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as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin, and Remaliah's son: now therefore, behold, Jehovah bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks; and he shall pass through Judah, he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck: and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.*

Associate yourselves, 0 ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand : for God is with you.

For Jehovah spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying, Say ye not, a confederacy, to all them to whom this people would say, a confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. Sanctify Jehovah of Hosts himself : and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling, t and for a rock of offence, to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken. Bind up the testimony, seal the law among

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.“ The land of the tribe of Judah, is here called the land of Im. manuel ; because Immanuel was to come out of that tribe, and that tribe should have a sceptre and government till Immanuel should come, which none of the other tribes had, having all lost the sceptre before our Lord came." Bp. Wilson.

+ Rom. ix. 32. 1 Peter, ii. 7, 8. “Jesus Christ was this stone of stumbling ; ergo, Jesus Christ was Jehovah of Hosts." Jones on the Trinity.

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my disciples. And I will wait upon Jehovah, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him. Behold, I and the children whom Jehovah hath given me, are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of Hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that

peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead? To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward. And they shall look unto the earth, and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness : nevertheless, the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation.

When at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them bath the light shined.* Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire. For unto us a child is born, unto son is given : and the government shall be upon bis shoulder: and his name shall be called,

Matth. iv. 15.

Wonderful, Counsellor, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of Jehovah of Hosts will perform this. *

Encouraged by this prophecy to expect relief at least from the immediate danger, A haz defended the city of Jerusalem ; and the two hostile armies were obliged to raise the siege.f But the king of Syria recovered Eloth, and established a colony of Syrians in that city. I

The infidel feeling, however, which Ahaz had discovered, and the little disposition to humble himself which he after. wards evinced, subjected him to a repetition of this invasion; for the next year, the associate monarchs marched against him again, and Jehovah, his God, delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria: and they smote bim, and carried away a great multitude of them captives, and brought them to Damascus. And he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great slaughter. For Pekah, the son of Remaliah, slew in Judah an hundred and twenty thousand in one day, who were all valiant men: because they had forsaken Jehovah, the God of their fathers. And Zichri, a mighty man of Ephraim, slew Maaseiah, the king's son, and Azrikam, the governor of the house, and Elkanah, that was next to the king. And the children of Israel carried away captive of their brethren, 200,000, women, sons, and daughters, and took also away much spoil from them, and brought the spoil to Samaria.

• Isaiah, vii. viii, ix. As to this prophecy, see A. Clarke, Bp.

Lowih, and Bp. Wilson.
+ Prideanx, i. 23. | 2 Kings, xvi. 6.
§ 2 Chion. xxviii. 5–8. Dr. Wall, io loco.

But Judah was not to be finally cut off, and, therefore, in this extremity, Oded, a prophet of Jehovah, went out before the host that came to Samaria, and said unto them, Behold, because Jehovah, the God of your fathers, was wroth with Judah, he hath delivered them into your hand, and ye have slain them in a rage that reacheth up unto heaven. And now ye purpose to keep under the children of Judah and Jerusalem, for bondmen and bondwomen unto you: but are there not with you, even with you, sins against Jehovah, your God ? Now hear me, therefore, and deliver the captives again, which ye have taken captive of your brethren: for the fierce wrath of Jehovah is upon you. Then certain of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah, the son of Johanan, Berechiah, the son of Meshillemoth, and Jehizkiah, the son of Shallum, and Amasa, the son of Hadlai, stood up against them that came from the war, and said unto them, Ye shall not bring in the captives hither: for whereas we have offended against Jehovah already, ye intend to add more to our sins and to our trespasses: for our trespass is great, and there is fierce wrath against Israel. So the armed men left the captives and the spoil before the princes and all the congregation. And the men, which were expressed by name, rose up, and took the captives, and with the spoil clothed all that were naked among them, and arrayed them, and shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried all the feeble of them upon asses, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brethren; then they returned to Samaria.*

The Edomites also came and smote Judah, and carried away captives. The Philistincs also bad invaded the cities of the

• 2 Chron. xxviji. 9-15. “We can scarcely find a parallel to this act of humanity, in the universal history of the wars which savage man has carried on against his fellows, from the foundation of the world." A CLARKE.


low country, and of the south of Judah, and had taken Bethshemesh, and Ajalon, and Gederoth, and Shocho, with the villages thereof; and Timnah, with the villages thereof;' Gimzo also, and the villages thereof; and they dwelt there. For Jehovah brought Judah low because of Ahaz, king of Israel; for he made Judah naked and transgressed sore against Jehovah.

Whereupon Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pilesert king of Assyria, saying; I am thy servant and thy son, come up and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me. And A haz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of Jehovah, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria. And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him; for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin. And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus; and king Ahaz sent to Urijah, the priest, the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof. And Urijah, the priest, built an altar according to all that king Abaz had sent from Damascus; so Urijah, the priest, made it against king Ahaz came from Damascus. And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar; and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon: and he burnt his burnt offering, and his meat offering, and poured his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings, upon the altar. And he brought also the brazen altar, which was before Jehovah, from the fore front of the house, from between the altar

• 2 Chron. xxviii. 17-19. + Most probably Arbaces. A. CLARKE, Dean PRIDEAUX, and Un.


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