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diseases, * two of his servants, Zabad or Jozachar, the son of Shimeath, an Ammonitess; and Jehozabad, the son of Shimrith, a Moabitess, conspired against him, for the blood of the sonst of Jehoiada, the priest, and slew him on his bed, in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla, and he died; and they buried him in the city of David, but not in the sepulchres of the kings;+ and he was succeeded by his son,
As soon as this prince felt secure on his throne, he A. C.
slew those who had assassinated his father, but not 839.
their children, observing in that respect the injunction of Moses.
Having determined, for some cause which is not declared, upon an expedition against the Edomites, Amaziah collected a large army of 300,000 chosen men, over which he appointed officers, and hired 100,000 Israelites for 100 talents of silver. He was diverted from this purpose, bowever, by a message from God, commanding him not to let the Israelites go with him, as God was not with them; and threatening him with defeat unless he dismissed them. Unwilling to lose his 100 talents, he anxiously enquired what was to become of them; but the man of God replied, Jehovah is able to give thee
* Although no commentator has noticed this expression, it can hardly be the right reading-it seems as if it should rather be " in his weakness or impoverished state." See Schindler's Lex. Pentagl. which gives eight variations of the Hebrew root. In languoribus magnis, Vulg.
+ The Septuagint and the Vulgate have this in the singular; but the expression itself does not necessarily imply that Jehoiada had more than one son. See Asellio and Baithius, apud B. O. L. 633.
* 2 Chron. xxiv. 25, 26. 2 Kings, xii. 20, 21.
much more than this; upon which Amaziah, though perhaps reluctantly, separated the Israelites from his own subjects, and sent them home; wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger.* And which they vented by falling upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote 3,000 of them, and took much spoil.t
Amaziah led his army to the valley of salt, and slow 10,000 of the children of Seir, or Edomites, and took the city of Selah, and called the name of it Joktheel. He also brought away 10,000 captives, and precipitating them from the top of a rock, they were dashed to pieces. But, notwithstanding this severity against the persons of the Edomites, instead of destroying the gods of Seir, he brought them home with him, and set them up for his own gods, and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense to them. Wherefore the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, who said unto bim, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand? And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said unto him, Art thou made of the king's counsel ? forbear: why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel.||
Thus doomed to destruction, vain-glorious, and subject to evil counsellors, Amaziah was induced to send a challenge to Jehoahaz, the king of Israel, probably by way of resenting the injury inflicted upon the cities of Judah, by the Ephraimites on their return home. The reply of the Israelitish monarch
• 2 Chron. xxv. 5. 10.
+ 2 Chron, xxv. 13,
was sufficiently insulting: The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trod down the thistle. Thou sayest, lo, thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou and Judah with thee? *
Whether this warning was in derision or sincerity, it was unavailing; for Amaziah would not hear, for it came of God that he might deliver them into the hand of their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom.t
The hostile armies met at Bethshemesh, and the monarchs, it is said, looked each other in the face; but Judah was beaten and every man fled to his tent. And Joash took Amaziah prisoner, and pressing forward to Jerusalem, brake down 400 cubits of the wall of the city, from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate. And he took all the gold and the silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of God with Obededom, and the treasures of the king's house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria.
The mother of Amaziah was Jehoaddan, of Jerusalem; and he reigned twenty-nine years: at first he did that which was right in the sight of Jehovah, but not with a perfect heart,|| as we have already seen. And after he had turned away from following Jehovah, a conspiracy broke out against him, and he fled to Lachish; but the conspirators sent after
• 2 Chron. xxv. 18, 19. 2 Kings, xiv. 9, 10.
+ 2 Chron. xxv. 20. | Who kept the house of Asuppim, or the Collections. I Chron.
xxvi. 15. A. CLARKE.
|| 2 Chron. xxv. 1, 2.
and slew him there. And they brought him upon horses, and buried him with his fathers in the city of David;* and he was succeeded by his son,
UZZI A H.t
This monarch, whose mother was Jecoliah of 'A. C. 810.
Jerusalem, was only sixteen years old when he
ascended the throne; and he built Eloth, and restored it to Judah. He did that which was right in the sight of Jehovah, save that the high places were not removed ; the people sacrificed and burnt incense still on the high places. And he sought God in the days of Zechariah, who had understanding in the visions of God: and as long as he sought Jehovah, God made him to prosper. And he went forth and warred against the Philistines, and brake down the wall of Gath, and the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod, and built cities about Ashdod, and among the Philistines. And God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians that dwelt in Gur-baal,ll and the Mehunims. And the Ammonites gave gifts to Uzziah: and his name spread abroad even to the entering in of Egypt; for he strengthened himself exceedingly. Moreover, Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem, at the corner gate, and at the valley gate, and at the turning of the wall, and fortified them. Also, he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells; for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen
• 2 Chron. xxv. 27, 28. 2 Kings, xiv. 19, 20.
+ Or Azariab.
§ 2 Chron. xxvi. 4. 2 Kings, xv. 3, 4. | Or Petra-according to the Sept. Petra was the chief city of Edom, the remarkable ruins of which, a vast barren rock, have lately been discovered. See Keith's Evidence from Prophecy, p•p. 160.236.
also, and vine dressers in the mountains, and in Carmel; for be loved husbandry. Moreover, Uzziah had an host of fighting men, that went out to war by bands, according to the number of their account, by the hand of Jeiel, the scribe, and Maaseiah, the ruler, under the hand of Hananiah, one of the king's captains. The whole number of the chief of the fathers of the mighty men of valour were 2,600. And under their hand was an army, 307,500, that made war with mighty power to help the king against the enemy. And Uzziah prepared for them, throughout all the host, shields, and spears, and helmets, and harbergeons, and bows, and slings to cast stones. And he made in Jerusalem engines, invented by cunning men, to be on the towers and upon the bulwarks, to shoot arrows and great stones withal.* And his name spread far abroad; for he was marvellously helped till he was strong.t
Thus far all went well; but the wise and pious Zechariah being most probably dead, and Uzziah having become strong, his heart was lifted up to destruction; for he transgressed against Jehovah, his God, and went into the temple of Jehovah to burn incense upon the altar of incense. And A zariah, the priest, went in after him, and with him fourscore priests of Jehovah that were valiant men; and they withstood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto Jehovah, but to the priests, the sons of Aaron, who are consecrated to burn incense; go out of the sanctuary for thou hast trespassed; neither shall it be for thine honour from Jehovah, God. Then Uzziah was wroth, and had a censer in his hand to burn incense; and while he was wroth with the priests, the leprosy even rose up in
. “This account is long prior to any thing of the kind among either
the Greeks or Romans." A. CLARKE.
.t 2 Chron. xxvi. 415.