« ZurückWeiter »
melancholy comfusion of sounds, very aw- the domestic economy of these fantastic ful and incomprehensible to the travellers sprites; and, to say truth, his own friends below, who could only proceed on a very were wont to smile at his details with comnarrow path on the edge of the lake, and placent but suspicious silence. under the side of this gloomy rock.
" But the youths, who were accustomed “ This singular spot has too many mi- to lead, during the spring months, a wild nute beauties to be pictured in description. and solitary life, tending cattle among the All its terrors, and all its beauties, however, hills of that dreary district, were often, as conspire to give it the air of a nook, sepa- they said, cheered by the music of small rated by surrounding barriers for some pur- sweet pipes, issuing from these awe-inspirpose of enchantment.
ing hislocks. These impressions are early " It did not require a belief in fairies to given, and deeply fixed by little songs look round for them in this romantic scene. which the children learn almost in inIf one had merely heard of them, an invo- fancy, of which the mystic intercourse beluntary operation of fancy would summon twixt fairies and the children of mortality them to a place so suited for their habita- are the subject. These hold the same place tion.”
with them, that Tom Thumb and Jack the
Giant-killer do with our children ; with this “ The fairy mounts, or little regularly difference, that our nursery tales of wonder formed cones, which abound so much in have also something of the ludicrous minthe Highlands, have been, from time im- gled with them. memorial, accounted the abode of fairies. ““ Our children learn very soon to regard In some places, as at the foot of the moun- with ridicule and contempt, the objects of tain Corryarick, on the south side, a large terror-mingled wonder, by which their imaspace of ground is entirely covered with ginations were first excited. them. These are most regularly formed of “ Not so the little Highlander ! There equal size, and covered with the bilberry was something like music which Collins and fox-glove.
gives to Despair, in the tales he first heard, “ This, it is to be remarked, is a place conveyed in strains, of whose expression one famous for the perishing of travellers in the might truly say,
“ By fits 'twas sad, by starts 'twas wild.” “ All along that road, numbers of these conical hillocks are seen rising in dry gra- “ One of these, which I have heard chilvelly ground, and thickly covered with dren at a very early age sing, and which is heath ; whereas, at Lochan Uvie, they rise just to them the Babes in the Wood, I can at a broader base, with a conical summit, never forget. The affecting simplicity of to the height of eight or ten feet, and are the tune, the strange wild imagery, and covered with diminutive birch.
the marks of remote antiquity in the little fect regularity of their form, their resem. narrative, gave it the greatest interest to me, blance to each other, and the light fo- who delight in tracing back poetry to its inliage constantly playing round them, gives fancy. a singular and fantastic appearance to the “ A little girl had been innocently bescenery
loved by a fairy, who dwelt in a tomhan “ Here the fairies are supposed to dwell, near her mother's habitation. She had three and the children's nursery tales are full of brothers, who were the favourites of her wonders performed by the secret dwellers of mother. She herself was treated harshly, these tomhans, or fairy hillocks.
and tasked beyond her strength: Her em“I knew myself an old gentleman, who, ployment was to go every morning and cut though nervous, and a little inclined to the à certain quantity of turf from dry heathy visionary, was “ much too wise to walk in ground, for immediate fuel ; and this with to a well,” and travelled, bought, and sold, some uncouth and primitive implement. like other people.
“ As she passed the hillock which con“ He was also much too wise to travel tained her lover, he regularly put out his by night. In the day, however, he fre. hand with a very sharp knife, of such quently passed the road I have been de- that it quickly and readily cut through all scribing.
impediments. She returned cheerfully and “ Far from human dwellings, near the early with her load of turf; and, as she foot of Corryarick, he used to hear, in pass- passed by the hillock, she struck on it twice, ing near these tomhans, the fairies turning and the fairy stretched out his hand through their bread on the girdle, and find the smell the surface, and received the knife. of the oatcakes they were toasting waken The mother, however, told the brothers, appetite very forcibly. This I believe that that her daughter must certainly have had he believed ; yet I believe, at the same some aid to perform the allotted task. time, that if he had as many things to think They watched her, saw her receive the enback on, and anticipate, as people who live chanted knife, and forced it from her. They in the world, he would not have heard so returned, struck the hillock, as she was well what was going on in these hillocks. wont to do, and when the fairy put out his
“ He was, indeed, the only person I ever hand, they cut it off with his own knife. knew admitted to so near a cognizance of He drew in the bleeding arm in despair,
power, and supposing this cruelty was the result of inanimate Things, which was in Motion, treachery on the part of his beloved, never such as Ships, and Habits upon Persons. saw her more.
They never sie the Species of any Person Mr Kirk's tract then treats of THE who is already dead. What they foirsie MEN OF SECOND sight, who, he says, Place where it appears to them. They can
fails not to exist in the Mode, and in that “ do not discover strange things when
not well know what Space of Time shall inasked, but at fits and raptures, as if
terveen between the Apparition and the inspired with some genius at that in- real Existence : But some of the hardiest stant, which before did not lurk in or
and longest Experience have some Rules about them. Thus, I have frequent- for Conjectures ; as, if they sie a Man with ly spoken to one of them, who, in his a shrowding Sheet in the Apparition, they transport, told he cut the bodice (of a will conjecture at the Nearness or Remotefairy) in two with his iron weapon Bodie that is covered by it. They will or
ness of his Death by the more or less of his at other times he out-wrestled some
dinarily sie their absent Friends, tho’ at a of them.” Certain solemnities are ob
great Distance, sometymes no less than served at investing a man with the from America to Scotland, sitting, standing, privileges of the whole mystery of or walking in some certain Place; and then this second sight. He must run a they conclude with a Assurance that they tedder of hair (which bound a corpse will sie them so and there. If a Man be to the bier) about his middle, and, in love with a Woman, they will ordinarily bowing down his head, look through sie the Species of that Man standing by her, his legs backwards, until he see a fue and so likewise if a Woman be in love; and neral advance, and cross two marches. they conjecture at their Enjoyments (of If, during this ceremony, the wind Person, or appearing at a distance from her
each other) by the Species touching (of) the change, he is in peril of his life. The (if they enjoy not one another.) If they sie usual method for a curious person to the Species of any Person who is sick to die, get a transient sight of this otherwise they sie them covered over with the shrowd. invisible scene, is to put his left foot ing sheet.” under the wizard's right foot, and the My Lord Talbot concludes his acseer's hand on the inquirer's head, count of the seers by asserting, that who is to look over the wizard's right
“ severals who did see the second sight shoulder, and “ then he will see a when in the Highlands or Isles, yet multitude of wights, like furious har when transported to live in other die men, flocking to him hastily from countries, especially in America, they all quarters, as thick as atoms in the quite lose this qualitie
, as was told me air.' This
power of second sight is by a gentleman who knew some of native in some, and descended from them in Barbadoes, who did see no their ancestors, and “ acquired as an vision there, although he knew them artificial improvement of their natural to be seers when they lived in the sight to others.” My Lord Talbot, in Isles of Scotland.” his “ Letter to the Honourable Ro- If any person doubts of the existbert Boyle, on the Predictions made ence of second-sight men, let him read by Seers," (appended to Mr Kirk's Theophilus Insulanus, whose treatise is tract) says,
" that sometimes people *appended to Mr Kirk's Secret Comcome to it in age, who had it not monwealth. Upwards of fourscore when young, nor could any tell by well authenticated instances of their what means produced. It is a trouble power
therein given. After to most of them who are subject to it, studying them, our readers, so far and they would be rid of it at any from laughing at Dr Johnson for his rate, if they could. The sight is of credulity on this subject, will rather no long duration, only continuing so wonder how any suspicion could ever long as they can keep their eyes steady have entered his mind of the truth of without twinkling."
the manifold wild stories recorded of “ That which generally is seen by them, the Highland Scers.* But it is....... are the species of living creatures, and of (Cetera desunt.)
* Mr Kirk says, “ Doth not Satan interpose, in such cases, by many subtile unthought insinuations, as to him who let the-Fly or Familiar go out of the box, and yet found the fly of his own putting in as serviceable as the other would have been.”
In an account of the murder of Archbishop Sharpe, it is mentioned, that from a box, found in his pocket, flew out a large bee--a circumstance which Mr Kirkpatrick Sharpe says he does not understand. Does this throw any light on it ?
THE SCOTCHMAN IN LONDON.
No I. There is an amiable vanity about of twilight; it engendered sublime artists which opens their stuily doors ideas, and there was a grandeur in the to all visitants, and not only welcomes indistinctness which it spread over all them to view works of finished beauty his productions. He made his study and excellence, but conducts them in- windows of horn like those of Phidias; to the shady recesses of their shops, for he wished to see all things through where they are called upon to ad- a Greek medium. When a great momire brushes and modelling tools, nument came into market, and he moand praise portfolios of rude and im- delled for nothing else, he carefully perfect outline, and applaud a lump of dismissed all remembrance of the subclay before it has assumed " the port ject from his mind, the gross mortal of Neptune, or the girth of Mars.”- matter subsided, and the pure ethereal Artists possess a greater consciousness essence rose; this he took care to seize of genius than poets, who never exact- and embody as it floated before him. ed praise for what they have blotted, By this process the subject was spiritnor have called on the world since the ualized; the Greeks made their heroes time of Milton to worship unfinished into gods when they died; he did the verse, because the bards were nothing same for the thankless moderns. He pleased with what they had done. To . admired all that was of Greek origin, this habit of praise we are, however, and had employed much of his time indebted for much amusement, and in rendering obscure, by classical we appprehend the titled and the po- designs, every ancient and luminous lite owe
more of their “ pleasant poem. He had fashioned many gods, drowsyhed” and political stupor to and also beings which he called alle morning wanderings among sculptors gorical ; he had made a larger and a clay, and painters portfolios, than to smaller piece of clay which he called all the productions of living poets- Hercules fondling Hebe ; it resembled from those of the mere metre ballade the lion laying his gentle claw on the monger up to those who run so neck of the most magnanimous kid. smooth on the even road of blank Dress was an abomination, and veiled
all that was lovely and divine in sculpTo share in those high delights, ture. Other artists loved gentlemen I have been tempted to saunter among leathered and spurred, and buried genethe studies of artists, and truly I have rals on the field of battle without pulfelt much more delight and edification ling off their boots. He loved the than I can hope to communicate by beauty of unincumbered nature; his description to your readers. High ideas had been adopted by ladies of names attracted first, and I called on eminent rank; and he admired the a sculptor who came forth to receive gentlemen of the Highland districts in me clad in a gown smeared with the Caledonia, who had not suffered cerclay of a dozen attempts to celebrate tain parts of their freeborn bodies to the heroes of Gazettes Extraordinary. be wrapt up and swaddled. Eve, he His hands were also covered with this was certain looked much handsomer professional dough ; for as bears lick in the sight of man before the adventheir deformed cubs into their own ture of the sinful fig-leaf. It was shape with their tongues, so sculptors nonsense to heed the temperature of scratch their clay into human resem- climates; he despised it himself, and blance with their claws. I was con- shewed me a naked Hannibal crossing ducted into his study, which resembled the Alps up to the ancles in snow. the land of the Cimmerians from the He talked of the royal academy, the scantiness of light, and a den of the institution was unprosperous, students anthropophagi from the broken and went there to mimic the Greek preditorn members of human figures with lections of the lecturer, to make mouths which the Hoor was covered. In this at Phidias, and puns upon Praxitiles. dark domain it was some time before They had not the studious spirit of all its curious contents became visi- Grecian youths, and knew little of ble; my conductor said he wished al- Greek sculpture, though its history ways to meditate and model in a kind had been impressed on their minds in three lectures out of six. He applaud- the ancient sculptors were amazingly ed a certain artist who caused all his limited ; by confining their talents to pupils to wear shoes resembling the the mere body they prisoned their faLacedemonian sandal, but this, he was
culties in an
augre bore.” He had sorry to find, helped little to reclaim cleared his way through this ancient vagrant attention, impart sense, or mist, and made both soul and body elevate the grovelling intellect of their visible; other artists concealed the vir cloudy and comfortless region to the tues and the soul in the mortal frame; sublime pitch of Grecian excellence. he dislodged them, and thus multiHe had conceived some mighty na- plied the resources of art. This he tional designs, and would disclose them conceived was a newid in sculpture to mankind when their actions were in which new ideas were much wanted worthy of them. The present was an and it was left to his talents to renundeserving age; nothing was passa- der it popular and permanent. He ble but what was well dressed; pub- directed my attention particularly to lic taste was become tyrannical, and the figures of Valour and Wisdom. The insisted that Englishmen should nei, latter had always been represented in ther wear Greek faces nor gowns, and matron-like robes, and nothing had the million had lavished more admira- ever appeared naked about the former tion upon the simple representation of but his sword--this had made a moody a domestic calamity, than on all the poet sing, sublime fictions of modern art. Our
“ By valour's armed and awful side.” private monuments had sunk from The main beauty in his invention was their stilted allegorical elevation to the
a happy deviation from all rules in eilow eminence of coif-clad dames and ther poetry or prose; he sheathed his snooded damsels; from the dark sublimity of personification, to the pal, he said as the poet said to Venus,
wisdom in complete steel, and to valour pable grossness of forms of flesh and blood, and our public monuments were
“ Thy best armour is thy nakedness," become mere paragraphs of Gazettes, and sent him to battle like an ancient so many rank and file in boots, and so Caledonian. I also saw a sketch for many battalions in pantaloons. Eng- a national work, in which I recognized lish sculpture was sinking with public something like an outline of the field of taste; he had long preached without Waterloo. The genius of Wellington success to support it; eloquence had a was stalking before the Duke himself, better fate in the days of Phidias; we laying waste the ranks of Napoleon, were grown as bad as the Romans who who was hurried from the encounter lavished their talents in sculpturing by flight and fear. What I principally corpulent senators or hordes of barba- admired was a cartridge-box belonging rians from the Rhine and the Da- to the 42d Regiment slung across the nube. You are now taking leave, said shoulders of the gigantic figure. From he, as he bestowed a parting bow, of this the artist drew my attention to the last of ancient English sculptors. the perilous situation of the Marquis
I had next the good fortune to find of Anglesey, who was writhing under out the abode of a youthful sculptor, the pangs of amputation, though perwho had commenced his career under formed by the fair hands of a female most favourable auspices, having in- angel. vented a new dress for Minerva, and I parted with this ingenious young a new labour for Hercules. This had gentleman, and went to the shop of attracted the envy of his brother ar- another artist, who had rendered his tists. He conducted me to his repo- name lastingly famous, by figuring sitory of designs, and showed me a mo- Britannia mounted on a sea-horse, nument in memory of a man who had which was harnessed to an Indian perished in battle. The design was a
He introduced me to the vi. mixed allegory; substance was mingled cinity of a mountain mass of clay, with shadow and shadow with sub- which bore a faint resemblance to hu. stance; human beings shook hands manity, but more from substance than with their personified virtues; and the form. This the artist said was a figure dying hero was attended by the forms of St George mauling the great dragon of his own valour and wisdom. This with a crucifix. When it was finished he reckoned the reconcilement of an- he would allow the world to find out cient and modern art. The ideas of the meaning--mankind had a particu« Vol. VI.
lar facility in wringing a meaning from ceptions were crushed from the taste the most perverse designs, and in this of the age for trifles. He was compursuit artists had most liberally in- pelled to forsake Plinlimmon and stand dulged them. He meant it darkly to by St George. He had done much typify the total destruction of French for the sculpture of the present age, power, at least a gentleman who usually and had been repaid with neglect. He interpreted the meaning of his designs seduced Mercury from the service of had put this construction on it; but the heathen, and placed him on Brifor himself he had not made up his tish pay; and he brought Apollo and mind on the matter; he felt himself his lyre to charm a man whom all the in the situation of the Scottish bard, poetry of mere mortals could neither “ Perhaps it might turn out a sang,
elevate nor delight. He presented Perhaps turn out a sermon.”
new helmet to Britannia, which London was much too limited for made her a goddess as good as new, the extent of his design, and he had and he gave her a thunderbolt well to combat the perverse ignorance of worth a forest of her old spears. In his neighbours as well as overcome the spite of all these high services, howsad taste of the present generation. ever, the world had sadly neglectHe had resolved to cut the horse and ed him; his place was become as dragon out of the earth under the figure a desert, and the grass on his preof the Saint, but an adjoining pro- mises, seldom trodden by the foot of prietor had interfered lest his house man, grew with a most mortifying should be undermined; but he would diligence and luxuriance. As he promake the Saint fight the monster on ceeded, a lump of clay, which for foot, and this would make an agreeable some time had resisted every attempt variety. He had proposed to one of of the artist to fashion it into a head the committees which conduct matters of St George, dropped from the sumof public taste to carve two of the mit, and buried my declaiming conloftiest Welch mountains into statues ductor in a mass, out of which I found of Wellington and the Regent; but an it difficult to extricate him. Having eminent grazier from Smithfield had rescued him from this imminent peril, opposed him, lest London should lose from materials which, in the metaphyits hopes of Welch mutton for the sical language of Cowley, threatened coming year. Their helmets might to become both his death and monuhave been walled cities, and flocks ment, I departed with the belief, that might have continued to graze on their though dwarfish in stature he stalked ample sides. These stupendous con- a giant in his own esteem.
Boriana; or, Sketches of Pugilism.
BY ONE OF THE FANCY.
BROUGHTON and Slack were men of tent and edgeless. But Bill Stevens principle and integrity, as well as ge- the Nailer was not a pugilist of this nius and talent, and when defeated, kidney. “ His conquests,” says Mr they were entitled to say, “ all is lost Egan, “ at one time were so numerexcept our honour.”
The muse of ous, that he sat down like the great history has no cause to blush for them; Alexander, weeping that he had no they lie buried in the great road, not more heroes to overcome. But gold, the cross-ways of fame, and from their powerful gold, seduced him from his tombs, “ siste viator," calls the tra- honesty, and ever afterwards, as he veller to solemn thought and loftiest most justly deserved to be, he was meditation. Such ever is the destiny without a friend to back him.” The of Virtue, against whom Misfortune Nailer had not worn the crown above a contends in vain, and on whose crown twelvemonth and a day, when it was of imperishable laurels Time himself knocked off his brows by George Meggs, laments, to find his scythe fall impo- a Bristol collier. " Stevens scarcely