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No II.

dent from the multiplicity of applica Dorning Street, London, tions that have been made, both by “ SIR,In reply to your letter of the letter and in person, at Lord Bathurst's

, I am directed by Earl office. We understand, from pretty Bathurst to acquaint you, that as the circu. good authority, that these have alar letter distinctly specifies the nature and mounted to upwards of ten thousand. extent of the assistance which will be grant- Of the advantages and capabilities of ed to individuals who may be allowed to proceed as settlers to the Cape of Good

this settlement we have given already Hope, together with the conditions under

our most decided conviction. And if which alone that assistance can be given to any fresh argument or further evithem, it is only necessary to refer you to dence were needed, we would confi. that document, and to add, that no proposal dently derive it from the great success can be accepted which is not framed in con- that has attended the meritorious exformity with the offer of his Majesty's go. ertions of the Moravian brethren in vernment.

South Africa. They have, indeed, “ With reference to your particular en made a wilderness into a fruitful land, quiries respecting the mode in which the and, a yet more arduous and grateviews of the settlers may best be attained, I have to acquaint you, that it is not in ful conquest, they have converted the Earl Bathurst's power to communicate to indolent degraded Hottentot into an you that species of information, which can active moral member of society. The most properly be afforded by the practical spot chosen for their chief settlement, agriculturist, or obtained upon the spot. Gnadenthall, was, a few years ago, a

• The settlers will be located in the in- perfect waste; at present this mission. terior of the colony, not far from the coast ; and in allotting to them the lands which tiful and thriving villages in the co

ary settlement is one of the most beaugovernment have agreed to grant to them, their interests and their wishes will be con

lony. We cannot resist transcribing sulted and attended to as far as may be Mr Barrow's account of this delightful consistent with the public interests of the spot. colony. " The settlers will be enabled to purchase been several years in the colony, for the'ex

“ These people,” the Moravians, “ have a limited quantity of agricultural implements in the colony, at prime cost; als press purpose of instructing the Hottentots though they are not debarred from taking in the doctrines of christianity, but met with them a moderate supply of these arti.

with little success, in the object of their cles, as well as necessaries; and they will mission, under the Dutch government.find no difficulty in purchasing seed corn in Early in the morning, I was awakened by the colony.

some of the finest voices I ever heard ; and, “ The settlers will not find habitations

on looking out, saw a group of female Hot. ready for their reception.

tentots sitting on the ground. It was Sun. “ The persons under whose direction a

day, and they had assembled thus early to party of settlers proceed, is at liberty to se

chant the morning hymn. They were all cure their services by any legal agreement sight so very different from what we had hi

neatly dressed in printed cotton gowns. A into which they may think proper to enter.

“ The new settlement will, of course, be therto been in the habit of observing, with regoverned according to the laws in force in gard to this unhappy class of beings, could the colony.

not fail of being grateful. The missionaries " In conclusion, I beg to observe, that it plain and decent in their dress, meek and

themselves were men of a middle age, must be left to the persons taking out settlers, to form their own opinion as to the a

humble in their deportment, but intelligent mount of the pecuniary means with which and lively in conversation, zealous in the they should be provided, in order to support

cause of their mission, but free from bi. the persons placed under their directions, gotry, and enthusiasm. Every thing about and ensure the success of their undertaking plicity, which were the strongest features in

the place partook of that neatness and sim“ I am, Sir, your most obedient servant."

the outline of this character. The church

they had constructed, was a plain neat Such are the official documents. building; their mill for grinding corn was They have certainly been framed with superior to any in the colony ; their garden very great and laulable caution.- was in high order, and produced abundance Though it be highly impolitic to damp of vegetables for the use of the table. Althe spirit of enterprise, it is both wise the labour of their own hands.

most every thing that had been done was by

Each and just, honestly to announce the (missionary) had learned some useful proterms upon which alone proposals can fession. One was well skilled in every be received. That these terms have branch of smith's work, the second was a nothing to deter, is abundantly evi- shoemaker, and the third a tailor. The

Hottentots live in small huts dispersed over we are sorry to see, from the newse the valley, to each of which was attached a papers, that the common enemy, the plot of ground for raising vegetables.- Kaffers, have made an irruption, and Their houses and gardens were very neat

stolen and comfortable, numbers of the poor in

away the greater part of their England not so good, and few better.

Such cattle. If these marauders are not of the Hottentots as chuse to learn a trade, subdued by main force, there will be are paid for their labour as soon as they can

no end to their excesses. earn wages. Some hire themselves out to Great and increasing as are the fathe neighbouring farmers; others make cilities of the Cape, considered in an amats and brooms for sale, some breed poul- gricultural view, there is another point try, and others find means to subsist by most worthy of attention, and which their cattle, sheep, and horses. There appeared no violent zeal on the part of the this subject; and that is, its geogra

we omitted in our former remarks on missionaries to swell the catalogue of christian converts. Their first great object phical situation. Its position on the seemed to be, to make men happy, that globe is so commanding a feature, that they might afterwards become virtuous.”- the bare inspection of a map must at Barrow's Travels, vol. I, pp. 308, 9, 10, once prove its importance and value in 11.

this respect. It has been not unaptly Nothing can be more encouraging called the key to India. As a middle to settlers than such a picture. Here station between Great Britain and Inare a few men opposed by the govern- dia, enjoying a mild temperature bement then in being, meeting with tween the extremes of each, the Cape every difficulty, and sharing every ob- is most adapted to form the habits and loquy, and yet triumphing over all by inure the constitution of the soldier their patience and perseverance. We for India. Among the recruits sent have ourselves visited this Moravian out direct from this country for this village, and have found Mr Barrow's service, it has been said that not more description most exactly verified. No- than three out of five are calculated thing can equal the cleanliness of the upon, as likely to be efficient on their missionary houses, rendered, perhaps, arrival in India, and of those who armore striking and acceptable from the rive in tolerable health, a great procontrast with the filthy and comfort- portion may be expended in the sealess habitations of the Dutch boor. soning for so hot a climate. But it is

The Zuure Veldt appears to be the not only as a nursery for Indian troops part of the colony where the new Enge that the Cape is important. Its cenlish settlers are to be fixed. All ac- tral situation most peculiarly fits it counts concur in representing this as for the purposes of commerce. Its one of the most fruitful parts of the distance from New Holland is the voycolony. Since the Cape regiment has age of three weeks, from Brazil a been withdrawn from the frontiers, month, from the West Indies six the Kaffers have made frequent and weeks, and two months from the destructive incursions along these lux- coasts of Malabar and Coromandel. uriant though now almost deserted With the east and west coasts of Atracts. However, there is little to be frica and the adjacent islands, it comdreaded from this barbarous people, mands a ready communication at all should the country be well stocked seasons of the year. Strange, howwith British farmers. Though a cruel, ever, to say, that the Cape has only the Kaffers are a cowardly people; been considered by the East India and the military efforts that are at this Company as a place of refreshment for moment directed against them by the their homeward-bound ships. The colonial government, will doubtless agent of the Company at the Cape, it drive them beyond the frontier of the is true, exposes occasionally to sale a colony, (the great fish river,) and de- few chests of tea, or bales of muslin ter them, we trust effectually, from and nankeen. All the other articles breaking treaties which they have come out second hand from England so solemnly pledged, and yet so dis- at an enormous and extravagant price. gracefully infringed. A missionary Surely this is a narrow policy towards settlement, called Theopolis, has been a colony now decidedly English. “It lately established here belonging to is a notorious fact,” says a late writer the London Missionary Society. What on the subject,

" that the present posuccess has attended this recent instis licy of the Company has given rise to tution we do not exactly know; but a very considerable contraband trade VOL. VI.


between America and the East Indies. main cause of that indolence and want of That trade would certainly cease, if energy which is a principal feature in the the Americans could come to an in- character of the present inhabitants of the dian market at the Cape.”

colony; over whom a British emigrant, carWe cannot close our remarks, with rying with him the industry and knowledge

of his own country, would have a thousand out reverting to a subject, which we advantages, and would be the means of deem of vital consequence to the wel- bringing to light the real resources of the fare of this settlement; namely, its country, and of turning to profit many vagovernment and laws.

Whatever luable productions, now passed by unob. may be the views or the efforts of the served, or ignorantly supposed to be of no colonial secretary in this country; use. Those who have a family of children, however encouraging and practicable of whom at least two or three are old enough may appear the prospects held out to to be useful, will derive many advantages the settler, still, if the governor at the vised to take with them a moderate stock of

from their numbers. The settlers are ad. Cape does not enter zealously and sin- clothes, sufficient to last them for two or cerely into the project, it will assured- three years ; such medicines as they may ly and fatally fail. If the matter be judge necessary ; agricultural and garden forced upon the local authorities, how- implements ; carpenter's and smith's tools ; ever the letter may be preserved, the and whatever manufactured articles they spirit of the plan will be defeated. It may think requisite for domestic use ; but might indeed seem as a matter pre

not to encumber themselves with any thing cluding doubt, that colonial governors

not essentially necessary. A body of coloshould implicitly obey the wishes, and fit for agriculture and pasture.

nists would require a large area of land

This is more especially the commands of their nowhere to be found within the colony, superiors at home. So unaccustomed, except in the Zuure Veldt (Albany). however, as these governors are to be This tract is about eighty miles by fifty, as opposed; so tenacious of authority, measured on a map, or 100 by 60 of traand jealous of dictation, as their si- velling distance. The Sunday river bounds tuation naturally makes them, pre- it on the west, the ocean on the south, the tences will never be wanting to evade Great Fish river on the east, and the ininstructions from this country at all habited part of the colony on the north. It

is a beautiful and delightful country, varied opposing their prejudices or their

with power. Were the laws of England, abounding in herbage, wood, and water ;

every diversity of scenery and surface; and a regular council established, in- and having a soil capable of feeding large stead of the confused and contradic- herds of cattle, and of producing corn and tory laws now in force, and the mere vegetables more than sufficient for the supipse dixit of the governor, the British ply of a numerous population. The greatest emigrant might repair to the Cape in part of it is free from wood, and may resafety. At present there are few, we

ceive the plough or spade immediately. fear, who, having resided any length be reaped ; during which time, to supply

Within the first twelvemonths a harvest may of time in the colony, will not deplore immediate want, two or three crops

of the monstrous union of undefined


tatoes may be raised. Here also the vine laws and despotic authority.

may be cultivated with complete success, Thus far we had written, when a and that lucrative branch of agriculture may pamphlet was put into our hands, at last be shared by the British. To all from the pen of Mr Burchell. Wé these advantages is superadded the importare most happy in having an opportu- miles, from which an immediate supply of

ant one of a line of coast of no less than 100 nity of qualifying our strictures on temporary tracts, by some quotations the infant

settlement. The Great Fish river,

fish may be procured towards the support of from these able and valuable “ Hints.”

at its mouth, is as broad as the Thames beMr Burchell has been for a length of low London, but is not navigable many time in South Africa, and has travel- miles upwards. A jutty carried out beyond led further, we believe, than any other the surf would ensure a safe landing for Englishman into the interior. There boats at most seasons. The fine harbour of are few men better qualified to give in- the Nysma admits ships which have sailed formation respecting the Cape.-But

out with cargoes of timber ; and were it we shall proceed to our extracts.

possible to raise the sunken rocks at its

mouth, it would be the most eligible spot in “ The facility with which the necessaries the whole colony for a town. To introduce of life are procured, has perhaps been the the practice of well-digging would be to


* Hints on Emigration to the Cape of Good Hope, by William J. Burchell, Esq. London. Hatchard. 2s.6d. 1819.

double the value of this part of Africa. The recommend the perusal of this modest nearest town is Graaff-Reynét, which bids and intelligent pamphlet; and we sinfair to become a considerable place. The cerely trust the author may be induced nearest sea-port is Algoa bay, where a jutty by its success to fulfil his promise, of is all that is required for making landing drawing up, for the use and guidance safe and easy. Here the emigrants should disembark, and not at Cape Town.”

of emigrants, more detailed instruc

tions, accompanied by all the informaTo those of our readers who are in- tion and advice essentially necessary terested in such matters, we earnestly upon the subject.


From the Historie Memorabili della Citta di Bologna da Gaspare Bombaci."

(Continued from Vol. V. Page 59.) The narrative of the events which thing is difficult, made their path of followed immediately, or very shortly conduct more easy ; nor did the fear after, upon those last recorded, shall of exposing himself to the danger of a be pursued in the words of our histo- thousand accidents retard him ; either rian.

because every one thinks, in such “Imelda Lambertacci, and Boniface cases, that he is the favourite of forGieremei, equal in birth, in the graces tune, or because the satisfaction of a of person, and in years, to each other, vehement passion appears the most became inspired by a reciprocal pas- important object to him who entersion; and the obstacles which the an- tains it, and because to evince, in the cient feud of their parents opposed to execution of his designs, less daring its gratification, proved only a greater than a woman, is deemed the greatest incitement to their amorous desires. disgrace, and the basest of infamy. The damsel, enflamed and agitated by At the time and hour resolved upon, the violence of her new passion, dis- Bonifacio was introduced, with the covered plainly to her lover her heart greatest possible secrecy, into the in her looks, and betrayed to him her chamber of Imelda.

The supreme most secret thoughts by the changes contentment, the ecstacy of joy, which of the colour in her cheek, as if they they experienced, may be more readily were painted on her countenance. imagined than it can be described; The youth, well understanding the and I shall say nothing more than signs of love, so much the more re- that they would not have exchanged joiced at these tokens of a reciprocal their then present condition for the affection, as she was the more precious highest state of felicity ever granted to him both by reason of her birth to be enjoyed on earth. But contemand of her beauty. He, at the same plate a little how easily the designs of time, felt the torment of not being human creatures are frustrated, and able to find means to obtain the entire with what close connexion pleasure possession of her, on account of the and misery are linked together! While mutual hatred of their families, rather they were thus engaged together, the smothered than extinguished; because brothers of the damsel, who were disalthough all occasion of offence was porting themselves for the evening at taken away by the reconciliation be- an entertainment in the house of their fore mentioned, nevertheless they (the neighbours, the Cacciaremici, received two rival families) still abhorred the information of the fact, as is probable, idea of union. Despairing, therefore, from some of those who were most to obtain her in the way of marriage, bound in honour and duty to have and judging, from the mutual tokens kept it secret ; and, immediately on they had interchanged, that it depend- being advertised of it, they silently ed only upon him to proceed farther, broke away from their company, and he devised the means of being with on reaching their own mansion, one her as soon as possible, not less in or- of them laid his hands on a poignard, der to satisfy the impatience of his the point of which he anointed with a own passion, than that he might not poisonous unguent, and altogether give time for the fickleness of the fe- softly and on tiptoe, approached the male sex to elude him. The agree- chamber-door; on their opening which, ment of their wishes, to which no. Imelda, terrified, Aed to the other end

of the apartment, in order to conceal have excited compassion in any thing herself. * Bonifacio had scarce time to less inexorable than death itself; and feel the influence of fear, before he then, throwing upon him to kiss his found himself assailed on the sudden, envenomed wounds, and imbibe with and, pierced with many wounds, his life's blood whatever of his spirit breathed (as it were) his soul out in might yet linger amid the veins of the arms of his murderers, who threw its ancient habitation,-behold! on a the body into a water-course that ran sudden she felt herself wax faint and close by the walls of the house, while it feeble, and shortly thereafter lay reyet palpitated with the last gasp of life. clined insensible on the bosom of her It is even to be believed that they slaughtered lover, not suspecting, while would have done the same with their she breathed her last sigh, that she own sister, if it were not that either owed her so speedy dissolution to any they were troubled in their consciences other cause than the vehemence of her by reason of that which they had al- grief and passion. Next morning the ready committed, or else that, having event was made public, and related in sought her through the apartment, divers ways according to the interests they were unable to find her, and and attachments of the relators. Pubtherefore, not to lose time, hastily flew lic assemblies, and secret cabals, were to Bologna. As soon as they were spread throughout the city, and when departed, Imelda, who already trem- at last the truth became known, as the bled at the bare imaginations of the affair had really happened, some men event, repenting herself of having a- feared, and others hoped for, the combandoned to his fate the beloved ob- mencement of new contests, as, in each ject, without whom life could offer no- individual, a regard for his own prithing that is desirable to her imaginae vate advancement, or for the public tion, beating her bosom, and crying weal, was most predominant. Neverout upon herself as the cause of so theless no immediate rising or comgreat à calamity, followed the track of motion ensued, both because the acblood which led her to the spot where complices in the deed were at a disher unhappy lover had found, before tance, and because those of the Lamhis death, his place of sepulture. bertacci who remained were satisfied Thither having descended, and having with the vengeance taken by their abthere made discovery of the corpse, sent brethren, while the Gieremei which yet retained some portion of could not but entertain the reflection animal heat and motion, she knelt that the injury committed by Bonidown beside it, and as if it possessed facio was deserving of punishment; the power of sense to understand her and therefore suppose it probable that expressions, asked of it forgiveness they might not be able to excite any for her offence in deserting him while classes of men in favour of their quaralive, with so great tenderness, and rel.” such abundance of tears, that it would

(To be continued.)




( Continued from Vol. V. p. 268.) 1.-The Author's Reflections on the surrendered themselves by degrees to Norman Conquest.

the influence of religion, and neglected

the use of arms; many of them asa HERE then we may behold the la- suming the monastic habit; and, some mentable overthrow of the realm of at Rome, others in their own counEngland, my beloved country! whose try, exchanging their temporal for a kings, in the early ages of their first spiritual kingdom. Many, who still dominion, barbarous in person and continued in the world during their habit, warlike in manners, and hea- lives, founded churches and monasthen in their religion, led their sub- teries and treasuries for the poor, and jects to victory, and subdued their in short, completed all the good works enemies equally by their cunning and of charity. The whole island shines their valour. "But, when they were so refulgent with the light of martyrs, converted to the faith of Christ, they confessors, and holy virgins, that you

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