hesitate to introduce but no thoughts; and he talks of peo- any innovations among their subjects, ple being “ acquainted with Goëthe when they see these devouring, with from the Edinburgh Review," which out one expression of contempt or hor. is just about as good a joke, as it ror, the vile and poisonous irash cire

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* Sec No XXXIII. of this Magazine.

culated among them by such people as tuseness of intellect, or the utmost de the infamous Mr Goerres, * and others pravity of purpose, can account for an like him, the apostles of treason, and English author laboriously accusing the apologists of assassination. Till that government of systematic enthe diseased state of the public mind, croachment, and deep designs of tya too surely indicated by the favour be- ranny, which has already granted to a stowed on such creatures as these, country, formerly possessed of very shall have ceased and the nation be imperfect institutions, the nearest aprestored to its ancient temper of calm- proach that exists any where out of hadde ness and mildness, it is quite ridicu- Britain, to the form and constitution lous to suppose, that any established of the British parliament. The period government can willingly enter upon of the regency of his present Majesty

, the ever-bazardous and most delicate has been one of continual, though labour of internal reform.

temperate and progressive improveThemalevolence with which Mr Hodg- ment, in regard to the whole adminis

. skin regards the government of his own tration of affairs in Hanover; and the country, is betrayed in nothing more highest compliment which can possible distinctly than the style of his criti- bly be paid to the wisdom both of cisms on his present Majesty's govern- George IV. and the Duke of Camment of Hanover, since the restoration bridge is, the zeal with which they to that part of his father's dominions. have sought, and are still seeking, to To expect that Hanover should, all of a render the political condition of the sudden, be made as free a country as old dominions of their family as near Great Britain, is absurd ; but surely ly as possible the same with that of nothing except either the utmost ob- this happy island.

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We bless our stars that a knowledge quietly to mistake a stewed cat for a of the art of cookery does not consti- rabbit, than to be made post factum, tute any part of our acquirements. accessaries to the deception. When We are so thoroughly convinced a we have finished our salad, we are by priori of the disgusting character of no means anxious to receive any proof its secrets, and the impurity of its de however clear, that it was seasoned tails, that we are quite sure a more in- with a preparation of Whale's blubber timate acquaintance with them would instead of Florence oil. And we should have embittered our existence, and consider ourselves under a very

trifhave destroyed for ever the usual ling obligation to any “ damned good. healthy tone of our stomach. We natured friend," who should take the make it a point, therefore, uniform- trouble of demonstrating that the Reina ly, to lull our suspicions, and to discuss deer tongue, which gives so pleasant a any savoury dish that may be placed relish to our breakfast, had been rebefore us, without asking any ques- cently abstracted from the jaws of some tions about its ingredients. It is really distempered poodle. Misfortunes of much more agreeable to be allowed this kind, it is impossible for human

* We regret extremely to see, that a most clumsy, and unintelligible, and pernicious tract, by this person, has been translated into English by so respectable a gentleman as Mr John Black. Mr Blacks has rendered great service to us, by the use he has made of his German scholarship on former occasions ; and we hope this is the last time he will translate such works as those of Mr Goerres. + A Treatise on Adulterations of Food, and Culinary Poisons, exhibiting

the Fraudulent Sophistications of Bread, Beer, Wine, Spirituous Liquors, Tea, Coffee, Cream, Confectionary, Vinegar, Mustard, Pepper, Cheese, Olive Oil, Pickles, and other articles employed in domestic economy. And methods of detecting them. By Frelerick Accum, Operative Chemist, Lecturer on Practical Chemistry, Mineralogy, &c. &c. &c. London. Longman and Company, 1820.

sagacity to prevent, while they are tive !) to double the dose of poison, perhaps too grievous for human pa and put a speedy end to our existence, tience to bear. Our best refuge, there- by devouring a second roll to break, fore, is our ignorance, and where that fast, and swallowing twice as much alone constitutes our happiness, surely wine and porter after dinner as we we must agree with the poet, that it is have hitherto been accustomed to. indeed folly to be wise.

But in the dense and extended atmosMr Accum, it appears, is one of those phere of fraud, in which, it appears, we

very good-natured friends above al are condemned to live move and have het luded to, who is quite resolved not to our being, what reason have we to exlose allow us to be cheated and poisoned as pect, that the very chemical substances TH our fathers were before us, and our which are necessary to expose our all children will be after us, without danger have not themselves partaken nal , o cackling to us of our danger, and open- of the general adulteration ? Mr Ac

ing our eyes to abysses of fraud and cum himself tells us, that“ nine tenths lokale imposition, of the very existence of of the most potent drugs and chemite; in which we had until now thegood fortune cal preparations used in pharmacy are han to be entirely ignorant. His book is a vended in a sophisticated state by

W perfect death's head, a memento mori, dealers, who would be the last to be the f the perusal of any single chapter of suspected.” Let us therefore, since it kulit which is enough to throw any man into must be so, reconcile ourselves to be liseli the blue devils for a fortnight. Mr Ac- poisoned with a good grace, and since

cum puts us something in mind of an we can have no hopes of a reprieve, mily# officious blockhead, who, instead of imitate the Jemmy Jessamy thief, who mi i comforting his dying friend, is conti- behaves

prettily on the scaffold, skips up nually jogging him on the elbow, with the ladder with the air of a dancing such cheering assurances as the follow- master, ogles the girls while the halter ing. “ I am sorry there is no hope; is adjusting, and drops the handkermy dear fellow, you must kick the chief with all the graces of a Turkish

Your liver is diseased, petit-maitre in his Haraam. your lungs gone, your bowels as im MrAccum's work is evidently written penetrable as marble, your legs swell- in the same spirit of dark and melaned like door posts, your face as yellow choly anticipation, which pervades Dr as a guinea, and the doctor just now Robison's celebrated “ Proofs of a Conassured me you could not live a week.” spiracy, &c. against all the crowned It is quite in vain for Mr Accum to heads of Europe." The conspiracy disallege, that “ our bane and antidote closed by Mr Accum is certainly of a are both before us;" that he has not still more dreadful nature, and is even only, made us acquainted with the more widely ramified than that which deadly frauds which are daily practised excited so much horror in the worthy on our stomachs, but afforded us un- professor. It is a conspiracy of brew erring chemical tests by which these ers, bakers, grocers, wine-merchants, frauds may be detected. Is it for a confectioners, apothecaries, and cooks, moment to be supposed, that we are not against the lives of all and every one to eat a muffin or a slice of toast with- of his majesty's liege subjects. It is out first subjecting it to an experiment easy to see that Mr Accum's nerves with muriate of barytes? Does Mr Ac are considerably agitated, that çum expect us to resort to the Cyder cel “ Sad forebodings shake him as he writes." lar, or the Burton ale house, loaded with. Not only at the festive board is he retorts and crucibles, and with our haunted by chimeras dire of danger.. pockets crammed with tincture of gall, not only does he tremble over the ammonia, and prussiate of potash ? tureen--and faint over the flesh-pot : Are we to refuse to partake of a bottle but even in his chintz night-gown, and of old Madeira, whenever we may red Morocco slippers, he is not secure. chance to have forgotten to provide An imaginary sexton is continually ourselves with the solution of subace- jogging his elbow as he writes, a tate of lead ? For our own part, we death's head and cross bones rise on must say, that rather than submit to his library table ; and at the end of his such intolerable restrictions as these, sofa he beholds a visionary tomb-stone we should prefer (dreadful alterna- of the best granited

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Judging from ourselves, Mr Accum rance, let us arm ourselves with phi. has been tolerably successful in com losophy, and boldly venture to look municating his own terror to his read

our danger in the face; or, as the Since we read his book, our ap- poet beautifully expresses it, in lanpetite has visibly decreased. At the guage singularly applicable. Celtic club, yesterday, wedined'almost 57Come, Christopher, and leave all meaner entirely on roast beef; Mr Oman's things, London-particular Madeira lost all To low ambition and the pride of kings ; its relish, and we turned pale in the Let us since life can little else supply; act of eating a custard, when we re

Than just to swallow poison and to die; collected the dreadful punishment in

Expatiate free o'er all this dreadful field, ficted on custard-eaters, in page 326 Explore the druggists' shop, the butchers'

Try what the brewer, what the baker yield; of the prese work. We beg to assure our friends, therefore, that at this Expose their roguery, and damn them moment they may invite us to dinner all !"

POPE. with the greatest impunity. Our diet The following extract from the preis at present quite similar to that of fatory observations of Mr Accum, will Parnell's Hermit;

give the reader a sort of a priori “ Our food the fruits, our drink the crystal taste of what is to follow. Like the well ;"

preliminary oysters of a Frenchman's though we trust a few days will re

dinner, they will serve to whet the apa cover us from our panic, and enable us

petite for the more substantial banto resume our former habits of life. quet which is to succeed. Those of our friends, therefore, who nary dealers, there is none more reprehen

“ Of all the frauds practised by mercehave any intention of pasturing us, sible, and at the same time more prevalent

, had better not lose the present oppor- than the sophistication of the various artitunity of doing so.

So favourable a cles of food. combination of circumstances must This unprincipled and nefarious prachave been quite unhoped for on their tice, increasing in degree as it has been part, and most probably will never oc

found difficult of detection, is now cur again * V. S.

to almost every commodity which can be Since, by the publication of Mr Ac- luxuries of life, and is carried on to a most

classed among either the necessaries or the cum's book, an end has been for ever alarming extent in every part of the United put to our former blessed state of igno- kingdom.

applied

. To sare some trouble, we may announce that we are already engaged to dinner, com the 232, 27th, and 28th of this month, and to evening parties, on the 223, 23d, 26th, 28th, and 29th, and 3d of March.

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“ It has been pursued by men, who, gree, the narcotic and intoxicating quality from the magnitude and apparent respec of the poisonous berry from which it is pretability of their concerns, would be the least pared. Another substance, composed of exobnoxious to public suspicion ; and their tract of quassia and liquorice juice, used successful example has called forth, from by fraudulent brewers to economise both among the retail dealers, a multitude of malt and hops, is technically called multum. competitors in the same iniquitous course. "The quantities of cocculus indicus ber

“ To such perfection of ingenuity has ries, as well as of black extract, imported this system of adulterating food arrived, into this country for adulterating malt lithat spurious articles of various kinds are quors, are enormous. It forms a consideevery where to be found, made up so skil- rable branch of commerce in the hands of a fully as to baffle the discrimination of the few brokers : yet, singular as it may seem, most experienced judges.

no inquiry appears to have been hitherto Among the number of substances used made by the officers of the revenue respecin domestic economy, which are now very ting its application. Many other substangenerally found sophisticated, may be dis ces employed in the adulteration of beer, tinguished-tea, coffee, bread, beer, wine, ale, and spirituous liquors, are in a similar spiritous liquors, sallad, oil, pepper, vine manner intentionally disguised ; and of the gar, mustard, cream, and other articles of persons by whom they are purchased, a subsistence.

great number are totally unacquainted with
“ Indeed it would be difficult to mention with their nature or composition.
a single article of food which is not to be 66 An extract, said to be innocent, sold
met with in an adulterated state; and there in casks, containing from half a cwt to five
are some substances which are scarcely ever cwt. by the brewers' druggists, under the
to be procured genuine.

name of bittern, is composed of calcined
“ There are particular chemists, who sulphate of iron (copperas), extract of coca
make it a regular trade to supply drugs or

culus indicus berries, extract of quassia, and
pefarious preparations to the unprincipled Spanish liquorice.
brewer of porter or ale; others perform the " It would be very easy to adduce, in
same office to the wine and spirit merchant; support of these remarks, the testimony of
and others again to the grocer and the oil. numerous individuals, by whom I have
man. The operators carry on their proces- been professionally engaged to examine cerá
ses chiefly in secrecy, and under some de tain mixtures, said to be perfectly innocent,

lusive firm, with the ostensible denote- which are used in very extensive manufacIse sup ments of a fair and lawful establishment. tories of the above description. Indeed,

" These illicit pursuits have assumed all during the long period devoted to the praca the order and method of a regular trade; tice of my profession, I have had abundant they may severally claim to be distinguished reason to be convinced that a rast number as an art and mystery; for the workmen of dealers, of the highest respektability, have employed in them are often wholly igno- vended to their customers articles absoluterant of the nature of the substances which ly poisonous, which they themselves consi. pass through their hands, and of the pur- dered as harmless, and which they would poses to which they are ultimately applied. not have offered for sale, had they been

“ To elude the vigilance of the inqui- apprised of the spurious and pernicious naof op sitive, to defeat the scrutiny of the revenue ture of the compounds, and of the purposes

officer, and to ensure the secrecy of these to which they were destined.
mysteries, the processes are very ingeniously

“ For instance, I have known cases in
divided and subdivided among individual which brandy merchants were not aware
operators, and the manufacture is purposely that the substance which they frequently
carried on in separate establishments. The purchase, under the delusive name of flash,
task of proportioning the ingredients for use for strengthening and clarifying spirituous
is assigned to one individual, while the com- liquors, and which is held out as consisting
position and preparation of them may be of burnt sugar and isinglass only, in the
said to form a distinct part of the business, form of an extract, is in reality a com
and is entrusted to another workman. Most pound of sugar with extract of capsicum ;
of the articles are transmitted to the con and that to the acrid and pungent qualities
sumer in a disguised state, or in such a of the capsicum is to be ascribed the height-
form that their real nature cannot possibly ened flavour of brandy and run, when
be detected by the unwary. Thus the ex-. coloured with the above-mentioned matter.
tract of cocculus indicus, employed by frau • In other cases, the ale-brewer has been
dulent manufacturers of malt liquors to im- supplied with ready-ground coriander seeds,
part an intoxicating quality to porter or previously mixed with a portion of nux vo-
ales, is known in the market by the name mica and quassia, to give a bitter taste and
of black extract, ostensibly destined for the narcotic property to the beverage.
use of taoners and dyers. It is obtained “ The baker asserts that he

does not put by boiling the berries of the cocculus indicus alum into bread; but he is well aware that, in water, and converting, by a subsequent in purchasing a certain quantity of flour, evaporation, this decoction into a stiff black he must take a sack of sharp whites (a tenacious mass, possessing, in a high de term given to flour contaminated with a VOL. VI.

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